Chad Wolf

Chad Fredrick Wolf (born 1976)[1] is an American government official who was named the acting United States secretary of homeland security in November 2019. His appointment was ruled unlawful in November 2020. Wolf has also been the under secretary of homeland security for strategy, policy, and plans since 2019. He submitted his resignation as acting secretary, but not as under secretary, on January 11, 2021.[2][3]

Chad Wolf
Official portrait, 2017
Acting United States Secretary of Homeland Security
De facto, unlawful
In office
November 13, 2019 – January 11, 2021
PresidentDonald Trump
DeputyKen Cuccinelli (acting)
Preceded byKevin McAleenan (acting)
Succeeded byPete Gaynor (acting)
1st Under Secretary of Homeland Security for Strategy, Policy, and Plans
Assumed office
November 13, 2019
Acting: February 8, 2019 – November 13, 2019
PresidentDonald Trump
Preceded byJames D. Nealon (acting)
2nd Assistant Secretary of Homeland Security for Strategy, Plans, Analysis, and Risk
In office
February 8, 2019 – November 13, 2019
PresidentDonald Trump
Preceded byBrodi Kotila
Succeeded byVacant
Chief of Staff to the United States Secretary of Homeland Security
In office
July 31, 2017 – February 8, 2019
SecretaryKirstjen Nielsen
Preceded byKirstjen Nielsen
Succeeded byMiles Taylor
Personal details
Born
Chad Fredrick Wolf

1976 (age 44–45)
Jackson, Mississippi, U.S.
Political partyRepublican
Spouse(s)Hope Wolf
Children2
EducationCollin College
Southern Methodist University (BA)
Villanova University (GrCert)

A member of the Republican Party, Wolf previously served in several positions in the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), including as chief of staff of the Transportation Security Administration (TSA) and chief of staff to DHS secretary Kirstjen Nielsen. From 2005 to 2016, he was a lobbyist, helping clients secure contracts from TSA.

Wolf was an architect of the Trump administration family separation policy in 2018, and was prominently involved in the deployment of federal law enforcement forces in Portland and elsewhere beginning in July 2020. In September 2020, he was accused of having ordered staff to stop reporting on threats from Russia.[4][5]

In November 2020, District Judge Nicholas Garaufis ruled Wolf's appointment unlawful,[6][7] and overturned a set of Wolf's orders as "not an exercise of legal authority".[8][7][9][6]

Early life and education

Chad Fredrick Wolf was born to Cinda Thompson Wolf in Jackson, Mississippi.[10][11] He grew up in Plano, Texas.[12] He graduated from Plano East Senior High School and then attended Collin College on a tennis scholarship.[13] He then transferred to Southern Methodist University, where he earned a Bachelor of Arts in history.[13][14][15]

Career

Wolf worked as a staffer for Republican Senators Phil Gramm, Kay Bailey Hutchison, and then Chuck Hagel, for whom he worked for two and a half years.[13][15] From 2002 to 2005, he worked in the Transportation Security Administration (TSA), becoming Assistant Administrator for Transportation Security Policy in 2005.[14][15] It was during this time he first worked with Kirstjen Nielsen.[16]

Lobbying

From October 2005 to 2016, Wolf was Vice President and Senior Director at Wexler & Walker,[14][15] a now defunct lobbying firm.[17][18][12] He helped clients obtain contracts from the TSA, his previous employer.[19]

In 2013 he received a Master Certificate in government contract management from Villanova University.[14] To avoid confusion with a Master's degree, Villanova University now simply refers to this as a Certificate in Contract Management.[20]

Return to government

In March 2017 Wolf became the Transportation Security Administration's chief of staff.[12][14] He served in that position for four months, then became DHS Deputy Chief of Staff and the top aide to Deputy Secretary Elaine Duke.[16]

In 2018 Wolf became DHS's chief of staff under Secretary Kirstjen Nielsen.[14] While working for Nielsen, he was an early architect of the family separation policy.[17] He later testified to Congress that his function was to provide information to Nielsen and "not to determine whether it was the right or wrong policy",[17] though he agreed with the decision to end the policy.[21] He also testified that he was not involved in the initial development of the policy by the Executive Office of the President and the Attorney General; this statement was disputed based on internal documents.[22]

Wolf then became Assistant Secretary of Homeland Security for Strategy, Plans, Analysis & Risk,[14] a Senior Executive Service position not subject to Senate confirmation.[23] He concurrently served as Acting Under Secretary of Homeland Security for Strategy, Policy, and Plans.[14] He was nominated in February 2019 to serve permanently as Under Secretary,[24] and his confirmation hearing was held that June.[17] Senator Jacky Rosen delayed the nomination to protest poor conditions for children at DHS facilities.[25]

Acting Secretary of Homeland Security

Wolf began serving as Acting Secretary of Homeland Security in November 2019. In November 2020, a federal court ruled his appointment unlawful and overturned a set of his orders as lacking "legal authority".[7] Wolf resigned on January 11, 2021.[26]

Appointment

Wolf's appointment as Acting Secretary of Homeland Security came after Kevin McAleenan's departure was announced on November 1, 2019.[27] At the time, he was not considered the first choice for the job, and it has been reported that he was satisfied with his policy job at the time, but others favored by Trump such as Ken Cuccinelli and Mark Morgan were ineligible for the Acting Secretary position.[16]

The fact that he had previously lobbied for the National Association of Software and Services Companies, which was in favor of the H-1B visa program, led to criticism from groups favoring more restrictive immigration policies.[24][28] But the Trump administration defended his record[17] and privately asked Republican senators not to oppose his appointment.[29]

The administration waited for Wolf's confirmation as Under Secretary before appointing him Acting Secretary[30] to avoid appointing him as a principal officer from a non-Senate-confirmed position, which many scholars and former government officials have argued is unconstitutional.[27][31][32] DHS then had to move the Under Secretary position earlier in the line of succession, because the 210-day period in which an acting official was eligible to be named without a pending permanent nomination had expired. This, in turn, mandated that the Secretary's duties had to be performed by the department's senior-most confirmed official.[30][33]

Wolf was confirmed as Under Secretary on November 13, 2019, on a 54–41 vote.[34] He was sworn in as Acting Secretary the same day.[35]

Dispute

On November 15, 2019, House Democrats Bennie Thompson and Carolyn Maloney requested that the Comptroller General of the United States review the legality of Wolf's appointment on the basis that former Acting Secretary Kevin McAleenan did not have authority to change the department's line of succession, asserting that former Secretary Nielsen had not properly placed McAleenan first in the line of succession before resigning and that McAleenan's change came after the 210-day limit to his authority had expired.[21][36][37]

In July 2020, University of Michigan law professor Nina Mendelson, an expert on federal vacancies, stated that an acting secretary can serve for only 210 days following a vacancy left by a Senate-confirmed officeholder. The last Senate-confirmed DHS Secretary, Kirstjen Nielsen, stepped down on April 10, 2019, 469 days earlier.[38]

On August 14, 2020, the Government Accountability Office released a finding that Wolf had become Acting Secretary improperly,[39] noting that:

Upon Secretary Kirstjen Nielsen's resignation on April 10, 2019, the official who assumed the title of Acting Secretary had not been designated in the order of succession to serve upon the Secretary's resignation. Because the incorrect official assumed the title of Acting Secretary at that time, subsequent amendments to the order of succession made by that official were invalid and officials who assumed their positions under such amendments, including Chad Wolf and Kenneth Cuccinelli, were named by reference to an invalid order of succession.[9]

Under the valid line of succession, the acting secretary would be Federal Emergency Management Agency Administrator Pete Gaynor.[40]

On September 11, 2020, a federal judge ruled that Wolf was likely unlawfully serving as acting secretary of the Department of Homeland Security. On that basis, the court issued an order barring the enforcement of rules Wolf had created.[41][42]

On November 14, 2020, another federal judge ruled that Wolf is not lawfully serving as acting secretary of Department of Homeland Security. On that basis, the court invalidated his suspension of DACA.[43][44][45]

Nomination to permanent appointment

On August 24, 2020, Trump announced that he would nominate Wolf as the permanent Secretary of Homeland Security.[39][46][9] Wolf was expected to continue to serve as Acting Secretary during the confirmation process, as his acting appointment was made under the Homeland Security Act of 2002 and not the Federal Vacancies Reform Act of 1998, which prevents most nominees from simultaneously acting in the same position.[47][48] On September 10, 2020, the nomination was formally submitted to the Senate.[49] On September 23, 2020, Wolf appeared before the Senate Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs.[50] The committee reported his nomination favorably on September 30, but the full Senate took no further action before the end of the 116th Congress.[51]

On January 3, 2021, Wolf's nomination was resubmitted to the 117th Congress, but on January 6, it was formally withdrawn,[52][53] reportedly around one hour after Wolf called upon Trump to denounce the 2021 storming of the United States Capitol.[54][55]

Tenure

 
Wolf briefs the White House press corps on the COVID-19 pandemic in March 2020

Wolf maintained a low public profile during the early part of his term, prior to his prominent involvement in the deployment of federal law enforcement forces in Portland, Oregon, and elsewhere beginning in July 2020.[16]

In 2017, the U.S. Department of Homeland Security awarded $6,050,000 in contracts to Berkeley Research Group, where Wolf’s wife, Hope Wolf, is an executive, according to a report by NBC News, raising new questions about a potential conflict of interest at the same time Wolf sought Senate confirmation to officially lead the agency. Berkeley Research Group did not receive any DHS contracts until Wolf started at the agency as chief of staff for the Transportation Security Administration.[56]

In February 2020, Wolf announced that the Trump administration was revoking New York residents' ability to participate in Global Entry and other Trusted Traveler programs, in response to the state's "sanctuary" immigration policies, which DHS said jeopardized the government's ability to effectively vet travelers.[57][58][59] The move prompted the state of New York to sue the administration.[58] In July 2020, lawyers for the Trump administration informed the court that DHS officials had made false statements to justify excluding New York residents from the Trusted Traveler programs, admitting the inaccuracies "undermine a central argument" in their case.[60] New York subsequently changed its law that had prevented sharing of information with federal law enforcement officers to expressly allow for information-sharing of New York Department of Motor Vehicles records "as necessary for an individual seeking acceptance into a trusted traveler program, or to facilitate vehicle imports and/or exports", and the DHS then removed the Global Entry restrictions.[61]

2020 deployment of federal forces

In July 2020, Wolf sent federal agents dressed in camouflage and tactical gear to Portland, Oregon, where they used tear gas on protesters.[1][62] Agents also used unmarked vehicles to detain and remove protesters, and the protesters later produced several videos showing that the agents did not identify themselves as law enforcement, although DHS said the agents identified themselves.[63][64] Legal observers called this "abduction" and "kidnapping".[65] Oregon Governor Kate Brown called the actions an "abuse of power" and accused Wolf of "provoking confrontation for political purposes".[62] Portland Mayor Ted Wheeler called it "an attack on our democracy".[62] Wolf alleged the protesters were a "violent mob" and "violent anarchists".[62][66][67] The New York Times reported that an internal DHS memo presented to Wolf before the deployment said the federal agents in question had not been specifically trained in riot control or mass demonstrations.[68] Wolf was criticized for taking unauthorized photographs inside the courthouse, contrary to local and national court policy.[69]

Tom Ridge, the first head of DHS, sharply criticized the deployment, saying, "The department was established to protect America from the ever-present threat of global terrorism. It was not established to be the president's personal militia."[70] Ridge, the former governor of Pennsylvania, added that it would be a "cold day in hell" before he would have consented as a governor to such a deployment.[70]

In a July 21 press conference, Wolf defended the deployment of officers in unmarked military-style uniforms, saying they had identifying numbers on their shoulders.[71] But former Trump administration DHS spokesman David Lapan disputed that the officers are easy to identify, saying, "People like me, who served a long time, have to look very long and hard to figure out who these people are. For the average citizen, it looks like the military is being used to suppress American citizens. Even if that's not the case, and this is law enforcement, it creates the impression that the military is being used."[70] In a Fox News interview on the same day, Wolf claimed it was necessary for the federal government to "proactively arrest individuals".[72]

Later events

In July 2020, The Washington Post reported that Trump had told his aides that he liked Wolf more than his predecessors because his predecessors pushed back on Trump's expansive view of federal power.[73] Wolf was also reported to have a good relationship with White House advisor Stephen Miller.[16]

According to a whistleblower complaint released in September 2020, Wolf ordered DHS's intelligence branch to stop producing intelligence reports on Russian interference in the 2020 election and not to disseminate those reports because they "made the president look bad".[74] In September 2020, he was publicly accused of having ordered staff to stop reporting on threats from Russia.[4][5] In spring 2020, Wolf, communicating through White House national security adviser Robert C. O’Brien, allegedly ordered former head of DHS intelligence Brian Murphy to focus his reports on Iran and China. He also allegedly told Murphy not to expose the Russian origins of an anti-Biden disinformation campaign because the exposure "made the president look bad". Murphy was demoted in August to DHS management division and filed a whistle-blower complaint on September 8, which was released publicly the next day.[75]

In September 2020, Wolf defied a subpoena to testify before the House Committee on Homeland Security.[76]

In October 2020, Wolf sent Twitter CEO Jack Dorsey a letter calling on him to "commit to never again censoring content" on Twitter.[77]

On January 11, 2021, Wolf resigned after the storming of the United States Capitol, effective that evening, with FEMA Administrator Pete Gaynor as his replacement.[78][2] He remained in his Under Secretary position.[79] In his resignation letter, he cited "recent events, including the ongoing and meritless court rulings regarding the validity of my authority as Acting Secretary."[2] Two days after he resigned, Wolf said that Trump was partly responsible for the storming of the Capitol.[80]

Personal life

Wolf is married to Hope Wolf and has two sons.[81][82]

References

  1. ^ a b Hackman, Michelle; Restuccia, Andrew (July 30, 2020). "DHS Involvement in Portland Clashes Fuels Debate Over Role of Agency and Its Chief". The Wall Street Journal. Archived from the original on July 30, 2020. Retrieved July 30, 2020.
  2. ^ a b c Kanno-Youngs, Zolan (January 11, 2021). "Chad Wolf has resigned as acting secretary for the Homeland Security Department". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved January 11, 2021.
  3. ^ "Acting DHS Secretary Chad Wolf stepping down from Trump administration". Washington Examiner. January 11, 2021.
  4. ^ a b "Whistleblower Alleges DHS Told Him To Stop Reporting On Russia Threat". NPR.org. Archived from the original on September 10, 2020. Retrieved September 10, 2020.
  5. ^ a b Volz, Dustin (September 9, 2020). "Whistleblower Says DHS Leadership Tried to Halt Reports on Russian Interference". The Wall Street Journal. Archived from the original on September 10, 2020. Retrieved September 10, 2020.
  6. ^ a b Porter, David (November 14, 2020). "Judge: DHS head didn't have authority to suspend DACA". AP News. Archived from the original on November 15, 2020. Retrieved November 15, 2020.
  7. ^ a b c Gerstein, Josh. "Judge: Trump appointee lacked authority to rein in DACA". Politico. Archived from the original on November 15, 2020. Retrieved November 15, 2020.
  8. ^ Romero, Dennis (November 14, 2020). "Federal judge rules acting DHS head Chad Wolf unlawfully appointed, invalidates DACA suspension". NBC News. Archived from the original on November 14, 2020.
  9. ^ a b c "Department of Homeland Security – Legality of Service of Acting Secretary of Homeland Security and Service of Senior Official Performing the Duties of Deputy Secretary of Homeland Security (File: B-331650)". U.S. Government Accountability Office. Archived from the original on August 14, 2020. Retrieved August 14, 2020.
  10. ^ "Nominations of Chad F. Wolf, Jeffrey C. Byard, Troy D. Edgar, John M. Barger, And B. Chad Bungard" (PDF). United States Senate Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs. June 12, 2019. pp. 45–46. Retrieved January 13, 2021.
  11. ^ Honea, Sue (November 16, 2019). "Chad Wolf Sworn-In as Secretary of Homeland Security". Magee News. Archived from the original on July 27, 2020. Retrieved August 15, 2020.
  12. ^ a b c "Chief of Staff". Transportation Security Administration. June 27, 2017. Archived from the original on June 27, 2017. Retrieved October 22, 2019.
  13. ^ a b c "Life of service founded in lessons learned at Collin College" (PDF). Collin College Connection. 2015. pp. 3, 7. Archived (PDF) from the original on September 6, 2015. Retrieved October 21, 2019.
  14. ^ a b c d e f g h "Chad Wolf". U.S. Department of Homeland Security. May 7, 2019. Archived from the original on October 21, 2019. Retrieved October 21, 2019.
  15. ^ a b c d "Chad Wolf Biography". Defense Daily. Archived from the original on October 21, 2019. Retrieved October 21, 2019.
  16. ^ a b c d e Miroff, Nick; Dawsey, Josh (August 3, 2020). "Chad Wolf emerges as Trump's favorite Department of Homeland Security chief". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on August 15, 2020. Retrieved August 15, 2020.
  17. ^ a b c d e Ainsley, Julia; Tur, Katy; Strickler, Laura (October 22, 2019). "Trump admin considering Chad Wolf, an author of family separation policy, for DHS chief". NBC News. Archived from the original on October 22, 2019. Retrieved October 23, 2019.
  18. ^ Meyer, Theodoric (November 30, 2018). "Walker will close its doors". Politico. Archived from the original on November 18, 2020. Retrieved October 22, 2019.
  19. ^ "Trump admin weighing drafter of family separation policy for DHS head". NBC News. Archived from the original on October 22, 2019. Retrieved July 18, 2020.
  20. ^ https://www.villanovau.com/programs/certificates/contract-management/certificate-in-contract-management/
  21. ^ a b Cramer, Harrison; Cohen, Zach C. (November 11, 2019). "Inside Trump's Gambit To Install Another Acting DHS Secretary". National Journal. Archived from the original on November 15, 2019. Retrieved November 15, 2019.
  22. ^ Ainsley, Julia (November 7, 2019). "Watchdog: Trump pick made false claims about role in family separation". NBC News. Archived from the original on November 8, 2019. Retrieved November 8, 2019.
  23. ^ "United States Government Policy and Supporting Positions (Plum Book)". United States Government Publishing Office. 2016. p. 75. Archived from the original on July 26, 2018. Retrieved October 23, 2019.
  24. ^ a b Restuccia, Michelle; Hackman, Andrew (October 21, 2019). "White House Personnel Director Tells Trump Top DHS Secretary Picks Ineligible for Job". The Wall Street Journal. Archived from the original on October 21, 2019. Retrieved October 21, 2019.
  25. ^ Alvarez, Priscilla (June 27, 2019). "Democratic senator blocks DHS nominations, citing border conditions". CNN. Archived from the original on October 22, 2019. Retrieved October 22, 2019.
  26. ^ Priscilla Alvarez and Geneva Sands. "Acting Secretary of Homeland Security Chad Wolf resigns". CNN. Retrieved January 11, 2021.
  27. ^ a b Pettypiece, Shannon (November 1, 2019). "Chad Wolf could be a placeholder at Homeland Security". NBC News. Archived from the original on November 2, 2019. Retrieved November 2, 2019.
  28. ^ Kumar, Anita; Lippman, Daniel (January 21, 2019). "Trump aides nix his picks to take over DHS". Politico. Archived from the original on October 22, 2019. Retrieved October 21, 2019.
  29. ^ Lippman, Daniel; Kullgren, Ian; Kumar, Anita (October 31, 2019). "White House plans to name Chad Wolf acting DHS secretary". Politico. Archived from the original on November 1, 2019. Retrieved November 1, 2019.
  30. ^ a b Miroff, Nick (November 5, 2019). "Chad Wolf to take over at DHS, but Senate needs to confirm him for different job first". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on November 16, 2019. Retrieved November 7, 2019.
  31. ^ Katz, Eric (November 8, 2018). "Here's Why Some Are Questioning the Constitutionality of Trump's New Acting AG". Government Executive. Archived from the original on November 12, 2018. Retrieved November 11, 2018.
  32. ^ Kight, Stef W.; Treene, Alayna (November 8, 2018). "Why Trump could face legal challenges over Whitaker". Axios. Archived from the original on October 17, 2019. Retrieved October 23, 2019.
  33. ^ Giaritelli, Anna (November 1, 2019). "Chad Wolf, former chief of staff to Kirstjen Nielsen, tapped as acting DHS head". Washington Examiner. Archived from the original on November 2, 2019. Retrieved November 2, 2019.
  34. ^ Levine, Marianne (November 13, 2019). "Republicans gripe about acting secretaries – and pave the way for another". Politico. Archived from the original on November 13, 2019. Retrieved November 13, 2019.
  35. ^ Miroff, Nick (November 13, 2019). "Chad Wolf sworn in as acting Department of Homeland Security chief, fifth under Trump". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on November 13, 2019. Retrieved November 13, 2019.
  36. ^ Bublé, Courtney (November 15, 2019). "Top Democrats Call for Emergency Review of DHS Appointments". Government Executive. Archived from the original on November 15, 2019. Retrieved November 15, 2019.
  37. ^ Misra, Tanvi (November 15, 2019). "Legality of Wolf, Cuccinelli appointments to DHS questioned". Roll Call. Archived from the original on November 15, 2019. Retrieved November 15, 2019.
  38. ^ Blake, Aaron (July 22, 2020). "Trump's Portland crackdown is controversial. The man spearheading it might be doing so illegally". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on July 23, 2020. Retrieved August 15, 2020.
  39. ^ a b Cheney, Kyle (August 14, 2020). "GAO finds Chad Wolf, Ken Cuccinelli are ineligible to serve in their top DHS roles". Politico. Archived from the original on August 15, 2020. Retrieved August 14, 2020.
  40. ^ Rosenzweig, Paul (August 14, 2020). "So Who Actually IS In Charge of DHS?". Lawfare. Archived from the original on August 20, 2020. Retrieved August 14, 2020.
  41. ^ Ly, Laura; LeBlanc, Paul. "Judge rules Chad Wolf likely unlawfully serving as Homeland Security secretary and temporarily blocks some asylum restrictions". CNN. Archived from the original on September 16, 2020. Retrieved September 16, 2020.
  42. ^ "Casa de Maryland, Inc. v. Wolf, Civil Action No. 8:20-cv-02118-PX (D.Md. 2020)" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on September 16, 2020. Retrieved September 16, 2020.
  43. ^ Romero, Dennis (November 14, 2020). "Federal judge rules acting DHS head Chad Wolf unlawfully appointed, invalidates DACA suspension". NBC News. Archived from the original on November 14, 2020. Retrieved November 14, 2020.
  44. ^ Associated Press (November 15, 2020). "Judge rules Daca suspension invalid, Homeland Security head in office illegally". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Archived from the original on November 15, 2020. Retrieved November 15, 2020.
  45. ^ "Judge: DHS head didn't have authority to suspend DACA". AP NEWS. November 15, 2020. Archived from the original on November 15, 2020. Retrieved November 15, 2020.
  46. ^ Samuels, Brett (August 25, 2020). "Trump to nominate acting DHS Secretary Wolf for Senate confirmation". The Hill. Archived from the original on August 27, 2020. Retrieved August 25, 2020.
  47. ^ Douglas, Genevieve; Courtney, Shaun (August 25, 2020). "Trump DHS Nominee Chad Wolf Faces Confirmation Opposition". Bloomberg Law. Archived from the original on November 18, 2020. Retrieved August 26, 2020.
  48. ^ Klein, Betsy; Sands, Geneva (August 25, 2020). "Trump to nominate acting Homeland Security secretary Chad Wolf to top role". CNN. Archived from the original on August 25, 2020. Retrieved August 25, 2020.
  49. ^ "PN2235 – Chad F. Wolf – Department of Homeland Security". U.S. Congress. September 10, 2020. Archived from the original on September 21, 2020. Retrieved September 11, 2020.
  50. ^ "Nomination of The Honorable Chad F. Wolf to be Secretary, U.S. Department of Homeland Security". U.S. Senate Committee on Homeland Security & Governmental Affairs. September 23, 2020. Retrieved January 7, 2021.
  51. ^ "PN2235 – Chad F. Wolf – Department of Homeland Security". U.S. Congress. Retrieved January 7, 2021.
  52. ^ "PN22 – Chad F. Wolf – Department of Homeland Security". U.S. Congress. Retrieved January 7, 2021.
  53. ^ "Three Nominations and One Withdrawal Sent to the Senate". The White House. January 7, 2021. Retrieved January 7, 2021.
  54. ^ "White House withdraws nomination of Wolf to head DHS". Reuters. January 8, 2021. Retrieved January 8, 2021.
  55. ^ "Trump withdraws nomination for acting DHS secretary Chad Wolf, who had pushed the president to denounce the violence at the Capitol". Reuters. January 8, 2021. Retrieved January 8, 2021.
  56. ^ Durkee, Alison. "Report: Chad Wolf's Wife Works At Firm That Received $6 Million In DHS Contracts". Forbes. Retrieved November 20, 2020.
  57. ^ Miroff, Nick (February 5, 2020). "Trump suspends Global Entry, traveler programs for New York residents over 'sanctuary' policies". The Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Archived from the original on March 2, 2020. Retrieved December 18, 2020.
  58. ^ a b Hauslohner, Abigail (February 7, 2020). "The Trump administration punished New York for its sanctuary policy. New York is suing". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on February 26, 2020.
  59. ^ Sands, Geneva (February 8, 2020). "Global Entry to stay banned for NY until state grants access to DMV database, says DHS secretary". CNN. Archived from the original on February 26, 2020. Retrieved December 18, 2020.
  60. ^ Shanahan, Ed; Kanno-Youngs, Zolan (July 23, 2020). "Homeland Security Dept. Admits Making False Statements in Fight With N.Y." The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on July 23, 2020. Retrieved November 20, 2020.
  61. ^ "New York Amends Dangerous Green Light Law to Cooperate with Federal Law Enforcement on DMV Records". Department of Homeland Security. July 23, 2020. Archived from the original on August 22, 2020. Retrieved September 5, 2020.
  62. ^ a b c d Olmos, Sergio; Baker, Mike; Kanno-Youngs, Zolan (July 17, 2020). "Federal Agents Unleash Militarized Crackdown on Portland". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on July 18, 2020. Retrieved July 18, 2020.
  63. ^ "Trump's Use of Federal Forces in Portland Draws Comparisons to Gestapo and Secret Police". Courier. July 17, 2020. Retrieved November 20, 2020.
  64. ^ Shepherd, Katie; Berman, Mark. "'It was like being preyed upon': Portland protesters say federal officers in unmarked vans are detaining them". Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved November 20, 2020.
  65. ^ Wilson, Conrad; Levinson, Jonathan. "Federal Law Enforcement Use Unmarked Vehicles To Grab Protesters Off Portland Streets". www.opb.org. Archived from the original on July 20, 2020. Retrieved July 20, 2020.
  66. ^ "Homeland Security head visits Portland, calls demonstrators 'violent mob' and defends federal officers". oregonlive. July 16, 2020. Archived from the original on July 18, 2020. Retrieved July 18, 2020.
  67. ^ Mangan, Dan (July 17, 2020). "Oregon outrage: Elected officials blast federal authorities for grabbing protesters off the streets in Portland". CNBC. Archived from the original on July 18, 2020. Retrieved July 18, 2020.
  68. ^ Olmos, Sergio; Baker, Mike; Kanno-Youngs, Zolan (July 18, 2020). "Federal Officers Deployed in Portland Didn't Have Proper Training, D.H.S. Memo Said". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on July 18, 2020. Retrieved July 18, 2020.
  69. ^ Crombie, Noelle (July 20, 2020). "Acting Homeland Security Secretary Chad Wolf tweeted unauthorized photographs of federal courthouse in Oregon". OregonLive. Portland, OR. Archived from the original on July 22, 2020. Retrieved July 22, 2020.
  70. ^ a b c Haberman, Maggie; Corasaniti, Nick; Karni, Annie (July 22, 2020). "Trump's Actions in Portland Mesh With His Political Message". New York Times. Archived from the original on July 24, 2020. Retrieved July 22, 2020.
  71. ^ Barone, Vincent (July 22, 2020). "Acting DHS, CBP heads defend federal officers in Portland: 'We will not retreat'". New York Post. Archived from the original on July 22, 2020. Retrieved July 22, 2020.
  72. ^ Cabrera, Cristina (July 22, 2020). "DHS Chief Says His Federal Agents Are 'Proactively' Arresting People In Portland". Talking Points Memo. Archived from the original on July 23, 2020. Retrieved July 23, 2020.
  73. ^ Lang, Marissa J.; Dawsey, Josh; Barrett, Devlin; Miroff, Nick (July 24, 2020). "Operation Diligent Valor: Trump showcased federal power in Portland, making a culture war campaign pitch". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on July 26, 2020.
  74. ^ Kanno-Youngs, Zolan; Fandos, Nicholas (September 9, 2020). "D.H.S. Downplayed Threats From Russia and White Supremacists, Whistle-Blower Says". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on September 9, 2020. Retrieved September 9, 2020.
  75. ^ Kanno-Youngs, Zolan; Fandos, Nicholas (September 9, 2020). "D.H.S. Downplayed Threats From Russia and White Supremacists, Whistle-Blower Says". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on September 9, 2020. Retrieved September 10, 2020.
  76. ^ Allassan, Fadel (September 17, 2020). "Acting Homeland Security chief Chad Wolf defies House subpoena to testify". Axios. Archived from the original on September 19, 2020. Retrieved September 17, 2020.
  77. ^ Gonzalez, Oriana (October 30, 2020). "Acting DHS chief calls on Twitter to "commit to never" censoring content". Axios. Archived from the original on November 1, 2020. Retrieved November 1, 2020.
  78. ^ "The Latest: Acting Homeland Security chief Wolf is resigning". Associated Press. January 11, 2021. Retrieved January 11, 2021.
  79. ^ Miroff, Nick; Leonnig, Carol D. "Chad Wolf resigns as homeland security secretary". Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved January 12, 2021.
  80. ^ Sands, Geneva (January 13, 2021). "Trump bears some responsibility for Capitol riot, ex-DHS acting Secretary Chad Wolf says". CNN. Retrieved January 15, 2021.
  81. ^ "Chad Wolf". Wexler & Walker. Archived from the original on September 21, 2016. Retrieved October 22, 2019.
  82. ^ Durkee, Alison (September 23, 2020). "Report: Chad Wolf's Wife Works At Firm That Received $6 Million In DHS Contracts". Forbes.

External links

Political offices
Preceded by
James D. Nealon
Acting
Under Secretary of Homeland Security for Strategy, Policy, and Plans
2019–2021
Succeeded by
James D. Nealon
Preceded by
Kevin McAleenan
Acting
United States Secretary of Homeland Security
Acting

2019–2021
Succeeded by
Pete Gaynor
Acting