Connecticut Open (tennis)
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The Connecticut Open was a professional tennis tournament played on outdoor hard courts. It was a WTA Premier Tournament on the WTA Tour until its final edition in 2018. From 2005 through 2010 the tournament was also part of the ATP World Tour 250 series of the ATP Tour. It was held annually at the Cullman-Heyman Tennis Center in New Haven, Connecticut, United States, just before the fourth and last Grand Slam tournament of the year, the US Open.
|Defunct tennis tournament|
|Location||New Haven, Connecticut|
|Category||ATP World Series|
ATP International Series
ATP World Tour 250 series
WTA Tier IV
WTA Tier III
WTA Tier II
|Surface||SportMaster Sport Surfaces/Outdoors|
The tournament was created in 1948 as the U.S. Women's Hardcourt Championships and first played in Sacramento, California, in the United States. Over the twenty years of its first run the event was moved regularly to several U.S. locations including San Francisco; Berkeley, California; Salt Lake City, Utah; Seattle, Washington; La Jolla, San Diego, California; and Denver, Colorado. Among the winners of the event were Doris Hart, Darlene Hard, Nancy Richey, Rosemary Casals, Billie Jean King, and Jane Bartkowicz. The event was discontinued in 1969 following the beginning of the Open Era.
In 1988 the United States Tennis Association (USTA) decided to reinstate the tournament. The first edition of the new U.S. Women's Hardcourt Championships were held that year in San Antonio, Texas, first as part of Tier IV of the WTA Tour, then as an upgraded Tier III event in 1990. The championships were first sponsored by Post Cereals in 1990 and by Acura from 1992 to 1994. Over the first years of its second run the tournament had several past or future World No. 1s among its champions, such as Steffi Graf, Monica Seles, and Martina Navratilova. After the event was moved to Stratton Mountain, Vermont, for the 1993 and 1994 editions, conflicts with the 1996 Summer Olympics prevented the tournament from being held in 1995 and 1996. In 1997 the event returned again, now within Tier II and first taking place in Stone Mountain, Georgia, then in its current location of New Haven, Connecticut, in 1998 under the new sponsorship of Pilot Pen. In the first years of its run in New Haven the event saw its competition dominated by Lindsay Davenport (four-time runner-up in New Haven, one previous time in Stone Mountain, and 2005 champion) and Venus Williams (four-time champion from 1999 to 2002).
When it arrived in New Haven in 1998, the Pilot Pen International became the second tennis tournament of New Haven, alongside the men's Pilot Pen International, first created in Bretton Woods, New Hampshire, in 1973 as the Volvo International, and moved to Connecticut in 1990, where it took Pilot Pen sponsorship in 1997. When the men's event was cancelled in 1999, the women's Pilot Pen tournament remained the only one of the region until 2005, when the USTA decided to purchase the men's tournament of Long Island, New York.
Creating the first large joint ATP–WTA tournament leading to the US Open, the 2005 merge allowed the Pilot Pen Tennis, which also became the last event of the US Open Series, to continue to attract top players, with Caroline Wozniacki, Svetlana Kuznetsova, James Blake, Justine Henin, and Nikolay Davydenko winning the event in recent years.
In 2014, the New Haven Open at Yale was renamed the Connecticut Open.
In 2019, it was announced that the Connecticut Open will discontinue after 21 years on the WTA Tour due to a lack of funding. The tournament's sanction was sold and will be used to stage an event in Zhengzhou, China following the 2019 US Open.
|San Francisco||1948*||Gussie Moran||Virginia Wolfenden Kovacs||2–6, 6–1, 6–2|
|1949*||Doris Hart||Dorothy Head Knode||6–3, 6–4|
|Berkeley, California||1950*||Patricia Canning Todd||Magda Rurac||6–2, 6–1|
|Salt Lake City||1951||Patricia Canning Todd (2)||Anita Kanter||6–1, 6–4|
|Seattle||1952||Mary Arnold Prentiss||Anita Kanter||6–1, 8–6|
|Salt Like City||1953||Anita Kanter||Joan Merciadis||6–0, 6–4|
|1954||Beverly Baker Fleitz||Barbara Green||6–1, 6–3|
|La Jolla, California||1955||Mimi Arnold||Patricia Canning Todd||6–0, 6–0|
|1956||Nancy Chaffee Kiner||Patricia Canning Todd||6–4, 5–7, 7–5|
|1957||Beverly Baker Fleitz (2)||Mimi Arnold||6–1, 6–1|
|1958||Beverly Baker Fleitz (3)||Karen Hantze||6–1, 8–6|
|Denver, Colorado||1959||Sandra Reynolds||Beverly Baker Fleitz||6–3, 6–2|
|La Jolla, California||1960||Katherine D. Chabot||Karen Hantze||4–6, 7–5, 7–5|
|1961||Nancy Richey||Dorothy Head Knode||6–1, 6–1|
|Seattle||1962||Carol Hanks Aucamp||Marilyn Montgomery||7–5, 6–3|
|La Jolla, California||1963||Darlene Hard||Tory Fretz||6–1, 8–6|
|Sacramento, California||1964||Kathleen Harter||Kathy Blake||6–1, 6–0|
|1965||Rosemary Casals||Kathleen Harter||6–4, 4–6, 6–2|
|La Jolla, California||1966||Billie Jean King||Patti Hogan Fordyce||7–5, 6–0|
|Sacramento, California||1967||Jane "Peaches" Bartkowicz||Valerie Ziegenfuss||6–4, 6–4|
|La Jolla, California||1968||Maryna Godwin||Janet Newberry||6–3, 8–6|
|Sacramento, California||1969||Eliza Pande||Kristien Kemmer||7–5, 6–4|
|San Antonio, Texas||1988||Steffi Graf||Katerina Maleeva||6–4, 6–1|
|1989||Steffi Graf (2)||Ann Henricksson||6–1, 6–4|
|1990||Monica Seles||Manuela Maleeva-Fragnière||6–4, 6–3|
|1991||Steffi Graf (3)||Monica Seles||6–4, 6–3|
|1992||Martina Navratilova||Nathalie Tauziat||6–2, 6–1|
|Stratton Mountain, Vermont||1993||Conchita Martínez||Zina Garrison||6–3, 6–2|
|1994||Conchita Martínez (2)||Arantxa Sánchez Vicario||4–6, 6–3, 6–4|
|Stone Mountain, Georgia||1997||Lindsay Davenport||Sandrine Testud||6–4, 6–1|
|New Haven, Connecticut||1998||Steffi Graf||Jana Novotná||6–4, 6–1|
|1999||Venus Williams||Lindsay Davenport||6–2, 7–5|
|2000||Venus Williams (2)||Monica Seles||6–2, 6–4|
|2001||Venus Williams (3)||Lindsay Davenport||7–6(8–6), 6–4|
|2002||Venus Williams (4)||Lindsay Davenport||7–5, 6–0|
|2003||Jennifer Capriati||Lindsay Davenport||6–2, 4–0 retired|
|2004||Elena Bovina||Nathalie Dechy||6–2, 2–6, 7–5|
|2005||Lindsay Davenport (2)||Amélie Mauresmo||6–4, 6–4|
|2006||Justine Henin||Lindsay Davenport||6–0, 1–0 retired|
|2007||Svetlana Kuznetsova||Ágnes Szávay||4–6, 3–0 retired|
|2008||Caroline Wozniacki||Anna Chakvetadze||3–6, 6–4, 6–1|
|2009||Caroline Wozniacki (2)||Elena Vesnina||6–2, 6–4|
|2010||Caroline Wozniacki (3)||Nadia Petrova||6–3, 3–6, 6–3|
|2011||Caroline Wozniacki (4)||Petra Cetkovská||6–4, 6–1|
|2012||Petra Kvitová||Maria Kirilenko||7–6(11–9), 7–5|
|2013||Simona Halep||Petra Kvitová||6–2, 6–2|
|2014||Petra Kvitová (2)||Magdaléna Rybáriková||6–4, 6–2|
|2015||Petra Kvitová (3)||Lucie Šafářová||6–7(6–8), 6–2, 6–2|
|2016||Agnieszka Radwańska||Elina Svitolina||6–1, 7–6(7–3)|
|2017||Daria Gavrilova||Dominika Cibulková||4–6, 6–3, 6–4|
|2018||Aryna Sabalenka||Carla Suárez Navarro||6–1, 6–4|
- From 1948 through 1950, the U.S. Women's Hardcourt Championships were a combined event with the Pacific Coast Championships.
- pilotpentennis.com (2008-08-15). "2008 Pilot Pen Tennis Press Guide" (PDF). Retrieved 2008-08-22.[permanent dead link]
- sonyericssonwtatour.com. "Sony Ericsson WTA Tour Final Results: 1971-2007" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2008-05-29. Retrieved 2008-09-07.
- "USTA buys ATP event, moves it to New Haven". USA Today. Associated Press. 2005-05-09. Retrieved 2008-08-22.
- USTA (2005-05-10). "USTA purchases ATP men's tournament to create first combined summer event". Retrieved 2010-10-19.
- "Tennis tournament continues as New Haven Open at Yale". New Haven Open at Yale website. 2010-10-21. Retrieved 2011-01-09.
- "ESPN". ESPN. Retrieved 27 June 2014.
- "Connecticut Open | Connecticut Open". www.ctopen.org. Retrieved 2019-02-01.
- "Magnitude 5.8 - VIRGINIA". Virginia: USGS. Archived from the original on 9 July 2012. Retrieved 3 September 2011.
- "Earthquake Causes Evacuation At New Haven Open". The Huffington Post. Huffington Post. September 2, 2011. Retrieved 3 September 2011.