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Ankola, is a Town Municipal Council and a taluka in Uttara Kannada district of Karnataka state, India).The name of the place is derived from a forest shrub Ankola grown on the coastal hill side and worshiped by the Halakki Vokkaligas as a totem. The town is situated at around 33 kms from Karwar and 57 kms from Bhatkal.
Town and Taluka
|• Body||Town Municipal Council|
|• Total||7.42 km2 (2.86 sq mi)|
|Elevation||16 m (52 ft)|
|• Density||1,928.44/km2 (4,994.6/sq mi)|
|• Regional||Kannada, Konkani|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
|Sex ratio||1013 ♂/♀|
Ankola is a small town surrounded by temples, schools, paddy fields and mango groves. It is located on the coast of the Arabian sea and has natural beaches. Ankola is famous for its native breed of Mango called kari Ishaad as wells as its bountiful cashews.
Ankola is located at  It has an average elevation of 17 metres (55 feet). The Gangavali River (also known as Bedti) is a prominent river that flows near the town. Summer temperatures range between 30 °C and 35 °C while winter temperatures drop down marginally to between 20 °C and 33 °C..
As of 2011[update] India census, Total population of Ankola Taluk is 101,549 living in 21,079 Houses, Spread across a total 309 villages and 20 panchayats . Males are 51,398 and Females are 50,151 . Ankola Town Panchayat has a population of 22,249 of which 11,034 are males while 11,215 are females as per report released by Census of India 2011.
Population of Children with age of 0-6 is 2025 which is 9.10% of total population of Ankola (TP + OG). In Ankola Town Panchayat, Female Sex Ratio is of 1016 against state average of 973. Moreover, Child Sex Ratio in Ankola is around 1013 compared to Karnataka state average of 948. Literacy rate of Ankola city is 90.63%, higher than the state average of 75.36%. In Ankola, Male literacy is around 94.63% while female literacy rate is 86.69%.
Ankola Town Panchayat has a total administration over 5,271 houses, to which it supplies basic amenities like water and sewerage. It is also authorized to build roads within Town Panchayat limits and impose taxes on properties coming under its jurisdiction.
Villages of AnkolaEdit
Villages of Ankola include:
- Agragon (Agragone)
- Algeri (Alageri)
- Bhavikeri (Bavikeri)
- Harwada (Harvada)
- Padmapur Heggar
- Kanagil (Kangil)
- Surve (Soorve)
- Vaidya Heggar
- Vasar Kudrige
In 1930, after the success of Mahatma Gandhi's Salt Satyagraha, Karnataka decided to conduct its own. On 13 April, in the presence of about 40,000 people M.P. Nadakarni broke the salt law in Ankola. Revu Honnappa Naik, Honnappa Mangeshkar bought the first packet of salt auctioned for 30 rupees. After the auction Swami Vidyananda addressed the gathering in which leaders like Karnad Sadashiva Rao, Smt Umabai Kundapur, Dr Hardikar, T.S. Naikand others participated. The police promptly arrested the leaders but the Sathyagraha continued for 45 days with full tempo. Salt Sathyagraha was offered in nearly 30 centres like Mangalore, Kundapur, Udupi, Puttur, Padubidre, etc. in Karnataka. Students came out in large numbers to prepare salt and sell it from house to house. When Gandhiji decided to raid the salt depot at Dharsana, a similar raid was undertaken in Karnataka at Sanikatte. A group of volunteers led by Sridhar Panduranga Balaji collected a few maunds of salt and carried it to Kumta, where the whole stock was sold in 15 minutes.
Four taluks in Karnataka namely Hirekerur in Dharwad district and Ankola, Sirsi and Siddapura in North Kanara district were selected for organizing the no-tax campaign. Despite repressive measures by the authorities, the campaign was a huge success. More than 1500 activists were arrested in Karnataka for participating in the Civil-Disobedience Movement during 1930-31. These historic events led to Ankola being named the "Bardoli of Karnataka".
Ankola lies on the coast of the Arabian Sea and has many beautiful beaches, such as: Belekeri Beach, Nadibag Beach, Belambar Beach, Shedikulli Beach, Gabitkeni Beach, Honne gudi Beach(5 km from Ankola), Honey Beach, and Keni Beach.
A popular folk dance in Ankola is Yakshagana.
Suggi kunitha a local seasonal folk dance, has begun in the coastal taluks of Uttara Kannada district. The troupes of the Suggi dancers move from one village to another during the paddy harvest season till the festival of "Holi" to perform the dance as a gratitude to the God for the successful harvest.
The Suggi dancers wear traditional dresses and headgears. The dance has historical background as it was used to create awareness among the masses against the British rule during the Independence movement.
An annual mela called Bandihabba is celebrated on Buddha Poornima in the month of May. This is an important festival to be celebrated for nine days. On the ninth day, Mela is conducted near Shantadurga temple and people from around the town and village throng the temple and celebrate it.
Another big festival called 'Karthik' is celebrated during November when five temple deities will be out of Ankola town on Palakki for a night stay and will return next morning. The entire town celebrates this town with fire works.
The Dahikaala (ದಹಿಕಾಲ) festival in Ankola as in Dahi Handi of Maharashtra celebrates the playful and mischievous side of Krishna, where teams of young men form human pyramids to reach a high-hanging pot of butter and break it. This festival is very much important to the Namadharis of Ankola in particular and the teams usually are of Namadhari youth by tradition.
Ankola houses many temples such as famous Honna Raka Temple, beautiful Mahamaya, architectural Venkataramana Temple, and traditional Shantadurga(Famously known as Bhumidevathe), Eeshwara devasthana. Migrated Konkani Saraswats are said to have brought with their Kuladevtas with them. Considering this to be their safe haven, they are said to have established the Kuladevata temples in Ankola. Some of the migrated Goan Deities are Lakshmi Narayan Mahamaya(Nagve Mahmamaya) from the Nagve village in Salcette Goa, Kundodari Mahamaya (Kudteri Mahamaya) from Curtorim in Salcette Goa, and the Aryadurga temple from the Anjediva (Aryadweep) island of Goa. The Shantadurga temple is assumed to be the gram devta of the village is still a question of debate, since many saraswat families do consider it to be their Kuladevta, but the locals state that the deity present is not of Konkani or Goan origin but currently a Dravidian deity.
Usual diet contains boiled white rice (called Kuchige akki) and fish, basale soppina hulaga (a vegetable sambar) & Koli Asi (chicken curry). Fish is consumed by a large part of population. Special Preparations - 1. Kotte Roti - A form of idli-like preparation, steam cooked in a conical shaped container constructed using jackfruit leaves. Kajmiji is a local sweet.
Public road transportation to Ankola is handled by NWKRTC (North West Karnataka Road Transport Corporation ) .Road transportation is a crucial link for the population.Other modes of transportation such as inland water navigation, are also in use.Railway station is about 3 km from the town.
By roads and railwaysEdit
- Eastern direction - Connected to Hubli, Hyderabad by National Highway 63.
- Northern direction - Connected to Karwar, Goa by Road, Railways.
- Southern direction - Connected to Gokarna, Murdeshwara, Udupi and Mangalore by Road, Railways.
- Western direction:Arabian Sea & Beaches.
The rivers offer inland water navigation, usually in traditional ferries or mechanised boats. Hubli to Ankola railway facility has been pushed to backburner, due to the stay order from Supreme Court of India.
- Goa International Airport
- Mangalore International Airport
- Kempegowda International Airport
- Belgaum Airport
- Hubli Airport
- Karwar Airport
- Belekeri Port
News and MediaEdit
Karavali Munjavu is a local news paper with a district wide circulation. Nutana TV is a most popular local channel of Ankola, Ankola News, Arya news, City News, Canara News, and Nuthana News are some prominent news channels.
Schools and CollegesEdit
The city and the taluk has a lot of government, government aided and private educational institutions.Nirmala Hridaya, PMHS, Jaycee school,Shri Manjunath Swamy High school, Jai Hind Highschool, KLE's(Karnataka Lingayat Education) institutions, Governments Schools and colleges are some of the known educational institutions of Ankola. Gokhale Centenary College offers various pregraduate, undergraduate and also limited postgraduate courses.In 2007, Government First Grade College was started in Poojageri ( 2 km from Ankola) with a whopping student strength. This college offers bachelor's degree in Arts, Science, Commerce and Business Administration.Ankola taluk also has seen an increasing number of Preuniversity colleges being established in the recent years. The rural areas generally have primary and highschool facilities.
Geographical orientation from AnkolaEdit
- "Home | Ankola Town Municipal Council". www.ankolatown.mrc.gov.in. Retrieved 22 November 2015.
- Ankola (Approved) at GEOnet Names Server, United States National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency
- "Uttara Kannada District Profile". Archived from the original on 19 August 2014. Retrieved 2 September 2014.
- "Ankola Town Panchayath". Archived from the original on 2 February 2014.
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 16 June 2004. Retrieved 1 November 2008.
- "Grama Panchayat Wise Village List, Ankola Taluk". Archived from the original on 20 August 2014. Retrieved 2 September 2014.
- "Miscellany - Unassuming Ankola". Deccan Herald. Retrieved 18 November 2015.
- "Ankola - Travel/Tourism: Official Website of Uttara Kannada, Karwar, Karnataka". uttarakannada.nic.in. Archived from the original on 20 February 2016. Retrieved 22 November 2015.
- "Karavali Munjavu". Archived from the original on 10 September 2010. Retrieved 12 October 2010.