The Jewish Chronicle (The JC) is a London-based Jewish weekly newspaper. Founded in 1841, it is the oldest continuously published Jewish newspaper in the world.[3] Its editor (since December 2021) is Jake Wallis Simons.[1]

The Jewish Chronicle
Front page, 17 January 1896, showing article by Theodor Herzl (the father of political Zionism)
TypeWeekly newspaper
FormatTabloid
EditorJake Wallis Simons[1]
Founded1841
LanguageEnglish
Circulation20,141 (2018), of which 7,298 were free copies[2]
Websitewww.thejc.com

The newspaper is published every Friday (except when this is a Jewish holiday, when it appears earlier in the week) providing news, opinion pieces, social, cultural and sports reports, as well as editorials and a spectrum of readers' opinions on the letter page. The news section of its website is updated several times a day.

The average weekly circulation in 2018 was 20,141, of which 7,298 were free copies, down from 32,875 in 2008.[2][4] In February 2020, it announced plans to merge with the Jewish News but, in April 2020, entered voluntary liquidation and was acquired from the liquidators by a private consortium of political insiders, broadcasters and bankers.

History edit

19th century edit

The Jewish Chronicle first appeared on 12 November 1841. Its first editors were D. Meldola and M. Angel. It was issued as a weekly until May 1842, when it was suspended. From October 1844, it resumed as a fortnightly, with Joseph Mitchell as its editor. In 1847, it became again a weekly newspaper. A. Benisch, who became the proprietor and editor in 1855, bequeathed the paper to the Anglo-Jewish Association in 1878, who sold it to its new editor and anti-Zionist Asher I. Myers, Sydney M. Samuel and Israel David.[5]

In 1881, the leaders of the Jewish community in London were being criticised for not campaigning against the pogroms that were taking place in the Russian Empire. Under the leadership of Francis Henry Goldsmid, the pogroms were not mentioned by the newspaper and it was only after the feminist Louisa Goldsmid gave her support following calls to arms by an anonymous writer named "Juriscontalus" and Asher Myers of The Jewish Chronicle that action was taken. Public meetings were then held across the country and Jewish and Christian leaders in Britain spoke out against the atrocities.[6]

20th century edit

 
The Jewish Chronicle, August 17, 1900, Zionist Congress: Full Report. No. 1. In the collection of the Jewish Museum of Switzerland.

In December 1906, L.J. Greenberg, a successful advertising agent and English Zionist leader, contacted the Dutch banker Jacobus Kann with the object of buying The Jewish Chronicle to promote Zionism.[7] The same month, Greenberg, together with David Wolffsohn, Joseph Cowen, Jacobus H. Kahn, and Leopold Kessler, bought the shares. Greenberg himself became its editor.[5]

At the time, The Jewish Chronicle gained a near monopoly in the Jewish press, taking over its principal competitors, The Hebrew Observer and The Jewish World. Only in October 1919, did The JC get a strong opposing voice from The Jewish Guardian, paper of the League of British Jews, which counterbalanced the Zionist views of The JC, until it disappeared in 1931. After Greenberg died the same year, The JC remained moderately pro-Zionist under the leadership of Leopold Kessler.[5]

The weekly newspaper The Jewish World was taken over in 1913. It published articles by various Zionist leaders, as well as early non-Jewish pro-Zionists. In 1934, it was merged with The Jewish Chronicle.[8] After 1948, the paper maintained a pro-Israel attitude.

In the late 1930s, David F. Kessler became managing director to assist his chairman father Leopold Kessler, a moderate Zionist and an associate of Theodor Herzl, known as the father of the State of Israel. After service as a soldier in World War II during which his father had died, Kessler found that the editor, Ivan Greenberg, had taken a right-wing Zionist position highly critical of moderate Zionists and the British policy in Palestine. Kessler, after a struggle with the newspaper's board, sacked Greenberg and installed a moderate editor.[9]

By the early 1960s, the Kessler family owned 80% of the newspaper's shares. To safeguard the newspaper's future, Kessler created a foundation ownership structure loosely modelled on the Scott Trust, owners of The Guardian. Kessler was chairman for nearly 30 years until his death in 1999.[9]

Joseph Finklestone wrote for the paper from 1946 to 1992 in roles including sports editor, chief sub-editor, home news editor, assistant editor, foreign editor, and diplomatic editor.[10]

Geoffrey Paul ( Goldstein) was editor between 1977 and 1990.[11]

21st century edit

Editors of The Jewish Chronicle have included Ned Temko, 1990 to 2005, Jeff Barak (managing editor, 2006), who returned to Israel, and David Rowan, 2006 to 2008, who joined The Observer.[12] Stephen Pollard became editor in November 2008[13] and editor-at-large in December 2021. He was succeeded as Editor by Jake Wallis Simons.[1]

The Jewish Chronicle was relaunched in 2008.[14]

In 2018, the newspaper had a loss of about £1.5 million on operating costs of about £4.9 million, following losses in the previous two years.[4] After a number of years of declining circulation and a pension deficit, the reserves of its owners since 1984, the charity The Kessler Foundation,[15] had been exhausted and they planned to introduce revenue and cost measures to reduce losses.[16] According to the editor, the paper had been facing the "real threat" of having to close[4] and the Press Gazette reported its situation as "facing a grave closure threat". Jonathan Goldstein, chairman of the Jewish Leadership Council, organised a consortium of 20 individuals, families and charitable trusts to make donations to The Kessler Foundation to enable its continued support of the newspaper. Alan Jacobs, founder of Jacobs Capital, became the new chairman.[4][17]

In February 2020, The Jewish Chronicle and Jewish News announced plans to merge, subject to raising the necessary finance to support the merger. Combined, they print more than 40,000 copies weekly.[18]

On 8 April 2020, The Jewish Chronicle went into liquidiation, and both papers announced their intentions to close, due to the coronavirus pandemic.[19][20][21][22] In April 2020, when the Chronicle faced closure due to financial problems during the Covid pandemic, threats to the paper's survival were met by sadness and some jubilation, with journalists Jonathan Freedland and Hadley Freeman expressing sorrow, and some Labour supporters welcoming its demise and speculating that libel payouts were impacting on its finances.[23]

The Kessler Trust launched a bid to buy the two papers, giving editorial control to the senior staff of the News. However, a £2.5 million counter-offer, supported by the editor, was accepted by the liquidators and trust in what The Guardian described as a brief but messy takeover bid.[24][25][26] The consortium was led by Robbie Gibb and included John Woodcock, broadcasters Jonathan Sacerdoti and John Ware and Jonathan Kandel, former Charity Commission chairman William Shawcross, Rabbi Jonathan Hughes, Investec's corporate and institutional banking chief operating officer Robert Swerling, managing partner at EMK Capital Mark Joseph, and Tom Boltman, head of strategic initiatives at Kovrr, with support from anonymous philanthropists.[27][26][28] The consortium said it was running the paper as a community asset, not for profit, and that it would set up a trust to ensure its editorial independence.[28][29] The News was then taken out of liquidation.[26][28][29]

Editorial position edit

Under the ownership of Asher Myers and Israel Davis, from 1878, the paper was hostile to Zionism, in line with the official positions of the religious and lay leaders of the community. After Leopold Greenberg had taken over the paper in 1906, it became strongly Zionist, and it was made into "a firm and influential champion of Zionism".[30]

The JC supported the 1917 Balfour Declaration, the publication of which was postponed for a week in order to allow The Jewish Chronicle to publish its opinion in time. After the Declaration was issued, however, the paper became critical of Chaim Weizmann. Greenberg was discontented with the too vague definition of the Zionist goals and wanted him to state clearly that Palestine must be politically Jewish. He wanted to define the "National Home" as a Jewish Commonwealth.[31] Although JC's support of Zionism somewhat decreased after Greenberg's death, it has consistently devoted considerable space to Israel and Zionism.[5]

Under Leopold Greenberg, The Jewish Chronicle was hostile to the Reform and Liberal movements in Britain. Over the years, attention shifted from Orthodoxy in Anglo-Jewry to developments in Progressive Judaism, while becoming more critical of the Orthodox position on halakhic issues.[5]

The then-editor Stephen Pollard accepted that the paper does not present a comprehensive picture of events, saying in 2009, "But don't forget who our readership is. They are interested in getting the news about Israel. It's not a biased view. We are presenting one aspect of all the news that is going on. Nobody gets all their news from The JC; we're a complementary news source."[13]

In 2014, he apologised on behalf of the paper for running an advertisement by the Disasters Emergency Committee appealing for funds for humanitarian relief for Gaza. He said that he and the paper did not support the appeal and were "entirely supportive" of Operation Protective Edge. He disputed the reported number of civilian casualties and asserted that many were terrorists.[32]

In June 2019, Pollard said, "I think in the last few years there's certainly been a huge need for the journalism that The JC does in especially looking at the anti-Semitism in the Labour party and elsewhere" and "there's such a huge need for our proper crusading independent journalism". Kessler Foundation chair Clive Wolman said: "In the end, we and the JC Trust decided that our primary consideration had to be to preserve the editorial independence of The JC, particularly at a time when its journalists are playing such an important role in exposing antisemitism in British politics.[4] In July 2019, Pollard said that the Jewish community wants "to see [the current Labour Party leadership] removed from any significant role in public life."[33]

Notable interviews edit

 
The former Jewish Chronicle offices in Furnival Street, central London

In 1981, The Jewish Chronicle published an interview with then Prime Minister, Margaret Thatcher. Thatcher was questioned regarding the state of Israel and how Conservative policy affected the Jewish community.[34]

In September 1999, it was the first non-Israeli newspaper to conduct an interview with Ehud Barak during his term as Prime Minister of Israel.[35]

In December 2007, the newspaper published an interview with Labour Party donor David Abrahams.[36][37]

In July 2013, The Jewish Chronicle hosted an audience with UKIP leader Nigel Farage. Farage was interviewed by editor Stephen Pollard and took questions from the audience.[38]

Criticism edit

In September 2014, The Jewish Chronicle published an editorial alleging the Royal Institute of British Architects (RIBA) voted for a "ban on Jews" from the International Union of Architects (IUA) and was, as a result, antisemitic.[39] The RIBA motion had actually called for the suspension of the Israeli Association of United Architects over the building of illegal settlements.[40][41] Following a complaint to the Press Complaints Commission, the Chronicle published a letter of response from David Mond, in which he accused the paper of inspiring "its readers to see antisemitism in every critic" of Israel.[42]

In August 2016, dozens of prominent Jewish activists including Miriam Margolyes, Ilan Pappe and Michael Rosen signed an open letter criticising the paper for what they viewed as its "McCarthyite" "character assassination" of Jeremy Corbyn after the paper published "seven key questions" for Corbyn, including on his alleged ties to and defence of various Holocaust deniers and on his use of the word "friends" for Hamas and Hezbollah.[43]

In December 2019, The Jewish Chronicle published an article by Melanie Phillips which asserted that Islamophobia was a bogus term which provided cover for antisemites. The Board of Deputies of British Jews described its publication as an error, and editor Stephen Pollard acknowledged that "A number of people within the Jewish community, and friends of the community, have expressed their dismay – and anger – at its content."[44]

When The Jewish Chronicle faced closure due to financial problems in April 2020, former ANC politician and anti-apartheid activist Andrew Feinstein stated: "The Jewish Chronicle's equating of antisemitism with criticism of Israel has put back the struggle against real AS & all racism by years." while the freelance journalist Mira Bar-Hillel considered the paper's potential closure to be "the best news of the day" and referred to it as a "pathetic rag".[45][undue weight? ]

In July 2021, a letter was sent to the British press regulatory body IPSO requesting a standards investigation into The Jewish Chronicle due to what the signatories believed to be "systemic" failings. The nine signatories were mostly linked to the Labour party and had either been libelled by The Jewish Chronicle or had complaints about factually inaccurate reporting upheld by the regulator between 2018 and 2021. The complainants alleged that the paper's editorial standards were "shockingly low" and stated that "unless standards there improve there will be more victims, while readers will continue to be misled."[46][47]

Writing in the Byline Times, Brian Cathcart, Professor of Journalism at Kingston University, argued that IPSO had failed to act on "the collapse of journalism standards at The Jewish Chronicle", which he stated had "been found by the IPSO itself to have breached its code of practice 28 times." He suggested IPSO's failure to act was in part due to the regulator's unwillingness to attract accusations of attempting to silence the paper from the Conservative Party, who benefitted politically from the debate around antisemitism in the Labour Party in which the paper was a prominent player. He also identified The Jewish Chronicle's owner Robbie Gibb as an obstacle to an IPSO investigation into standards at the paper.[48]

Lawsuits and rulings edit

In 1968, The Jewish Chronicle made a claim stating that Labour MP Christopher Mayhew had been making antisemitic comments on a television programme. Mayhew sued for libel, arguing that his comments were anti-Zionist, but not antisemitic. He received a public apology in the High Court.[49][50] A complaint by Mayhew to the Press Council in April 1971, about the editing of a published letter to the editor, was denied.[51]

In 2009, a peace activist accepted £30,000 damages and an apology from the paper over claims that he had harboured two suicide bombers.[52]

In August 2017, The Jewish Chronicle published an adjudication as stipulated by the Independent Press Standards Organisation (IPSO) as a result of an article it had published which the court considered breached the Editors' Code of Practice, Clause 9 - Reporting of Crime. IPSO ruled that the JC had published details of the family members of the defendant without valid justification.[53][54]

In August 2019, the British charity Palestinian Relief and Development Fund (Interpal) received an apology, damages of £50,000 and legal costs after The Jewish Chronicle published "false and defamatory allegations", implying that it had links to terrorist activity.[55] On 23 August, the paper published a full apology, together with an article by Ibrahim Hewitt, chair of trustees of Interpal.[56][57]

In November 2019, The Jewish Chronicle published a ruling by IPSO that it had breached the Editors' Code of Practice in relation to claims in four articles about a Labour Party member published in early 2019. IPSO also expressed significant concerns about the newspaper's failure to answer IPSO's questions and said it considered that the publication's conduct during the investigation was not appropriate.[58] In February 2020, The Jewish Chronicle acknowledged that they had made untrue allegations, for which they apologised, and agreed to pay damages and legal costs.[59][60]

In September 2020, The Jewish Chronicle published an apology to a councillor about whom the newspaper had printed numerous allegations. The newspaper asserted that the councillor was involved in inviting an activist, who it deemed to be antisemitic, to a Labour Party event; that the councillor ignored "antisemitic statements" made by a fellow activist; and that the councillor had "launched a vicious protest against Luciana Berger in terms suggestive of antisemitism" and had tried to "improperly interfere with a democratic vote at a regional Labour Party meeting".[61] In addition to the apology, The Jewish Chronicle, its editor Stephen Pollard, and senior reporter Lee Harpin paid substantial[quantify] libel damages and the legal costs.[62][63]

In March 2021, The Jewish Chronicle printed an article about political activist and journalist Marc Wadsworth which stated that he was involved in a "conspiracy to intimidate, threaten or harass Jewish activists into silence" in an online meeting of the Labour in Exile Network. In reality Wadsworth had not attended the meeting, had issued no such threats and was not a member of the Labour in Exile Network. The newspaper admitted the story was false in all respects,[64] issued an apology,[65][66] and agreed to pay substantial damages and legal costs.[67] The presiding judge stated “This was a serious mistake for the Jewish Chronicle to have made.”[68] Following the libel verdict, the Morning Star printed an extract from Wadsworth's statement, in which he said he was "deeply distressed that The Jewish Chronicle did not check its facts or contact me before its article was written."[69][64][66]

In August 2021 The Telegraph said that eight complaints to IPSO about the paper had been upheld, two were not upheld, and two were resolved through mediation in the preceding three years,[70] while Brian Cathcart, for the Byline Times, said the paper had 33 breaches of the Editors Code within a similar timeframe.[71]

In November 2022 The Jewish Chronicle published an opinion column by Zoe Strimpel that included a statement that "the Islamic Republic [of Iran] has repeatedly vowed to wipe Israel and Jews off the face of the Earth". In April 2023 IPSO ruled that this was inaccurate, and hence breached Clause 1 of the Editors' Code of Practice. Iran has made such threats against the State of Israel, but not against the Jewish people. IPSO ordered The JC to publish a correction, equal in prominence to the original column.[72][73]

In April 2023, IPSO upheld a complaint on behalf of Rabbi Yisroel Dovid Weiss about whom The Jewish Chronicle twice (online and in print) wrote a claim of Holocaust denial. The claim had initially been made by Associated Press but was retracted in 2007. The Jewish Chronicle knew this in advance of publication.[74] IPSO upheld complaints under Accuracy Clause 1; they considered the newspaper's behaviour "unacceptable" and reported their "significant concerns" to IPSO's Standards department.[75][76]

Chief editors edit

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ a b c d "Jake Wallis Simons". The Spectator. December 2021. Archived from the original on 16 December 2021. Retrieved 16 December 2021.
  2. ^ a b "The Jewish Chronicle". ABC. Archived from the original on 4 April 2023. Retrieved 29 August 2019.
  3. ^ The Jewish Chronicle and Anglo-Jewry, 1841–1991 Archived 4 April 2023 at the Wayback Machine Cambridge University Press
  4. ^ a b c d e Tobitt, Charlotte (20 June 2019). "Cash donors save Jewish Chronicle from 'grave' closure threat". Press Gazette. Archived from the original on 29 August 2019. Retrieved 29 August 2019.
  5. ^ a b c d e "Jewish Chronicle". Encyclopedia.com. Archived from the original on 9 October 2018. Retrieved 9 October 2018.
  6. ^ Monaco, CS (2013). The Rise of Modern Jewish Politics: Extraordinary Movement. Routledge. pp. 148–. ISBN 978-0-415-65983-3.
  7. ^ Cesarani, David. "How the JC helped shape the debate". The Jewish Chronicle, 16 November 2017. Retrieved 21 January 2021 Archived 7 October 2018 at the Wayback Machine.
  8. ^ "Jewish World". Jewish Virtual Library. Archived from the original on 11 October 2018. Retrieved 9 October 2018.
  9. ^ a b Paul, Geoffrey (1 December 1999). "David Kessler". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 29 August 2019. Retrieved 29 August 2019.
  10. ^ Raven, Rebecca (15 March 2002). "Joseph Finklestone". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 23 September 2019. Retrieved 23 September 2019.
  11. ^ a b Frazer, Jenni (6 August 2019). "Tributes paid to former JC editor Geoffrey Paul, who dies aged 90". Jewish News. Archived from the original on 9 June 2021. Retrieved 16 December 2021.
  12. ^ Day, Julia (21 February 2006). "Jewish Chronicle appoints new editor". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 9 August 2020. Retrieved 23 September 2019.
  13. ^ a b Bell, Matthew (11 January 2009). "'Fantastic timing': a baptism of fire at the Jewish Chronicle". The Independent on Sunday. Archived from the original on 18 June 2022.
  14. ^ "Jewish Chronicle adds social networking in website revamp". Brand Republic. 11 September 2008. Archived from the original on 14 October 2008. Retrieved 3 February 2009.
  15. ^ "The Kessler Foundation". Charity Commission. Charity no. 290759. Archived from the original on 9 August 2020. Retrieved 29 August 2019.
  16. ^ "The Kessler Foundation - Financial statements for the year ending 30 June 2018" (PDF). The Kessler Foundation. Charity Commission. 10 June 2019. Archived from the original (PDF) on 29 August 2019. Retrieved 29 August 2019.
  17. ^ "Good news about the future of the JC". The Jewish Chronicle. 20 June 2019. Archived from the original on 29 August 2019. Retrieved 29 August 2019.
  18. ^ "Jewish Chronicle and Jewish News announce plans to merge". The Jewish Chronicle. 12 February 2020. Archived from the original on 13 February 2020. Retrieved 21 February 2020.
  19. ^ Waterson, Jim (8 April 2020). "Jewish Chronicle and Jewish News to close and staff laid off". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 8 April 2020. Retrieved 8 April 2020.
  20. ^ "The Jewish Chronicle and Jewish News to go into liquidation". BBC News. 8 April 2020. Archived from the original on 8 April 2020. Retrieved 8 April 2020.
  21. ^ "An announcement from the Jewish Chronicle". The Jewish Chronicle. 8 April 2020. Archived from the original on 27 January 2021. Retrieved 1 February 2021.
  22. ^ "Statement from the board of the Jewish News". Jewish News. 8 April 2020. Archived from the original on 8 April 2020. Retrieved 8 April 2020.
  23. ^ Sloane, Wendy. "The challenges facing the Jewish Chronicle and the role of faith-based media". London Metropolitan University. Archived from the original on 22 July 2021. Retrieved 22 July 2021.
  24. ^ Waterson, Jim (23 April 2020). "Jewish Chronicle saved by consortium after messy takeover battle". the Guardian. Archived from the original on 21 September 2021. Retrieved 20 September 2021.
  25. ^ Tobitt, Charlotte (21 April 2020). "Jewish News back to 'business as usual' as Chronicle merger plan thwarted by surprise bid". Press Gazette. Archived from the original on 23 April 2020. Retrieved 21 April 2020.
  26. ^ a b c "Robbie Gibb consortium wins last-minute bid for Jewish Chronicle after dramatic row". CityAM. 23 April 2020. Archived from the original on 20 September 2021. Retrieved 20 September 2021.
  27. ^ Di Stefano, Mark (23 April 2020). "Consortium wins bid for Jewish Chronicle". Financial Times. Archived from the original on 5 May 2020. Retrieved 6 May 2020.
  28. ^ a b c Tobitt, Charlotte (23 April 2020). "Jewish Chronicle under new ownership as consortium's 'very generous' offer accepted". Press Gazette. Archived from the original on 20 September 2021. Retrieved 20 September 2021.
  29. ^ a b Martin, James (23 April 2020). "Hold the front page: Jewish Chronicle sold; editor stays; some buyers not named". The Times of Israel. Archived from the original on 20 September 2021. Retrieved 20 September 2021.
  30. ^ Cesarani 1994, p. 130.
  31. ^ Cesarani 1994, pp. 127–128.
  32. ^ Greenslade, Roy (15 August 2014). "Jewish Chronicle editor apologises for running Gaza appeal advert". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 23 September 2019. Retrieved 23 September 2019.
  33. ^ Pollard, Stephen (19 July 2019). "Why does the Board still want to engage with Labour?". The Jewish Chronicle. Archived from the original on 7 August 2019. Retrieved 23 September 2019. Other than the tiny number of members of the Corbynite propaganda group JVL, the entire Jewish community is united in the goal of ensuring that the antisemites who now run the Labour Party are defeated. We may differ on whether that defeat can or should happen only within the Labour Party or at the ballot box, but we want to see them removed from any significant role in public life.
  34. ^ Interview for Jewish Chronicle Archived 25 November 2009 at the Wayback Machine Margaret Thatcher Foundation. 19 June 1981
  35. ^ "The Jewish Chronicle". Website.thejc.com. Archived from the original on 16 January 2013. Retrieved 8 June 2013.
  36. ^ Siddique, Haroon and agencies (7 December 2007). "Jewish Chronicle defends its coverage of David Abrahams". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 26 September 2020. Retrieved 16 December 2021.
  37. ^ "The Jewish Chronicle on how they got the Abrahams interview". The Spectator. 7 December 2007. Archived from the original on 22 October 2008. Retrieved 3 February 2009.
  38. ^ "UKIP Leader Nigel Farage Supports Israel". The Algemeiner Journal. 22 July 2013. Archived from the original on 4 November 2014. Retrieved 9 December 2014.
  39. ^ "Architects of hate". www.thejc.com. 20 March 2014. Archived from the original on 4 April 2023. Retrieved 3 October 2023.
  40. ^ "The Israel problem: how a political row tarnished the RIBA in 2014". Architects' Journal. 12 December 2014. Archived from the original on 3 October 2023. Retrieved 29 September 2023.
  41. ^ "Press Complaints Commission >> Adjudicated Complaints >> Mr David Mond". 30 October 2020. Archived from the original on 30 October 2020. Retrieved 17 September 2023.
  42. ^ "Letter: RIBA's actions do not amount to Jew-hatred". Jewish Chronicle, via PressReader.com. 12 September 2014. Archived from the original on 10 April 2021. Retrieved 7 December 2020.
  43. ^ Dysch, Marcus (18 August 2015). "Anti-Israel activists attack JC for challenging Jeremy Corbyn". The Jewish Chronicle. Archived from the original on 7 May 2020. Retrieved 8 April 2020.
  44. ^ Waterson, Jim (17 December 2019). "'Islamophobia a bogus label': Jewish Chronicle under fire over article". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 17 December 2019. Retrieved 18 December 2019.
  45. ^ Sloane, Wendy (12 April 2020). "The challenges facing the Jewish Chronicle and the role of faith-based media". London Metropolitan University. Archived from the original on 22 July 2021. Retrieved 22 July 2021.
  46. ^ Tobitt, Charlotte (2021). "IPSO faces calls to launch first standards investigation into Jewish Chronicle". Press Gazette. Archived from the original on 6 August 2021. Retrieved 6 August 2021.
  47. ^ Rayner, Gordon (20 August 2021). "Why the press watchdog has The Jewish Chronicle in its sights". The Telegraph. Archived from the original on 16 September 2021. Retrieved 16 September 2021.
  48. ^ Cathcart, Brian (4 August 2021). "Will the Independent Press Standards Organisation Ever Uphold Any Standards?". Byline Times. Archived from the original on 7 August 2021. Retrieved 7 August 2021.
  49. ^ "London Jewish Chronicle Apologizes for Accusing MP of Anti-Semitism". The Detroit Jewish News. 4 April 1969. p. 18. Archived from the original on 29 July 2022. Retrieved 29 July 2022.
  50. ^ "Libel action: Christopher Mayhew versus 'The Jewish Chronicle' and Maurice Edelman, 1967-1979". Warwick University. Archived from the original on 2 September 2019. Retrieved 2 September 2019.
  51. ^ Kochan, Lionel; Kochan, Miriam (1971). "Great Britain". The American Jewish Year Book. 72: 314–339. JSTOR 23605320. Archived from the original on 4 April 2023. Retrieved 7 December 2020.
  52. ^ Luft, Oliver (3 April 2009). "Jewish Chronicle pays £30,000 libel damages to peace activist". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 23 September 2019. Retrieved 23 September 2019.
  53. ^ "Ruling: A man v The Jewish Chronicle". www.ipso.co.uk. 7 July 2017. Archived from the original on 27 September 2023. Retrieved 27 September 2023.
  54. ^ "Ipso upholds complaint against JC court report". www.thejc.com. 11 August 2017. Archived from the original on 27 September 2023. Retrieved 27 September 2023.
  55. ^ Tobitt, Charlotte (3 September 2019). "Jewish Chronicle pays out £50,000 and apologises for wrongly linking charity to terror group". Press Gazette. Archived from the original on 7 October 2020. Retrieved 11 October 2020.
  56. ^ "The Trustees of Interpal — Apology". The Jewish Chronicle. 23 August 2019. Archived from the original on 18 January 2021. Retrieved 11 October 2020.
  57. ^ Hewitt, Ibrahim (23 August 2019). "Interpal provides humanitarian aid to people in desperate need; no more, no less". The Jewish Chronicle. Archived from the original on 10 February 2024. Retrieved 11 October 2020.
  58. ^ "IPSO upholds Labour activist's accuracy complaint against JC". The Jewish Chronicle. 29 November 2019. Archived from the original on 29 November 2019. Retrieved 29 November 2019.
  59. ^ "Audrey White: An apology". The Jewish Chronicle. 20 February 2020. Archived from the original on 22 February 2020. Retrieved 22 February 2020.
  60. ^ "Ruling: White v The Jewish Chronicle". www.ipso.co.uk. Archived from the original on 26 April 2021. Retrieved 19 March 2021.
  61. ^ "'Nada Al-Sanjari — apology". The Jewish Chronicle. 23 September 2020. Archived from the original on 9 October 2020. Retrieved 2 October 2020.
  62. ^ "Jewish Chronicle, Stephen Pollard and Lee Harpin apologise and pay substantial libel damages to Nada alSanjari" (PDF). www.carter-ruck.com/. Carter Ruck. 6 October 2020. Archived (PDF) from the original on 10 October 2020. Retrieved 10 October 2020.
  63. ^ "Jewish Chronicle pays damages over claims councillor invited 'antisemitic' activist to event". Press Gazette. Press Association. 20 October 2020. Archived from the original on 5 December 2020. Retrieved 10 December 2020.
  64. ^ a b "Marc Wadsworth secures full apologies and substantial libel damages against the Jewish Chronicle" (PDF). carter-ruck.com. Carter Ruck. 22 July 2021. Archived (PDF) from the original on 19 January 2024. Retrieved 16 September 2023.
  65. ^ "Apology: Marc Wadsworth". The Jewish Chronicle. 26 May 2021. Archived from the original on 5 January 2022. Retrieved 17 December 2021.
  66. ^ a b "Marc Wadsworth secures apologies and substantial libel damages over false "intimidation" allegations. Press Release. Chambers and Partners". chambers.com. 28 July 2021. Archived from the original on 3 October 2023. Retrieved 16 September 2023.
  67. ^ "Statement in Open Court. Marc Wadsworth v Jewish Chronicle" (PDF). carter-ruck.com. Carter Ruck. Archived (PDF) from the original on 19 October 2021. Retrieved 16 September 2023.
  68. ^ Tobitt, Charlotte (5 January 2022). "IPSO declines call to launch first standards investigation into Jewish Chronicle". Press Gazette. Archived from the original on 10 February 2024. Retrieved 16 September 2023.
  69. ^ Sagir, Ceren (2 July 2023). "Marc Wadsworth wins libel case against Jewish Chronicle". Morning Star. Archived from the original on 22 July 2021. Retrieved 22 July 2021.
  70. ^ Rayner, Gordon (20 August 2021). "Why the press watchdog has The Jewish Chronicle in its sights". The Telegraph. Archived from the original on 16 September 2021. Retrieved 16 September 2021.
  71. ^ Cathcart, Brian (31 July 2023). "'Unacceptable' Jewish Chronicle Puts Sham Press Watchdog IPSO on the Spot". Byline Times. Archived from the original on 3 October 2023. Retrieved 1 October 2023.
  72. ^ Bunglawala v The Jewish Chronicle, IPSO, archived from the original on 6 August 2023, retrieved 6 August 2023
  73. ^ Maher, Bron (27 April 2023). "Jewish Chronicle rapped over claim Iran vowed to 'wipe Jews off face of Earth'". Press Gazette. Archived from the original on 3 October 2023. Retrieved 16 September 2023.
  74. ^ "Ipso upholds complaint over reporting of rabbi's remarks". www.thejc.com. 5 May 2023. Archived from the original on 3 October 2023. Retrieved 22 September 2023.
  75. ^ "Ruling: Gregson and Weiss v The Jewish Chronicle". www.ipso.co.uk. 6 April 2023. Archived from the original on 3 October 2023. Retrieved 22 September 2023.
  76. ^ Tobitt, Charlotte (25 August 2023). "Jewish Chronicle 'will never be cowed by attempts to bully us' as IPSO responds to call for standards investigation". Press Gazette. Archived from the original on 3 October 2023. Retrieved 22 September 2023.
  77. ^ "Leopold Jacob Greenberg (1861–1931), journalist and Zionist". The Museum of the Jewish People at Beit Hatfutsot. Archived from the original on 19 October 2008. Retrieved 3 April 2008.
  78. ^ "MS 230 Papers of J.M.Shaftesley". Southampton University Library. Archived from the original on 24 July 2018. Retrieved 24 July 2018.
  79. ^ Rubinstein, William D. (2011). "Shaftesley, John Maurice". The Palgrave Dictionary of Anglo-Jewish History. Palgrave Macmillan. p. 897. ISBN 9781403939104.
  80. ^ Cooper, John (27 June 2008). "William Frankel: Fearless 'Jewish Chronicle' editor". The Independent. Archived from the original on 25 August 2011. Retrieved 14 September 2023.
  81. ^ Day, Julia (21 February 2006). "Jewish Chronicle appoints new editor". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 23 January 2015. Retrieved 22 January 2015.
  82. ^ Brook, Stephen (30 June 2008). "Condé Nast to launch Wired in the UK". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 30 August 2023. Retrieved 22 January 2015.

Bibliography edit

External links edit