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Mardān (Urdu About this sound pronunce  and Pashto: مردان About this sound pronunce ) is located in Mardan District in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province of Pakistan.[2] It is the second largest city of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa after Peshawar.[3][4][5]

Mardan
مردان
City
Mardan's Guides Memorial was built in 1892 to honour fallen soldiers who fought during the 1879 Siege of the British Residency in Kabul
Mardan's Guides Memorial was built in 1892 to honour fallen soldiers who fought during the 1879 Siege of the British Residency in Kabul
Coordinates: 34°12′4.4″N 72°01′33″E / 34.201222°N 72.02583°E / 34.201222; 72.02583
Country Pakistan Pakistan
Province Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
District Mardan division
Tehsil Mardan
Government
 • Commissioner Abdullah Patwari
 • Deputy Inspector General Police Aalam Shinwari
Area
 • Total 632 km2 (244 sq mi)
Elevation 310 m (1,020 ft)
Population (1998[1])
 • Total 245,926
Time zone PST (UTC+5)
Calling code +92 937

Contents

Overview and historyEdit

 
Guides Memorial

Mardan is a district headquarter of Mardan District of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. Risalpur is located to the south, Charsadda is located to the west, Yar Hussain to the east and Takht Bahi & Katlang to the north. It is the 2nd largest city in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa[4][3][2] while 19th largest city of Pakistan.[6]

The area constituting Mardan district is a part of the Peshawar valley, which first appeared in history as a part of the Gandhara Kingdom. Until 1937, Mardan district was a part of Peshawar district. In 1937, Mardan was set up as an independent district after the name of its headquarters town.[7]

It is the de facto headquarters of the Yousafzai tribe. A significant number of Momands have settled there over the past years. It is located in the south west of the district at 34°12'0N 72°1'60E and an altitude of 283 metres (928 ft).[8]

DemographicsEdit

 
Bacha Khan Chowk

The population of Mardan city and cantonment, according to the 1998 census, is 245,926. The population of the city over the years is shown in the table below.[9]

Census Year Population Municipal Committee Mardan Cantt
1951 48,827 46,322 2,505
1961 77,932 73,246 4,686
1972 115,194 111,366 3,828
1981 147,977 141,842 6,135
1998 245,926 238,629 7,297
2017 N/A N/A N/A

According to 1998 census, the total number of households in Mardan were 29,116. The total population was 245,926 of which 52.56% (129,247) were male while 47.44% (116,679) were female. The average household size was 8.45 while the average annual growth rate between 1981-1998 was 3.03.[6]

EducationEdit

There was no public or private sector university in Mardan till 2009. The first public sector university, Abdul Wali Khan University Mardan was established in 2009.[10] In 2016, first women university with named as Women University Mardan[11][12] started functioning while in 2017, University of Engineering and Technology, Peshawar Mardan campus was upgraded to full-fledge university and named University of Engineering and Technology Madan[13][14][15]. It has a Medical college, Bacha Khan Medical College, Mardan, which was established in 2010[16] while there is also a campus of University of Agriculture, Peshawar, which is named as Agriculture university Ameer Mohammad Khan Campus Mardan[17].

There are also two Postgraduate colleges in Mardan, one each for boys and girls. Government Post Graduate College Mardan, which was established in 1952[18] while Government Post Graduate College for women Mardan was established in 1963[19].

ClimateEdit

With an influence from the local steppe climate, Mardan features a hot semi-arid climate (Köppen BSh). The average temperature in Mardan is 22.2 °C, while the annual precipitation averages 559 mm. October is the driest month with an average rainfall of 12 mm, while the wettest month is August, with an average 122 mm of precipitation.

June is the hottest month of the year with an average temperature of 33.2 °C. The coldest month January has an average temperature of 10.0 °C.

Climate data for Mardan
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 17.7
(63.9)
19.0
(66.2)
24.0
(75.2)
30.1
(86.2)
36.3
(97.3)
41.4
(106.5)
38.5
(101.3)
36.5
(97.7)
35.3
(95.5)
31.6
(88.9)
25.1
(77.2)
19.4
(66.9)
29.58
(85.23)
Daily mean °C (°F) 10.0
(50)
12.2
(54)
17.2
(63)
22.7
(72.9)
28.2
(82.8)
33.2
(91.8)
32.3
(90.1)
31.0
(87.8)
28.8
(83.8)
23.2
(73.8)
16.2
(61.2)
11.0
(51.8)
22.17
(71.92)
Average low °C (°F) 2.3
(36.1)
5.5
(41.9)
10.4
(50.7)
15.3
(59.5)
20.2
(68.4)
25.1
(77.2)
26.2
(79.2)
25.5
(77.9)
22.3
(72.1)
14.9
(58.8)
7.4
(45.3)
2.7
(36.9)
14.82
(58.67)
Source: Climate-Data.org[20]

Economic ZoneEdit

A economic zone is in the pipeline as a part of China Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) near Rashakai. Although Rashakai is part of Nowshera District but its proximity with Mardan will benefit both Mardan and Nowshera.[21][22]

SportsEdit

In 2006, Mardan district government with the help of Government of Pakistan created a sports complex in Mardan city.[23] The complex, Mardan Sports Complex, has facilities for all major sports such as cricket, football, field hockey, swimming and basketball. The swimming pool facility was built in 2011[24] while an international standard hockey turf was constructed at the sports complex at the cost Rs.67.69 million in 2016.[25][26]

See alsoEdit

External linksEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "AREA & POPULATION OF ADMINISTRATIVE UNITS BY RURAL/URBAN: 1951-1998 CENSUSES" (PDF). www.pbs.gov.pk. Retrieved 17 December 2017. 
  2. ^ a b Tehsils & Unions in the District of Mardan – Government of Pakistan
  3. ^ a b Sarwar, Beena. "University Student the Latest Victim of Pakistan's 'Blasphemy' Vigilantism". thewire.in. Retrieved 2017-12-16. 
  4. ^ a b "26 killed in blast outside Nadra office in Mardan". www.thenews.com.pk. Retrieved 2017-12-16. 
  5. ^ "One killed, 17 injurred in suicide blast at Mardan excise office". www.geo.tv. Retrieved 2017-12-16. 
  6. ^ a b "POPULATION SIZE AND GROWTH OF MAJOR CITIES (PDF)" (PDF). www.pbs.gov.pk. Retrieved 2017-12-17. 
  7. ^ General Description Of The District Mardan Archived 14 April 2016 at the Wayback Machine.
  8. ^ Location of Mardan – Falling Rain Genomics
  9. ^ "AREA & POPULATION OF ADMINISTRATIVE UNITS BY RURAL/URBAN: 1951-1998 CENSUSES (PDF)" (PDF). www.pbs.gov.pk. Pakistan Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 24 November 2017. 
  10. ^ Newspaper, From the (2011-05-03). "Wali Khan varsity's first convocation held". DAWN.COM. Retrieved 2017-12-16. 
  11. ^ Correspondent, The Newspaper's (2014-02-27). "Mardan to have women university". DAWN.COM. Retrieved 2017-12-16. 
  12. ^ waqar (2015-01-21). "CM Pervez Khattak announces Women University in Mardan". Pakhtunkwa - Find News, Books, Poetry and Places in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. Retrieved 2017-12-16. 
  13. ^ "UET Mardan campus upgraded to a university - The Express Tribune". The Express Tribune. 2017-06-24. Retrieved 2017-12-16. 
  14. ^ "K-P govt plans to set up three universities - The Express Tribune". The Express Tribune. 2017-10-28. Retrieved 2017-12-16. 
  15. ^ "UET Mardan campus to be upgraded into full fledge varsity, Atif". www.radiotnn.com. Retrieved 2017-12-16. 
  16. ^ "RECOGNIZED MEDICAL COLLEGES IN PAKISTAN". www.pmdc.org.pk. Archived from the original on 19 August 2010. Retrieved 16 December 2017. 
  17. ^ Newspaper, From the (2012-06-01). "NEWS IN BRIEF". DAWN.COM. Retrieved 2017-12-16. 
  18. ^ "Government Post Graduate College Mardan - Online College Admission System, Government of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa". www.admission.hed.gkp.pk. Retrieved 2017-12-16. 
  19. ^ "GOVT. Post Graduate College for women Mardan - Online College Admission System, Government of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa". www.admission.hed.gkp.pk. Retrieved 2017-12-16. 
  20. ^ "Climate: Mardan - Climate-Data.org". Retrieved 20 November 2017. 
  21. ^ "Rashakai Economic Zone, China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) Official Website". cpec.gov.pk. Retrieved 2017-12-16. 
  22. ^ "Rashakai Economic Zone - Technology City". 
  23. ^ "Work on Mardan projects in progress". DAWN.COM. 2006-02-08. Retrieved 2017-12-18. 
  24. ^ "Still afloat: Swimming pool in Mardan takes no divers - The Express Tribune". The Express Tribune. 2015-02-05. Retrieved 2017-12-18. 
  25. ^ "KP govt enlists steps taken for promotion of sports". www.thenews.com.pk. Retrieved 2017-12-18. 
  26. ^ "Imran inaugurates Hayatabad Sports Complex". The Nation. Retrieved 2017-12-18. 

Coordinates: 34°12′4.4″N 72°01′33″E / 34.201222°N 72.02583°E / 34.201222; 72.02583