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Buddhism by country

Percentage of Buddhists by country, according to the Pew Research Center.

Buddhism is a religion practiced by an estimated 488 million in the world,[1] 495 million,[2] or 535 million[3] people as of the 2010s, representing 7 % of the world's total population.

China is the country with the largest population of Buddhists, approximately 244 million or 18.2% of its total population.[1] They are mostly followers of Chinese schools of Mahayana, making this the largest body of Buddhist traditions. Mahayana, also practised in broader East Asia, is followed by over half of the world's Buddhists.[1]

The second largest body of Buddhist schools is Theravada, mostly followed in Southeast Asia.[1] The third largest body of schools Vajrayana, is followed mostly in Tibet, the Himalayan region, Mongolia and parts of Russia,[1] but is disseminated throughout the world. The fourth largest body of Buddhist schools is Navayana, mostly followed in Maharashtra, India.[4][5]

According to a demographic analysis reported by Peter Harvey (2013):[3]

  • Eastern Buddhism (Mahayana) has 360 million adherents;
  • Southern Buddhism (Theravada) has 150 million adherents; and
  • Northern Buddhism (Vajrayana) has 18.2 million adherents;
  • Indian Buddhism (Navayana) has 7.3 million adherents.
  • Seven million additional Buddhists are found outside Asia.

By countryEdit

Buddhist population by country
Country/Territory Population (2010)
Pew estimate[1]
% Buddhist (2010)
Pew estimate[1]
No. of Buddhists (2010)
Pew estimate[1]
No. of Buddhists
Other estimates
  Afghanistan 31,410,000 < 0.1% < 10,000
  Albania 3,200,000 < 0.1% < 10,000
  Algeria 35,470,000 < 0.1% < 10,000
  American Samoa 70,000 0.3% < 10,000
  Andorra 80,000 < 0.1% < 10,000
  Angola 19,080,000 < 0.1% < 10,000
  Argentina 40,410,000 < 0.1% 20,000
  Armenia 3,090,000 < 0.1% < 10,000
  Aruba 110,000 0.1% < 10,000
  Australia 22,270,000 2.7% 600,000
  Austria 8,390,000 0.2% 20,000
  Azerbaijan 9,190,000 < 0.1% < 10,000
  Bahamas 340,000 < 0.1% < 10,000
  Bahrain 1,260,000 2.5% 30,000
  Bangladesh 148,690,000 0.5% 720,000 0.6% (2011 census)[6]
  Barbados 270,000 < 0.1% < 10,000
  Belarus 9,600,000 < 0.1% < 10,000
  Belgium 10,710,000 0.2% 30,000
  Belize 310,000 0.5% < 10,000
  Benin 8,850,000 < 0.1% < 10,000
  Bermuda 60,000 0.5% < 10,000
  Bhutan 730,000 74.7% 540,000
  Bolivia 9,930,000 < 0.1% < 10,000
  Botswana 2,010,000 < 0.1% < 10,000
  Brazil 194,950,000 0.1% 250,000
  Brunei 400,000 8.6% 30,000
  Bulgaria 7,490,000 < 0.1% < 10,000
  Burkina Faso 16,470,000 < 0.1% < 10,000
  Cambodia 14,140,000 96.9% 13,690,000
  Cameroon 19,600,000 < 0.1% < 10,000
  Canada 34,020,000 0.8% 280,000 300,345 (2001 census)[7]
  Chad 11,230,000 < 0.1% < 10,000
  Chile 17,110,000 < 0.1% 10,000
  China 1,341,340,000 18.2% 244,130,000
  Colombia 46,290,000 < 0.1% < 10,000
  Democratic Republic of the Congo 65,970,000 < 0.1% < 10,000
  Republic of the Congo 4,040,000 < 0.1% < 10,000
  Costa Rica 4,660,000 < 0.1% < 10,000
  Côte d'Ivoire 19,740,000 < 0.1% < 10,000
  Croatia 4,400,000 < 0.1% < 10,000
  Cuba 11,260,000 < 0.1% < 10,000
  Cyprus 1,100,000 0.2% < 10,000
  Czech Republic 10,490,000 < 0.1% < 10,000
  Denmark 5,550,000 0.2% 10,000
  Dominica 70,000 0.1% < 10,000
  Dominican Republic < 0.1% < 10,000
  Ecuador < 0.1% < 10,000
  Egypt < 0.1% < 10,000
  El Salvador < 0.1% < 10,000
  Estonia < 0.1% < 10,000
  Ethiopia < 0.1% < 10,000
  Falkland Islands < 0.1% < 10,000
  Federated States of Micronesia 110,000 0.4% < 10,000
  Fiji < 0.1% < 10,000
  Finland < 0.1% < 10,000
  France 62,790,000 0.5% 280,000
  French Guiana < 0.1% < 10,000
  French Polynesia < 0.1% < 10,000
  Germany 82,300,000 0.3% 210,000
  Ghana < 0.1% < 10,000
  Greece < 0.1% < 10,000
  Guam 180,000 1.1% < 10,000
  Guatemala < 0.1% < 10,000
  Guinea < 0.1% < 10,000
  Guyana < 0.1% < 10,000
  Haiti < 0.1% < 10,000
  Honduras 7,600,000 0.1% < 10,000
  Hong Kong 7,050,000 13.2% 930,000
  Hungary < 0.1% < 10,000
  Iceland 320,000 0.4% < 10,000
  India 1,224,610,000 0.8% 9,250,000
  Indonesia 239,870,000 0.7% 1,720,000
  Iran < 0.1% < 10,000
  Iraq < 0.1% < 10,000
  Ireland 4,470,000 0.2% < 10,000
  Israel 7,420,000 0.3% 20,000
  Italy 60,550,000 0.2% 110,000
  Jamaica 2,740,000 < 0.1% < 10,000
  Japan 126,540,000 36.2% 45,820,000 89,000,000 (2007)[8] / 69.8% (2017)[9]
  Jordan 6,190,000 0.4% 20,000
  Kazakhstan 16,030,000 0.2% 40,000
  Kenya < 0.1% < 10,000
  North Korea 24,350,000 1.5% 370,000
  South Korea 48,180,000 22.9% 11,050,000
  Kuwait 2,740,000 2.8% 80,000 estimated 100,000 (2006)[10]
  Kyrgyzstan < 0.1% < 10,000
  Laos 6,200,000 66.1% 4,100,000
  Latvia < 0.1% < 10,000
  Lebanon 4,230,000 0.2% < 10,000
  Lesotho < 0.1% < 10,000
  Liberia < 0.1% < 10,000
  Libya 6,360,000 0.3% 20,000
  Liechtenstein < 0.1% < 10,000
  Lithuania < 0.1% < 10,000
  Luxembourg < 0.1% < 10,000
  Macau 540,000 17.3% 90,000 80% / 455,000 (2012 govt. report)[11]
  Madagascar < 0.1% < 10,000
  Malawi < 0.1% < 10,000
  Malaysia 28,400,000 19.8 % 5,010,000
  Maldives 320,000 0.6% < 10,000
  Mali < 0.1% < 10,000
  Malta < 0.1% < 10,000
  Martinique < 0.1% < 10,000
  Mauritius < 0.1% < 10,000
  Mexico < 0.1% < 10,000
  Mongolia 2,760,000 55.1% 1,520,000
  Montenegro < 0.1% < 10,000
  Morocco < 0.1% < 10,000
  Mozambique < 0.1% < 10,000
  Myanmar (Burma) 47,960,000 80.1% 38,410,000 87.9% (Census 2014)[12]
  Namibia < 0.1% < 10,000
  Nauru 10,000 1.1% < 10,000
  Nepal 29,960,000 10.3% 3,080,000
  Netherlands 16,610,000 0.2% 40,000
  New Caledonia 250,000 0.6% < 10,000
  New Zealand 4,370,000 1.6% 70,000
  Nicaragua < 0.1% < 10,000
  Nigeria 158,420,000 < 0.1% 10,000
  Northern Mariana Islands 60,000 10.6% < 10,000
  North Macedonia < 0.1% < 10,000
  Norway 4,880,000 0.6% 30,000
  Oman 2,780,000 0.8% 20,000
  Pakistan 173,590,000 < 0.1% 20,000
  Palau 20,000 0.8% < 10,000
  Palestine < 0.1% < 10,000
  Panama 3,520,000 0.2% < 10,000
  Papua New Guinea < 0.1% < 10,000
  Paraguay < 0.1% < 10,000
  Peru 29,080,000 0.2% 50,000
  Philippines 93,260,000 < 0.1% 80,000 46,558 (2010 census)[13]
  Poland < 0.1% < 10,000
  Portugal 10,680,000 0.6% 60,000
  Puerto Rico 3,750,000 0.3% 10,000
  Qatar 1,760,000 3.1% 50,000
  Réunion 850,000 0.2% < 10,000
  Romania < 0.1% < 10,000
  Russia 142,960,000 0.1% 170,000 0.6% / 866,500 (2016)[14]
  Saudi Arabia 27,450,000 0.3% 90,000
  Senegal 12,430,000 0.3% < 10,000
  Serbia < 0.1% < 10,000
  Seychelles < 0.1% < 10,000
  Sierra Leone 5,870,000 0.3% < 10,000
  Singapore 5,090,000 33.9% 1,730,000
  Slovakia < 0.1% < 10,000
  Slovenia < 0.1% < 10,000
  Solomon Islands 540,000 0.3% < 10,000
  South Africa 50,130,000 0.2% 100,000
  Spain < 0.1% < 10,000
  Sri Lanka 20,860,000 69.3% 14,450,000 70.2% / 14,222,844 (2011 census)[15]
  Sudan < 0.1% < 10,000
  Suriname 520,000 0.6% < 10,000
  Swaziland < 0.1% < 10,000
  Sweden 9,380,000 0.4% 40,000
  Switzerland 7,660,000 0.4% 30,000
  Taiwan 23,220,000 21.3% 4,950,000 35% / 8,050,000 (2006)[16]
  Tajikistan < 0.1% < 10,000
  Tanzania < 0.1% < 10,000
  Thailand 69,120,000 93.2% 64,420,000 94.5% / 63,620,298 (2015 census)[17]
  Togo < 0.1% < 10,000
  Tonga 100,000 < 0.1% < 10,000
  Tunisia < 0.1% < 10,000
  Trinidad and Tobago 1,340,000 0.3% < 10,000
  Turkey 72,750,000 < 0.1% 40,000
  Turkmenistan < 0.1% < 10,000
  Tuvalu < 0.1% < 10,000
  Uganda < 0.1% < 10,000
  Ukraine 45,450,000 < 0.1% 20,000
  United Arab Emirates 7,510,000 2% 150,000
  United Kingdom 62,040,000 0.4% 240,000
  United States 310,380,000 1.2% 3,570,000
  Uruguay < 0.1% < 10,000
  US Virgin Islands < 0.1% < 10,000
  Uzbekistan 27,440,000 < 0.1% 10,000
  Vanuatu < 0.1% < 10,000
  Venezuela < 0.1% < 10,000
  Vietnam 87,850,000 16.4% 14,380,000
  Yemen < 0.1% < 10,000
  Zambia < 0.1% < 10,000
  Zimbabwe < 0.1% < 10,000
World 6,895,890,000 7.1% 487,540,000

By regionEdit

Buddhism by region in 2010[1]
Region Estimated total population Estimated Buddhist population %
Asia-Pacific 4,054,990,000 481,290,000 11.9%
North America 344,530,000 3,860,000 1.1%
Europe 742,550,000 1,330,000 0.2%
Middle East-North Africa 341,020,000 500,000 0.1%
Latin America-Caribbean 590,080,000 410,000 <0.1%
Total 6,895,890,000 487,540,000 7.1%

Ten countries with the largest Buddhist populationsEdit

Countries with the largest Buddhist populations as of 2010[1]
Country Estimated Buddhist population % of the total population of the country % of world Buddhist population
China 244,130,000 18.2% 50.1%
Thailand 64,420,000 93.2% 13.2%
Japan[18][1] 45,820,000 36.2% 9.4%
Myanmar 38,410,000 87.90% 7.9%
Sri Lanka 14,450,000 69.3% 3.0%
Vietnam 14,380,000 16.4% 2.9%
Cambodia 13,690,000 96.9% 2.8%
South Korea 11,050,000 22.9% 2.3%
India 9,250,000 0.8% 1.9%
Malaysia 5,010,000 19.8% 1.0%
Subtotal for the ten countries 460,610,000 (% of total of all ten countries) 15.3% 94.5%
Subtotal for the rest of the world 26,930,000 (% of rest of world population) 0.4% 5.5%
World total 487,540,000 7.1% 100%

note: Exact number of followers when calculating Buddhists varies because Buddhism is often mixed with the native East Asian religions in their respective countries. For example, in Japan the number of Buddhists when calculating including the Shintoists would ramp the percentage of Buddhists in Japan from 67% to >98%.

See alsoEdit

External linksEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "Global Religious Landscape: Buddhists". Pew Research Center. 18 December 2012.
  2. ^ Johnson, Todd M.; Grim, Brian J. (2013). The World's Religions in Figures: An Introduction to International Religious Demography (PDF). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 34–37. Archived from the original (PDF) on 20 October 2013. Retrieved 2 September 2013.
  3. ^ a b Harvey, Peter (2013). An Introduction to Buddhism: Teachings, History and Practices (2nd ed.). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. p. 5. ISBN 9780521676748. Retrieved 2 September 2013.
  4. ^ "Manu Moudgil, Dalits Are Still Converting to Buddhism, but at a Dwindling Rate, The Quint, 17.06.17".
  5. ^ Moudgil, Manu. "Conversion To Buddhism Has Brought Literacy, Gender Equality And Well-Being To Dalits – IndiaSpend-Journalism India -Data Journalism India-Investigative Journalism-IndiaSpend". www.indiaspend.com.
  6. ^ "Official Census Results 2011 page xiii" (PDF). Bangladesh Government. Retrieved 17 April 2015.
  7. ^ Population by religion, by province and territory (2001 Census) Archived 2011-01-14 at the Wayback Machine
  8. ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20101128063804/http://www.state.gov/g/drl/rls/irf/2010/148871.htm
  9. ^ https://www.statista.com/statistics/237609/religions-in-japan/
  10. ^ "International Religious Freedom Report: Kuwait".
  11. ^ "state.gov". Retrieved 15 December 2014.
  12. ^ Department of Population Ministry of Labour, Immigration and Population MYANMAR (July 2016). The 2014 Myanmar Population and Housing Census Census Report Volume 2-C. Department of Population Ministry of Labour, Immigration and Population MYANMAR. pp. 12–15.
  13. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/2015%20PSY%20PDF.pdf
  14. ^ "ФСО доложила о межконфессиональных отношениях в РФ". ZNAK. Retrieved 15 April 2017.
  15. ^ Department of Census and Statistics,The Census of Population and Housing of Sri Lanka-2011
  16. ^ [1]
  17. ^ "Population by religion, region and area, 2015" (PDF). NSO. Archived (PDF) from the original on 10 December 2017. Retrieved 12 October 2017.
  18. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 9 June 2015. Retrieved 2015-08-06.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)