List of religious populations

Size of Major Religious Groups, 2020[1]
Religion Percent
Christianity
31.11%
Islam
24.90%
Unaffiliated
15.58%
Hinduism
15.16%
Buddhism
6.62%
Folk Religions
5.61%
Other Religions
0.79%

This is a list of religious populations by number of adherents and countries.[2][3]

Adherents in 2020

 
Prevailing religious population by country

There may be 2 billion atheists around the world.[4]

Religion Adherents Percentage
Christianity 2.382 billion 31.11%[3][2]
Islam 1.907 billion 24.9%[2][3]
Secular[a]/Nonreligious[b]/Agnostic/Atheist 1.193 billion 15.58%
Hinduism 1.161 billion 15.16%[2][3]
Buddhism 506 million 5.06%[2][3]
Chinese traditional religion[c] 394 million 5%
Ethnic religions excluding some in separate categories 300 million 3%
African traditional religions 100 million[7] 1.2%
Sikhism 26 million 0.30%
Judaism 14.7 million[8] 0.18%
Spiritism 14.5 million[9] 0.18%
Baháʼí 5.0 million[10] 0.07%
Jainism 4.2 million 0.05%
Shinto 4.0 million 0.05%
Cao Dai 4.0 million 0.05%
Zoroastrianism 2.6 million 0.03%
Tenrikyo 2.0 million 0.02%
Animism 1.9 million 0.02%
Druze 1.2 million 0.015%
Neo-Paganism 1.0 million 0.01%
Unitarian Universalism 0.8 million 0.01%
Rastafari 0.6 million 0.007%
total 7.79 billion 100%

Notes

  1. ^ These figures may incorporate populations of secular/nominal adherents as well as syncretist worshipers, although the concept of syncretism is disputed by some.
  2. ^ Nonreligious includes agnostic, atheist, secular humanist, and people answering 'none' or no religious preference. Half of this group is theistic but nonreligious.[5] According to a 2012 study by Gallup International "59% of the world said that they think of themselves as religious person, 23% think of themselves as not religious whereas 13% think of themselves as convinced atheists".[6]
  3. ^ Chinese traditional religion is described as "the common religion of the majority Chinese culture: a combination of Confucianism, Buddhism, and Taoism, as well as the traditional non-scriptural/local practices and beliefs."

By proportion

Christians

Countries and territories with the greatest proportion of Christians from Christianity by country (as of 2010):

  1.    Vatican City 100% (100% Roman Catholic)
  2.   Pitcairn Islands 100% (100% Seventh-day Adventist)[11]
  3.   Samoa ~99% (mostly Protestant)[12]
  4.   Romania 99% (mostly Romanian Orthodox)
  5.   East Timor 99.6%[13] (mostly Roman Catholic)
  6.   Armenia 98.5% (96% Armenian Apostolic)
  7.   American Samoa 98.3% (mostly Protestant)[14]
  8.   Malta 98.1%[15] (mostly Roman Catholic)
  9.   Venezuela 98%[16] (71% Roman Catholic)
  10.   Greece 98% [17] (95% Greek Orthodox)
  11.   Marshall Islands 97.2% (mostly Protestant)[18]
  12.   Tonga 97.2% (mostly Protestant)[19]
  13.   San Marino 97%[20] (~97% Roman Catholic)
  14.   Paraguay 96.9%[21] (mostly Roman Catholic)
  15.   El Salvador 96.4% (mostly Roman Catholic)[22]
  16.   Kiribati 96% (mostly Protestant)[23]
  17.   Federated States of Micronesia ~96% (mostly Protestant)[24]
  18.   Barbados 95.1% (mostly Protestant)[25]
  19.   Papua New Guinea 94.8% (mostly Protestant)[26]
  20.   Mexico 94.6% (mostly Roman Catholic)
  21.   Peru 94.51% [27](mostly Roman Catholic)

Muslims

Countries with the greatest proportion of Muslims from Islam by country (as of 2010) (figures excluding foreign workers in parenthesis):

Data is based on the Pew Forum on Religion and Public Life [28]

  1.   Afghanistan 99.7%[29] (mostly Sunni, 20% Shi'a)[28]
  2.   Tunisia 99.5% (mostly Sunni)
  3.   Iran 99.4% (mostly Shi'a)[30]
  4.   Azerbaijan 99.2% (70-80% Shi'a)[28]
  5.   Yemen 99.1% (40-45% Shi'a) [28]
  6.   Mauritania 99.1%
  7.   Morocco 99%
  8.   Iraq 99% (70-75% Shi'a)[28]
  9.   Niger 99% (mostly Sunni)[28]
  10.   Somalia 99% (mostly Sunni)
  11.   Maldives 98.4% (mostly Sunni)
  12.   Comoros 98.3% (mostly Sunni)[31]
  13.   Algeria 98%
  14.   Saudi Arabia ~97% (10-15% Shi'a)[28]
  15.   Djibouti 96.9% (mostly Sunni)[28]
  16.   Libya 96.6% (Mostly Sunni)[32]
  17.   Pakistan 96.4%[33]
  18.   Egypt 90% (Mostly Sunni)[34]
  19.   Bangladesh 89.6% (Mostly Sunni)[28]
  20.   Turkey 89.5% (Mostly Sunni)[35]
  21.   Indonesia 87.2% (Mostly Sunni)[28]
  22.   Sierra Leone 78.00% (mostly Sunni)[36]
  23.   Bosnia and Herzegovina 77.9% (Mostly Sunni)
  24.   Kuwait 74.6%[37] (20-25% Shi'a)[citation needed]
  25.   Bahrain 73.7% [38] (Mostly Shi'a)[citation needed]
  26.   Sudan 71.3% (mostly Sunni)[39]
  27.   Malaysia 61.3% (mostly Sunni)[28]

Irreligious and atheist

Countries with the greatest proportion of people without religion (including agnostics and atheists) from Irreligion by country (as of 2020):[40]

  1.   Czech Republic (78.4%)[40]
  2.   North Korea (71.3%)[40]
  3.   Estonia (60.2%)[40]
  4.   Japan (60%)[40]
  5.   Hong Kong (54.7%)[40]
  6.   China (51.8%)[40]
  7.   South Korea (46.6%)[40]
  8.   Latvia (45.3%)[40]
  9.   Netherlands (44.3%)[40]
  10.   Uruguay (41.5%)[40]
  11.   New Zealand (39.6%)[40]
  12.   Mongolia (36.5%)[40]
  13.   France (31.9%)[40]
  14.   United Kingdom (31.2%)[40]
  15.   Belgium (31%)[40]
  16.   Spain (30.3%)[42]
  17.   Vietnam (29.9%)[40]
  18.   Sweden (29%)[40]
  19.   Australia (28.6%)[40]
  20.   Belarus (28.6%)[40]
  21.   Luxembourg (26.7%)[40]
  22.   Germany (26.3%)[40]
  23.   Cuba (23.2%)[40]
  24.    Switzerland (22.8%)[40]
  25.   Finland (20.8%)[40]
  26.   Hungary (20%)[40]
  27.   Slovenia (18.8%)[40]
  28.   United States (18.6%)[40]
  29.   Botswana (17.5%)[40]

Remarks: Ranked by mean estimate which is in brackets. Irreligious includes agnostic, atheist, secular believer, and people having no formal religious adherence. It does not necessarily mean that members of this group don't belong to any religion. Some religions have harmonized with local cultures and can be seen as a cultural background rather than a formal religion. Additionally, the practice of officially associating a family or household with a religious institute while not formally practicing the affiliated religion is common in many countries. Thus, over half of this group is theistic and/or influenced by religious principles, but nonreligious/non-practicing and not true atheists or agnostics.[5] See Spiritual but not religious.

Hindus

Countries with the greatest proportion of Hindus from Hinduism by country (as of 2010):

  1.     Nepal 81.3%[43]
  2.   India 79.8%[44]
  3.   Mauritius 48.54%[45]
  4.   Fiji 27.9%[46]
  5.   Bhutan 25%[47]
  6.   Guyana 24.8%[48]
  7.   Suriname 22.3%[49]
  8.   Trinidad and Tobago 18.2%[50]
  9.   United Arab Emirates 15%[51]
  10.   Sri Lanka 12.6%[52]
  11.   Kuwait 12%[53]
  12.   Bangladesh 9.6%[54]
  13.   Bahrain 8.1%[55]
  14.   Réunion 6.7%[56]
  15.   Malaysia 6.3%[57]
  16.   Singapore 5.1%
  17.   Oman 3%
  18.   Seychelles 2.1%[58]
  19.   New Zealand 2.0%[59]
  20.   Pakistan 1.8%
  21.   Indonesia 1.7%[60]
  22.   United Kingdom 1.7%[61]
  23.   United States 0.7%[62]

Buddhists

Countries with the greatest proportion of Buddhists from Buddhism by country (as of 2010):[63]

  1.   Cambodia 96.9%
  2.   Thailand 93.2%
  3.   Myanmar 80.1%
  4.   Bhutan 74.70%
  5.   Sri Lanka 69.3%
  6.   Laos 66.0%
  7.   Mongolia 55.1%
  8.   Japan 36.2%
  9.   Taiwan 35.1%
  10.   Singapore 33.2%
  11.   South Korea 22.9%
  12.   Malaysia 19.8%
  13.   China 18.2%
  14.   Macau 17.3%
  15.   Vietnam 16.4%
  16.   Hong Kong 13.2%
  17.     Nepal 10.3%

Taoists/Confucianists/Chinese traditional religionists

As a spiritual practice, Taoism has made fewer inroads in the West than Buddhism and Hinduism. Despite the popularity of its great classics the I Ching and the Tao Te Ching, the specific practices of Taoism have not been promulgated in America with much success;[64] these religions are not ubiquitous worldwide in the way that adherents of bigger world religions are, and they remain primarily an ethnic religion. Nonetheless, Taoist ideas and symbols such as Taijitu have become popular throughout the world through Tai Chi Chuan, Qigong, and various martial arts.[65]

  1.   Taiwan 33–80%[66]
  2.   China 30%[67]
  3.   Hong Kong 28%[68]
  4.   Macau 13.9%[69]
  5.   Singapore 8.5%[70]
  6.   Malaysia 2.6%[71]
  7.   South Korea 0.2–1%[72]
  8.   Vietnam
  9.   Philippines 0.01–0.05%
  10.   Indonesia 0.05%

The Chinese traditional religion has 184,000 believers in Latin America, 250,000 believers in Europe, and 839,000 believers in North America as of 1998.[73][74]

Ethnic and indigenous

All of the below come from the U.S. Department of State 2009 International Religious Freedom Report,[75] based on the highest estimate of people identified as indigenous or followers of indigenous religions that have been well-defined. Due to the syncretic nature of these religions, the following numbers may not reflect the actual number of practitioners.

  1.   Haiti 50%[76]
  2.   Guinea-Bissau 50%
  3.   Cameroon 40%
  4.   Togo 33%[77]
  5.   Côte d'Ivoire 25%
  6.   Sudan 25%[78]
  7.   Benin 23%
  8.   Burundi 20%
  9.   Burkina Faso 15%
  10.   South Africa 15%[79]
  11.   Democratic Republic of the Congo 12%
  12.   Central African Republic 10%
  13.   Gabon 10%
  14.   Lesotho 10%
  15.   Nigeria 10%
  16.   Sierra Leone 10%[80]
  17.   Kenya 9%
  18.   Palau 9%[81]
  19.   Ghana 8.5%
  20.   Guinea 5%

Sikhism

Countries with the greatest proportion of Sikhs:

  1.   India 1.9%
  2.   United Kingdom 1.2%[82][83]
  3.   Canada 1.4%[84]
  4.   Malaysia 0.5%[85]
  5.   New Zealand 0.42%
  6.   Fiji 0.3%[86]
  7.   Singapore 0.3%[87]
  8.   United States 0.2%[88][89]
  9.   Australia 0.1%[90][91]
  10.   Italy 0.1%[92]

The Sikh homeland is the Punjab state, in India, where today Sikhs make up approximately 61% of the population. This is the only place where Sikhs are in the majority. Sikhs have emigrated to countries all over the world – especially to English-speaking and East Asian nations. In doing so they have retained, to an unusually high degree, their distinctive cultural and religious identity. Sikhs are not ubiquitous worldwide in the way that adherents of larger world religions are, and they remain primarily an ethnic religion. But they can be found in many international cities and have become an especially strong religious presence in the United Kingdom and Canada.[93]

Spiritism

  1.   Cuba 10.3%
  2.   Jamaica 10.2%
  3.   Brazil 4.8%
  4.   Suriname 3.6%
  5.   Haiti 2.7%
  6.   Dominican Republic 2.2%
  7.   The Bahamas 1.9%
  8.   Nicaragua 1.5%
  9.   Trinidad and Tobago 1.4%
  10.   Guyana 1.3%
  11.   Venezuela 1.1%
  12.   Colombia 1.0%
  13.   Belize 1.0%
  14.   Honduras 0.9%
  15.   Puerto Rico 0.7%
  16.   Panama 0.5%
  17.   Iceland 0.5%
  18.   Guadeloupe 0.4%
  19.   Argentina 0.2%
  20.   Guatemala 0.2%

[94]

Note that all these estimates come from a single source. However, this source gives a relative indication of the size of the Spiritist communities within each country.

Judaism

Countries with the greatest proportion of Jews (as of 2017):

  1.   Israel 73.6%[8]
  2.   Gibraltar 2.0%[8]
  3.   United States 1.76%[8]
  4.   Canada 1.07%[8]
  5.   France 0.7%[8]
  6.   Hungary 0.485%[8]
  7.   Uruguay 0.483%[8]
  8.   Australia 0.47%[8]
  9.   United Kingdom 0.44%[8]
  10.   Argentina 0.41%[8]
  11.   U.S. Virgin Islands 0.36%[8]
  12.   Belgium 0.259%[8]
  13.   Panama 0.250%[8]
  14.   Latvia 0.24%[8]
  15.    Switzerland 0.22%[8]
  16.   Netherlands 0.17%[8]
  17.   New Zealand 0.16%[8]
  18.   Estonia 0.154%[8]
  19.   Bermuda 0.154%[8]
  20.   Sweden 0.152%[8]
  21.   Germany 0.14%[8]
  22.   South Africa 0.124%[8]
  23.   Ukraine 0.124%[8]
  24.   Russia 0.122%[8]
  25.   Denmark 0.112%[8]

Jainism

  1.   India 0.3%
  2.   Suriname 0.3%
  3.   Fiji 0.2%
  4.   Kenya 0.2%
  5.     Nepal 0.1%

By population

Christians

Largest Christian populations (as of 2011):

  1.   United States 229,157,250[95] (details)
  2.   Brazil 169,213,130[96]
  3.   Russia 114,198,444[97]
  4.   Mexico 106,204,560[98]
  5.   Nigeria 80,510,000[99]
  6.   Philippines 78,790,000[100]
  7.   China 67,070,000[99]
  8.   Democratic Republic of the Congo 63,150,000[99]
  9.   Italy 55,832,000
  10.   Ethiopia 51,477,950
  11.   Germany 50,752,580[101]
  12.   Colombia 44,502,000
  13.   Ukraine 41,973,000
  14.   South Africa 40,243,000
  15.   France 39,560,000[99]
  16.   Spain 38,568,000
  17.   Poland 36,526,000
  18.   Kenya 33,625,790
  19.   Argentina 33,497,100
  20.   United Kingdom 33,200,417
  21.   Uganda 29,943,000
  22.   India 28,436,000
  23.   Venezuela 28,340,790
  24.   Peru 27,365,100
  25.   Indonesia 24,123,000

Hindus

Largest Hindu populations (as of 2020):[102]

  1.   India 1,120,000,000
  2.     Nepal 28,600,000
  3.   Bangladesh 14,274,430
  4.   Indonesia 4,640,000-10,000,000
  5.   Pakistan 3,990,000
  6.   Sri Lanka 3,090,000
  7.   United States 2,510,000
  8.   Malaysia 1,940,000
  9.   United Arab Emirates 1,239,610
  10.   United Kingdom 1,030,000
  11.   South Africa 749,870
  12.   Mauritius 665,820
  13.   Myanmar 890,000[103]
  14.   Canada 610,000
  15.   South Africa 540,000
  16.   Saudi Arabia 440,000
  17.   Australia 410,000
  18.   Tanzania 403,570
  19.   Singapore 380,000
  20.   Qatar 360,000
  21.   Kuwait 330,000
  22.   Trinidad and Tobago 310,000[50]
  23.   Fiji 270,000[citation needed]
  24.   Guyana 200,000[104]
  25.   Yemen 200,000
  26.   Bhutan 190,000
  27.   Suriname 120,785[105]
  28.   Germany 120,000

Muslims

Largest Muslim populations (as of 2017):

  1.   Indonesia 225,000,000[106]
  2.   Pakistan 203,000,000
  3.   India 182,000,000
  4.   Bangladesh 142,937,800
  5.   Nigeria 90,000,000
  6.   Iran 73,238,340
  7.   Egypt 70,056,000
  8.   Turkey 70,036,838
  9.   Algeria 36,092,810
  10.   Morocco 31,351,800
  11.   Afghanistan 30,112,680
  12.   Sudan 30,064,180
  13.   Iraq 29,767,300
  14.   Ethiopia 28,120,050
  15.   Saudi Arabia 26,624,560
  16.   Uzbekistan 25,628,240
  17.   Russia 25,000,000[107]
  18.   Yemen 23,836,523
  19.   China 20,095,870
  20.   Syria 19,601,750
  21.   Malaysia 17,085,402

Buddhists

Largest Buddhist populations[108]

  1.   China 244,130,000
  2.   Thailand 64,420,000
  3.   Japan 45,820,000
  4.   Myanmar 38,410,000
  5.   Sri Lanka 14,450,000
  6.   Vietnam 14,380,000
  7.   Cambodia 13,690,000
  8.   South Korea 10,500,000
  9.   India 9,250,000
  10.   Malaysia 5,010,000
  11.   United States 3,800,023
  12.   Indonesia 1,710,000

Sikhs

Largest Sikh populations

  1.   India 22,892,600
  2.   United Kingdom 853,000
  3.   Canada 620,200
  4.   United States 500,010
  5.   Malaysia 120,000
  6.   Bangladesh 100,000[109]
  7.   Australia 72,300
  8.   Italy 70,000
  9.   Thailand 70,000
  10.   Myanmar 70,000
  11.   United Arab Emirates 50,000
  12.   Pakistan 50,000
  13.   Germany 40,000
  14.   Mauritius 37,700
  15.   Kenya 20,000
  16.   Kuwait 20,000
  17.   Philippines 20,000
  18.   New Zealand 17,400
  19.   Indonesia 15,000
  20.   Singapore 14,500

Jews

Largest Jewish populations (as of 2017):

  1.   Israel 6,451,000[8]
  2.   United States 5,700,000[8]
  3.   France 456,000[8]
  4.   Canada 390,000[8]
  5.   United Kingdom 289,500[8]
  6.   Argentina 180,500[8]
  7.   Russia 176,000[8]
  8.   Germany 116,500[8]
  9.   Australia 113,200[8]
  10.   Brazil 93,800[8]
  11.   South Africa 69,300[8]
  12.   Ukraine 53,000[8]
  13.   Hungary 47,500[8]
  14.   Mexico 40,000[8]
  15.   Netherlands 29,800[8]
  16.   Belgium 29,300[8]
  17.   Italy 27,300[8]
  18.    Switzerland 18,700[8]
  19.   Chile 18,300[8]
  20.   Uruguay 16,900[8]
  21.   Turkey 15,300[8]
  22.   Sweden 15,000[8]
  23.   Spain 11,800[8]
  24.   Belarus 10,000[8]
  25.   Panama 10,000[8]

Baháʼís

Largest Baháʼí populations (as of 2010) in countries with a national population ≥200,000:[110]

  1.   India 1,897,651
  2.   United States 512,864
  3.   Kenya 422,782
  4.   Vietnam 388,802
  5.   Congo, Democratic Republic of the 282,916
  6.   Philippines 275,069
  7.   Iran 251,127
  8.   Zambia 241,112
  9.   South Africa 238,532
  10.   Bolivia 215,359
  11.   Tanzania 190,419
  12.   Venezuela 169,811
  13.   Uganda 95,098
  14.   Chad 94,499
  15.   Pakistan 87,259
  16.   Myanmar 78,915
  17.   Colombia 70,504
  18.   Malaysia 67,549
  19.   Thailand 65,096
  20.   Papua New Guinea 59,898

Jainism

As of 2005:[111]

  1.   India 5,146,697
  2.   United States 79,459
  3.   Kenya 68,848
  4.   United Kingdom 35,000
  5.   Canada 12,101
  6.   Tanzania 9,002
  7.     Nepal 6,800
  8.   Uganda 2,663
  9.   Myanmar 2,398
  10.   Malaysia 2,052
  11.   South Africa 1,918
  12.   Fiji 1,573
  13.   Japan 1,535
  14.   Belgium 1,500
  15.   Australia 1,449
  16.   Suriname 1,217
  17.   Ireland 1,000
  18.   Réunion 981
  19.   Yemen 229

See also

Religions:

References

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