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Soldiers of Egypt or Ajnad Misr[7] is an active Salafist Islamist militant group that has been operating near Cairo, Egypt.[8] The groups was founded by Humam Muhammed in 2013, after he split away from the Ansar Bait al-Maqdis militant group.[4] The group claims that its attacks are "retribution" for the August 2013 Rabaa Massacre; notably, the group targets only security forces.[2] It has warned civilians of the presence of bombs that it has placed.[9] The Cairo Court for Urgent Matters declared the group a terrorist group on 22 May 2014.[10] It has been a Proscribed Organisation in the United Kingdom under the Terrorism Act 2000 since 28 November 2014.[11] The United States Department of State designated it a terrorist organization on 18 December 2014.[12]

Soldiers of Egypt
Ajnad Misr
Active20 November 2013[1]–present
IdeologySalafist jihadism[2]
LeadersMagd Eddin al-Masry[3]
Humam Muhammed (KIA)[4]
Ezz al-Din al-Masri[5]
Area of operationsEgypt Cairo, Egypt
Opponent(s)Egyptian security forces[6]

AttacksEdit

  • The group claimed responsibility for an attack[13] that occurred on 24 January 2014 that ultimately killed two policeman,[14][15] Ansar Bait al-Maqdis indicated that Soldiers of Egypt had executed one of the bombings, despite the fact that Ansar Bait al-Maqdis initially claimed responsibility for all of the bombings.[16]
  • The group claimed responsibility for two bombings that occurred on 7 February 2014.[7]
  • The group claimed to have killed one policemen and injured eight people in a 13 February 2015 bombing near a police station in Ain Shams.[17]
  • The group exploded a bomb in 6th of October City on 5 March 2014.[18][19]
  • The group targeted a police car parked near the Israeli embassy in Cairo on 11 March 2014.[18][20]
  • The group placed a bomb in Nasr City on 29 March 2014.[18][21]
  • One police general was killed on 2 April 2014.[22]
  • One traffic policeman was wounded by a bomb on 10 April 2014.[6][23]
  • Two policemen and a civilian wounded by a bomb on 15 April 2014.[6][24]
  • One police officer was killed by the group in Mohandessin on 18 April 2014.[6][25]
  • The group killed one member of the Central Security Forces in Cairo on 23 April 2014.[26]
  • The group killed two policemen in Cairo on 30 June 2014.[9]
  • The group killed two policemen in Cairo on 20 September 2014.[27]
  • The group claimed responsibility for a bombing that occurred on 22 October 2014 near Cairo University that injured 11 people.[28]
  • The group claimed responsibility for a bombing that occurred on 20 November 2014 near Helwan University that injured at least five police officers.[29]
  • The group injured four policemen in a bombing that occurred on 5 December 2014 near Ain Shams University.[30]
  • The group killed one policeman and injured three civilians in a January 2015 bombing in the Talbia district of Giza.[31]
  • The group killed one policeman and injured seven policemen and a civilian in a 13 February 2015 bombing in Cairo.[32]
  • The group claimed to have killed four policemen and injured eight people in a 28 March 2015 bombing near Cairo University.[17]
  • The group claimed responsibility for a bombing in Zamalek that occurred on 6 April 2015 that killed one policeman.[33]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "New Egypt terror group adopting 'lone wolf' approach". Al Monitor. 3 July 2014. Archived from the original on 18 September 2014. Retrieved 20 September 2014.
  2. ^ a b "Ajnad Misr: The Rise of Homegrown Egyptian Jihadists". Tahrir Institute for Middle East Policy. 18 September 2014. Retrieved 20 September 2014.
  3. ^ "Agnad Misr posts first video of its leader on YouTube". Egypt Independent. 13 January 2015. Retrieved 13 January 2015.
  4. ^ a b "Founder of Islamist militant group Ajnad Misr killed: Police spokesman". Ahram Online. 5 April 2015. Retrieved 10 April 2015.
  5. ^ "Egypt terrorist group confirms leader's death". Ahram Online. 9 April 2015. Retrieved 10 April 2015.
  6. ^ a b c d "Ajnad Misr claims 3 more attacks in Cairo area". Long War Journal. 19 April 2014. Retrieved 20 September 2014.
  7. ^ a b "Egypt army hits Sinai militants; new group claims Cairo bomb". Reuters. 8 February 2014. Retrieved 20 September 2014.
  8. ^ "Ajnad Misr, Egypt's latest jihadist group". Long War Journal. 2 February 2014. Retrieved 20 September 2014.
  9. ^ a b "Two police officers killed in bomb blasts near Cairo palace". Reuters. 30 June 2014. Retrieved 20 September 2014.
  10. ^ "Court designates Ajnad Misr as terrorist group". Mada Masr. 22 May 2014. Retrieved 20 September 2014.
  11. ^ "Terrorism Act 2000". Schedule 2, Act No. 11 of 2000.
  12. ^ "Ajnad Misr reacts to US terrorist designation". Daily News Egypt. 20 December 2014. Retrieved 20 December 2014.
  13. ^ "Ajnad Misr militant group releases its first video". Ahram Online. 17 April 2014. Retrieved 20 September 2014.
  14. ^ "Giza police conscript bomb victim dies". Ahram Online. 26 January 2014. Retrieved 31 January 2014.
  15. ^ "Cairo hit by four bomb blasts on Friday, killing 6". Ahram Online. 24 January 2014. Retrieved 19 September 2014.
  16. ^ "Ansar Bayt al-Maqdis claims responsibility for military helicopter crash and attacks". Egypt Independent. 26 January 2014. Retrieved 20 September 2014.
  17. ^ a b "Egypt's Ajnad Misr claim Cairo University blast". Ahram Online. 29 March 2015. Retrieved 29 March 2015.
  18. ^ a b c "Jihadist group Ajnad Misr claims Cairo bombings". Long War Journal. 2 April 2014. Retrieved 20 September 2014.
  19. ^ "6th of October City blast caused by bomb: MOI". Cairo Post. 5 March 2014. Retrieved 20 September 2014.
  20. ^ "Bomb explodes near Israeli embassy in Cairo, no one hurt". Reuters. 11 March 2014. Retrieved 20 September 2014.
  21. ^ "النيابة: مجهول زرع قنبلة لتفجيرها فى أمن المدينة الجامعية للأزهر". Youm7. 29 March 2014. Retrieved 20 September 2014.
  22. ^ "Jihadist group Ajnad Misr claims Cairo bombings". Al Arabiya. 2 April 2014. Retrieved 20 September 2014.
  23. ^ "Bomb Wounds Egyptian Policeman in Cairo Suburb". Naharnet. 10 April 2014. Retrieved 20 September 2014.
  24. ^ "Bomb Attack in Cairo Wounds 2 Police, Civilian". Naharnet. 14 April 2014. Retrieved 20 September 2014.
  25. ^ "Blast in busy Cairo square kills 1 police officer". AP. 18 April 2014. Retrieved 20 September 2014.
  26. ^ "New militant group claims Wednesday bombing in name of 'vengeance'". Mada Masr. 24 April 2014. Retrieved 20 September 2014.
  27. ^ "Police die in blast near Egypt ministry". Al Jazeera English. 21 September 2014. Retrieved 21 September 2014.
  28. ^ "Ajnad Misr claims Wednesday's Cairo University blast". Ahram Online. 23 October 2014. Retrieved 23 October 2014.
  29. ^ "Jihadist group 'Soldiers of Egypt' claims responsibility for attack on police near university". Long War Journal. 20 November 2014. Retrieved 20 November 2014.
  30. ^ "Ajnad Misr claims responsibility for Ain Shams Uni attack". Cairo Post. 5 December 2014. Retrieved 5 December 2014.
  31. ^ "Video: Ajnad Misr claims responsibility for bomb that killed Giza officer". Cairo Post. 7 January 2015. Retrieved 9 January 2015.
  32. ^ "Update: Ajnad Misr militants claim bomb that killed officer". Mada Masr. 13 February 2015. Retrieved 13 February 2015.
  33. ^ "Ajnad Misr claims Zamalek bombing". Ahram Online. 6 April 2015. Retrieved 6 April 2015.