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Osbat al-Ansar or Asbat an-Ansar (Arabic: عصبة الأنصار‎, meaning League of the Partisans) is a Sunni fundamentalist group established in the early 1990s, with a primary base of operations in the Palestinian camp of Ain al-Hilwah refugee camp near Sidon,[1] which claims professing the Salafi form of Islam and the overthrow of the Lebanese-dominated secular government.[1][2]

League of the Partisans
عصبة الأنصار
Osbat al-Ansar
Leader(s)Hisham Shreidi (1986-1991)
Ahmed Abd al-Karim al-Saadi (1991-1999)
Abu Tarek al-Saadi (1999-present)
Dates of operation1994–present
MotivesThe creation of an Islamic state in Lebanon
Active region(s)Lebanon
IdeologySalafism
Jihadism
Sunni Islamism
Major actionsAssassinations, Bombings
StatusDesignated as a terrorist group by Australia, Russia, the United States, the United Kingdom and the United Nations

It has been designated as a terrorist group by the United Nations, Canada, Russia, the UAE, the United Kingdom[3] and the United States. It is on the United States' list of terrorist organizations for alleged connections with Osama bin Laden's al-Qaeda, and the American administration decided to freeze all assets of Osbat al-Ansar following the attacks on September 11th, 2001.[2][4] The group has reportedly received funding from Abu Musab al-Zarqawi.[1]

Osbat al-Ansar is also connected with fundamentalist groups Osbat al-Nour, Jund Ash Sham, the Dinniyeh Group and Takfir wal Hijra.[1] Ahmed Abd al-Karim al-Saadi is the ostensible leader of the group; however, since he went into hiding in 1999, the group has been led by his brother Abu Tarek al-Saadi.[1] Osbat al-Ansar is estimated to have less than 2000 members, mostly Lebanese, with a primary base of operations in the Ain al-Hilwah refugee camp near Sidon in southern Lebanon.[5]

IdeologyEdit

According to the Australian Government and the Canadian Government the goal of Osbat al-Ansar is "the establishment of a radical Islamic state in Lebanon." as well as "Overthrowing the Lebanese government and preventing what they perceive as anti-Sunni Islamic influences in Lebanon".[6][7]

The group professes the Salafi form of Islam.[1][2]

SupportEdit

According to Seymour Hersh, Osbat el-Ansar has received arms and supplies from Lebanese internal-security forces and militias associated with the Siniora government.[8]

ActivitiesEdit

Asbat al-Ansar first emerged in the early 1990s. In the mid-1990s, the group assassinated Lebanese religious leaders and bombed nightclubs, theaters, and liquor stores. The group has also plotted against foreign diplomatic targets. In October 2004, Mahir al-Sa’di, a member of Asbat al-Ansar, was sentenced in absentia to life imprisonment for his 2000 plot to assassinate then-U.S. Ambassador to Lebanon David Satterfield. Asbat al-Ansar has no formal ties to the AQ network, but the group shares AQ’s ideology and has publicly proclaimed its support for al-Qa’ida in Iraq. Members of the group have traveled to Iraq since 2005 to fight Coalition Forces. Asbat al-Ansar has been reluctant to involve itself in operations in Lebanon due in part to concerns over losing its safe haven in the Ain al-Hilwah refugee camp. AAA did not stage any known attacks in 2012.[9]

Other actions by Osbat al-AnsarEdit

In 2002 a representative of Osbat al-Ansar handed over Badieh Hamadeh, a shiite living in Ain al-Hilweh suspected of killing three Lebanese soldiers, to Lebanese authorities. A spokesman for Osbat al-Ansar stated that the decision to make the hand over was to "spare the camp any bloodshed".[10]

Prevented attacksEdit

In 2001 Daniel Ahmad Samarji, and Bilal Ali Othman, were arrested in the northern city of Tripoli for planning terrorist acts, illegal dealing in weapons of war and discharging firearms.[11]

See alsoEdit

External linksEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f Federal Executive Council on 7 April 2005 Archived 5 June 2011 at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ a b c "Programs - The Jamestown Foundation". Retrieved 11 May 2016.
  3. ^ "Terrorism Act 2000". Schedule 2, Act No. 11 of 2000.
  4. ^ "IsraPundit". Retrieved 11 May 2016.
  5. ^ "Country Reports on Terrorism 2013 - Foreign Terrorist Organizations: Asbat al-Ansar". United States Department of State. 30 April 2014. Retrieved 25 September 2014.
  6. ^ 7 April 2005 - Government relists six terrorist organisations - 057/2005
  7. ^ Currently listed entities Archived 2006-11-19 at the Wayback Machine
  8. ^ Seymour M. Hersh (5 March 2007). "The Redirection". The New Yorker. Retrieved 11 May 2016.
  9. ^ Foreign Terrorist Organizations, Chapter 6; 2012, U.S. State Department, Country Reports on Terrorism
  10. ^ "BBC NEWS - Middle East - Handover ends Lebanon stand-off". Retrieved 11 May 2016.
  11. ^ 'Jordan has been at war against Ben Laden for decade'