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Army of Islam (Arabic: جَيش الإسلامJaysh al-Islām), officially The Army of Islam Group in Jerusalem (Jama'at Jaysh al-Islam fi Bayt al-Maqdis), is Salafi Jihadist militant organization in the Gaza Strip.[1] It was founded by the Doghmush clan in 2006,[2] and is based in the Tzabra neighborhood in the center of the Gaza Strip bordered by Israel and Egypt. The group has been designated as a terrorist organization by the UAE and the United States.[3]

Army of Islam
جَيش الإسلام
Jaysh al-Islām
Leader(s)Mumtaz Dughmush
Dates of operation2006–present
MotivesThe creation of an Islamic state in Palestine, and the restoration of the caliphate[1]
Active region(s)Gaza Strip, Egypt, Syria
IdeologySalafism
Jihadism
Sunni Islamism
StatusDesignated as a Terrorist Organization by the UAE and the United States

Contents

Activities

The Army of Islam's first prominent action was its involvement in the 2006 Gaza cross-border raid during which Israeli soldier Gilad Shalit was kidnapped. It also kidnapped BBC reporter Alan Johnston in 2006. The group appears to draw inspiration from, or is linked to, al-Qaeda, and has conducted at least one bombing of a Palestinian civilian target (an empty school[4]) and a number of other kidnappings. The group was originally closely related to Hamas, but its extremist stances eventually alienated both Hamas and Fatah. The group has also been known as The Organization of jihad in Palestine and is linked to Abu Qatada, the British-based Palestinian-Jordanian extremist Sheikh who they demanded be released in exchange for Johnston.[5]

On 3 November 2010 senior Army of Islam leader Mohammad Namnam was killed in a targeted killing when the car he was driving in Gaza City was hit by a missile fired from an Israeli military helicopter.[6] Israel killed Namnam after Egyptian authorities reportedly tipped-off Israel that Namnam was helping plan a future attack on multinational security forces in Sinai.[7] Following the 3 November air strike, the Israeli Air Force killed two other members of the group. Mohammed and Islam Yassif were killed in an air strike, fired from an unmanned drone, on 17 November 2010.[8] The attack, coordinated with Israeli security services, Shin Bet, came around dawn on a busy street in Gaza City, and cited the same security issues as that in the killing of Namnam.[9]

In 2011, the group told the French security services that they had planned an attack on the Bataclan theatre because its owners were Jewish.[10][11][12][13]

A limited number of fighters belonging to the group travelled to Syria from 2012 to fight in the Syrian Civil War; several of these volunteers were killed in combat.[1] In 2016, the Army of Islam released a eulogy for the Islamic State's commander Abu Omar al-Shishani after he was killed in fighting in al-Shirqat, Iraq.[14] Nevertheless, the group has not openly admitted any links to ISIL.[1]

By 2018, the group faced increasing repression by Hamas which was unwilling to tolerate its extremist activities. In turn, the group considers Hamas an apostate organization, and has called upon Muslims to carry out lone wolf attacks against Israel.[1]

Kidnapping of Alan Johnston

In 2007 the group kidnapped the BBC correspondent Alan Johnston.[2][15] On 25 June 2007 a video was released by Army of Islam showing Johnston with an explosive belt around his waist,[16] with a demands for the release of Muslim prisoners in British custody. The group, which also kidnapped ten members of Hamas, had claimed that they would have killed him if there had been an attempt to rescue him by force. On 4 July 2007, after Gaza authorities arrested several members of Army of Islam including its spokesman, Abu Muthana,[17] and following threats of execution, Johnston was handed over to Hamas officials and released after 114 days in captivity.[18]

Alexandria bombing

The Army of Islam has been linked with the 2011 bombing of a Coptic church in Alexandria that resulted in 23 deaths. Egypt's Interior minister said on 23 January that evidence proved that the group planned and executed the attack. The group quickly denied responsibility, while also reportedly expressing support for the bombing.[19]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d e Aymenn Jawad Al-Tamimi (25 January 2019). "Jaysh al-Islam in Gaza: Exclusive Interview". Retrieved 13 February 2019.
  2. ^ a b 'The Gears' by Dr. Guy Bechor (in Hebrew)
  3. ^ "Designation of Army of Islam". 2011. Retrieved 19 May 2011.
  4. ^ Bombing at U.S.-backed school in Gaza Archived 27 June 2007 at the Wayback Machine
  5. ^ "The Army of Islam, a radical Islamic Palestinian terrorist group in the Gaza Strip". Terrorism-info.org.il. Retrieved 28 November 2010.
  6. ^ "ISRAEL, GAZA: Security forces target Army of Islam operatives, again | Babylon & Beyond". Los Angeles Times. 17 November 2010. Retrieved 28 November 2010.
  7. ^ Vick, Karl, "Behind An Israeli Strike In Gaza, Help From Egypt," Time, 10 November 2010.
  8. ^ "Two Brothers, Members Of the Army of Islam, Killed By Army Airstrike In Gaza". International Middle East Media Center. Archived from the original on 26 November 2010. Retrieved 28 November 2010.
  9. ^ "Brothers killed in airstrike on central Gaza City". Maan News Agency.
  10. ^ Greenhouse, Emily (15 November 2015). "Life and Death on the Boulevard Voltaire". The New Republic. Retrieved 17 November 2015.
  11. ^ "Pourquoi le Bataclan est-il régulièrement visé?". Le Point. Retrieved 14 November 2015.
  12. ^ "French mag: Bataclan an Islamist target due to Jewish owners". The Times of Israel. Retrieved 14 November 2015.
  13. ^ "Fransk magasin: Bataclan har jødiske eiere". Aftenposten. Retrieved 14 November 2015.
  14. ^ https://azelin.files.wordpress.com/2016/07/jaysh-al-islacc84m-22condolences-and-eulogy-for-umar-al-shicc84shacc84nicc8422.pdf
  15. ^ BBC's Johnston shown in tape wearing explosives Archived 26 June 2007 at the Wayback Machine
  16. ^ "BBC Reporter Alan Johnston Wearing Suicide Belt Appeals". LiveLeak.com. 24 June 2007. Retrieved 28 November 2010.
  17. ^ Hamas makes arrest in reporter's case Archived 5 July 2007 at the Wayback Machine
  18. ^ "BBC's Alan Johnston is released". BBC News. 4 July 2007. Retrieved 28 November 2010.
  19. ^ "Egypt blames Gaza group for bombing". Al Jazeera. 23 January 2011. Retrieved 26 January 2011.