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The Disasters Emergency Committee (DEC) is an umbrella group[1] of UK charities[2] which coordinates and launches collective appeals to raise funds to provide emergency aid and rapid relief to people caught up in disasters and humanitarian crises around the world. Since being formed in 1963, the DEC has had strong relationships with major UK broadcasters in particular the BBC and ITV, who provide airtime to broadcast emergency appeals upon its recommendation.[3] It is a member of the global Emergency Appeals Alliance, which reports that since its first television appeal in 1966, the DEC has raised over £1.4 billion.[4]

The DEC is a registered charity(charity no:1062638)[5] with 14 charity members all with associated disaster relief capabilities such as providing clean water, humanitarian aid and medical care. Since 2011, it has been chaired by Clive Jones.[6]

Contents

Notable DEC appealsEdit

The first DEC appeal was run for victims of an earthquake in Turkey in 1966.[7]

In 2004, the Disasters Emergency Committee (DEC) ran UK television appeals and telephone lines for donations following the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami, which raised a record £392m in public donations,[8]

Between January and July 2010, the DEC appealed for donations following the 2010 Haiti earthquake, raising a total of £107 million.[9]

On 22 January 2009, the BBC declined a request from the DEC to screen an appeal to raise money to aid relief efforts for victims of conflict in the Gaza Strip. This decision was the object of considerable controversy within the BBC[10] as it is the only time the BBC is known to have refused such a request from the DEC; the 2009 Gaza appeal in question was screened by Channel 4 and ITV and raised £8.3m.[11] Since then, the BBC has broadcast other DEC aid appeals for people in Gaza, without similar controversy. The DEC August 2014 Gaza appeal shown by the BBC helped to raise £16m over two years.[12]

On the launch of its recent (Oct 2017) appeal for Rohingya refugees fleeing Myanmar to Bangladesh, the UK Government pledged to double public donations up to £3 million.[13]

Member charities of the Disasters Emergency CommitteeEdit

List of DEC appealsEdit

Recent[15] and archive[16] DEC appeals.

Date Location Appeal reason Amount raised
August 1966 Turkey Earthquake £560,000
June 1967 Middle East War £160,000
February 1968 Vietnam War £360,000
September 1968 Iran Earthquake £210,000
November 1968 Nigeria War £240,000
October 1969 Algeria and Tunisia Floods £90,000
November 1969 Yugoslavia Earthquake £60,000
March 1970 Turkey Earthquake £370,000
June 1970 Peru Earthquake £230,000
June 1970 Romania Floods £110,000
November 1970 East Pakistan (Bangladesh) Cyclone £1,490,000
June 1971 India and Pakistan War £1,420,000
December 1972 Nicaragua Earthquake £340,000
October 1973 Ethiopia and the Sahel Drought £1,540,000
September 1974 Honduras Hurricane £350,000
February 1976 Guatemala Earthquake £1,300,000
September 1979 Indo-China War £560,000
November 1979 India Cyclone £870,000
June 1980 East Africa Drought £6,100,000
March 1982 Central America War £430,000
July 1982 Lebanon War £1,030,000
March 1983 Ethiopia Famine £1,970,000
June 1984 Africa Famine £9,520,000
October 1984 Ethiopia Famine £5,250,000
May 1985 Bangladesh Cyclone £1,400,000
June 1987 Mozambique War/Drought £2,480,000
December 1987 Ethiopia Famine £2,690,000
August 1988 Sudan Floods £8,890,000
September 1988 Bangladesh Floods £5,810,000
September 1988 Caribbean Hurricane £1,000,000
December 1989 Ethiopia Famine £10,240,000
September 1990 Gulf War £3,490,000
January 1991 Africa £7,930,000
May 1991 Bangladesh Cyclone £3,520,000
June 1991 Africa £2,600,000
September 1992 Africa £17,300,000
October 1993 Africa War £2,530,000
February 1994 Yugoslavia War £2,600,000
May 1994 Rwanda War/Genocide £37,000,000
May 1998 Sudan War/Drought/Floods £10,500,000
September 1998 Bangladesh Floods £5,500,000
November 1998 Central America Hurricane £18,500,000
April 1999 Kosovo War £53,000,000
November 1999 India Cyclone £7,000,000
March 2000 Mozambique Floods £30,000,000
February 2001 India Earthquake £24,000,000
January 2002 DR Congo Volcano £4,650,000
July 2002 Southern Africa Drought/Floods £16,000,000
August 2003 Liberia War £2,500,000
July 2004 Sudan War £35,000,000
December 2004 Asia Tsunami/Earthquake £392,000,000
August 2005 Niger Drought/Locust £32,000,000
October 2005 India and Pakistan Earthquake £59,000,000
May 2007 Darfur and Chad War £13,600,000
November 2007 Bangladesh Cyclone £9,000,000
May 2008 Myanmar (Burma) Cyclone £19,500,000
November 2008 DR Congo War £10,500,000
January 2009 Gaza War £8,300,000
October 2009 Indonesia, Philippines and Vietnam Earthquake/Typhoon £9,300,000
January 2010 Haiti Earthquake £107,000,000
August 2010 Pakistan Floods £71,000,000
July 2011 East Africa Drought/Famine £79,000,000
March 2013 Syria War £27,000,000
November 2013 Philippines Typhoon £97,000,000
August 2014 Gaza War £19,000,000
October 2014 West Africa Disease (Ebola) £37,000,000
April 2015 Nepal Earthquake £87,000,000
December 2016 Yemen War £30,000,000
March 2017 East Africa Drought/Famine £66,000,000
October 2017 Bangladesh (Rohingya from Myanmar) Refugees £28,000,000
October 2018 Indonesia Tsunami/Earthquake £29,000,000
March 2019 Mozambique, Malawi and Zimbabwe Cyclone £8,000,000 (in first 24 hours, open as at 23 Mar 2019)

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "How we work". Disasters Emergency Committee. 30 January 2015. Retrieved 9 October 2017.
  2. ^ "The Charity Commission - GOV.UK". www.gov.uk. Retrieved 9 October 2017.
  3. ^ "Disasters Emergency Committee, UK - Emergency Appeals Alliance". Emergency Appeals Alliance. Retrieved 9 October 2017.
  4. ^ "Disasters Emergency Committee, UK - Emergency Appeals Alliance". Emergency Appeals Alliance. Retrieved 9 October 2017.
  5. ^ "Charity overview". Retrieved 9 October 2017.
  6. ^ "Clive Jones, chair of the Disasters Emergency Committee". Retrieved 9 October 2017.
  7. ^ "Appeals Archive". Disasters Emergency Committee. 26 November 2014. Retrieved 9 October 2017.
  8. ^ Kweifio-Okai, Carla (25 December 2014). "Where did the Indian Ocean tsunami aid money go?". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 9 October 2017.
  9. ^ "Haiti Earthquake Appeal". Disasters Emergency Committee. Retrieved 12 November 2013.
  10. ^ Holmwood, Leigh (26 January 2009). "BBC staff protest over decision not to show Gaza aid appeal". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 9 October 2017.
  11. ^ "Appeals Archive". Disasters Emergency Committee. 26 November 2014. Retrieved 9 October 2017.
  12. ^ "Gaza Crisis Appeal". Disasters Emergency Committee. 8 August 2014. Retrieved 9 October 2017.
  13. ^ "Disasters Emergency Committee appeal for people fleeing Burma reaches £3 million with UK aid support - GOV.UK". www.gov.uk. Retrieved 9 October 2017.
  14. ^ "How we work". Disasters Emergency Committee. 30 January 2015. Retrieved 9 October 2017.
  15. ^ "Appeals". Disasters Emergency Committee. Retrieved 23 March 2017.
  16. ^ "Appeals Archive". Disasters Emergency Committee. Retrieved 23 March 2017.

External linksEdit