List of wars involving Egypt

This is a list of wars involving the Arab Republic of Egypt and its predecessor states.

Ayyubid Sultanate (1174-1250)Edit

Conflict Combatant 1 Combatant 2 Results Sultan Egyptian
losses
Third Crusade

(1189–1192)

  Ayyubid Sultanate

  Sultanate of Rum

  Angevin Empire

  Kingdom of France

  Holy Roman Empire

  Kingdom of Hungary

  Kingdom of Jerusalem

  Republic of Genoa

  Republic of Pisa

Victory
  • Crusader military Defeat, resulting in a three-year truce.
  • Recognition of the territorial status quo at the end of active campaigning, including continued Muslim control of Jerusalem and the restoration of the Levantine Crusader States.
  • The safety of both Christian and Muslim unarmed pilgrims guaranteed throughout the Levant.
Saladin
?
Crusade of 1197

(1197–1198)

  Ayyubid Sultanate   Holy Roman Empire Defeat Al-Aziz Uthman ?
Fifth Crusade

(1217–1221)

  Ayyubid Sultanate   Holy Roman Empire

  Kingdom of Sicily

  Kingdom of Hungary

  Kingdom of France

  Papal states

  Kingdom of Jerusalem

  Kingdom of Cyprus

  Latin Empire

  Knights Templar

  Teutonic Order

  Knights Hospitaller

  Sultanate of Rum

Victory
  • Eight-year truce between the Ayyubids and the Crusaders
Al-Kamil ?
Sixth Crusade

(1228–1229)

  Ayyubid Sultanate   Holy Roman Empire

  Teutonic Order

  Kingdom of Sicily

Stalement

Diplomatic Crusader victory

Al-Kamil ?
Baron's Crusade

(1239–1241)

  Ayyubid Sultanate   Kingdom of Jerusalem

  Knights Templar

  Teutonic Order

  Knights Hospitaller

Defeat As-Salih Ayyub ?

Mamluk Sultanate (1250–1517)Edit

Conflict Combatant 1 Combatant 2 Results Sultan Egyptian
losses
Seventh Crusade
(1248–1254)
  Ayyubid Sultanate
  Mamluk Sultanate
  Kingdom of France
  Knights Templar
Victory
Aybak
?
Mongol invasions of the Levant
(1260–1323)
  Mamluk Sultanate
  Ayyubid Sultanate
  Golden Horde
  Ilkhanate
  Armenian Cicilia
  Kingdom of Georgia
  Sultanate of Rum
  Principality of Antioch
  County of Tripoli
  Golden Horde
  Kingdom of England
  Knights Templar
Victory
Qutuz
?
Ninth Crusade
(1271–1272)
  Mamluk Sultanate   Kingdom of England
  Kingdom of France
  Cicilian Armenia
  Kingdom of Cyprus
  Kingdom of Jerusalem
  County of Tripoli
  Ilkhanate
Victory
  • Ten-year truce between warring sides.
Baibars
?
Alexandrian Crusade
(1365)
  Mamluk Sultanate   Kingdom of Cyprus
  Knights Hospitaller
  Republic of Venice
Defeat
  • Alexandria sacked.
Al-Ashraf Sha'ban
?
Ottoman–Mamluk War
(1485–1491)
  Mamluk Sultanate   Ottoman Empire Victory
  • Ottoman incursions into Cilicia halted.
Qaitbay
?
Mamluk-Portuguese War
(1505–1517)
  Mamluk Sultanate   Kingdom of Portugal Defeat
Al-Ashraf Qansuh al-Ghawri
?
Ottoman–Mamluk War
(1516–1517)
  Mamluk Sultanate   Ottoman Empire Defeat
  • Fall of the Mamluk Sultanate.
?

Ottoman Eyalet of Egypt and Khedivate of Egypt (1803–1914)Edit

Conflict Combatant 1 Combatant 2 Results Head of State Egyptian
losses
Fraser Expedition
(1807)
  Ottoman Empire

  Ottoman Egypt

  British Empire Victory
Muhammad Ali of Egypt
?
Egyptian–Saudi War
(1811–1818)
  Ottoman Empire

  Ottoman Egypt

  Emirate of Diriyah Victory
~2,000[1]
Greek War of Independence
(1821–1829)
  Ottoman Empire

  Ottoman Egypt

  Kingdom of Greece Defeat
?
'
Egyptian conquest of Sudan

(1820–1824)

  Ottoman Egypt   Funj Sudan Victory
?
First Egyptian–Ottoman War
(1831–1833)
  Ottoman Egypt   Ottoman Empire Victory
"Minimal"[2]
Second Egyptian–Ottoman War
(1839–1841)
  Ottoman Egypt   Ottoman Empire
  British Empire
  Austrian Empire
Defeat
?
Crimean War
(1853–1856)
  Ottoman Empire
  Ottoman Egypt
  French Empire
  British Empire
  Sardinia
  Russian Empire Victory
Abbas I of Egypt
?
Ethiopian–Egyptian War
(1874–1876)
  Ottoman Khedivate of Egypt   Ethiopian Empire Defeat
Isma'il Pasha
2,000+[3]
‘Urabi Revolt
(1879–1882)
  Tewfik Pasha Forces
  British Empire
  Ahmed ‘Urabi Forces Defeat of ‘Urabi
Tewfik of Egypt
?
Mahdist War
(1881–1899)
  Ottoman Khedivate of Egypt (British Occupation)
  British Empire
  Italian Empire
  Belgium
  Ethiopia
  Mahdist Sudan Victory
?

Sultanate of Egypt (British Protectorate) (1914–1922)Edit

Conflict Combatant 1 Combatant 2 Results Head of State Egyptian
losses
World War I
(1914–1918)
  France

  British Empire

  Russia
  United States
  Italy
  Serbia
  Montenegro
  Belgium
  Japan
  China
  Romania
  Portugal
  Brazil
  Hejaz
  Greece
  Armenia
  Nejd and Hasa
  Siam

  German Empire

  Austria-Hungary
  Ottoman Empire

  Bulgaria

Victory
Hussein Kamel
14,763+
Egyptian Revolution
(1919)
  British Empire   Rebels Diplomatic Revolutionary Victory
Fuad I
800

Kingdom of Egypt (1922–1953)Edit

Conflict Combatant 1 Combatant 2 Results Head of State Egyptian
losses
World War II
(1939–1945)
  Soviet Union
  United States
  United Kingdom
  China
  France
  Poland
  Yugoslavia
  Greece
  Netherlands
  Belgium
  Luxembourg
  Denmark
  Norway
  Czechoslovakia
  Canada
  Australia
  Kingdom of Egypt
  New Zealand
  India
  South Africa
  Philippines
  Ethiopia
  Brazil
  Mexico
  Mongolia
  Germany
  Japan
  Italy
  Hungary
  Romania
  Bulgaria
  Slovakia
  Croatia
  Finland
  Iraq
  Thailand
Victory
Farouk I
1,100+
First Arab–Israeli War
(1948–1949)
  Kingdom of Egypt
  Kingdom of Iraq
  Holy War Army
  Emirate of Transjordan
  Republic of Syria

  Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

  Kingdom of North Yemen
  Republic of Lebanon
  Arab Liberation Army

  Israel Defeat
1,200-
2,000
Egyptian Revolution
(1952)
  Kingdom of Egypt   Free Officers Free Officers' Victory
None


Republic (1953–)Edit

Conflict Egypt
and allies
Opponents Results Head of State Minister of
Defense
Egyptian
losses
Military Civilians
Suez Crisis
(1956)
  Arab Republic of Egypt   Israel
  United Kingdom
  France
Inconclusive

Coalition military victory[4][5][6]
Egyptian political victory[4]

  • Anglo-French withdrawal from the Suez Canal following international pressure (December 1956)
  • Israeli occupation of Sinai (until March 1957)
  • UNEF demilitarized zone established
  • End of Britain's role as a Superpower
Gamal Abdel Nasser
Abdel Hakim Amer
1,650–
3,000
~1,000
North Yemen Civil War
(1962–1967)
  Yemen Arab Republic
  United Arab Republic
  Kingdom of Yemen
  Saudi Arabia
Stalemate
Abdel Wahab el-Beshry
~1,000–
3,400
None
Sand War
(1963)
  Algeria
  United Arab Republic
  Morocco Stalemate
  • The closing of the border south of Figuig
Unknown
None
Six-Day War
(1967)
  United Arab Republic
  Syria
  Jordan
  Iraq
  Lebanon
  Israel Defeat
Shams Badran
10,000-
15,000
Unknown
War of Attrition
(1967–1970)
  United Arab Republic
  Soviet Union
  PLO
  Jordan
  Israel Both sides claimed victory
Mohamed Fawzi
2,882
Nigerian Civil War
(1967–1970)
  Nigeria
  United Arab Republic
  Biafra Victory (Limited Involvement)
Unknown
None
October War
(1973)
  Federation of Arab Republics

  Republic of Iraq
  Jordan
  Algeria
  Morocco
  Saudi Arabia
  Cuba
  North Korea[7][8]

  Israel Defeat[9] (Strategic Political Gains)[10]
Anwar Sadat
Ahmad Ismail Ali
8,528
Unknown
Shaba I
(1977)
  Zaire
  Morocco
  Arab Republic of Egypt
  FNLC Victory
  • FNCL expelled from Katanga
Mohamed el-Gamasy
None
None
Egyptian–Libyan War
(1977)
  Arab Republic of Egypt   Libyan Arab Republic Ceasefire
~100
Unknown
Gulf War
(1990–1991)
  Kuwait
  United States
  United Kingdom
  Saudi Arabia
  France
  Canada
  Egypt
  Syria
  Morocco
  Oman
  Qatar
  Australia
  Iraq Victory
Hosni Mubarak
Youssef Sabri Abu Taleb
11
None
Sinai Insurgency
(2011–)
  Egypt
  Israel
  United Arab Emirates
  Islamic State Ongoing
  • Ongoing conflict
Mohamed Tantawi
Mohamed Tantawi
1,030–2,030+
235
Second Libyan Civil War
(2015–)
  Libya
  Egypt
  United Arab Emirates
  GNC
  Shura Council
  Islamic State
Ongoing (limited involvement)
Abdel Fattah el-Sisi
Sedki Sobhi
None
21
Intervention In Yemen
(2015–)
  Hadi government
  Saudi Arabia
  United Arab Emirates
  Senegal
  Sudan
  Qatar
  Bahrain
  Kuwait
  Jordan
  Morocco
  Egypt
  France
  Revolutionary Council Ongoing
  • Houthis dissolve Yemeni government.
  • Houthis take control of northern Yemen.
None
None

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Ottoman and Egyptian losses combined. However, most of the forces deployed were Egyptian.
  2. ^ Egypt suffered much fewer casualties than the Ottomans.
  3. ^ Jesman, Czeslaw (January 1959). "Egyptian Invasion of Ethiopia". African Affairs. Oxford University Press. 58 (230): 75–81. JSTOR 718057.
  4. ^ a b Tal (2001) p 203
  5. ^ Mart, Michelle (2006-02-09). Eye on Israel: How America Came to View the Jewish State as an Ally. p. 159. ISBN 0791466876.
  6. ^ Stewart (2013) p 133
  7. ^ Smith, Terence (1973-10-18). "Hundreds of Tanks Clash in a Struggle for Suez Area". The New York Times. "North Korea has decided to give military assistance to Egypt and Syria, its press agency [...] said today."
  8. ^ Smith, Hedrick (1973-10-19). "Flow of Soviet Jews Is Undimished". The New York Times. "[...] Premier Kim Il Sung of North Korea had met with the Egyptian and Syrian ambassadors in Pyonyang to inform them of his Government's decision 'to give material assistance including military aid to Syria and Egypt.' [...] [This] lends credence to the [US] Defence Department's report that North Korean pilots were flying missions for Cairo."
  9. ^ References:
    • Herzog, The War of Atonement, Little, Brown and Company, 1975. Forward
    • Insight Team of the London Sunday Times, Yom Kippur War, Doubleday and Company, Inc, 1974, page 450
    • Luttwak and Horowitz, The Israeli Army. Cambridge, MA, Abt Books, 1983
    • Rabinovich, The Yom Kippur War, Schocken Books, 2004. Page 498
    • Revisiting The Yom Kippur War, P.R. Kumaraswamy, pages 1–2 ISBN 0-313-31302-4
    • Johnson and Tierney, Failing To Win, Perception of Victory and Defeat in International Politics. Page 177
    • Charles Liebman, The Myth of Defeat: The Memory of the Yom Kippur war in Israeli Society[permanent dead link] Middle Eastern Studies, Vol 29, No. 3, July 1993. Published by Frank Cass, London. Page 411.
  10. ^ Loyola, Mario (7 October 2013). "How We Used to Do It - American diplomacy in the". National Review. p. 1. Retrieved 2 December 2013.
  11. ^ Loyola, Mario (7 October 2013). "How We Used to Do It - American diplomacy in the". National Review. p. 1. Retrieved 2 December 2013.