Ahmad Ismail Ali

Ahmad Ismail Ali (Arabic: أحمد إسماعيل علي‎) (14 October 1917 – 26 December 1974) was the Commander-in-Chief of Egypt's army and minister of war during the October War of 1973, and is best known for his planning of the attack across the Suez Canal, code-named Operation Badr. Ali's mother was of partial Albanian descent.

Ahmad Ismail Ali
أحمد إسماعيل علي
Field Marshal Ahmed Ismail Ali.jpg
Minister of Defence of Egypt
In office
PresidentAnwar El-Sadat
Preceded byMohammed Ahmed Sadek
Succeeded byAbdel Ghani el-Gamasy
Director of the Egyptian General Intelligence Directorate
In office
PresidentMuhammad Naguib, Gamal Abdel Nasser
Preceded byAhmad Kamel
Succeeded byKarim El-Leithy
Personal details
Born(1917-10-14)14 October 1917
Cairo, Egypt
Died26 December 1974(1974-12-26) (aged 57)
London, United Kingdom
Military service
Allegiance Kingdom of Egypt
 United Arab Republic
Branch/service Egyptian Army
Years of service1938–1974
RankEgyptianArmyInsignia-FieldMarshal.svg Field Marshal
Unit16th Infantry
CommandsCommander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces
Battles/warsSecond World War

1948 Arab–Israeli War
Suez Crisis
Six-Day War

Yom Kippur War

Military careerEdit

In October 1972, Ali accompanied Prime Minister Aziz Sidqi on a visit to Moscow, and, on his return, stifled a coup attempt against President Sadat. That same month, he replaced the anti-Soviet general Mohammed Ahmed Sadek as Minister of Defence, and was promoted to full general. His skill as a strategist, and his success in reviving the morale of the Egyptian army became evident in the October War of 1973. Following the war, he was made a Field Marshal in November 1973.


Ali died in December 1974 from advanced cancer in London, at the age of just 57.[1]


  1. ^ Fouad Saleh al-Sayed (2015). The greatest contemporary events (1900–2014) (in Arabic). Al Manhal. p. 537. ISBN 9796500148564.

External linksEdit