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List of countries by irreligion

  (Redirected from Irreligion by country)
World non-religious population by percentage, Dentsu Institute (2006) and Zuckerman (2005)[1]

Irreligion, which may include deism, agnosticism, ignosticism, anti-religion, atheism, skepticism, ietsism, spiritual but not religious, freethought, anti-theism, apatheism, non-belief, pandeism, secular humanism, non-religious theism, pantheism and panentheism, varies in the countries around the world. According to reports from the Worldwide Independent Network/Gallup International Association's (WIN/GIA) four global polls: in 2005, 77% were a religious person and 4% were "convinced atheists" while in 2012, 23% were not a religious person and an additional 13% were "convinced atheists";[2] in 2015, 22% were not a religious person and an additional 11% were "convinced atheists";[3] and in 2017, 25% were not a religious person and an additional 9% were "convinced atheists".[4]

According to sociologist Phil Zuckerman, broad estimates of those who have an absence of belief in a God range from 500 to 750 million people worldwide.[5] According to sociologists Ariela Keysar and Juhem Navarro-Rivera's review of numerous global studies on atheism, there are 450 to 500 million positive atheists and agnostics worldwide (7% of the world's population), with China having the most atheists in the world (200 million convinced atheists).[6]

MethodsEdit

Each poll uses different questions and methods:-

The numbers come from different years, and might not be accurate for countries with governments that require or urge religion or secularism.

Countries and regionsEdit

The WIN-Gallup International Association (WIN/GIA) poll results below are the totals for "not a religious person" and "a convinced atheist" combined. Keysar et al. have advised caution with WIN/Gallup International figures since more extensive surveys which have used the same wording for decades and have bigger sample sizes, have consistently reached lower figures. For example, the WIN/GIA numbers from China were overestimated which in turn inflated global totals.[6]

Country or Region WIN/GIA

(2017)[7]

WIN/GIA[3]
(2015)
WIN/GIA[8][9]
(2012)
Dentsu[10]
(2006)
Zuckerman[5]
  Afghanistan (details) 9% 15%
  Albania (details) 39% 8%
  Argentina 20% 20% 26% 13% 4–8%
  Armenia 6% 5% 5% 34%
  Australia (details) 63% 58% 58% 24–25%
  Austria 53% 54% 53% 12% 18–26%
  Azerbaijan (details) 64% 54% 51%
  Bangladesh (details) 19% 5%
  Belarus 48% 17%
  Belgium (details) 64% 48% 34% 35% 42–43%
  Bosnia and Herzegovina 22% 32% 29%
  Brazil (details) 17% 18% 14%
  Bulgaria (details) 39% 39% 30% 30% 34–40%
  Cameroon 17%
  Canada (details) 57% 53% 49% 26% 19–30%
  Chile 34%
  China (details) 90% 90% 77% 93% 8–14%
  Colombia 14% 17% 15%
  DR Congo 17%
  Croatia (details) 13% 7%
  Cuba 7%
  Czech Republic (details) 72% 75% 78% 64% 54–61%
  Denmark (details) 61% 52% 10% 43–80%
  Dominican Republic 7%
  Ecuador 18% 28% 29%
  Estonia (details) 60% 76% 49%
  Fiji 8% 7% 6%
  Finland (details) 55% 42% 44% 12% 28–60%
  France (details) 50% 53% 63% 43% 43–54%
  Georgia (details) 7% 13%
  Germany (details) 60% 59% 48% 25% 41–49%
  Ghana (details) 1% 2%
  Greece 22% 21% 4% 16%
  Hong Kong 63% 70% 60%
  Hungary 43% 32–46%
  Iceland (details) 49% 44% 41% 4% 16–23%
  India (details) 5% 23% 16% 7%
  Indonesia (details) 30% 15%
  Iran (details) 20% 1%
  Iraq (details) 34% 9%
  Ireland (details) 56% 51% 54% 7%
  Israel (details) 58% 65% 15–37%
  Italy (details) 26% 24% 23% 18% 6–15%
  Japan (details) 60% 62% 62% 52% 64–65%
  Kazakhstan (details) 11–12%
  Kenya (details) 9% 11%
  Kosovo 3% 8%
  Kyrgyzstan 7%
  Latvia 52% 50% 41% 20–29%
  Lebanon (details) 28% 18% 35%
  Lithuania 40% 23% 19% 13%
  Luxembourg 30%
  Macedonia 11% 10% 9%
  Malaysia 23% 13%
  Malta 1%
  Mexico (details) 36% 28%
  Moldova 10%
  Mongolia 29% 9%
  Morocco (details) 5%
  Netherlands (details) 66% 56% 55% 39–44%
  New Zealand (details) 20–22%
  Nigeria (details) 2% 16% 5% 1%
  North Korea 15%
  Norway (details) 62% 31–72%
  Pakistan (details) 6% 11% 10%
  Palestinian territories 35% 19% 33%
  Panama 13%
  Papua New Guinea 5% 4%
  Peru 23% 13% 11% 5%
  Philippines (details) 9% 22% 11%
  Poland (details) 10% 12% 14% 5%
  Portugal 38% 37% 11% 4–9%
  Puerto Rico 11%
  Romania (details) 9% 17% 7% 2%
  Russia (details) 30% 23% 32% 48% 24–48%
  Saudi Arabia (details) 24%
  Serbia 21% 21% 19%
  Singapore (details) 13%
  Slovakia 23% 10–28%
  Slovenia 53% 30% 35–38%
  South Africa (details) 32% 11%
  South Korea (details) 60% 55% 46% 37% 30–52%
  South Sudan 16%
  Spain (details) 57% 55% 47% 16% 15–24%
  Sweden (details) 73% 76% 58% 25% 46–85%
   Switzerland (details) 58% 47% 17–27%
  Taiwan 24%
  Tanzania 2%
  Thailand 2% 2%
  Tunisia 33%
  Turkey (details) 15% 75% 3%
  Uganda (details) 1%
  Ukraine 42% 24% 23% 42% 20%
  United Kingdom (details) 69% 66% 31–44%
  United States (details) 39% 39% 35% 20% 3–9%
  Uruguay (details) 12%
  Uzbekistan 18%
  Venezuela 2% 27%
  Vietnam 63% 54% 65% 46% 81%

By population as of 2004Edit

Countries with the greatest number of people without religion (atheists and agnostics), based on the total population of each country as of 2004 and the percentage of non-religious people according to Zuckerman:[5]

Country People without religion
  China 103,907,840 – 181,838,720
  India 102,870,000
  Japan 81,493,120 – 82,766,450
  Vietnam 66,978,900
  Russia 34,507,680 – 69,015,360
  Germany 33,794,250 – 40,388,250
  France 25,982,320 – 32,628,960
  United Kingdom 18,684,010 – 26,519,240
  South Korea 14,579,400 – 25,270,960
  Ukraine 9,546,400
  United States 8,790,840 – 26,822,520
  Netherlands 6,364,020 – 7,179,920
  Canada 6,176,520 – 9,752,400
  Spain 6,042,150 – 9,667,440
  Taiwan 5,460,000
  Hong Kong 5,240,000
  Czech Republic 5,328,940 – 6,250,121
  Australia 4,779,120 – 4,978,250
  Belgium 4,346,160 – 4,449,640
  Sweden 4,133,560 – 7,638,100
  Italy 3,483,420 – 8,708,550
  North Korea 3,404,700
  Hungary 3,210,240 – 4,614,720
  Bulgaria 2,556,120 – 3,007,200
  Denmark 2,327,590 – 4,330,400
  Belarus 1,752,870
  Greece 1,703,680
  Kazakhstan 1,665,840 – 1,817,280
  Argentina 1,565,800 – 3,131,600
  Austria 1,471,500 – 2,125,500
  Finland 1,460,200 – 3,129,000
  Norway 1,418,250 – 3,294,000
   Switzerland 1,266,670 – 2,011,770
  Israel 929,850 – 2,293,630
  New Zealand 798,800 – 878,680
  Cuba 791,630
  Slovenia 703,850 – 764,180
  Estonia 657,580
  Dominican Republic 618,380
  Singapore 566,020
  Slovakia 542,400 – 1,518,720
  Lithuania 469,040
  Latvia 461,200 – 668,740
  Portugal 420,960 – 947,160
  Armenia 118,740
  Uruguay 407,880
  Kyrgyzstan 355,670
  Croatia 314,790
  Albania 283,600
  Mongolia 247,590
  Iceland 47,040 – 67,620

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Based on the data of the Dentsu Communication Institute and the data of Zuckerman. Largest values taken.
  2. ^ "Global Index of Religion and Atheism" (PDF). WIN/Gallup International. Archived from the original (PDF) on 16 October 2012. Retrieved 13 January 2015.
  3. ^ a b "Losing our Religion? Two Thirds of People Still Claim to be Religious" (PDF). WIN/Gallup International. WIN/Gallup International. 13 April 2015.
  4. ^ "Wayback Machine" (PDF). 14 November 2017. Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 November 2017. Retrieved 27 February 2018.
  5. ^ a b c Zuckerman, Phil (2006). "Atheism: Contemporary Numbers and Patterns". In Martin, Michael (ed.). The Cambridge Companion to Atheism. Cambridge University Press. pp. 47–66. ISBN 9780521842709.
  6. ^ a b Keysar, Ariela; Navarro-Rivera, Juhem (2017). "36. A World of Atheism: Global Demographics". In Bullivant, Stephen; Ruse, Michael (eds.). The Oxford Handbook of Atheism. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0199644659.
  7. ^ "Wayback Machine" (PDF). 14 November 2017. Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 November 2017. Retrieved 27 February 2018.
  8. ^ "WIN-Gallup International 'Religiosity and Atheism Index' reveals atheists are a small minority in the early years of 21st century". WIN-Gallup International. Retrieved 14 November 2015.
  9. ^ "GLOBAL INDEX OF RELIGIOSITY AND ATHEISM – 2012" (PDF). WIN-Gallup International. 27 July 2012. Archived from the original (PDF) on 21 October 2013. Retrieved 14 November 2015.
  10. ^ Dentsu Communication Institute 電通総研・日本リサーチセンター編「世界60カ国価値観データブック (in Japanese)