Osmanabad District (in Marathi: उस्मानाबाद जिल्हा) (Transliteration: Osmanabad Jil'hā) is an administrative district in the Marathwada region in the Indian state of Maharashtra. The district headquarter is located at Osmanabad. The District of Osmanabad derives its name from the last ruler of Hyderabad, the 7th Nizam, Mir Osman Ali Khan, of which the region was a part till 1947. This region was earlier part of The Hyderabad State until Independence.This primarily rural district occupies an area of 7569 km² of which 241.4 km² is urban and has a population of 1,657,576 of which 16.96% were urban (as of 2011).
|Coordinates (Osmanabad): Coordinates: -|
|Tehsils||1. Osmanabad Tahsil, 2. Tuljapur, 3. Omerga, 4. Lohara, 5. Kalamb, 6. Bhoom, 7. Paranda, 8. Washi|
|• Lok Sabha constituencies||Osmanabad|
|• Total||7,569 km2 (2,922 sq mi)|
|• Density||220/km2 (570/sq mi)|
|• Sex ratio||920|
|Time zone||UTC+05:30 (IST)|
|Major highways||National Highway 52, National Highway 65, National Highway 361|
|Average annual precipitation||730 mm|
Osmanabad district lies in the southern part of state. It lies on the Deccan plateau, about 600 m above sea level. Parts of the sina, Manjira and Terna River flow through the district. The district is located on the east side of the Marathwada region between latitude 17.35 to 18.40 degrees north, and latitude 75.16 to 76.40 degrees east.
Osmanabad District is bordered by the Beed District to the north, Latur District to the east, Solapur District to the west, Ahmednagar district to the north-west and the Bidar and Gulbarga districts of state of Karnataka to the south. Most of the district lies in the hilly areas of the Balaghat Range.
The rainy season starts from mid-June and continues till the end of September. The climate is humid in October and November and dry and cool from mid-November to January. From February to June the climate is dry and becomes increasingly hot. During summer the temperature of Osmanabad district is low compared to other districts of Marathwada region. The average annual rainfall in the district is 730 mm. Temperature Max.: 42.1 °C; Min.: 8 °C
There are eight talukas (tahsils) in Osmanabad district.
Paranda is a historical place known for the Paranda Fort.
Tuljapur is a major taluka town, about 45 km from Solapur, 25 km from Osmanabad town and 40 km from Hyderabad national Highway at Naldurga.
Tuljapur is best known for its Tulja Bhavani Mandir. It is said that Tulja Bhavani mata had offered sword to Shivaji Maharaj (not verifiable) and his son re-built the temple. Omerga is a densely populated taluka in Osmanabad. The Tata Institute of Social Sciences, Mumbai also has a School of Rural Development (the "Rural Campus") at Tuljapur.
Kalamb is a major taluka, 55 km from district headquarter Osmanabad. Kalamb city is old city with river Manjara flowing nearby. Major APMC market is main attraction. The taluka is blessed by Yedeshwari Devi, whose temple located at Yermala , 25 km from kalamb.
In the 2011 census Osmanabad district had a population of 1,657,576, roughly equal to the nation of Guinea-Bissau or the US state of Idaho. This gave it a ranking of 298th among district of India (out of a total of 640).
The district had a population density of 219 inhabitants per square kilometre (570/sq mi). Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 11.69%. Osmanabad had a sex ratio of 920 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 76.33%.
Osmanabad's representation in the Indian Parliament (Lok Sabha) is via the Osmanabad constituency which also includes a piece of northern Solapur district (Barshi) and a piece of southern Latur district (Ausa). Current Member of parliament from Osmananbad loksabha constituency is Omprakash Raje Nimbalkar Osmanabad constituency is formed by six Assembly constituencies i.e. Osmanabad, Omerga, Tuljapur, Paranda Boom, these four from Osmanabad district, Barshi from Solapur District, and Ausa from Latur District.
A small portion of the Barshi light railway connecting Latur-Barshi-Kurduvadi passed through northern fringe of Osmanabad district until 2007. The rail track was converted to broad gauge and the track alignment was changed southwards to pass near Osmanabad town. The modified track from Latur to Osmanabad opened for traffic in September 2007. The modified rail track from Osmanabad to Kurduvadi junction became operational in October 2008 and connects Osmanabad to Pune and Mumbai by a shorter rail route than via Latur. North India also connected by this new track. Railway service is available for Nagpur to Kolhapur, Miraj to Parli, Pandharpur to Nizamabad, Pune to Hyderabad, Pune to Amarawati, Pune To Nizmabad via Osmanabad station. Tourism and Transport are developed. Osmanabad is well connected with Mumbai, Pune, Latur, Parbhani, Nanded, Amravati, Nagpur, Kolhapur, Miraj, Parli. Osmanabad station comes under Central Railway (CR) zone.
Below National Highways passes through the Osmanabad District.
1. NH-52: Sangrur(Punjab)-Hisar(Haryana)-Kota(Rajasthan)-Indore(Madhya Pradesh)-Dhule-Aurangabad-Beed-Osmanabad-Tuljapur-Solapur-Vijayapura-Hubballi-Ankola(Karnataka)
(Villages from Osmanabad district on this NH are- Pargaon-Kunthalgiri Phata-Terkheda-Yermala-Yedshi-Osmanabad-Tuljapur-Tamalwadi)
2. NH-63: Barshi-Yedshi-Dhoki-Murud-Latur-Udgir-Deglur-Nizamabad(Telangana)-Sironcha(Maharashtra)-Jagdalpur(Chhattisgarh)-Kotpad(Odisha)-Borigumma
3. NH-65: Pune-Indapur-Solapur-Omerga-Hyderabad-Vijayawada-Machilipatnam(Andhra Pradesh)
(Villages from Osmanabad district on this NH are- Itkal-Anadur-Naldurg-Jalkot-Yenegur-Dalimb-Omerga-Turori)
4. NH-361: Tuljapur-Latur-Ahmedpur-Nanded-Yavatmal-Wardha-Butibori(Near Nagpur)
5. NH-548B: Mantha-Selu-Pathari-Sonpeth-Parali-Ambajogai-Latur-Ausa-Omerga-Yenegur-Murum-Alur-Akkalkot-Nagansur-Vijayapura-Athani-Chikhodi-Sankeshwar-Gotur(Karnataka)
6. NH-548C: Satara-Koregaon-Mhaswad-Malshiras-Akluj-Tembhurni-Barshi-Yermala-Kalamb-Kej-Majalgaon-Partur-Mantha-Lonar-Mehkar-Khamgaon-Shegaon-Akot-Anjangaon-Betul(Madhya Pradesh)
7. NH-652: Tuljapur-Naldurg-Hannur-Akkalkot
Osmanabad Airport located 10 Kilometres north of Osmanabad, does not have any commercial air traffic. Reliance Airport Developers, who won a bid in 2009 to run the airport on a 95-year lease, plan to use this airport for aviation training.
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A dargah (Sufi shrine is in the Osmanabad city built over the grave of a revered religious figure) of Khwaja Shamsoddin Gazi. The interior decoration of the dargah consisting of many colourful glass pieces and it is so mesmerising. The Urs of Khwaja Shamshoddin Gazi festival celebrates in city in the month of Rajjab of Islamic calendar.
The most famous tourist destination in Osmanabad District is in Tuljapur, which is famous for the Tuljabhavani Temple, (Marathi: श्री क्षेत्र तुळजा भवानी देवस्थान) a Hindu temple dedicated to the goddess Bhavani(Durga Or Parvati). It is considered one of the 51 Shakti Pithas. It is situated 32 km from Osmanabad and was built in c. 12th century CE.
Kanheri was situated in Vashi taluka. There was (Datta Temple) and (Maruti Temple). In Kanheri (SUMIT PARMESHWAR LAWAND) was live.
Kunthalgiri tirth consist of 11 Jain temples :
Main temple of Kunthalgiri is Shri Kul Bhushan – Desh Bhushan Mandir known as Bara Mandir here. Shri Kul Bhushan – Desh Bhushan went to Moksha in the period of Lord Munisuvratnath. Idols of Lord Shantinath, Munisuvratnath & Adinath are present here. Main idol of the temple is of Munisuvranatha. Adinatha idol is carved in Ardh Padmasan posture and Parsvanath idol is a white colored and has 11 hoods of cobra.
Shantinath temple built in year 1875 is also present here. Moolnayak of this temple is a 2 feet 3 inch black colder idol of Lord Shantinatha in padmasan posture. Idols of other Tirthankars and Goddess Padmavati & Sarasvati are also here. A 53 feet tall Manstambha was erected in 1944, having 4 idols of Lord Munisuvratnath installed on the top.
Bahubali Temple, Adinath Temple, Ajitnath Temple, Chaitya & Nandishwer Jinalaya, Neminath Temple, Mahaveer Temple, Kanch Mandir and Ratnatraya Temple are also present in Kunthagiri.
- Temple of Lord Mahaveer is situated in this town. It is said that Samavsharan of Lord Mahaveer came here. This temple is about 800 or more years old.
- An ancient temple of Lord Parsvanath is also here, during reconstruction 20, ancient idols of Teerthankars were found. Idols of Lord Mahaveer, and Lord Parsvanath are very well sculptured.
- The temple of Saint Goroba is also located in Ter. This temple is one of the attractions for the tourists and pilgrims visiting Osmanabad. The temple was built in the 13th century after the death of Saint Goroba in 1317. This temple is square-shaped and constructed completely with stone. There is also a Sabha Mandap here to perform religious and cultural activities.
Yedshi Ramling Ghat Wildlife SanctuaryEdit
Yedshi Ramling Ghat Wildlife Sanctuary is situated in the villages of Yedshi, Wadgaon and Bhanasgaon in Osmanabad Tehsil.
Saint Goroba Kaka TempleEdit
Ter town near Osmanabad city having Saint Goroba Kaka Temple. Ter is also an ancient city known as Tagar. 'Lamature Museum' in the town contains many Archaeological artifacts which give proof of ancientness of Ter Town.
Kati village in Tuljapur Division has two mosques said to be more than 500 years old. The larger is called Jamia Masjid. The smaller Masjid is older and very small with a mysterious typical architecture.
Shelagoan (jagir) is a place where there is a Maruti Temple.
Yedeshwari Temple Yermala
Famous Yedeshwari Devi is on the hilltop of Yermala nearly 25 km from kalamb and 40 km from Osmanabad.
Railway Circuit house in Yedshi was built in the 1870s by the British Government for top railway officers of that era. It is an architectural gem and provides a good view of the forest. The Circuit House is currently under control and administration of Indian Railway and reserved for Railway Class 1 Officers.
The district also offers some worth visiting sites to name a few are: Yesdhi Ramling (Temple of Lord Shiva), Wadgaon Siddheshwar (Temple of Lord Shiva), Jain temple, Trivikram Mandir, Chaity Museum are some worth sites. New excavation is in progress & more than five hundreds things discovered at those sites.
- "Parliamentary Constituencies Maharashtra" (PDF). Election Commission of India. Archived from the original (PDF) on 6 March 2009.
- "District Census 2011". Office of The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2011.
- "Blocks of Osmanabad, Maharashtra". Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Archived from the original on 13 November 2011.
- Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901
- US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 1 October 2011.
Guinea-Bissau 1,596,677 July 2011 est.
- "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 30 September 2011.
- 2011 Census of India, Population By Mother Tongue
- "Election Information in Osmanabad Parliament . Dr. Padamsingh bajirao Patil is member of parliament from 2009. Constituency". Party Analyst (IT GRIDS, India).
- "State Assembly Elections 2009: Maharashtra: Osmanabad". Indian Election Affairs.
- "Map: Parliamentray Constituencies Maharashtra" (PDF). Election Commission of India. Archived from the original (PDF) on 6 March 2009.
- "Delimitation of Parliamentary and Assembly Constituencies Order, 2008" (PDF). Election Commission of India. p. 271. Archived (PDF) from the original on 5 October 2010.
- "Assembly Constituencies-Post delimitation: Maharashtra: Osmanabad District" (PDF). Election Commission of India. 2008. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 May 2013.
- Details of National Highways (NHs) as on 31.03.2019
- "Reliance Airport gets five projects on lease". Times of India. 6 August 2009. Retrieved 19 September 2011.
- "MIDC-run airports set for makeover". Indian Express. 1 July 2008. Retrieved 19 September 2011.
- "Aviation Academy proposed at Osmanabad Airport". National Web Network India. 8 January 2011. Retrieved 20 September 2011.
- http://jain.org.in/tirth-Kunthalgiri, Maharashtra.html
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