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Local government in Pakistan

Local government in Pakistan (Urdu: مقامی حکومت‎, Maqaami Hakoomat) is the third tier of government in Pakistan. Each province and territory is responsible for planning and implementing local government.

Contents

HistoryEdit

The concept of local government was established in response to the failure of the federal and provincial governments to account for local representation - in response the National Reconstruction Bureau designed a local government system which was presented in the "Devolution Plan 2000". Consequently, the new local government system was implemented on 14 August 2001, after each of the four provinces passed the Local Government Ordinance, 2001.[1] In 2013, new local government acts were passed in the provinces.

By ProvinceEdit

Azad Jammu & KashmirEdit

BalochistanEdit

Gilgit-BaltistanEdit

Khyber PakhtunkhwaEdit

PunjabEdit

Punjab divides the province into districts, union councils and wards. Punjab has more units of local government than any other province in Pakistan. In 2013 the Punjab Local Government Act, 2013 was passed by the Punjab Legislative Assembly, altering local government significantly and giving districts a certain extent of "home rule".[2][3]

SindhEdit

By LevelsEdit

 
 
Country
(i.e. Pakistan)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Province
(e.g. Punjab)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Division
(e.g. Rawalpindi Division)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
District
(e.g. Jhelum District)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Tehsil
(e.g. Sohawa)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Union Council
(e.g. Domeli)

DivisionEdit

Divisions were the former first-tier of local government in Pakistan. Today, districts have largely replaced divisions in governing matters - however, division boundaries are still used by the Pakistan Bureau of Statistics for demographic purposes.

DistrictEdit

Districts form the first tier of local government in Pakistan and vary in governing practices and definitions depending upon the provinces and territories.

Tehsil or TalukaEdit

Tehsils form the second tier of local government in Pakistan. It is where the functions, responsibilities and authorities of districts government is divided into more smaller units, these units are known as "Tehsil". The Tehsils are used in all over the Pakistan except Sindh province where the word "Taluka" is used instead, although the functions and authorities are same. The head of the Tehsil government is "Tehsil Nazim" who is assisted by the tehsil Naib-Nazim. Every tehsil has a Tehsil Municipal Administration, consisting of a Tehsil council, Tehsil Nazim, tehsil/taluka municipal officer(TMO), Chief officer and other officials of local council.[citation needed]

Union CouncilEdit

Tehsils form the third tier of local government in Pakistan. Members of Union Council including Union Administrator and Vice Union Administrator are elected through direct elections based on adult franchise and on the basis of joint electorate. However, for the election to the reserved seats for Women in Zila Council proportionately divided among Tehsils or Towns shall be all members of the Union Councils in a Tehsil or Town. It is the responsibility of the Chief Election Commissioner to organize and conduct these elections.

WardsEdit

ReferencesEdit

External linksEdit