Deputy Commissioner (popularly abbreviated as "DC" and DCO) or District Magistrate is a chief administrative, land revenue officer/collector and representative of government in district or an administrative sub-unit of a Division in Pakistan He belongs to the commission of Pakistan Administrative Service (PAS) erstwhile DMG/CSP or the Provincial Management Service (PMS) erstwhile Provincial Civil Service PCS. The PMS officers serve in there respective provinces only whereas PAS officers are posted throughout Pakistan. Deputy commissioners perform their duties under the supervision of a divisional commissioner and commissioners have generally a ceremonial role.
Deputy Commissioner is assisted by Additional Deputy Commissioners(General, Revenue, Finance & Planning) and Assistant Commissioners and District Monitoring Officer, Deputy Director Development and General Assistant Revenue.
Divisional Commissioner is assisted by Additional Commissioners (Revenue, Consolidation, Coordination) and Assistant Commissioners (General, Revenue) and Director Development.
In absence/transfer of Commissioner, Deputy Commissioner of division headquarter holds the acting charge, normally.
List of Serving Deputy CommissionersEdit
As of sept 2022, following are the names of serving DCs in Pakistan:
Islamabad Capital Territory (ICT), Federal CapitalEdit
|Islamabad||Irfan Nawaz Memon||*Engr. M Hamzah Shafqat
*Capt Mushtaq Ah
|Attock (Campbellpur)||Dr Hassan waqar cheema||Zulqrnain langrial (PCS/BS19)|
|Bahawalnagar||Capt (Retd) Muhammad Waseem|
|Bahawalpur||Irfan Ali Kathia PMS|
|Bhakkar||Zulfiqar Bhoon||Imran Hamid|
|Chakwal||Dr.Zeeshan||Capt. Retd Bilal Hashim|
|Chiniot||Farooq Rashid||Capt. Nadeem Nasir|
|Dera Ghazi Khan||M. Anwar||Hamza Salick|
|Faisalabad (Lyallpur)||Imran hamid DMG||Engr. Ali Shehzad
|Gujranwala||Saira Umar||Danish Afzal|
|Gujrat||Capt Rizwan Qadeer||Mehtab Waseem Azhar|
|Hafizabad||Allah Ditta PCS/PMS||Muhammad Asif Raza PAS|
|Jhang||Ahmad Kamal||Shahid Abbas PMS|
|Jhelum||Nouman Hafeez||Nouman Hafeez PMS|
|Kasur||Irshad Bhatti PMS||Fayyaz Ahmed Mohal PMS|
|Khanewal||Shahid Farid||Salman Khan PMS|
|Khushab||Capt Shoaib Ali||Capt Aurangzeb Haider Khan|
|Dr Umer Chattha
|Lodhran||Agha Zaheer Abbas PMS||Capt. Shoaib Ali|
|Mandi Bahauddin||Usman khalid||Muhammad Shahid|
|Mianwali||Muhammad Umair||Umar javed|
|Multan||Aamir Karim Khan|
|Muzaffargarh||Ali Anan Qamar||Musa Raza|
|Narowal||Imtiaz Shahid PMS||Saba Asghar|
|Nankana Sahib||Ahmar Naik||Zahid Pervaiz|
|Okara||Zahid Pervaiz||Capt(R) Muhammad Ali Ijaz|
|Pakpattan||Ahmir Sohail Kayfi PMS|
|Rahim Yar Khan||Musa Raza||Mehtab Wasim|
|Rajanpur||Arif Raheem||Jamil A jamil|
|Rawalpindi||Tahir Farooq||Capt. Bilal Hashim (acting)|
|Sahiwal (Montgomery)||Kamran khan||Awais Malik|
|Sargodha||Capt. Nadeem Nasir||Flt. Lt. Imran Qureshi|
|Sheikhupura||Rana Shakeel Aslam PMS|
|Sialkot||Messam Abbas||Flt. Lt. Imran Qureshi|
|Toba Tek Singh||Zahid Sohail||Umer javed|
|Vehari||Safdar Virk PCS||Khidar Afzal Gujjar|
List of Serving CommissionersEdit
Islamabad, ICT, Federal CapitalEdit
|Chief Commissioner ICT||Incumbent Name||Predecessor|
|Islamabad||Capt. Usman||*Aamir Ali Ahmed *Joudat Ayaz|
|Bahawalpur||Capt. Rtd Zafar Iqbal|
|Dera Ghazi Khan||Usman Anwar|
|Gujranwala||Zulfiqar Ghuman PMS|
|Lahore||Capt. Asad Sumbal|
|Sahiwal||Ali Bahadur Qazi|
|Sargodha||Dr. Irshad Ahmad|
|Banbhore(formed in 2013)|
|Karachi||Muhammad Iqbal Memon|
|Sukkur||Ghulam Mustafa Phul|
Post devolution Local Government Reforms (2001 to 2008)Edit
During the Presidency of Pervaz Musharraf, the office of deputy commissioner was replaced with District Coordination Officer i.e. DCO except in Islamabad. Also, the office of Divisional Commissioner was abolished. After his presidency, provincial governments of Pakistan again established this office through constitutional amendments.
However the office of Deputy Commissioner is deprived of its previous powers of as a District Magistrate. Subsequently, Additional Deputy Commissioners and Assistant Commissioners does not execute the role of Additional District Magistrate and Sub Divisional Magistrate, respectively. Magisterial powers are now executed by judicial officers and judges.
Post Independence of PakistanEdit
The district continued to be the unit of administration after Indian Partition and independence of Pakistan in 1947. Initially, the role of the district collector remained largely unchanged, except for the separation of most judicial powers to judicial officers of the district.
District administration in Pakistan is a legacy of the British Raj. District collectors were members of the British Indian Civil Service and were charged with supervising general administration in the district.
Warren Hastings introduced the office of the district collector in 1772. Sir George Campbell, lieutenant-governor of Bengal from 1871 to 1874, intended "to render the heads of districts no longer the drudges of many departments and masters of none, but in fact the general controlling authority over all departments in each district."
The office of a collector/DC during the British rule in Indian subcontinent held multiple responsibilities – as collector, he was the head of the revenue organization, charged with registration, alteration, and partition of holdings; the settlement of disputes; the management of indebted estates; loans to agriculturists, and famine relief. As district magistrate, he exercised general supervision over the inferior courts and in particular, directed the police work. The office was meant to achieve the "peculiar purpose" of collecting revenue and of keeping the peace. The superintendent of police (SP), inspector general of jails, the surgeon general, the divisional forest officer (DFO) and the chief engineer (CE) had to inform the collector of every activity in their departments.
Until the later part of the nineteenth century, no native was eligible to become a district collector. But with the introduction of open competitive examinations for the British Indian Civil Service, the office was opened to natives. Anandaram Baruah, an eminent scholar of Sanskrit and the sixth Indian and the first Assamese ICS officer, became the third Indian to be appointed a district magistrate, the first two being Romesh Chandra Dutt and Sripad Babaji Thakur respectively.
The responsibilities of deputy commissioner vary from province to province. In Pakistan, these responsibilities changed with the passage of time. However, now the local government law of all provisional governments is similar to a large extent to the law of Punjab Province. Below some of the duties of a deputy commissioner are given:
- To supervise and monitor the discharge of duties by the Assistant Commissioners in the district.
- Coordination of work of all the sister offices and public facilities in the district.
- Efficient use of public resources for the integrated development and effective service delivery.
- To supervise and coordinate the implementation of the government policies, instructions and guidelines of the Government.
- To support and facilitate the offices and public facilities in the district.
- The Deputy Commissioner on his/her own, or on the request of the head of a local government or head of the District Police, may convene a meeting for purposes of maintaining public order and public safety and safeguarding public or private properties in the District; and, the decisions taken in the meeting shall be executed by all concerned accordingly.
- Deputy Commissioner is able to hold court sessions in criminal cases as justice of the peace. Moreover, the performance of the Assistant Commissioner (AC) within the district is also monitored by him/her.
- "The Punjab Civil Administration Act 2017". punjablaws.gov.pk. Retrieved 2019-04-05.
- Federal Public Service Commission
- PUNJAB PUBLIC SERVICE COMMISSION
- Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Public Service Commission
- Balochistan Public Service Commission
- Sindh Public Service Commission
- Azad Jammu and Kashmir Public Service Commission
- "Deputy commissioners to replace DCOs in Punjab - Pakistan - Dunya News". dunyanews.tv. Retrieved 2019-04-05.
- "DCs blank about powers". The Nation. 2017-01-11. Retrieved 2019-04-05.
- "Commissioners, DCs posted in Sindh". The Nation. 2011-07-12. Retrieved 2019-04-05.
- Noorani, Tasneem (2017-06-22). "District magistrate". DAWN.COM. Retrieved 2019-04-05.
- Maheshwari, S.R. (2000). Indian Administration (6th Edition). New Delhi: Orient Blackswan Private Ltd. pp. 573–597. ISBN 9788125019886.
- Singh, G.P. (1993). Revenue administration in India: A case study of Bihar. Delhi: Mittal Publications. pp. 50–124. ISBN 978-8170993810.
- Laxmikanth, M. (2014). Governance in India (2nd Edition). Noida: McGraw Hill Education. pp. 6.1–6.6. ISBN 978-9339204785.
- Report of the Indian Statutory Commission Volume 1 - Survey. Presented by the Secretary of State for the Home Department to Parliament by Command of His Majesty. May, 1930 AND Volume 2 - Recommendations Presented to the Secretary of State for the Home Department to Parliament by Command of His Majesty. May 1930. London: His Majesty's Stationery Office. 1930. p. 255.