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Ahmad Ismail Ali (Arabic: أحمد إسماعيل علي) (14 October 1917 – 26 December 1974) was the Commander-in-Chief of Egypt's army and minister of war during the October War of 1973, and is best known for his planning of the attack across the Suez Canal, code-named Operation Badr. Ali's mother was of partial Albanian descent.
Ahmad Ismail Ali
أحمد إسماعيل علي
|Minister of Defence of Egypt|
|Preceded by||Mohammed Ahmed Sadek|
|Succeeded by||Abdel Ghani el-Gamasy|
|Director of the Egyptian General Intelligence Directorate|
|President||Muhammad Naguib, Gamal Abdel Nasser|
|Preceded by||Ahmad Kamel|
|Succeeded by||Karim El-Leithy|
|Born||14 October 1917|
|Died||26 December 1974 (aged 57)|
London, United Kingdom
|Allegiance|| Kingdom of Egypt|
United Arab Republic
|Years of service||1938–1974|
|Commands||Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces|
|Battles/wars||Second World War |
Yom Kippur War
- Graduated from Egypt's Royal Military Academy in 1938.
- Commissioned in an Infantry regiment.
- Served with the Allies in the Western Desert against the Axis during the Second World War
- Fought as an infantry battalion commander in the 1948 Arab-Israeli War.
- Later received training in Great Britain
- Saw active service during the 1956 Suez Crisis, and undertook further training in the Soviet Union
- Served as a division commander during the 1967 Six-Day War of 1967
- Head, Military Operations Authority
- Appointed Chief of the General Staff in March 1969, but was dismissed by President Nasser in September 1969 following successful Israeli raids during the War of Attrition. Nasser's successor as President, Anwar Al-Sadat, however, named him chief of intelligence in September 1970.
- From 1971 to 1972 he served as head of the Egyptian General Intelligence Directorate.
In October 1972, Ali accompanied Prime Minister Aziz Sidqi on a visit to Moscow, and, on his return, stifled a coup attempt against President Sadat. That same month, he replaced the anti-Soviet general Mohammed Ahmed Sadek as Minister of Defence, and was promoted to full general. His skill as a strategist, and his success in reviving the morale of the Egyptian army became evident in the October War of 1973. Following the war, he was made a Field Marshal in November 1973.