November 1976

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The following events occurred in November 1976:

November 2, 1976: Jimmy Carter wins U.S. presidential election over President Gerald Ford
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President-elect Carter and President Ford

Monday, November 1, 1976Edit

  • Lieutenant Colonel Jean-Baptiste Bagaza of the Burundi Army led a bloodless coup d'état overthrowing President Michel Micombero, who had overthrown the monarchy of the African nation in 1966.[1] The 30-member Supreme Revolutionary Council that replaced Micombero named Bagaza as President of Burundi on November 10.[2]
  • Universities and schools in Thailand reopened after having been closed for nearly a month because of violence that had led to a military coup d'état and closure on October 6.[3]
  • Born: Adah Almutairi, American nanotechnology engineer; in Portland, Oregon

Tuesday, November 2, 1976Edit

Wednesday, November 3, 1976Edit

  • Jacques Mayol of France became the first person to dive to a depth of 100 metres (330 ft) without the use of scuba gear. Mayol, age 49, held his breath and went down into the Mediterranean Sea off of the island of Elba.[6]
  • The worst railroad accident in Poland in more than ten years killed 25 people and injured 60 others after an express train crashed into the back of a passenger train that had been making a scheduled stop at the station at Julianka. The express between Lublin and Wroclaw, traveling in a dense fog, came in behind the other train.[7]
  • Brian DePalma's horror film Carrie, based on the novel of the same name by Stephen King, premiered in select cities before going into general release nationwide on November 16.
  • Born: Emiliano Reali, Italian novelist, in Rome
  • Died: Henk Korthals, 65, Dutch politician and former Deputy Prime Minister of the Netherlands, 1959 to 1963

Thursday, November 4, 1976Edit

  • U.S. District Court Judge Warren J. Ferguson declared that the Family Viewing Hour (actually a two-hour period between 7:00 and 9:00 in the evening Eastern time in which programs containing violent scenes and sexual content were not to be aired), instituted by the FCC, was unconstitutional as a violation of the First Amendment guarantees of freedom of speech. The suit had been brought by the Writers Guild of America, the Screen Actors Guild, and numerous production companies and had named the nation's three commercial TV networks (ABC, CBS and NBC).[8] A decree made by the National Association of Broadcasters in 1975 was also overturned, giving stations free rein on what to air in the pre-prime time slots.
  • Born: James Dale Ritchie, American serial killer; in Anchorage, Alaska (killed in police shootout, 2016)
  • Died:

Friday, November 5, 1976Edit

  • India's Lok Sabha voted, 180 to 34 to postpone parliamentary elections for the second consecutive year. The 1976 elections had been canceled later in 1975. The ruling Congress Party was joined by India's Communist Party in approving the plan, while most opposition deputies continued their boycott of votes on legislation. After the vote by the Lok Sabha, and the approval of the ceremonial upper house (the Rajya Sabha), the 1977 voting was postponed until 1978.[9]
  • The first epidemic of Ebola virus was brought to an end as the last of 280 victims died. By November 20, the World Health Organization announced that the virus was contained.[10] There would be no further epidemics until a new outbreak 19 years later in 1995. On suggestion by virologist Karl Johnson, the nation's health agency gave the illness the name "Ebola virus disease", after the Ebola River valley on November 30.[11]
  • Geoffrey Platt, a laboratory technician at the British Microbiological Research Establishment in Porton Down, Wiltshire, accidentally became the first European victim of the Ebola virus when he accidentally got pricked by a contaminated needle while handling samples from Africa.[12] Platt was successfully treated with human interferon and convalescent serum and he fully recovered.
  • Born: Park Jung-chul, South Korean television star; in Seoul
  • Died: Helen Purdy Beale, 83, American plant virologist known for her invention of the serology processes in identification of diseases that affect crops

Saturday, November 6, 1976Edit

  • Dr. Zhores A. Medvedev, a prominent Soviet biochemist and dissident who was living in exile in London, revealed the occurrence of two disasters that had been kept secret by the Soviet Union's rulers, describing both in detail in the British scientific weekly New Scientist. Medvedev was the first to report two incidents now known as the Kyshtym disaster of 1957, in which an explosion of stored nuclear wastes contaminated an area inhabited by 270,000 people, and the Nedelin catastrophe, a rocket engine explosion that killed numerous rocket scientists and high-ranking Soviet military officers.[13]
  • Born:
  • Died:
    • Dr. Alexander S. Wiener, 69, American hematologist known for his discovery of the Rh factor and blood transfusion techniques.
    • Patrick Dennis (pen name for Edward Everett Tanner III), 55, American novelist known for the bestselling Auntie Mame: An irreverent escapade

Sunday, November 7, 1976Edit

  • The prototype of the Dassault Falcon 50 business jet made its first flight. [14]
  • The Party of Labor of Albania (Partia e Punës e Shqipërisë), the Communist party of Albania, completed its five-year Congress at Tirana and re-elected Enver Hoxha, who had been the party's leader since its founding 35 years earlier. Hoxha, who had been the de facto leader of the Balkan nation for more than 30 years, was the last Stalinist in power in Eastern Europe. All 12-members of the Party of Labor Politburo were re-elected by the Central Committee, including Prime Minister Mehmet Shehu.[15]
  • Born: Mark Philippoussis, Australian pro tennis player, 1999 and 2003 Davis Cup team winner, 1998 U.S. Open and 2003 Wimbledon finalist; in Melbourne
  • Died: Mathew Charles Lamb, 28, Canadian spree killer who shot four people in 1966 and then joined the Rhodesian Army after his release from custody, was accidentally killed by friendly fire from another member of his unit.

Monday, November 8, 1976Edit

  • The British House of Commons voted confidence in the government of Prime Minister James Callaghan, on the issue of nationalizing Britain's shipbuilding and aircraft industries, by a margin of one vote, 311 to 310. Two other bills, regarding treatment of private patients in government, and giving labor wider jurisdiction over cargo away from ports, passed by only three votes, 310 to 307.[16]
  • Born: Brett Lee, Australian national cricket team bowler; 1999 to 2012; in Wollongong, New South Wales
 
Carlos Fonseca

Tuesday, November 9, 1976Edit

 
President Hillery

Wednesday, November 10, 1976Edit

  • The Supreme Court of Utah ruled, 4 to 1, that convicted murderer Gary Gilmore was entitled to be executed as he had requested, and lifted a stay of execution that had been made earlier by the state's Court of Appeals, clearing the way for Gilmore to face a firing squad within five days.[21] While the Governor of Utah issued a stay of execution the next day, Gilmore would be executed on January 17, 1977.
  • At least 5,000 Syrian Army combat troops, accompanied by 60 tanks, entered peacefully into Beirut without firing a shot, marking the first time since 1958 that the capital of Lebanon had been under foreign military control. The United States Marines had landed in and occupied Beirut 18 years earlier to prevent a coup d'état.[22]

Thursday, November 11, 1976Edit

 
Calder
 
A Calder sculpture in Venezuela's Central University[23]

Friday, November 12, 1976Edit

Saturday, November 13, 1976Edit

  • A second earthquake struck the Chinese city of Tangshan, which had been destroyed by an earthquake on July 28.[30]
  • Lieutenant Colonel Edouard Nzambimana was named as the new Prime Minister of Burundi.[31]
  • Angola's National Museum of Anthropology was opened in Luanda to preserve Angola's heritage.
  • The first of 18 editions of the celebrity sporting competition Battle of the Network Stars premiered on the U.S. television network ABC with 10 TV stars apiece (six actors and four actresses) from the three television networks that existed in the United States at that time (ABC, CBS and NBC) in various sports (tennis, golf, volleyball), racing in running, swimming and bicycling; and a tug-of-war competition at the end between the two network teams that had done the best. The show, hated by TV critics, "drew a surprisingly large audience" as the 12th highest rated program of the week. [32]

Sunday, November 14, 1976Edit

  • Members of the church of which U.S. President-Elect Jimmy Carter was a member, the Plains Baptist Church of Plains, Georgia, voted to drop a ban that the church had maintained since 1965 against attendance by non-white people, after Carter spoke to the congregation prior to the evening's vote. In 1965, the church had voted to ban attendance by African-Americans. By a vote of 120 to 66, the church members amended the bylaws with a statement of purpose "to open the doors to all who want to worship Jesus Christ."[33]

Monday, November 15, 1976Edit

 
Megamouth[34]
  • The first megamouth shark (Megachasma pelagios) was discovered off the island of Oahu at Hawaii, when it became entangled in the anchor cable of a United States Navy ship, AFB-14, at a depth of about 540 feet (160 m).[35]
  • The Parti Québécois, a separatist party advocating the independence of the Canadian province of Quebec as a separate nation, won 71 of the 110 seats in elections for the provincial legislature, overwhelmingly defeating the Quebec Liberal Party, which lost all but 26 of the 102 seats it had held before the vote.[36][37][38] Rene Levesque became the new Premier of Quebec, replacing the QLP's Robert Bourassa.
  • Japan began the return of the Soviet Union's stolen MiG-25 jet fighter to the Soviets. Thirty crates, each filled with parts from the advanced jet fighter (which had been disassembled for study after Russian pilot Viktor Belenko defected to Japan) had been loaded onto the Russian freighter Taigonos on November 12 at the port of Hitachi[39] and would arrive on November 18.
  • Britain's parliament passed an act amending the Motorcycle Crash Helmet Act of 1972 to permit Sikh wearers of turbans to be exempt from the requirement of wearing a helmet.[40] The legislation followed a four year campaign by Manchester resident Gyani Sundar Singh Sagar, popularly known as Gyan Ji, who had been repeatedly arrested by defying the law in the name of his religious faith.
  • Multiparty elections were allowed in Brazil for the first time in over a decade as part of a gradual reform promised by the right-wing military government of General Ernesto Geisel, with voting for aldermen and mayors in the South American nations 3,789 municipalities. Although the government's Alliance for National Renewal was unopposed in 1,789 locations, the opposition Brazilian Democratic Movement had candidates in the other 2,000.[41] An accident killed 38 people who were being transported to the polling location, when the driver of a bus failed to stop at a ferry crossing and fell into the Urubu River.[42]
  • Born: Claudia Llosa, Peruvian film director; in Lima
  • Died: Jean Gabin (stage name for Jean-Alexis Moncorgé), 72, French film actor[43]

Tuesday, November 16, 1976Edit

  • The government of Chile, led by General Augusto Pinochet, announced that it would release all but 20 of the 343 people it considered "political prisoners", those held without being charged with a crime during the state of siege that had existed in the South American nation since the coup d'état that had overthrown President Salvador Allende on September 11, 1973. Another 900 people who had been convicted of security offenses, or were charged and awaiting trial, remained incarcerated and were not considered to be political prisoners by the government.[44] The next day, Chile released 130 political prisoners from the Tres Alamos detention camp near Santiago.[45]
  • East Germany singer and poet Wolf Biermann, a dissident opposed to that nation's Communist government, was informed while on a concert tour of West Germany that he had been deprived of his East German citizenship and would not be allowed to return. In response, 13 of East Germany's best-known artists and authors, all risking their careers, signed a letter to the government announcing that "We protest against his being stripped of his citizenship. Within two days, more than 70 other leading East German playwrights, actors, directors and singers had joined the protest.[46]
  • Died:
    • Robert L. Lippert, 67, American film producer and cinema chain owner
    • Niwa Kawamoto, 113, Japanese woman who had been the oldest living person in the world since the death of Mito Umeta on May 31, 1975.

Wednesday, November 17, 1976Edit

  • In an operation ordered by King Hussein of Jordan, commandos of the Army of Jordan landed by helicopter on the roof of the Intercontinental Hotel in Amman and overpowered four Palestinian guerrillas who had taken guests and employees hostage. In the gunbattle, three gunmen, two hotel employees and two Jordanian soldiers were killed.[47]
  • The British government ordered the expulsion from the United Kingdom of former American CIA agent Philip Agee, describing him as a threat to national security. The move, by Home Secretary Merlyn Rees, came less than 24 hours after the British had ordered the deportation of Mark Hosenball, an American reporter working for Evening Standard newspaper of London.[48] Hosenball had been cited in a letter from the Home Office, delivered to the newspaper office by two policemen on November 16, with Rees stating that "Mr. Hosenball has, while resident in the United Kingdom, in consort with others sought to obtain and has obtained for publication information harmful to the security of the United Kingdom and... this information has included information prejudicial to the safety of servants of the Crown."[49]
  • Sir Deighton Lisle Ward became the new Governor-General of Barbados, replacing the late Arleigh Winston Scott, who had died on August 9, 1976.
  • Born:
  • Died: Philip Taft, 74, American labor historian known as co-author (in 1935 with Selig Perlman) of History of Labor in the United States, 1896–1932 and for nine books regarding the history of the American Federation of Labor and other labor unions.

Thursday, November 18, 1976Edit

 
Smokeout
  • In an event preceding the inaugural Great American Smokeout of 1977, one million residents of California were persuaded by the American Cancer Society to give up smoking cigarettes for an entire day.[51][52] Surveys of smokers in California differed as to its effectiveness.[53][54]
  • Born: Jack Dorsey, American entrepreneur and co-founder (in 2006) of Twitter; in St. Louis
  • Died:
    • Man Ray (stage name for Emmanuel Radnitzky), 86, American-born French photographer known for his photograms, which he referred to as "rayographs"[55]
    • Louis G. Cowan, 66, former President of the CBS Network and the creator of several popular TV quiz shows, including The $64,000 Question, was killed along with his wife in an accidental fire at his apartment at the Westbury Hotel in New York City[56]
    • Alfred Jerger, 87, Austrian opera singer

Friday, November 19, 1976Edit

Saturday, November 20, 1976Edit

  • Thailand's 24-member military junta, which had been leading the Asian kingdom since a coup d'état in October 6, announced its appointment of a new National Assembly of 340 people, more than half of whom were current or former military officers, and most of whom were considered to be right-wing politically. The junta stated further that it would act in "a purely advisory capacity" to the civilian Prime Minister" while still making clear its position on principal folicy decisions.[62][63]
  • With only 11 days left in his term, Mexico's President Luis Echeverria Alvarez began implementing a policy of land reform, ordering the government confiscation of 220,000 acres (89,000 ha) of land owned by wealthy families, for redistribution to poorer families under the public policy that every Mexican peasant had a right to a piece of land.[64] The decision was overturned on December 7 by a Mexican federal judge. [65]
  • A landslide in the Colombian village of Chámeza, located in the departamento of Casanare killed 20 people as a row of huts were swept away and buried.[66]
  • Born: Dominique Dawes, American gymnast; in Silver Spring, Maryland
 
Trofim Lysenko
  • Died:
    • Trofim Lysenko, 78, controversial, but influential, Soviet geneticist and botanist whose pseudoscientific theories were blamed for famines in the Soviet Union and later the People's Republic of China[67]
    • Hugh D. Auchincloss, 79, American stockbroker, former father-in-law of U.S. President John F. Kennedy as stepfather of Jackie Kennedy[68]

Sunday, November 21, 1976Edit

  • The Accord on the Transportation of Perishable Foods (ATP), signed on September 1, 1970, by Austria, West Germany, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, and Switzerland, went into effect upon ratification by five states, and now applies to food shipment through 50 nations, mostly European but also the U.S. and Saudi Arabia.
  • Shahab Sheikh Nuri, Anwar Zorab and Mamosta Jafar Abdulwahid, Iraqi Kurdish nationalists and leaders of the Komalay Ranjdaran organization, were jointly executed by the government of Iraq.
  • Born: Daniel Whiston, English ice dancer; in Blackpool, Lancashire
  • Died: Niles Welch, 88, American stage and silent film star

Monday, November 22, 1976Edit

  • The British House of Lords, the upper house of Parliament whose approval of measures passed in Commons was usually taken for granted, overwhelmingly voted to reject the government-sponsored measure to nationalize Britain's aircraft and shipbuilding industries, with only 90 in favor and 197 against. The Lords refused to accept the bill as written and insisted on exemptions from takeover for ship-repairing companies that had made a profit.[69]
  • The popular newspaper comic strip Cathy, written by adveritising agency vice president Cathy Guisewite, made its debut[70] and began a run of almost 34 years, concluding on October 3, 2010.[71] Described as "by a woman and about a woman" and distributed by Universal Press Syndicate, Cathy was in 1,400 newspapers at its peak and was reprinted in more than 20 books and inspired three animated TV specials.
  • The United Kingdom's Energy Act 1976 received royal assent, empowering the British Secretary of State to control the production, supply, acquisition and use of fuels and electricity, and included measures for the conservation of fuels.
  • Born:
  • Died: Jesse F. McClendon, 95, American physiologist and inventor of the McClendon pH-probe to measure the acidity of a patient's stomach contents[72]

Tuesday, November 23, 1976Edit

  • All 46 passengers and four crew on Olympic Airways Flight 830 were killed when the turboprop airliner crashed into a mountain near the village of Servia during its flight from Athens to Kozani.[73] Cleared to fly at 5,500 feet (1,700 m), the plane impacted the mountain in foggy weather at 4,625 feet (1,410 m).[74]
  • The Nuclear Emergency Search Team (NEST), created in the U.S. in 1974 to respond to threats of nuclear terrorism, carried out its first known mission in responding to a threat, by a group that called itself "Days of Omega", to contaminate the city of Spokane, Washington by explode containers, each with five pounds of nuclear waste from the nearby Hanford Nuclear Plant, throughout the area unless it received a $500,000 extortion demand. NEST agents found no evidence of increased radioactivity in the area and found that the threat was a hoax. The matter was kept secret until its revelation 19 months later on the first episode of the ABC News show 20/20.[75]
 
Malraux

Wednesday, November 24, 1976Edit

Thursday, November 25, 1976Edit

  • The United States and Mexico signed a prisoner-exchange treaty to allow several hundred Americans, incarcerated in Mexican prisons, to return to the U.S. to complete their sentences in American jails, and to allow the estimated 1,200 Mexican inmates of U.S. jails to be repatriated to Mexico if they wished. Neither the U.S. nor Mexico had ever signed a prisoner exchange agreement before.[81]
  • Syria and Iraq announced that they were both pulling back their military forces that had been concentrated along the Middle Eastern nations' mutual border.[82]
  • West German theoretical physicist Burkhard Heim publicly introduced, for the first time, his completed unified field theory in a presentation, including the methodology for calculating the mass spectrum of elementary particles, to engineers at Messerschmitt-Bölkow-Blohm (MBB).
  • Born: Donovan McNabb, American NFL quarterback known for his all-star career with the Philadelphia Eagles; in Chicago
  • Died:

Friday, November 26, 1976Edit

  • At least 10 people were killed, and 76 injured, in the explosion of a ruptured natural gas line in Barrientos, a suburb in northern Mexico City. The blast occurred when a mechanical digger struck the pipeline while excavating.[83]
  • The trademark for Microsoft was officially registered with the Office of the Secretary of the State of New Mexico. On the application, the registrants noted that the name (based on "microcomputer" and "software") had been in continuous use since November 12, 1975.[84]
  • The Warsaw Treaty Organization joint secretariat was established.
  • Born: Maia Campbell, American TV actress known for In the House; in Takoma Park, Maryland
  • Died: Marcel Delgado, 75, Mexican-born U.S. film effects specialist known for his development of stop motion animation for film with models, notably for King Kong

Saturday, November 27, 1976Edit

  • The first multiracial title fights in South Africa (between the highest-ranked white competitor and highest-ranked black) were held at the Rand Stadium in Johannesburg, as part of a plan to allow boxers from the racially-segregated nation to compete in fights sanctioned by the world's pro boxing organizations. In the first bout, black middleweight champ Elijah 'Tap Tap' Makhatini beat white champion Jan Kies in the third round to become the undisputed South African middleweight champion.[85] Gerrie Coetzee (who would become the World Boxing Association champion in 1983) defeated the top black challenger James Mathatho with a seventh round knockout for the heavyweight title.[86][87]
  • Born: Jaleel White, African-American television actor and comedian known for portraying the popular character Steve Urkel on the TV sitcom Family Matters; in Culver City, California
  • Died: Sarah Stewart, 71, American cancer researcher and viral oncologist

Sunday, November 28, 1976Edit

  • Aeroflot Flight 2415 crashed shortly after taking off from Moscow on a flight to Leningrad, killing all 67 passengers and six crew.[88] The Tupolev Tu-104B departed in bad weather at 6:53 local time and lost altitude while banking to the right, coming down 6 miles (9.7 km) from the airport and exploding on impact.[89]
 
Australian dollar, 82 cents
  • The government of Australia, led by Prime Minister Malcolm Fraser, ordered the devaluation of the Australian dollar by 17½ percent in order to increase the demand for its exports to other nations and to encourage foreign investment and increase its foreign exchange reserves. At the end of trading on November 26, the AUD had been worth almost US$ 1.24. The new value, 82½ % of its previous level, was about $1.02.[90]
  • The incident that would become the basis for a 1988 documentary film, The Thin Blue Line took place when Dallas, Texas police officer Robert W. Wood was shot and killed, in a murder for which Randall Dale Adams was wrongfully convicted.[91] Wood, a highway patrolman one of only four American Indians on the Dallas police force, had made a routine traffic stop of an automobile when he was shot five times.
  • The incident that would become the basis for a 1988 documentary film, Harry: A Communication Breakdown, took place when Harry De La Roche, Jr., a military academy cadet at The Citadel, shot and killed his parents and his two younger brothers while on furlough for the Thanksgiving holiday.[92]
  • The annual championship of the Canadian Football League was played between the "Rough Riders" and the "Roughriders", the Ottawa Rough Riders won the Grey Cup, defeating the Saskatchewan Roughriders, 23 to 20.[93] Ottawa trailed, 16 to 20, with 0:20 left to play until Tom Clements threw the winning touchdown pass to Tony Gabriel.
  • The Brady Bunch Variety Hour earned high ratings as a Thanksgiving weekend TV special on the ABC television network, marking the first reunion of almost all of the cast of The Brady Bunch, which had gone off the air more than two years earlier.[94] The success of the show would become a weekly series, The Brady Bunch Hour, in January, and reunions would follow in 1981, 1988 and 1990 on the two other U.S. networks.
  • Born: Ryan Kwanten, Australian TV actor and comedian; in Sydney
  • Died:
    • Rosalind Russell, 69, American film actress and comedian[95]
    • Len Harvey, 69, Welsh professional boxer who had fought in all five of the weight classes (flyweight, welterweight, middleweight, light‐heavyweight and heavyweight) during his career, and who had won a championship in three weight classes during his 25-year career.[96] Within the British Commonwealth he was middleweight champion (1929 to 1933), light heavyweight champ (1939 to 1942) and heavyweight champ twice (1934 and 1939 to 1942).

Monday, November 29, 1976Edit

 
Reggie Jackson

Tuesday, November 30, 1976Edit

  • West German police arrested lawyer Siegfried Haag, one of the leaders of the terrorist group the Red Army Faction (also known as the "Baader-Meinhof Gang") and another member, Roland Meyer, after pulling their vehicle over on the highway between Frankfurt and Kassel. Both were later sentenced to 14 years imprisonment.[102]
  • The emirates of Dubai and Sharjah, both states of the United Arab Emirates, agreed to settle the ongoing boundary dispute that had existed for more than 20 years, by submitting the matter for arbitration by the Federal Supreme Council. The Council eventually decided to go with the recommendations of J. P. Tripp, at the time the British political agent for the Trucial States.[103]
  • Died:

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Burundi President Deposed by Military", The New York Times, November 3, 1976, p. 45
  2. ^ "Leader of Burundi Coup Appointed as President", The New York Times, November 11, 1976, p. 5
  3. ^ "Thailand's Schools Allowed to Reopen", The New York Times, November 2, 1976, p. 7
  4. ^ "Carter Victor in Tight Race; Ford Loses New York State; Democrats Retain Congress", by R. W. Apple, Jr., The New York Times, November 3, 1976, p. 1
  5. ^ "President Concedes Defeat And Offers Support to Rival", by Christopher Lydon, The New York Times, November 4, 1976, p. 1
  6. ^ "Pushing the boundaries of human achievement"
  7. ^ "25 Die and 60 Hurt in Polish Wreck As Express Rams Into Parked Train", The New York Times, November 4, 1976, p. 8
  8. ^ "U.S. Judge Rules TV 'Family Hour' Constitutes Federal Censorship", by Robert Lindsey, The New York Times, November 5, 1976, p. 12
  9. ^ "Indian Parliament Defers Election", by William Borders, The New York Times, November 6, 1976, p. 3
  10. ^ "New Viral Epidemic Viewed as Contained", The New York Times, November 21, 1976, p. 25
  11. ^ "Virus in Zaire Epidemic Named for Ebola River", The New York Times, December 1, 1976, p. 7
  12. ^ "Ebola: Last British man to survive deadly virus says public must be warned of danger", by Sam Rkaina, Daily Mirror (London), August 25, 2014
  13. ^ "Exiled Soviet Scientist Says That an Explosion of Buried Atomic Wastes in the Urals Killed Hundreds", The New York Times, November 7, 1976, p. 18
  14. ^ Taylor, John W. R. (editor). Jane's All the World's Aircraft 1988–89, ed. by John W. R. Taylor (Jane's Information Group, 1988) p. 75
  15. ^ "Hoxha Is Re-elected Head Of Albanian Communists", The New York Times, November 8, 1976, p. 5
  16. ^ "British Government Narrowly Survives 3 Tests in Commons", by Robert B. Semple, Jr., The New York Times, November 9, 1976, p. 1
  17. ^ "Nicaraguan Rebel Leader Is Reported Killed", The New York Times, November 14, 1976, p. I-7
  18. ^ "Von Cramm, German Tennis Star Of 1930s, Dies in Car Crash at 66", The New York Times, November 10, 1976, p. D17
  19. ^ "A Lively Irish Leader— Patrick John Hillery", The New York Times, November 10, 1976, p. A2
  20. ^ "Smokey Bear Dies in Retirement", by Linda Charlton, The New York Times, November 11, 1976, p. A16
  21. ^ "Utah Court, Granting Killer's Wish, Authorizes Death by Firing Squad; Appeal of 4-to-1 Decision Is Still a Possibility— Prisoner Makes Plea to `Die Like a Man'", The New York Times, November 11, 1976, p. 1
  22. ^ "Syrian Army Unites Move Into Beirut To Enforce Truce— No Resistance Encountered", The New York Times, November 11, 1976, p. 1
  23. ^ attribution:Caracas1830
  24. ^ "Indian Upper House Votes For More Gandhi Powers", The New York Times, November 12, 1976, p. A5
  25. ^ "House in India Votes Measures Widening Mrs. Gandhi's Power", by William Borders, The New York Times, November 3, 1976, p. 45
  26. ^ "Political Parties Restored in Egypt— Sadat Announces Move to Allow Left, Center and Right to Act but With Some Restrictions", by Henry Tanner, The New York Times, November 12, 1976, p. 7
  27. ^ "Sculptor Alexander Calder Dies at 78; Created Mobile— Trained as Engineer, Artist Turned Physics Into Flights of Fancy", Los Angeles Times, November 11, 1976, p. 1
  28. ^ "Alexander Calder, Leading U.S. Artist, Dies", The New York Times, November 12, 1976, p. 1
  29. ^ Bindel, Julie (2008-04-30). "The bone detective". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 2009-05-13.
  30. ^ "Quake-Ridden Chinese City Reported in Desolate Ruins", The New York Times, November 24, 1976, p. 7
  31. ^ "Army Officer Is Named Premier In New Burundi Government", The New York Times, November 14, 1976, p. 8
  32. ^ "Lots going for NBC's ratings", by Jerry Coffey, Fort Worth (TX) Star-Telegram, November 18, 1976, p. 6-C
  33. ^ "Carter's Church to Admit Blacks and Keep Minister", by Wayne King, The New York Times, November 15, 1976, p. 1
  34. ^ attribution: OpenCage.net
  35. ^ Leighton R. Taylor, L. J. V. Compagno and Paul J. Struhsaker, "Megamouth – a new species, genus, and family of lamnoid shark (Megachasma pelagios, family Megachasmidae) from the Hawaiian Islands", Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (1983) pp. 87-110
  36. ^ "Separatist Party Wins in Quebec, Ousting Liberals", The New York Times, November 16, 1976, p. 1
  37. ^ "Levesque destroys Quebec Grits", by John Gray, Ottawa Citizen, November 16, 1976, p. 1
  38. ^ "Stunning triumph for separatists", The Calgary Herald, November 16, 1976, p. 1
  39. ^ "Japan Starts Returning Soviet's MIG", The New York Times, November 12, 1976, p. A4
  40. ^ David Beetham, Transport and Turbans: A Comparative Study in Local Politics (Oxford University Press, 1970)
  41. ^ "Brazilians Vote in Local Elections That Will Test the Popularity of the Military Regime", The New York Times, November 16, 1976, p. 6
  42. ^ "38 Voters Are Killed In Brazil Bus Plunge", The New York Times, November 16, 1976, p. 6
  43. ^ "Jean Gabin, 72, French Film Star Who Played Hero-Victim, Is Dead", The New York Times, November 16, 1976, p. 42
  44. ^ "Chile Freeing All But 20 of Its Political Prisoners", by David F. Belnap, Los Angeles Times, November 17, 1976, p. I-1
  45. ^ "130 Political Prisoners Freed; Chileans Joyous", by David F. Belnap, Los Angeles Times, November 18, 1976, p. 1
  46. ^ "East Germans Protesting Over Exile of Dissident", The New York Times, November 20, 1976, p. 7
  47. ^ "7 Die in Jordan Hotel Battle", Detroit Free Press, November 18, 1976, p. 1
  48. ^ "Agee told to leave", by Peter Chippendale and Martin Walker, The Guardian (London), November 18, 1976, p. 1
  49. ^ "Deportation Order on Reporter— Standard man's departure 'conducive to public good'", Evening Standard(London), November 18, 1976, p. 1
  50. ^ "Spain's Parliament Approves Election and Its Own Demise", by James M. Markham, The New York Times, November 19, 1976, p. A1
  51. ^ "History of the Great American Smokeout Event", American Cancer Society
  52. ^ "No smoking, please", San Francisco Examiner, November 17, 1976, p. 1
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