Betul is Municipal Council town in Madhya Pradesh, India. It is the administrative head-quarter of Betul district and forms the southernmost part of the Narmadapuram Division.

Betul
City
Shri Balajipuram Tample
Shri Balajipuram Tample
Betul is located in Madhya Pradesh
Betul
Betul
Coordinates: 21°54′18″N 77°54′07″E / 21.905°N 77.902°E / 21.905; 77.902
Country India
StateMadhya Pradesh
DistrictBetul
Government
 • TypeMunicipal Council
 • BodyMunicipal Council Betul
Area
 • Total193 km2 (75 sq mi)
Elevation
658 m (2,159 ft)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total153,330
 • Density790/km2 (2,100/sq mi)
Languages
 • OfficialHindi
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
ISO 3166 codeIN-MP
Vehicle registrationMP-48
Websitebetul.nic.in

Name edit

During the early 20th century, Betul was known as Badnur.[1] It derives its present name from a small town called Batul Bazaar about 5 km (3 mi) to its south. The qord Betul —literally mean "without" (be) "cotton" (tool) it was referred for its position outside the area's cottonfields.

History edit

 
Balajipuram Temple in Betul

Nearby fort called Kherla Quila was formerly the seat of an independent kingdom in the medieval and early modern period.[2] Under Company Rule, its fort was permitted to fall into ruin.[3] Badnur became the headquarters of Betul District in 1822. Surrounded by hills on all sides, it was used by the British for the exportation of coal.[4] It supported two bazaars; the larger, Kothi Bazar, held 2015 people in the 1870s.[2] At that time, the town had a circuit house, a dak bungalow, a caravanserai, jail, police station, pharmacy, and schools.[2] Its population c. 1901 was 3766.[1]

Following independence, Betul lay near the geographical center point of the new country, which is now marked by a stone at Barsali. Betul was connected to the Delhi–Chennai line of the Indian rail network in the early 1950s. It now serves as a junction point, providing the access to the Chhindwara District on broad-gauge rail Biggest City in India .

Geography edit

Betul is located at 21°55′N 77°54′E / 21.92°N 77.9°E / 21.92; 77.9,[5] near the geographical center point of modern India. It has an average elevation of 658 m (2,159 ft).

Climate edit

Climate data for Betul, Madhya Pradesh (1981–2010, extremes 1948–2012)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 34.9
(94.8)
37.8
(100.0)
42.3
(108.1)
43.7
(110.7)
48.0
(118.4)
44.5
(112.1)
38.6
(101.5)
33.6
(92.5)
35.5
(95.9)
36.8
(98.2)
35.0
(95.0)
32.7
(90.9)
48.0
(118.4)
Mean daily maximum °C (°F) 27.4
(81.3)
30.1
(86.2)
34.6
(94.3)
38.7
(101.7)
40.3
(104.5)
35.7
(96.3)
29.2
(84.6)
27.6
(81.7)
29.8
(85.6)
31.1
(88.0)
29.1
(84.4)
27.8
(82.0)
31.8
(89.2)
Mean daily minimum °C (°F) 10.5
(50.9)
11.9
(53.4)
16.1
(61.0)
20.6
(69.1)
24.7
(76.5)
24.4
(75.9)
22.5
(72.5)
21.8
(71.2)
21.1
(70.0)
17.3
(63.1)
13.4
(56.1)
10.2
(50.4)
17.9
(64.2)
Record low °C (°F) −0.2
(31.6)
1.1
(34.0)
2.3
(36.1)
10.6
(51.1)
16.6
(61.9)
14.9
(58.8)
14.5
(58.1)
13.1
(55.6)
10.5
(50.9)
5.0
(41.0)
2.6
(36.7)
1.3
(34.3)
−0.2
(31.6)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 13.8
(0.54)
14.2
(0.56)
19.7
(0.78)
6.9
(0.27)
13.3
(0.52)
144.5
(5.69)
330.1
(13.00)
371.7
(14.63)
189.8
(7.47)
57.8
(2.28)
20.6
(0.81)
8.6
(0.34)
1,191
(46.89)
Average rainy days 1.1 1.5 1.4 0.7 0.9 8.0 15.2 15.5 8.8 3.2 1.7 0.8 58.7
Average relative humidity (%) (at 17:30 IST) 44 34 25 20 24 53 77 84 74 60 52 47 50
Source: India Meteorological Department[6][7]

Demographics edit

During the 2011 Indian census, Betul had a population of 103,330. Males constitute 51.12% of the population, females 48.88%. Betul has an average literacy rate of 89.28%, higher than the national average of 74.04%. 10.82% of the population is under 6 years of age.[8]

Economy edit

Betul District's economy is predominantly an agrarian one. Its dense woods also permit forestry.[citation needed]

Transport edit

 
Betul railway station

Betul is connected to the broad-gauge Delhi–Chennai (Grand Trunk) line of the Indian rail network, which also communicates with Bhopal and Nagpur.

Betul is serviced by National Highway 46 connecting it with Bhopal and Nagpur. National Highway 47 connects it to Indore.

The nearest airports are at Nagpur and Bhopal, both about 180 km (112 mi) away.

Education edit

In Betul, there are total 72 number of colleges. Some main colleges are as follows[9]

  • Govt Jaywanti Haksar P G College Betul
  • Government polytechnic college sonaghati Betul
  • Bhimrao Ramrao Ambedkar College Of Education, Run By Shri Ram Shiksha Parishad, Chakkar Road Ambedk
  • Late Shri Nandkishore Singh Patel Memorial College, Near Link Road, Sadar, Betul
  • Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose College
  • Shri Ram Pharmacy College Jamthi Betul
  • Shri Balaji Institute of Technology & Management, Betul

In Betul, there are many schools for primary and secondary education. Some of the main schools are

  • R D Public School, Kalapatha, Betul
  • Satpuda Valley Public School, Sonaghati, Betul
  • Kendriya Vidyalya Betul
  • ELC English School
  • Rathore Collage and School

References edit

  1. ^ a b EB (1911).
  2. ^ a b c EB (1878), p. 228.
  3. ^ EB (1878), p. 229.
  4. ^ "betul history". betul.nic.in. GOVERNMENT OF MADHAYA PRADESH. Retrieved 24 November 2019.
  5. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Betul
  6. ^ "Station: Betul Climatological Table 1981–2010" (PDF). Climatological Normals 1981–2010. India Meteorological Department. January 2015. pp. 123–124. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 February 2020. Retrieved 28 December 2020.
  7. ^ "Extremes of Temperature & Rainfall for Indian Stations (Up to 2012)" (PDF). India Meteorological Department. December 2016. p. M115. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 February 2020. Retrieved 28 December 2020.
  8. ^ "Census of India 2011: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 16 June 2004. Retrieved 1 November 2008.
  9. ^ "District Administration Betul" (PDF). District Administration Betul.

Sources edit