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Government of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa

The Government of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (Pashto: د خیبر پښتونخوا حکومت‎, Urdu: حکومتِ خیبر پختون خوا‎) is the provincial government of the province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. Its powers and structure are set out in the provisions of the 1973 Constitution, in which 32 districts[1] come under its authority and jurisdiction. The government includes the cabinet, selected from members the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Assembly, and the non-political civil staff within each department. The province is governed by a unicameral legislature with the head of government known as the Chief Minister. The Chief Minister, invariably the leader of a political party represented in the Assembly, selects members of the Cabinet. The Chief Minister and Cabinet are thus responsible the functioning of government and are entitled to remain in office so long as it maintains the confidence of the elected Assembly. The head of state of the province is known as the Governor, while the administrative boss of the province is Chief Secretary Khyber Pakhtunkhwa.

Government of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
KP logo.png
Provincial Government Seal
Khyber Pakhtunkhwa flag.png
Provincial Government Flag
Seat of GovernmentPeshawar
Assembly
SpeakerMushtaq Ahmed Ghani (PTI)
Members in Assembly145
GovernorShah Farman
Chief MinisterMahmood Khan (PTI)
Chief SecretaryMuhammad Salim
High CourtPeshawar High Court
Chief JusticeJUSTICE WAQAR AHMAD SETH

The official and full name of the province is Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (formerly known as the Northwest Frontier Province). Often an abbreviation of "KP" or "KPK" is used by unknowing journalists and media outlets, although these terms neither appears in the Constitution, any treaties or in legal cases to which it is a party. The terms Government of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa or Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Government are often used in official documents. The seat of government is in Peshawar, thus serving as the capital of the province.

StructureEdit

The Government of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa functions under the provisions of the Constitution of Pakistan (1973). The Province has a Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Assembly with 145 elected members, constituent of 115 Regular seats, 26 seats reserved for women and 4 seats for non-Muslims. The Provincial Assembly elects the Chief Minister of the Province who forms a Cabinet of Ministers to look after various Departments. The Chief Minister is the Chief Executive of the Province. The Federal Government appoints a Governor as head of the Provincial Government.

The bureaucratic machinery of the province is headed by Chief Secretary Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, who coordinates and supervises functions of various departments headed by departmental secretaries. The Chief Secretary is appointed by the Prime Minister of Pakistan. All the Secretaries are assisted by Additional Secretaries, Deputy Secretaries, Section Officers and other staff. The main departments may have attached departments and autonomous or semi-autonomous bodies to look after various functions.

Since the year 2001, the system of elected District Governments has been introduced. The Province is divided into 24 districts. The Districts are headed by a Zila Nazim or district mayor assisted by a District Coordination Officer, in charge of district bureaucracy. In a District, the functions are devolved further to the Tehsil, Town and Union Council Governments. Each District has an elected Zilla Council, elected Tehsil, Town, and Union Councils who look after various activities at their respective levels.

At the district level, a District Police Officer looks after the Law and Order and he reports to the Zila Nazim. Each district has a Public Safety Commission which addresses public complaints against the Police. There is a Provincial Police Officer who is in charge of the Police system at the provincial level.

Legislative branchEdit

 
Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Assembly 2019.

The Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Provincial Assembly is the legislative branch of the provincial government. It is a unicameral legislature.

Powers of AssemblyEdit

The Constitution grants numerous powers to Assembly. Enumerated in Article 123(3), 130, 141 and 142 the Constitution of Pakistan, these include the powers to manage the purse of the province, to keep checks on the policies and practices of the government and to make laws.

Makeup of AssemblyEdit

The Assembly currently consists of 145 voting members, each of whom represents a provincial district. The number of representatives each province has in the Assembly is based on each province's population as determined in the most recent Census. All 145 representatives serve a five-year term. Each district receives a minimum of one representative in the Assembly. In order to be elected as a representative, an individual must be at least 18 years of age and must be only a Pakistani citizen and his name appears on the electoral roll for any area in the Province. There is no limit on the number of terms a representative may serve.

Executive BranchEdit

The executive post in the provincial government is the Governor of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa although power is delegated to the Chief Minister, Cabinet members, and other officials. The governor is designated by the President on the advice of the Prime Minister and Chief Minister normally regarded a ceremonial post.

GovernorEdit

The executive branch consists of the Governor. The Governor is the head of province. The Governor, according to the Constitution, must "take care that the laws be faithfully executed", and "preserve, protect and defend the Constitution". The last Governor Methab Ahmed Khan Abbasi resigned on 10 Feb 2016, because the charge of governorship was keeping him away from political activities. Fazal-ur-Rehman of JUI-F tried to grab the position for his own party but was unsuccessful and Prime Minister of Pakistan transferred the responsibility to his close associate Iqbal Zafar Jhagra on 4 March 2016.

The Governor may sign legislation passed by Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Assembly into law or may veto in the case of a bill other than a Money Bill preventing it from becoming law unless two-thirds of Provincial Assembly vote to override the veto.

Chief MinisterEdit

The Chief Minister is the Chief Executive of the province hence is the head of government. Under the Constitution, the Chief Minister is Leader of House. By virtue of this role, he or she is the head of the Assembly. In that capacity, the Chief Minister is allowed to vote in the Assembly. The current Chief Minister is Mahmood Khan.

Chief SecretaryEdit

The Chief Secretary is the administrative boss of the province as the CS heads the provincial bureaucracy. The appointment of the provincial Chief Secretary is made by the Prime Minister of Pakistan

Cabinet and Cabinet-Level OfficialsEdit

The day-to-day enforcement and administration of provincial laws is in the hands of the various provincial departments, created by the Assembly to deal with specific areas of provincial and national affairs. The heads of the departments are chosen by the Chief Minister from members of the Provincial Assembly and then approved with the "advice and consent" of Governor generally known as the Chief Minister's "Cabinet".

Minister for Agriculture, Livestock, Fisheries and CooperativesEdit

Minister of Agriculture of KP
Incumbent
Muhib Ullah Khan

since 30 August 2018
KP Department of Agriculture
Reports toChief Minister
SeatPeshawar
AppointerChief Minister
with Provincial Assembly advice and consent
Term lengthNo fixed term
Formation14 August 1973
WebsiteOfficial Website

The Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Minister of Agriculture is the head of the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Department of Agriculture, concerned with Agriculture. The Minister is a member of the Chief Minister's Cabinet. Mr. Muhib Ullah Khan was appointed as Minister of Agriculture by Chief Minister of KP Mahmood Khan on 30 August 2018.

The duties of the minister revolve around Agriculture conditions and concerns in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. This includes advising the Chief Minister on matters of Agriculture. It strives to administer the department of Agriculture to carry out approved programs and make the public aware of the objectives of the department.[2]

Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Minister for FinanceEdit

Minister of Finance of KP
Incumbent
Taimur Saleem Khan Jhagra

since 30 August 2018

The Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Minister of Finance is the head of the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Department of Finance, concerned with Finance. The Minister is a member of the Chief Minister's Cabinet. Mr. Taimur Saleem Khan Jhagra was appointed as Minister of Finance by Chief Minister of KP Mahmood Khan on 30 August 2018.[3]

The duties of the minister revolve around Finance conditions and concerns in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. This includes advising the Chief Minister on matters of Finance. It strives to administer the department of Finance to carry out approved programs and make the public aware of the objectives of the department.

Minister of Excise & TaxationEdit

Minister of Excise & Taxation of KP
Incumbent
(Unoccupied)
KP Department of Excise & Taxation
Reports toChief Minister
SeatPeshawar
AppointerChief Minister
with Provincial Assembly advice and consent
Term lengthNo fixed term
FormationAugust 14, 1973
WebsiteOfficial Website

The Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Minister of Excise & Taxation is the head of the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Department of Excise & Taxation, concerned with Excise & Taxation. The Minister is a member of the Chief Minister's Cabinet.

Mr. Jamshaid Uddin was appointed as Minister of Excise & Taxation by Chief Minister of KP Pervez Khattak on May 7, 2014.[4][5][6][7][8] The office is currently without a Minister.

The duties of the minister revolve around Excise & Taxation conditions and concerns. This includes advising the Chief Minister on matters of Excise & Taxation. It strives to administer the department of Excise & Taxation to carry out approved programs and make the public aware of the objectives of the department.

Minister of HealthEdit

Minister of Health of KP
Incumbent
Hisham Inamullah Khan

since 30 August 2018
SeatPeshawar
AppointerChief Minister of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
Term lengthNo Fixed term

The Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Minister of Health is the head of the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Department of Health, concerned with health matters. The Minister is a member of the Chief Minister's Cabinet. Mr. Hisham Inamullah Khan was appointed as Minister of Health by Chief Minister of KP Mahmood Khan on 30 August 2018.[9]

The duties of the secretary revolve around human conditions and concerns in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. This includes advising the Chief Minister on matters of health. It strives to administer the department of Health to carry out approved programs and make the public aware of the objectives of the department.

Minister of Local Government, Elections & Rural DevelopmentEdit

Minister of Local Government of KP
Incumbent
Shahram Khan

since 30 August 2018

The Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Minister of Local Government is the head of the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Department of Local Government, concerned with Local Government. The Minister is a member of the Chief Minister's Cabinet. Mr. Shahram Khan was appointed as Minister of Local Government by Chief Minister of KP Mahmood Khan on 30 August 2018.[10]

The duties of the minister revolve around Local Government conditions and concerns in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. This includes advising the Chief Minister on matters of Local Government. It strives to administer the department of Local Government to carry out approved programs and make the public aware of the objectives of the department.

Minister of Minerals DevelopmentEdit

Minister of Minerals Development of KP
Incumbent
Amjad Ali

since 30 August 2018
Reports toChief Minister of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
AppointerChief Minister of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
Term lengthNo Fixed term

The Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Minister of Minerals Development is the head of the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Department of Minerals Development, concerned with Minerals Development. The Minister is a member of the Chief Minister's Cabinet. Mr. Amjad Ali was appointed as Minister of Minerals Development by Chief Minister of KP Mahmood Khan on 30 August 2018.

The duties of the minister revolve around Minerals Development conditions and concerns in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. This includes advising the Chief Minister on matters of Minerals Development. It strives to administer the department of Minerals Development to carry out approved programs and make the public aware of the objectives of the department.

Minister of Revenue and EstateEdit

Minister of Revenue & Estate of KP
Incumbent
Ali Amin Khan

since 17 June 2013

The Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Minister of Revenue & Estate is the head of the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Department of Revenue & Estate, concerned with Revenue & Estate matters. The Minister is a member of the Chief Minister's Cabinet. Mr. Ali Amin Khan was appointed as Minister of Revenue & Estate by Chief Minister of KP Pervez Khattak on 17 June 2013.[11]

The duties of the minister revolve around Revenue & Estate conditions and concerns in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. This includes advising the Chief Minister on matters of Revenue & Estate. It strives to administer the department of Revenue & Estate to carry out approved programs and make the public aware of the objectives of the department.

Minister of Energy & PowerEdit

Minister of Energy & Power (Advisor to the Chief Minister for Energy & Power) of KP
Incumbent
Mr. Hamayatullah Khan

since 13 September 2018
Reports toChief Minister
AppointerChief Minister of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa

The Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Minister of Energy & Power is the head of the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Department of Energy & Power, concerned with Energy & Power. The Minister is a member of the Chief Minister's Cabinet.

Mr. Muhammad Atif was appointed as Minister of Energy & Power by Chief Minister of KP Pervez Khattak on 1 June 2014.[12] The duties of the minister revolve around Energy & Power conditions and concerns in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. This includes advising the Chief Minister on matters of Energy & Power. It strives to administer the department of Energy & Power to carry out approved programs and make the public aware of the objectives of the department.

Minister of LawEdit

Minister of Law of KP
Incumbent
Sultan Mohammad Khan

since 30 August 2018
WebsiteOfficial website

Mr. Imtiaz Shahid was appointed as Minister of Law by Chief Minister of KP Mahmood Khan on 30 August 2018. The duties of the minister revolve around Law conditions and concerns in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. This includes advising the Chief Minister on matters of Law. It strives to administer the department of Law to carry out approved programs and make the public aware of the objectives of the department.

Minister of FoodEdit

Minister of Food of KP
Incumbent
Qalandar Khan Lodhi

since 30 August 2018
Department of Food
Reports toChief Minister
SeatPeshawar
FormationAugust 14, 1973
WebsiteOfficial Website

The Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Minister of Food is the head of the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Department of Food, concerned with Food. The Minister is a member of the Chief Minister's Cabinet.

Mr. Qalandar Khan was appointed as Minister of Food by Chief Minister of KP Mahmood Khan on 30 August 2018.

The duties of the minister revolve around Food conditions and concerns. This includes advising the Chief Minister on matters of Food. It strives to administer the department of Food to carry out approved programs and make the public aware of the objectives of the department.

KP Accountability CommissionEdit

For the first time ever in the history of any provincial government, the PTI led government of KP presented an amendment in the parliament for the establishment of a provincial Accountability Commission. The bill was passed and KP Ehtesab Cell was set up in 2014. KP government as per its claim kept the Commission away from any political pressure and for the first time in the history of Pakistan, a serving Minister Ziaullah Afridi was arrested for corruption and misuse of Authority by any Law forcing agency. KP Ehtesab Cell claims of recovering as much as 2 billion rupees from the corrupt bureaucrats and politicians. A controversy was created in January 2016 on amending the Accountability Law and Director General Ehtesab Commission resigned on the reservations in amendments. However, the Law was reverted through an ordinance by Chief Minister of KP.

Cabinet[13]Edit

The Cabinet officers are listed below:

Chief Minister Mahmood Khan since 17 August 2018
Minister of Finance
Taimur Saleem Khan Jhagra since 30 August 2018
Senior Minister of Sports, Culture & Youth Affairs Atif Khan since 30 August 2018
Minister of Health Hisham Inamullah Khan since 30 August 2018
Minister of Law,Parliamentary Affairs & Human Rights Department Sultan Mohammad Khan since 30 August 2018
Minister of Mines & Minerals Development Amjad Ali since 30 August 2018
Minister of Agriculture,Livestock, Fisheries and Cooperatives Muhib Ullah Khan since 30 August 2018
Minister of Revenue & Estate Shakeel Ahmed since 30 August 2018
Minister of Communication & Works Akbar Ayub Khan since 30 August 2018
Minister of Food Qalandar Khan Lodhi since 30 August 2018
Minister of Environment, Forest and Wildlife Syed Muhammad Ishtiaq since 30 August 2018
Minister of Local Government, Elections & Rural Development Shahram Khan since 30 August 2018
Advisors to the Chief Minister
Zia Ullah Khan Bangash Elementary & Secondary Education
Hamayatullah Khan Energy & Power

Judicial BranchEdit

The Judiciary explains and applies the laws. This branch does this by hearing and eventually making decisions on various legal cases.

Overview of the Provincial JudiciaryEdit

Provincial DepartmentsEdit

  • Department of Administration
  • Department of Agriculture
  • Department of Auqaf
  • Department of Communication & Works
  • Department of Elementary & Secondary Education
  • Department of Energy & Power
  • Department of Environment
  • Department of Excise & Taxation
  • Department of Finance
  • Department of Food
  • Department of Health
  • Department of Housing
  • Department of Industries
  • Department of Information
  • Department of Irrigation
  • Department of Law
  • Department of Local Government
  • Department of Minerals Development
  • Department of Planning & Development
  • Department of Revenue & Estate
  • Department of Sports & Tourism
  • Department of Transport
  • Department of Zakat & Ushr
 
Government of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Mil Mi 17 helicopter.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Bureau Report. "KP govt creates new Kohistan district". dawn.com. Retrieved 26 July 2015.
  2. ^ "Cabinet Composition | KP Assembly". www.pakp.gov.pk. Retrieved 6 March 2019.
  3. ^ "Cabinet Composition | KP Assembly". www.pakp.gov.pk. Retrieved 6 March 2019.
  4. ^ KP govt expands and reshuffles cabinet - thenews.com.pk
  5. ^ KP government reshuffles the provincial cabinet
  6. ^ Five new ministers, three advisors inducted in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Cabinet: three special assistants to be appointed | Business Recorder
  7. ^ For the promised change?: Five new ministers sworn in to provincial cabinet – The Express Tribune
  8. ^ Housekeeping: K-P cabinet undergoes expansion, reshuffling – The Express Tribune
  9. ^ "Ministers". kp.gov.pk. Retrieved 6 March 2019.
  10. ^ "Cabinet Composition | KP Assembly". www.pakp.gov.pk. Retrieved 6 March 2019.
  11. ^ "Speculation ends: Twelve new K-P ministers take oath - The Express Tribune". Tribune.com.pk. 14 June 2013. Retrieved 22 October 2017.
  12. ^ "Additional responsibilities: Education Minister Atif Khan assigned energy portfolio - The Express Tribune". Tribune.com.pk. 1 July 2014. Retrieved 22 October 2017.
  13. ^ "15-member Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa cabinet announced". The Express Tribune. 26 August 2018. Retrieved 6 March 2019.

External linksEdit