Naftali Bennett

Naftali Bennett (Hebrew: נַפְתָּלִי בֶּנֶט, Transliterated: Naftālī Beneṭ, IPA: [naftaˈli ˈbenet]; born 25 March 1972) is an Israeli politician currently serving as the 3rd Alternate Prime Minister of Israel since 1 July 2022, having previously served as the 13th prime minister of Israel from 13 June 2021 to 30 June 2022.[2][3] Bennett served as the leader of the New Right party from 2018 to 2022, having previously led The Jewish Home party between 2012 and 2018.[4]

Naftali Bennett
נַפְתָּלִי בֶּנֶט
Bennett seated with his arms resting on a table
Official portrait, 2021
3rd Alternate Prime Minister of Israel
Assumed office
1 July 2022
Prime MinisterYair Lapid
Preceded byYair Lapid
13th Prime Minister of Israel
In office
13 June 2021 – 30 June 2022
President
AlternateYair Lapid
Preceded byBenjamin Netanyahu
Succeeded byYair Lapid
Ministerial roles
2013–2015Minister of Economy
Minister of Religious Services
2013–2019Minister of Diaspora Affairs
2015–2019Minister of Education
2019–2020Minister of Defense
2021–presentMinister of Community Affairs[1]
Faction represented in the Knesset
2013–2018The Jewish Home
2018–2019New Right
2019Yamina
2019–2020New Right
2020–presentYamina
Personal details
Born (1972-03-25) 25 March 1972 (age 50)
Haifa, Israel
Political partyNew Right (2018–present)
Other political
affiliations
Spouse
(m. 1999)
Children4
Residence(s)Ra'anana, Israel
Alma materHebrew University of Jerusalem (LLB)
Occupation
  • Politician
  • businessman
  • soldier
Websitenaftalibennett.co.il Edit this at Wikidata
Military service
Branch/serviceIsrael Defense Forces
Years of service1990–1996
RankRav seren (Major)
Unit
Battles/wars

Born and raised in Haifa, the son of immigrants from the United States, Bennett served in the Sayeret Matkal and Maglan special forces units of the Israel Defense Forces, commanding many combat operations, and subsequently became a software entrepreneur. In 1999, he co-founded and co-owned the US company Cyota. The company was sold in 2005 for $145 million.[5] He has also served as CEO of Soluto, an Israeli cloud computing service, sold in 2013 for a reported $100–130 million.[6]

Bennett entered politics in 2006, serving as Chief of Staff for Benjamin Netanyahu until 2008. From 2010 to 2012, he was the director of the Yesha Council. In 2011, together with Ayelet Shaked, he co-founded the My Israel extra-parliamentary movement.[7] In 2012, Bennett was elected as the party leader of The Jewish Home. In the 2013 Knesset election, the first contested by The Jewish Home under Bennett's leadership, the party won 12 seats out of 120.[8] He served under Prime Minister Netanyahu as Minister of Economy and Religious Services from 2013 to 2015, before being appointed as Minister of Education in 2015. In December 2018, Bennett defected from The Jewish Home to form the New Right, a member of the Yamina alliance.[9] After he lost his Knesset seat in the April 2019 Knesset election, he was dismissed by Netanyahu as Education Minister in June 2019. He regained his seat in the September 2019 Knesset election and was appointed Minister of Defense, before leaving the position the following year.

In 2020, Bennett succeeded Shaked to become the leader of the Yamina alliance. On 2 June 2021, Bennett agreed to a rotation government with Yair Lapid, whereby Bennett would serve as Israel's Prime Minister until 2023, after which Lapid would assume the role until 2025.[10] Bennett was sworn in on 13 June 2021.[11] On 20 June 2022, Bennett announced he would call for a vote to dissolve the Knesset and step down as prime minister shortly after its dissolution, to be succeeded by Lapid.[12] On 29 June, he announced that he would not seek re-election to the chamber in the next election that have been scheduled for later in the year.[13] Lapid succeeded him as Prime Minister on 1 July 2022, while Bennett succeeded Lapid as the Alternate Prime Minister. He also continues to serve as Minister of Community Affairs.

Early life

Bennett was born in Haifa, Israel, on 25 March 1972.[14] He is the youngest of three sons born to Jim and Myrna (née Lefko) Bennett,[15] American-Jewish immigrants who moved to Israel from San Francisco in July 1967.[16] Both his parents were from Ashkenazi Jewish backgrounds. His father's ancestors were from Poland, Germany, and the Netherlands.[17] Bennett's paternal great-great-great-grandfather Julius Salomonson was from Łobżenica, Poland, and arrived in San Francisco in 1851 during the California Gold Rush.[16][18] His mother's ancestors lived in Russia and Poland, and her parents immigrated to the United States prior to World War II.[16] They later moved to Israel, joining their daughter's family there, and settled on Vitkin Street in Haifa, close to where Bennett and his brothers grew up.[19] Some of his mother's family members who remained in Poland were murdered in the Holocaust.[17]

Bennett's parents were raised in non-Orthodox Jewish homes and were progressive activists during the 1960s. His father was arrested while taking part in an anti-racism sit-in protest in 1964. They later began to observe Modern Orthodox Judaism and embraced right-wing Israeli politics.[16] After moving to Israel in 1967, they volunteered for a few months at kibbutz Dafna, where they studied the Hebrew language, then settled in the Ahuza neighborhood of Haifa. Jim Bennett found a job in the Technion, working for its fundraising team, and became a successful real estate broker turned real estate entrepreneur. Myrna Bennett was the deputy director general of the Association of Americans and Canadians in Israel's northern region.[19][20]

In the summer of 1973, when Bennett was one year old, the family returned to San Francisco at the urging of his mother.[16] With the outbreak of the Yom Kippur War in October 1973, Jim Bennett returned to Israel to fight in the Israel Defense Forces, serving in an artillery unit on the Golan Heights front.[16] Following the war, the rest of the family returned to Israel at his request as he was held in reserve duty for months after the war. Bennett's parents ultimately decided to stay permanently in Israel.[21]

When Bennett was four years old, the family moved to Montreal for two years as part of his father's job.[22] Upon returning to Haifa, Bennett began attending Carmel elementary school. When he was in second grade, the family moved to Teaneck, New Jersey for two years, again as part of his father's job. While living in New Jersey, Bennett attended Yavneh Academy. The family returned to Haifa when Bennett was ten.[23][24]

Bennett has two brothers; they are Asher, a former Israeli Navy submarine officer and businessman based in the United Kingdom, and Daniel, an accountant for Zim Integrated Shipping Services.[19] Bennett attended Yavne Yeshiva High School in Haifa, and became a youth leader (madrich) with the religious Zionist youth organization Bnei Akiva.[25][26]

Military service

Bennett was drafted into the Israel Defense Forces in 1990. He served in the elite Sayeret Matkal commando unit, and after his regular service was selected for officer training. He was given a choice of remaining in Sayeret Matkal but as a regular operator rather than a commander or transferring to the Maglan commando unit to receive a command position, and chose to transfer to Maglan. He became a company commander in the Maglan unit.[27][28][29]

Bennett was discharged from active service after six years but continued to serve in the reserves and attained the rank of major. During the time that Bennett was living in the United States and building his career as a software entrepreneur, he repeatedly traveled to Israel to do reserve duty.[28][29] Bennett served during the First Intifada and in the Israeli security zone in Lebanon during the 1982–2000 South Lebanon conflict. He commanded many operations. Among other missions, he served as an officer in Operation Grapes of Wrath.[30]

After his regular IDF service, Bennett received a law degree from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem.[31] During the Second Intifada, he participated in Operation Defensive Shield.[32]

He was called up as a reservist in the Maglan special forces unit during the 2006 Lebanon War and participated in a search and destroy mission behind enemy lines, operating against Hezbollah rocket launchers.[33]

One of Bennett's actions as a commando officer became highly controversial. During Operation Grapes of Wrath, while leading a force of 67 Maglan soldiers operating in southern Lebanon, Bennett radioed for support after his unit came under mortar fire. The IDF launched an artillery barrage to cover his force, and the shelling hit a United Nations compound in which civilians were taking refuge, an incident that became known as the Qana massacre. A total of 106 Lebanese civilians were killed.[29][34]

The incident resulted in a wave of international condemnation, and the subsequent diplomatic pressure caused Israel to end Operation Grapes of Wrath sooner than planned.[34] Journalist Yigal Sarna, writing in Israeli national tabloid Yedioth Ahronoth, argued that Bennett displayed "poor judgement" during the operation. Sarna wrote that "Bennett led a force of 67 combat troops into Lebanon. At a certain point, he decided to ignore orders and change operational plans, without coordinating these moves with his superiors, who in his mind were cowardly, and not steadfast enough. Near the village of Kfar Kana, Bennett's troops were caught in an ambush."[35]

Citing a "senior army figure", journalist Raviv Drucker said that Bennett's radio call for support after his unit came under fire was "hysterical" and contributed to the loss of life which occurred. Bennett responded: "I have now been subjected to an attack claiming that I am 'responsible for the massacre in Kfar Kana.' Heroism will not be investigated. Keep looking in the archives. My military file is available for viewing, and it's waiting for you."[34] Former members of Bennett's unit wrote a letter defending him, saying: "Naftali ... led many successful operations that led to the elimination of Hezbollah terrorists deep in enemy territory." Other officers involved in the operation, including one who was Bennett's deputy during the Qana incident, also denied that he had changed plans without consulting his superiors.[34][36]

Business career

Bennett moved to the Upper East Side of Manhattan in 2000 to build a career as a software entrepreneur.[37] In 1999, he co-founded Cyota, an anti-fraud software company, and served as its CEO. The company was sold in 2005 to RSA Security for $145 million, making Bennett a multimillionaire.[38] A stipulation of the deal allowed the Israeli arm of Cyota to remain intact. As a result, 400 Israelis are employed at the company's Israeli offices in Beersheba and Herzliya.[25]

Bennett served as the CEO of Soluto, a technology company providing cloud-based service that enables remote support for personal computers and mobile devices in 2009, at a time when he and partner Lior Golan were engaged in raising funds for myriad Israeli technology startup companies. Soluto had hitherto raised $20 million from investors, including venture capital funds Giza Venture Capital, Proxima Ventures, Bessemer Venture Partners, Index Ventures, Michael Arrington's CrunchFund, and Eric Schmidt's Innovation Endeavors and Initial Capital. The sale of Soluto for a reported $100–130 million to the American company Asurion was finalized in October 2013.[39][40][6]

In June 2021, Forbes Israel reported that Bennett is expected to make $5 million from his investment in the American fintech company Payoneer.[41][42] Bennett invested several hundred thousand dollars in the company before entering politics. Payoneer is set to list on the Nasdaq stock exchange with a $3.3 billion valuation after reaching a SPAC merger with FTAC Olympus Acquisition Corp in February 2021.[41]

Political career

 
Minister of Education Naftali Bennett (right) with Minister of Justice Ayelet Shaked (above center), Minister of Culture Miri Regev (left), and Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu (below center)
 
Bennett with U.S. Defense Secretary Mark Esper in February 2020

From 2010 to 2012, Bennett served as the director of the Yesha Council. In April 2011, together with Ayelet Shaked, he co-founded My Israel, which claims to have 94,000 Israeli members. In April 2012, he founded a movement named Yisraelim ("Israelis"). The movement's main goals include increasing Zionism among centre-right supporters, increasing dialogue between the religious and secular communities, and promoting "The Israel Stability Initiative."[43][44]

Following his election to the Knesset, and before he could take his seat, Bennett had to renounce his U.S. citizenship, which he held as the son of American parents.[45] He was appointed Minister of Economy and Minister of Religious Services in March 2013. In April 2013, he was also appointed Minister of Jerusalem and Diaspora Affairs.[46]

After being reelected in the 2015 Knesset election, Bennett was appointed Minister of Education and retained the Diaspora Affairs portfolio in the new government. In May 2015, Netanyahu split the Ministry of Jerusalem and Diaspora Affairs, initially taking back the Jerusalem Affairs portfolio for himself.[47] He later appointed Ze'ev Elkin to the role of Jerusalem Affairs Minister.[48] As Minister of Education, Bennett issued an official order prohibiting school principals from inviting members of Breaking the Silence and other organizations that denounce Israel's military conduct in the West Bank.[49]

In October 2015, Bennett resigned from the Knesset in order to allow Shuli Mualem to take his seat. His resignation took place under the Norwegian Law, which allowed ministers to resign their seats when in the cabinet but return to the Knesset if they leave the government.[50] He returned to the Knesset on 6 December after Avi Wortzman opted to vacate his seat,[51] having temporarily had to resign as a minister in order to do so.[52]

Following Avigdor Lieberman's resignation as Defense Minister in November 2018, Bennett announced that he was seeking the position for himself.[53][54] On 16 November 2018, a Likud party spokesman announced that Netanyahu had rejected Bennett's request and that Netanyahu himself would take the position instead.[54] It was then announced that Bennett's Jewish Home party would no longer be affiliated with Netanyahu's government.[55] On 19 November, Bennett reneged on his pledge to withdraw from Netanyahu's coalition.[56]

In December 2018, Bennett was among the Jewish Home MKs to leave the party and form the breakaway New Right party.[57] In the April 2019 Knesset election, New Right narrowly failed to cross the electoral threshold; as a result, Bennett did not gain a seat in the 21st Knesset.[58] In June 2019, he left the government after Netanyahu dismissed Bennett from his positions as Education and Diaspora Affairs Minister.[59]

After the Knesset dissolved and a second election in 2019 was called for September, the New Right formed an electoral alliance with the Jewish Home and National Union-Tkuma, named the United Right[60] which was later renamed Yamina, and was led by Ayelet Shaked.[61] The list won seven seats in the election, and Bennett regained his Knesset seat.[62] In November 2019, Bennett rejoined Netanyahu's government as Minister of Defense.[63] After briefly dissolving, the Yamina alliance was reunified in January 2020 ahead of the 2020 Knesset election, with Bennett succeeding Ayelet Shaked as the new leader of the alliance.[64] Yamina won six seats in that election.[65]

In May 2020, with negotiations to form a new government between Netanyahu and Benny Gantz, leader of the centrist Blue and White alliance, Yamina announced that it would go into the opposition, ending Bennett's tenure as Defense Minister.[66] The day before, Rafi Peretz, the leader of The Jewish Home, had split from the alliance, and would be named as the Minister of Jerusalem in the thirty-fifth government of Israel.[67][68] On 17 May, Bennett met with Gantz, who also succeeded him as Defense Minister, and declared that Yamina was now a "head held high" member of the opposition.[69] Tkuma, which rebranded as the Religious Zionist Party on 7 January 2021,[70] split from Yamina on 20 January.[71] In spite of this, Yamina won seven seats in the 2021 Knesset election in March.[72]

Prime Minister of Israel

 
Bennett and his Cabinet with President Reuven Rivlin, June 2021

On 9 May 2021, it was reported that Bennett and Leader of the Opposition and Yesh Atid leader Yair Lapid had made major headway in coalition talks for forming a new Israeli government which would oust Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu.[73][74] On 30 May, Bennett announced that he would serve as prime minister in a rotation government until August 2023, at which point Lapid would take over as prime minister until 2025.[75] Bennett was sworn in on 13 June, ending Netanyahu's 12-year tenure in office.[11] He is Israel's first kippah-wearing prime minister.[76][77]

On the fast of 9th of Av, 2021, as hundreds of Jews went to mourn on the temple mount, where it was forbidden for them to pray,[78] Bennett wrote: "The Jewish people twice had a Jewish state on the Land of Israel, and both times we did not succeed to complete the eighth decade as an independent state, because of internal wars and baseless hatred ... At the time of the Roman siege on Jerusalem, the nation was divided, each group entrenched itself in its own position, and burned the food stores of the others, as part of the internal power struggle, so the Romans had a much easier task. The bitter end we all know, and until today every year on this date we mourn the awful destruction which a people with a little more baseless love, restraint, and listening, could have saved us from."[79]

COVID-19 pandemic

At the time of Bennett's assumption of office, the COVID-19 pandemic in Israel had somewhat subsided, with a low national infection rate and with 55% of the Israeli population having received two or more COVID-19 vaccines. Within ten days of his assumption of office, Israel underwent an outbreak of the Delta variant. In response, Bennett encouraged renewed social distancing, and the vaccination of all children aged twelve and above.[80] In addition, he reached a deal with Pfizer to provide previously purchased vaccines before their intended delivery date to ensure the accessibility of the vaccine,[81] and to provide additional vaccines in case a second booster shot becomes necessary.[82] Following the variant's continued spread, a second booster shot and third overall shot was approved by the government on 1 August 2021 for all individuals aged 60 or older,[83] which was expanded on 29 August to all adults.[84]

Israel experienced a surge in COVID cases beginning in late November 2021. By December, the first cases of the Omicron variant were being reported in the country, the government responded by restricting air travel to the country and encouraging the vaccination of children and teenagers. On 2 January 2022, following an additional surge in late December, a third booster shot, and a fourth overall shot, was approved by the government for all individuals aged 60 or older.[85] Cases grew at a steady pace through January and began to decrease, stabilizing again in March[86] before continuing to fall. Israel ended its mask mandate in late April.[87]

Foreign policy

 
Bennett with US President Joe Biden, August 2021

King Mohammed VI of Morocco sent a special congratulatory letter to Prime Minister Bennett upon his taking office. Bennett responded that he would "work to reinforce Israeli-Moroccan relations in all areas".[88] Israel and Morocco restored diplomatic relations on 10 December 2020, as part of the Israel–Morocco normalization agreement involving the United States, which at the same time recognized Morocco's sovereignty over the disputed territory of Western Sahara.[89] In August 2021, the two parties agreed to enter formal diplomatic relations, and to open embassies in Tel Aviv and Marrakesh respectively.[90]

That month, Bennett made his first visit to the United States, where he met Secretary of State Antony Blinken, Secretary of Defense Lloyd Austin, and AIPAC CEO Howard Kohr. He subsequently met President Joe Biden on 27 August 2021.[91][92] In this meeting, Bennett described Israel's strategy against Iran as "a death by a thousand cuts" or "lingchi".[93]

On 27 September, Bennett addressed the general assembly of the United Nations in his first speech there. He talked about fighting the COVID-19 pandemic and combatting political polarization. In addition, Bennett denounced Iran's alleged state-sponsored terrorism, which he argued brought harm not only to Israel but also to many countries in the Middle East. He warned of Iran's efforts to acquire nuclear weapons, stating that Israel would not allow it.[94]

On 12 December, he visited the United Arab Emirates in the first visit of the country by an Israeli Prime Minister, meeting with then crown prince of the Emirate of Abu Dhabi, Mohamed bin Zayed.[95] On 14 February 2022 he visited Manama, marking the first time an Israeli Prime Minister officially visited Bahrain.[96]

On 5 March 2022, Bennett met with Russian President Vladimir Putin in order to discuss the Russian invasion of Ukraine in a meeting coordinated with the United States, France, and Germany. The Kremlin stated that Bennett had offered to mediate between Putin and Ukrainian president Volodymyr Zelenskyy.[97][98][99] Bennett met with German chancellor Olaf Scholz that same day.[100]

Political positions

Bennett's positions have been described as "ultra-nationalist", and Bennett describes himself, and has been described,[101] as "more right wing" than Netanyahu.[102] He had also been labeled a "pragmatist" and an "opportunist".[101] He opposes the creation of a Palestinian state,[103] and supports cutting taxes.[104]

Israeli–Palestinian conflict

 
Bennett at the pre-election foreign-policy debate at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, 8 January 2013

In February 2012, Bennett published a plan to manage the Israeli–Palestinian conflict called "The Israel Stability Initiative."[43][44] The plan was based in part on elements of earlier initiatives, such as "Peace on Earth" by Adi Mintz and the "Elon Peace Plan" by Binyamin Elon. It relied on statements of Netanyahu and Likud party ministers in favor of unilateral annexation of the West Bank. Bennett opposed the creation of a Palestinian state, saying: "I will do everything in my power to make sure they never get a state."[105]

In January 2013, Bennett suggested a tripartition of the Palestinian territories, whereby Israel would unilaterally annex Area C, authority over the Gaza Strip would be transferred to Egypt, and Area A and Area B would remain with the Palestinian National Authority, but under the security umbrella of the Israel Defense Forces and Shin Bet to "ensure quiet, suppress Palestinian terrorism, and prevent Hamas from taking over the territory." Area C constituted 62% of the area, and approximately 365,000 people lived in Israeli settlements. Palestinians who lived in this area would be offered Israeli citizenship or permanent residency status (between 48,000, according to Bennett, and 150,000, according to other surveys).[106]

Finally, Israel would invest in creating roads so Palestinians could travel between Areas A and B without checkpoints, and invest in infrastructure and joint industrial zones, because "[p]eace grows from below — through people, and people in daily life." Bennett also resisted immigration of Palestinian refugees now living outside the West Bank, or the connection between the Hamas-controlled Gaza Strip and the West Bank. In 2011, he stated that there were about 50 factories in the West Bank industrial region where Israelis and Palestinians work together, and cited this as one workable approach to finding peace between the two sides.[107]

In June 2013, Bennett suggested that Israel must learn to live with the Palestinian problem without a "surgical action" of separation to two states: "I have a friend who's got shrapnel in his rear end, and he's been told that it can be removed surgically, but it would leave him disabled ... . So he decided to live with it. There are situations where insisting on perfection can lead to more trouble than it's worth." Bennett's "Shrapnel in the butt" quickly became widely known as representing his view of the Palestinian problem.[108][109]

In response to Israel's release of Palestinian prisoners in 2013, Bennett said that Palestinian terrorists should be shot, allegedly adding: "I already killed lots of Arabs in my life, and there is absolutely no problem with that."[110][111] Bennett was widely condemned for these words,[112] although he denied saying them, claiming he said merely that "terrorists should be killed if they pose an immediate life threat to our soldiers when in action."[113] In January 2013, Bennett said: "There is not going to be a Palestinian state within the tiny land of Israel [referring to the area from the Jordan River to the Mediterranean Sea]. It's just not going to happen. A Palestinian state would be a disaster for the next 200 years."[114]

In December 2014, a group of academics who opposed the Boycott, Divestment and Sanctions movement and members of The Third Narrative, a Labor Zionist organization, called on the U.S. and E.U. to impose sanctions on Bennett and three other Israelis "who lead efforts to insure permanent Israeli occupation of the West Bank and to annex all or parts of it unilaterally in violation of international law." The academics, who called themselves Scholars for Israel and Palestine (SIP) and claimed to be "pro-Israel, pro-Palestine, pro-peace", asked the U.S. and EU to freeze Bennett's foreign assets and impose visa restrictions.[115] Bennett was chosen as a target for proposed sanctions because of his work in opposing the 2010 settlement freeze while he was director of the Yesha Council, actively supporting annexation of over 60% of the West Bank, and "pressing strongly for a policy of creeping annexation."[116]

In October 2016, Bennett said: "On the matter of the Land of Israel, we have to move from holding action to a decision. We have to mark the dream, and the dream is that Judea and Samaria will be part of the sovereign State of Israel. We have to act today, and we must give our lives. We can't keep marking the Land of Israel as a tactical target and a Palestinian state as the strategic target."[117] In November 2016, Bennett said that the election of Donald Trump as President of the United States gave him hope that the two-state solution would no longer be considered viable, claiming: "The era of the Palestinian state is over."[118]

According to Israeli journalist Anshel Pfeffer, those who have worked with Bennett have privately said that much of his rhetoric is for electioneering purposes, and he is in fact more moderate than believed.[29] In spite of his expressed right-wing views against a Palestinian state, while engaged in coalition negotiations for a unity government with Yair Lapid and other party leaders following the 2021 Knesset election, during which he was offered the prime ministership, Bennett agreed to a policy of not annexing any territory in the West Bank and to not build any new settlements while serving as prime minister in a potential unity government.[119]

Economy and society

 
Bennett with President of Israel Reuven Rivlin, Michal Ansky, and Ofra Strauss at the Jasmine businesswomen's convention for promotion of small and medium-sized enterprises, Israel, 15 December 2014

Bennett believes in less government regulation of the private sector and that private businesses are the engine of economic growth. He favors social support of vulnerable populations such as the elderly and disabled. Bennett has said Israel needs to break the monopoly of the tycoons, the major labor unions, and the Ministry of Defense,[120] which in his opinion are strangling Israel's economy. He believes the key to reducing disparities is equality of opportunity and investment in education in the periphery, to give tools to populations of weaker economic backgrounds. By doing so, Bennett believes weaker populations in Israel will be given the opportunity to succeed professionally and financially. He supports the provision of land to veterans in the periphery, in the Negev, and the Galilee, to promote a national solution to the problem of "affordable housing"[121][122] and a more equitable distribution of the population in Israel.[123] He has also pledged to remove heavy bureaucratic challenges to small and medium-sized Israeli businesses.[124]

As Economy Minister, Bennett oversaw a new strategy by Israel to increase trade with emerging markets around the world and reduce trade with the European Union, so as to diversify its foreign trade. The two main reasons for this shift are to take advantage of opportunities in emerging markets and to avert the threat of possible EU sanctions on Israel over the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. Bennett acknowledged that he was seeking to reduce Israel's economic dependence on the EU to reduce its influence on Israel. According to the Financial Times, Bennett is the primary architect of this economic pivot. Under his leadership, the Economy Ministry began opening new trade attaché offices in Asia, Africa, and South America, and also began closing some trade offices in Europe and consolidating others with offices in neighboring countries. As part of this process, Bennett opened negotiations with Russia and China on free trade agreements, oversaw continuing negotiations with India for a free trade agreement, and led economic delegations to China and India. While attending the World Trade Organization Ministerial Conference of 2013 in Bali, Indonesia, Bennett held talks with delegations from some unspecified countries on the possibility of future free trade agreements.[125][126][127]

Bennett implemented reforms to lower Israel's high food prices. Under his oversight, import duties and barriers were reduced, and mechanisms were set up to ensure more competition in the Israeli food industry. These reforms have been credited with a decline in Israeli food prices that began in April 2014 and continued throughout the rest of the year and into 2015.[128] According to a Haaretz editorial, a fall in global commodity prices and dire financial straits among many Israeli consumers prompted the decline, not the reforms.[129] Bennett has led a push to integrate Haredi men, many of whom are unemployed, into the workforce. According to Bennett, their integration into the workforce will greatly bolster economic growth. Under his "voucher plan", the Ministry of the Economy issues vouchers for hundreds of vocational schools that will allow Haredi men to avoid mandatory military service, at least temporarily, in exchange for enrolling in a vocational school to learn a trade. Bennett also wants to increase employment rate among Israeli-Arab women.[130][131][132] In October 2021, Bennett's administration approved plans to spend billions of dollars to improve conditions for Israel's Arab minority.[130]

An adherent of Orthodox Judaism, Bennett opposes the implementation of same-sex marriage in Israel, "just as we don't recognize milk and meat together as kosher",[133] but has expressed support for equivalent rights such as tax breaks for same-sex couples.[133][134] Following the murder of a 16-year-old girl at the Jerusalem gay pride parade in 2015, Bennett, who was Education Minister at the time, instructed the Education Ministry to prepare programs to prevent future attacks on the LGBTQ community, saying: "We are responding to this attack with actions and not just talk."[135] While Bennett has voiced support for LGBTQ rights, saying "they deserve all of the civil rights", he stated in late 2020 that he had no plans to push for policy changes to help LGBTQ people.[136]

Personal life

 
Gilat and Naftali Bennett, Chidon Hatanach, 2017

Bennett's wife, Gilat, is a professional pastry chef. She was secular, but following her husband she now observes the Sabbath and kashrut.[19] The couple have four children and live in Ra'anana, a city 20 kilometres (12 mi) north of Tel Aviv.[19][37][114] Their eldest son Yonatan is named after Yonatan Netanyahu, and their youngest son David Emmanuel is named after Emmanuel Moreno, who was a comrade of Bennett's in the special forces.[137] Bennett adheres to Modern Orthodox Judaism.[19][138][139][140]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ "All Governments of Israel". Knesset. Retrieved 14 June 2021.
  2. ^ Michael, Bachner (8 June 2021). "Swearing-in of Bennett-Lapid gov't that would replace Netanyahu set for Sunday". The Times of Israel. Retrieved 11 June 2021.
  3. ^ "Israel gets new PM as Netanyahu targets comeback". BBC News. 30 June 2022. Retrieved 5 July 2022.
  4. ^ Wootliff, Raoul (10 October 2019). "Yamina party officially splits into New Right, Jewish Home-National Union". The Times of Israel. Retrieved 21 October 2019.
  5. ^ Chafets, Zev (15 June 2021). "For Naftali Bennett, It Was Never About the Money". BloombergQuint.
  6. ^ a b Shamah, David (30 October 2013). "Bennett repeats success with new $100 million exit". The Times of Israel. Retrieved 1 November 2013.
  7. ^ "Israel's election: A newly hatched hawk flies high". The Economist. 5 January 2013. Retrieved 8 March 2021.
  8. ^ Harkov, Lahav; SharoN, Jeremy; Stern, Gil (24 January 2013). "Final election count: Right bloc 61, Center-Left 59 seats". The Jerusalem Post. Retrieved 23 June 2021.
  9. ^ Wootliff, Raoul (29 December 2018). "Bennett, Shaked quit Jewish Home, announce formation of 'HaYamin HeHadash'". The Times of Israel. Retrieved 23 June 2021.
  10. ^ Kingsley, Patrick (2 June 2021). "Wide-Ranging Israel Coalition Reaches Deal to Form Government". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2 June 2021.
  11. ^ a b Wootliff, Raoul (13 June 2021). "Bennett sworn in as prime minister, unseating Netanyahu after 12 years in power". The Times of Israel. Archived from the original on 14 June 2021. Retrieved 14 June 2021.
  12. ^ Estrin, Daniel (20 June 2022). "Israel's prime minister is stepping down, sparking a new round of elections". NPR. Retrieved 24 June 2022.
  13. ^ "N12 – רה"מ נפתלי בנט הודיע: "לא אתמודד בבחירות הקרובות לכנסת"" [Prime Minister Naftali Bennett announced: 'I will not run in the next Knesset election']. N12. 29 June 2022. Retrieved 29 June 2022.
  14. ^ "Naftali Bennett". Encyclopedia Britannica. 14 June 2021. Retrieved 15 June 2021.
  15. ^ Bennett, Naftali (24 October 2017). "Listen to the survivors and remember their names". Israel National News.
  16. ^ a b c d e f Kamisher, Eliyahu (23 June 2021). "Israel's new right-wing leader has SF roots he seldom talks about". SFGATE. Retrieved 24 June 2021.
  17. ^ a b "מיהו נפתלי בנט: פרופיל של היורש של ביבי". הארץ (in Hebrew). Retrieved 14 June 2021.
  18. ^ "Grapevine: Family tree". The Jerusalem Post | JPost.com.
  19. ^ a b c d e f Hovel, Revital (10 April 2018) [Original date 18 January 2013]. "Deconstructing Naftali Bennett: Growing up to be a leader". Haaretz.
  20. ^ Yudelson, Larry (2 July 2021). "PM Naftali Bennett lived in NJ as a kid. Israel belongs to all Jews, he says". The Times of Israel.
  21. ^ "בזכות מלחמת יום הכיפורים אני חי בישראל". ערוץ 7. 8 October 2019.
  22. ^ "COL חב"ד און-ליין – שר החינוך חשף: חב"ד הצליחו לקרב את אשתי, יותר ממני". col.org.il.
  23. ^ Yudelson, Larry (16 June 2021). "When Israel's prime minister lived in Teaneck". Jewish Standard.
  24. ^ בר, אלינור (13 June 2021). "הילד האמביציוזי מחיפה שהגיע לכהן כראש הממשלה". חי פה – חדשות חיפה (in Hebrew). Retrieved 14 June 2021.
  25. ^ a b "Naftali Bennett". The Jewish Home. Archived from the original on 22 January 2013. Retrieved 12 February 2014.
  26. ^ "PM's brother poised for exit with e-truck co Tevva". Globes. 16 June 2021.
  27. ^ Gal Perl Finkel, Wisdom is in the timing, The Jerusalem Post, 12 December 2019.
  28. ^ a b "Deconstructing Naftali Bennet: The IDF fighter". Haaretz.
  29. ^ a b c d "Naftali Bennett, next Israeli PM: The man behind the slogans and stereotypes". Haaretz. Retrieved 6 June 2021.
  30. ^ "נפתלי בנט מדבר על הכל: על ביבי, על הטייקונים ועל יוקר המחיה". NRG360 (in Hebrew). 28 October 2012. Retrieved 31 May 2021.
  31. ^ "Naftali Bennett". Knesset.
  32. ^ Horovitz, David (7 January 2016). "Naftali Bennett: We're literally the border between Islamic State and the free world". The Times of Israel. Retrieved 23 June 2021.
  33. ^ Callick, Rowan. "Thoroughly modern minister Naftali Bennett looks east for Israel's future". The Australian. Archived from the original on 22 December 2013.
  34. ^ a b c d Berman, Lazar. "Bennett defends actions during 1996 Lebanon operation". The Times of Israel. Retrieved 6 June 2021.
  35. ^ "Was Naftali Bennett responsible for a massacre of Lebanese civilians?". The Jerusalem Post. 6 January 2015. Retrieved 8 March 2021. [Quoting Israeli national tabloid Yedioth Ahronoth and writing Qana as Kfar Kana] 'Near the village of Kfar Kana, Bennett’s troops were caught in an ambush… 102 civilians were killed and 10 wounded, of them four United Nations peacekeepers,'
  36. ^ Harkov, Lahav; Zilber, Ariel (6 January 2015). "Bennett calls Kfar Kana massacre accusations a 'coordinated and orchestrated campaign". The Jerusalem Post. Retrieved 8 March 2021.
  37. ^ a b Remnick, David (21 January 2013). "The Party Faithful". The New Yorker.
  38. ^ RSA Security to Acquire Cyota; Creates Leading Provider of Layered Authentication Solutions Archived 26 January 2013 at the Wayback Machine, RSA Security Inc. Press Release
  39. ^ "Naftali Bennett could earn $600,000 from Soluto exit". Globes. 30 October 2013. Retrieved 1 November 2013.
  40. ^ Orpaz, Inbal; Hirschauge, Orr (30 October 2013). "Minister Naftali Bennett to pocket millions from sale of Israeli company". Haaretz. Retrieved 1 November 2013.
  41. ^ a b "Bennett said set to rake in $5 million from stock listing of fintech firm". The Times of Israel. 7 June 2021. Retrieved 7 June 2021.
  42. ^ "האקזיט החדש של בנט נחשף: ירוויח לפחות 5 מיליון דולר מהנפקת פיוניר". Forbes Israel (in Hebrew). 7 June 2021. Retrieved 7 June 2021.
  43. ^ a b Bennett, Naftali. "The Israel Stability Initiative" (PDF). One State Solution Israel. Archived from the original (PDF) on 13 November 2014. Retrieved 10 February 2014.
  44. ^ a b Naftali Bennett's stability initiative – Doing what's good for Israel. Retrieved 12 February 2014.
  45. ^ Harkov, Lahav (26 January 2013). "Six new MKs must renounce foreign citizenship". The Jerusalem Post. Archived from the original on 28 January 2013.
  46. ^ "Naftali Bennett". Knesset. Retrieved 9 February 2014.
  47. ^ Newman, Marissa; Beck, Jonathan (19 May 2015). "Netanyahu shuffles portfolios, backs telecom reform". The Times of Israel. Retrieved 26 May 2015.
  48. ^ Gross, Judah Ari (25 May 2015). "Netanyahu Names Jerusalem Minister; Piquing Mayor". The Times of Israel. Retrieved 26 May 2015.
  49. ^ Hay, Shahar (27 December 2016). בנט נגד שוברים שתיקה: "לא ייכנסו לבתי ספר"; הארגון בתגובה: "הניסיון לרסק כל ערך דמוקרטי – ייכשל" [Bennett v. Breaking Silence: "They Will Not Enter Schools"; The organization in response: "The attempt to crush any democratic value – will fail"]. Ynet (in Hebrew). Retrieved 29 December 2016.
  50. ^ Hoffman, Gil (7 October 2015). "Bennett resigns from Knesset, will continue to serve as education minister". The Jerusalem Post. Retrieved 8 March 2021.
  51. ^ Hoffman, Gil (2 December 2015). "Bennett to return to Knesset". The Jerusalem Post. Retrieved 8 March 2021.
  52. ^ Baruch, Hezki (3 December 2015). "Bennett resigns, in order to return to Knesset". Israel National News. Retrieved 8 March 2021.
  53. ^ Kadari-Ovadia, Shira (15 November 2018). "Bennett: I Asked to Be Defense Minister, Israel's Deterrence Is Eroding". Haaretz.
  54. ^ a b "Israel's Benjamin Netanyahu takes over defense job as coalition falters". Reuters. 16 November 2018.
  55. ^ Wootliff, Raoul (16 November 2018). "Israel heads toward elections as Jewish Home says it will leave coalition". The Times of Israel.
  56. ^ Wootliff, Raoul (19 November 2018). "Bennett drops ultimatum despite cold shoulder from PM, keeping coalition afloat". The Times of Israel. Retrieved 19 November 2018.
  57. ^ "Bennett, Shaked quit Jewish Home, announce formation of 'The New Right'". The Times of Israel. 29 December 2018. Retrieved 8 March 2021.
  58. ^ Magid, Jacob (12 April 2019). "How did 2 of Israel's most prominent ministers end up outside the 21st Knesset?". The Times of Israel. Retrieved 12 April 2019.
  59. ^ Newman, Marissa (2 June 2019). "Netanyahu fires Shaked and Bennett in interim government reshuffle". The Times of Israel. Retrieved 4 June 2019.
  60. ^ "אחרי האיחוד, כך תיראה רשימת הימין לכנסת". סרוגים (in Hebrew). 29 July 2019. Retrieved 30 May 2021.
  61. ^ "מתיחת פנים: הימין המאוחד תרוץ לכנסת תחת השם "ימינה"". חדשות 13 (in Hebrew). Retrieved 30 May 2021.
  62. ^ Wootliff, Raoul (25 September 2019). "Elections Committee publishes final results, hands them to president". Times of Israel.
  63. ^ Pérez-Peña, Richard (13 June 2021). "Israel's Parliament Approves New Government, Ousting Netanyahu". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 22 June 2021.
  64. ^ "מפיזור הכנסת עד הקלטות נתן אשל: הרגעים הגדולים של בחירות 2020". הארץ (in Hebrew). Retrieved 30 May 2021.
  65. ^ Wootliff, Raoul (5 March 2020). "Final results show Likud with 36 seats, Netanyahu bloc short of majority with 58". The Times of Israel. Retrieved 30 May 2021.
  66. ^ Gur, Haviv Rettig. "How vulnerable is Netanyahu? A right-wing backbencher gives PM cause for worry". The Times of Israel. Retrieved 18 July 2020.
  67. ^ Levinson, Chaim; Lis, Jonathan. "After year of deadlock and days of delays, Knesset swears in new Israeli government". Haaretz. Retrieved 17 June 2020.
  68. ^ Ido Ben Porat (15 May 2020). "Rabbi Rafi Peretz signs coalition agreement with the Likud". Arutz Sheva.
  69. ^ Magid, Jacob (17 May 2020). "Yamina chair says party heading to opposition with 'head held high'". The Times of Israel.
  70. ^ Hoffman, Gil (7 January 2021). "'Post' poll shows mergers capable of bringing down Netanyahu". The Jerusalem Post. Retrieved 21 January 2021.
  71. ^ Hoffman, Gil (20 January 2021). "Bennett's Yamina party formally splits". The Jerusalem Post. Retrieved 20 January 2021.
  72. ^ "ועדת הבחירות המרכזית לכנסת ה-24" [The true results of the 24th Knesset elections]. Votes24.bechirot.gov.il. Retrieved 30 May 2021.
  73. ^ "Lapid, Bennett make major headway in coalition talks: reports". i24 News. 9 May 2021. Retrieved 10 May 2021.
  74. ^ Shlezinger, Yehuda (10 May 2021). "Report: Lapid, Bennett make major headway in coalition talks". Israel Hayom. Retrieved 10 May 2021.
  75. ^ Gil Hoffman (30 May 2021). "Bennett announces plan to form gov't with Lapid that will oust Netanyahu". The Jerusalem Post. Retrieved 30 May 2021.
  76. ^ Jenni Frazer (13 June 2021). "Naftali Bennett, Israel's first kippah-wearing PM". The Jewish Chronicle. Retrieved 12 September 2021.
  77. ^ Kessler, Oren (7 June 2021). "The Meaning of Israel's First Religious Prime Minister". Foreign Policy. Retrieved 29 November 2021.
  78. ^ "Hundreds of Jews visit contested holy site in Jerusalem". Associated Press. 18 July 2021.
  79. ^ Sharon, Jeremy (17 July 2021). "PM Bennett warns of historic danger of Jewish disunity on Tisha Be'av". Jerusalem Post.
  80. ^ רובינשטיין, רועי; קרקו, עמית (22 June 2021). "בנט: זו התפרצות חדשה, עטו מסכות וחסנו את הילדים – המלאי מוגבל". Ynet (in Hebrew). Retrieved 19 May 2022.
  81. ^ "בנט: משלוח החיסונים לקורונה מפייזר יוקדם לאוגוסט, נבחן הסדרת אירועים רבי משתתפים – וואלה! חדשות". וואלה! (in Hebrew). 11 July 2021. Retrieved 19 May 2022.
  82. ^ "ההסכם הסודי עם פייזר: תספק חיסונים מיד כשתאושר מנה שלישית". Reshet 13 (in Hebrew). Retrieved 19 May 2022.
  83. ^ "משרד הבריאות לקופות החולים: החל מיום ראשון יינתן חיסון שלישי לבני 60 ומעלה". הארץ (in Hebrew). Retrieved 19 May 2022.
  84. ^ ינקו, אדיר (29 August 2021). "בכירי משרד הבריאות: חיסון שלישי – לכולם; פטור מבידוד למחוסנים ששבו מחו"ל". Ynet (in Hebrew). Retrieved 19 May 2022.
  85. ^ אייכנר, איתמר (2 January 2022). "בנט הודיע: חיסון רביעי לבני 60 ומעלה ולצוותים הרפואיים". Ynet (in Hebrew). Retrieved 19 May 2022.
  86. ^ ינקו, אדיר (22 March 2022). "העלייה נמשכת: יותר מ-14 אלף נדבקים אובחנו אתמול, מקדם ההדבקה כבר 1.33". Ynet (in Hebrew). Retrieved 19 May 2022.
  87. ^ ינקו, אדיר (20 April 2022). "הדיון הוקדם, וגם אלרעי פרייס תמכה: מאחורי ההחלטה להסיר את המסכות". Ynet (in Hebrew). Retrieved 19 May 2022.
  88. ^ "Morocco's king congratulates PM Bennett, vows to promote peace in region". i24NEWS. 16 June 2021.
  89. ^ "Hamas chief meets top politicians in Morocco after Gaza conflict". Swissinfo. 17 June 2021.
  90. ^ "לפיד: קשרי ישראל ומרוקו ישודרגו ליחסים דיפלומטיים מלאים וייפתחו שגרירויות – וואלה! חדשות". וואלה! (in Hebrew). 12 August 2021. Retrieved 19 May 2022.
  91. ^ אייכנר, איתמר (26 August 2021). "הסוף לוויזה לארה"ב? בנט ובלינקן סיכמו לקדם פטור לישראלים". Ynet (in Hebrew). Retrieved 20 May 2022.
  92. ^ "N12 – לקראת פסגת בנט-ביידן: סיכום יום הפגישות הראשון בארה"ב". N12. 26 August 2021. Retrieved 20 May 2022.
  93. ^ Ravid, Barak (27 August 2021). "Israeli PM presented Biden with "death by a thousand cuts" Iran strategy". Axios. Retrieved 19 May 2022.
  94. ^ Prime Minister Naftali Bennett's Address to the United Nations General Assembly, Israeli Prime Minister on YouTube, 28 September 2021
  95. ^ "בנט נפגש עם יורש העצר באיחוד האמירויות: "לחזק את מערכת היחסים בין המדינות" – וואלה! חדשות". וואלה! (in Hebrew). 13 December 2021. Retrieved 20 May 2022.
  96. ^ "חיזוק שיתוף הפעולה הכלכלי והסוגיה האיראנית: בנט יוצא לביקור בבחריין – וואלה! חדשות". וואלה! (in Hebrew). 14 February 2022. Retrieved 20 May 2022.
  97. ^ אייכנר, איתמר; רויטרס (27 February 2022). "בנט שוחח עם פוטין; הקרמלין: "ישראל הציעה לתווך מול אוקראינה"". Ynet (in Hebrew). Retrieved 20 May 2022.
  98. ^ "הפסקת האש לפינוי תושבים קרסה, המשא ומתן צפוי להתחדש ביום שני". הארץ (in Hebrew). Retrieved 20 May 2022.
  99. ^ "בנט טס בחשאיות למוסקבה ונפגש עם פוטין". כיכר השבת (in Hebrew). 5 March 2022. Retrieved 20 May 2022.
  100. ^ גלובס, שירות; זקן, דני (5 March 2022). "ממוסקבה לברלין: בנט בדרכו לפגישה עם קנצלר גרמניה, אולף שולץ". Globes. Retrieved 20 May 2022.
  101. ^ a b Kershner, Isabel (2 June 2021). "How Naftali Bennett, Head of a Small Right-Wing Party in Israel, Rose to the Top". The New York Times. Retrieved 1 January 2022.
  102. ^ "Naftali Bennett: The rise of Israel's new PM". BBC. BBC News. 13 June 2021. Retrieved 23 June 2021.
  103. ^ Confino, Jotam; Shesgreen, Deirdre (13 June 2021). "Who is Naftali Bennett, Israel's next prime minister if Benjamin Netanyahu is ousted?". USA Today. Retrieved 23 June 2021.
  104. ^ Lubell, Maayan (30 May 2021). "Naftali Bennett: The right-wing millionaire who may end Netanyahu era". Reuters. Retrieved 23 June 2021.
  105. ^ Remnick, David (21 January 2013). "The settlers move to annex the West Bank—and Israeli politics". The New Yorker.
  106. ^ Levinson, Chaim (17 January 2013). "Bennett's West Bank plan ignores existence of about 100,000 Palestinians". Haaretz.
  107. ^ Rosenblatt, Gary (25 January 2011). "Do West Bank Realities Defy Perceptions?". The Jewish Week.
  108. ^ Verter, Yossi (21 June 2013). "Bennett's 'shrapnel' comment may have been blunt, but his message was clear: No two-state solution". Haaretz.com.
  109. ^ "Bennett, Lapid offer conflicting views on peace". The Jerusalem Post. 21 June 2013.
  110. ^ Booth, William (6 January 2014). "Israel says Palestinian 'incitement' could undermine peace talks". The Washington Post. Retrieved 9 January 2014.
  111. ^ "Killing Arabs – Not What You Thought". Haaretz. 12 August 2013.
  112. ^ Ben Solomon, Ariel (30 July 2013). "Bennett under fire for comments about killing Arabs". The Jerusalem Post. Retrieved 25 February 2014.
  113. ^ "בנט מכחיש: "לא אמרתי שאם תופסים מחבלים צריך פשוט להרוג אותם"" (in Hebrew). Nana 10. 8 August 2014. Retrieved 25 February 2014.
  114. ^ a b Sherwood, Harriet (7 January 2013). "Naftali Bennett interview: 'There won't be a Palestinian state within Israel'". The Guardian. Retrieved 1 June 2017.
  115. ^ Nussbaum Cohn, Debra (12 December 2014). "Anti-BDS Professors Launch Push To Ban 4 Far Right Israeli Leaders: Zionist 'Third Narrative' Academics Target Naftali Bennett". The Jewish Daily Forward.
  116. ^ Nussbaum Cohen, Debra (11 December 2014). "Anti-BDS academics urge 'personal' sanctions against 'annexationist' Israelis". Haaretz.
  117. ^ Ravid, Barak (6 October 2016). "Bennett: We Must Act Now and 'Give Our Lives' for the Annexation of the West Bank". Haaretz. Retrieved 1 June 2017.
  118. ^ Liveblog (9 November 2016). "Bennett: Trump win means era of Palestinian state is over". Times of Israel.
  119. ^ Winer, Stuart (10 May 2021). "Islamist Ra'am said ready to give crucial support for a Lapid-Bennett government". The Times of Israel.
  120. ^ ""לשחרר המשק מהחנק של הוועדים, הטייקונים, משרד הביטחון ומינהל מקרקעי ישראל" – בחירות בישראל – דה מרקר TheMarker". TheMarker (in Hebrew). 12 February 1997. Retrieved 14 January 2013.
  121. ^ "Israelim.org.il" (PDF).
  122. ^ Friedman, Matti (26 December 2012). "The new (secular) face of religious Zionism". The Times of Israel.
  123. ^ "על תכניתה הכלכלית של שלי יחימוביץ, על שכל ישר, ומה בעצם צריך לעשות | הבית היהודי בראשות נפתלי בנט". Baityehudi.org.il. 27 November 2012. Archived from the original on 24 February 2015. Retrieved 14 January 2013.
  124. ^ Elis, Niv (21 May 2013). "OECD: Red tape hinders Israeli businesses". The Jerusalem Post. Archived from the original on 8 June 2013.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
  125. ^ "Israel: Trading partners". Financial Times. 3 January 2014.
  126. ^ "Israel wants to include talent sharing in FTA with India". The Economic Times. 10 October 2013. Retrieved 1 June 2021.
  127. ^ Azulai, Yuval (27 April 2014). "Israel opens new trade attache offices in Asia, Africa". Globes.
  128. ^ Elis, Niv (5 March 2015). "OECD shows drop in Israel food prices". The Jerusalem Post.
  129. ^ Dovrat-Meseritz, Adi (6 March 2015). "Who Gets the Credit for Israel's Falling Food Prices? Not the Government". Haaretz.
  130. ^ a b "Israeli cabinet backs huge spending plan for Arab minority". BBC News. 25 October 2021. Retrieved 11 July 2022.
  131. ^ Shamah, David (12 April 2013). "Bennett: Ultra-Orthodox scholars can boost Israeli high-tech". The Times of Israel.
  132. ^ Bennett, Naftali (13 February 2014). "Putting All Israelis to Work". The New York Times. Retrieved 23 June 2021.
  133. ^ a b Levinson, Chaim (26 December 2012). "Habayit Hayehudi leader: Israel cannot recognize same-sex marriage". Haaretz.com.
  134. ^ Harkov, Lahav (8 January 2015). "Bennett: No secret Bayit Yehudi opposes gay marriage". The Jerusalem Post.
  135. ^ GOLDLIST-EICHLER, HAYAH (3 August 2015). "Bennett: No value worth the death of a girl". The Jerusalem Post | JPost.com.
  136. ^ "Bennett says his support for gay rights doesn't mean he'll back laws for them". The Times of Israel. 20 October 2020.
  137. ^ ""גיבור": בנט פרץ בבכי בחנוכת רחוב על שם חברו עמנואל מורנו – וואלה! חדשות". וואלה!. 22 March 2018.
  138. ^ Kaplan Sommer, Allison (8 January 2013). "Naftali Bennett's American parents are kvelling with pride". Haaretz. Retrieved 26 February 2013.
  139. ^ Ahren, Raphael (26 July 2012). "The new great white hope of the religious right?". The Times of Israel.
  140. ^ Dyer, Gwynne (21 January 2013). "Opinion: Israeli Election". Tripoli Post. Archived from the original on 26 October 2014.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)

References

External links

Party political offices
Preceded by Leader of the Jewish Home
2012–2018
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Position established
Leader of the New Right
2018–2022
Succeeded by
Political offices
Preceded by Prime Minister of Israel
2021–2022
Succeeded by