List of refugees

This is a list of prominent people who fled their native country, went into exile and found refuge in another country. The list follows the current legal concept of refugee only loosely. It also includes children of people who have fled. The people are ordered according to the field in which they made their names.

AdvertisingEdit

ArchitectureEdit

ArtEdit

BusinessEdit

Fashion and designEdit

ManufacturingEdit

Music and danceEdit

Politics, economics, and political economyEdit

  • Madeleine Albright - Former U.S. Secretary of State. She and her family fled Czechoslovakia in 1948 and came to the US as refugees.[50]
  • Hannah Arendt - Jewish-American author and political theorist. Born in Germany, in 1933 she fled persecution by the Nazis for Czechoslovakia and then Geneva, eventually becoming a naturalized citizen of the US in 1950.[51][52]
  • Adrienne Clarkson - Canadian journalist and 26th Governor General of Canada. Her parents fled Hong Kong with her in 1941 and found refuge in Canada.[53]
  • Alexander Gerschenkron - Russian-born American economist. Fled Russia during Russian civil war and settled in Austria, fleeing again to the United States after the rise of fascism. He is best known for his book of essay, Economic Backwardness in Historical Perspective, which became one of the foundational texts of development economics.
  • Albert O. Hirschman - German development economist and political economist. He was an active resistance fighter during the Second War World and Spanish Civil War, helping to rescue many of Europe's leading artists and intellectuals. He is best known for his work on unbalanced development and his book in political science: Exit, Voice and Loyalty.
  • Michaëlle Jean - Canadian journalist and 27th Governor General of Canada. Her father fled Haiti's Duvalier regime in 1967, she and the rest of their family arrived in Canada in 1968.[54]
  • Henry Kissinger - American diplomat and political scientist who fled Germany with his family in 1938.[55]
  • Karl Marx - German philosopher, writer and journalist best known for "inventing" the political concept of Communism. He spent much of his adult life in exile as a result of his political views, but became truly stateless in 1848 when he gave up his Prussian citizenship, and was expelled from France. He remained stateless till the end of his life.[56]
  • Thandika Mkandawire - Malawian-Swedish economist, best known for his work on 'transformative social policy'. He was targeted by the regime of Dr. Hastings Kamuzu Banda and found asylum in Sweden.[57]
  • Maryam Monsef - Canadian politician. In 2015 she became Minister For Democratic Institutions. She and her family fled the Afghan Civil War in 1996, resettling in Canada.[58]
  • Ilhan Omar - Somali-American politician. Born in Somalia, her family fled the civil war there, and spent four years in a refugee camp. They immigrated to the United States. She was elected to the U.S. House of Representative in 2018.
  • Karl Polanyi - Hungarian economic historian and political economist and a refugee from fascist persecution in the Vienna of 1934. He is known for his book The Great Transformation, which argued that the emergence of market-based societies in modern Europe was not inevitable but historically contingent.[59]
  • Edward Snowden - American computer security specialist, leaked information about U.S. National Security data collection, fled U.S. and received asylum in Russia.
  • Tȟatȟáŋka Íyotake (Sitting Bull) - Hunkpapa Lakota holy man who led his people as a tribal chief during years of resistance to United States government policies. Took refuge with his followers in Canada in 1877 for four years, where they petitioned the Canadian government for land and food. The Canadian government refused their request, and ultimately Sitting Bull and his people were forced to return to the United States.[60]
  • Clara Zetkin - key leader in German Communist movement, chiefly remembered for establishing March 8 as International Women's Day; fled Nazi Germany in 1932 and took refuge in the Soviet Union.[48]

Psychology and philosophyEdit

  • Michael Balint - British citizen, Jewish-Hungarian psychoanalyst, best known as a proponent of Object relations theory. Fled persecution by Nazis for the UK in 1939.[61]
  • Sigmund Freud - Jewish-Austrian neurologist, best known as the founder of psychoanalysis. Fled persecution by the Nazis in Austria in June 1938, took refuge in the UK.[62]
  • Anna Freud - daughter of Sigmund, also a psychoanalyst. Fled persecution by the Nazis in Austria in June 1938, took refuge in the UK.[62]
  • Ernest Gellner - British citizen, Czech-Jewish philosopher and social anthropologist. Came to England in 1939 after the German occupation of Prague.[63]
  • Stephan Korner - British citizen, Czech-Jewish philosopher. Came to England in 1939 after German occupation of Czechoslovakia.[64]
  • Claude Lévi-Strauss - French-Jewish anthropologist and ethnologist. Stripped of his citizenship in 1940 under the Vichy anti-semitic laws for his Jewish ancestry, Levi-Strauss took refuge in the United States until 1948, when he returned to France.[65]
  • Karl Popper - Austrian-Jewish philosopher; fled from rise of Nazism in Austria to New Zealand in 1937.[66]
  • Dr. Ruth Westheimer (Dr. Ruth) - Jewish German-American sex therapist, talk show host, author, professor, and former Haganah sniper who fled Nazi Germany for Switzerland as a 10-year-old in January 1939, as part of the Kindertransport. Both her parents were killed at Auschwitz.[67][68]

ReligionEdit

Science and technologyEdit

SportEdit

TV and filmEdit

Writing and publishingEdit

MiscellaneousEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Day, Elizabeth (2013-06-22). "Charles Saatchi: art supremo with an image problem". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2015-11-18.
  2. ^ "Eva Jiricna | Artist | Royal Academy of Arts". www.royalacademy.org.uk. Retrieved 2015-11-18.
  3. ^ "Boughton House, the Huguenot Summer … and a contemporary resentment". migrationmuseum.org. Retrieved 2015-11-18.
  4. ^ "Fiendishly, United Kingdom - Refugee Stories". Refugee Stories. Retrieved 2015-11-18.
  5. ^ Weber, Ronald (2011-05-16). The Lisbon Route: Entry and Escape in Nazi Europe. Government Institutes. ISBN 9781566638920.
  6. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-09-04. Retrieved 2015-11-18.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  7. ^ a b "UNHCR - Alek Wek Biography". www.unhcr.org. Retrieved 2015-11-19.
  8. ^ "Lucian Freud: "A life of uncertainty and loneliness" … and enduring insights - World Socialist Web Site". www.wsws.org. Retrieved 2015-11-18.
  9. ^ Gaylord, Chris. "Peter Carl Fabergé: How Communism crushed the Faberge egg". Christian Science Monitor. ISSN 0882-7729. Retrieved 2015-11-19.
  10. ^ a b "Mona Hatoum - Palestinian Artist Displays Her Work in New York Gallery (Images)". Xpatnation. Archived from the original on 2015-11-19. Retrieved 2015-11-19.
  11. ^ "Oral history interview with Josine Ianco-Starrels, 1989 June 15 - Oral Histories | Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution". www.aaa.si.edu. Retrieved 2015-11-18.
  12. ^ Gatrell, Peter (2013-09-05). The Making of the Modern Refugee. OUP Oxford. ISBN 9780191655692.
  13. ^ "Interview: Anish Kapoor is the biggest name in art". www.thejc.com. Retrieved 2015-11-18.
  14. ^ "Archives: ITP 55: Broadway Boogie-Woogie, by Piet Mondrian". www.andrewgrahamdixon.com. Archived from the original on 2015-11-19. Retrieved 2015-11-18.
  15. ^ "Camille Pissarro paintings, biography, and quotes". www.camillepissarro.org. Retrieved 2015-11-19.
  16. ^ "Artwork highlights - 'Bust of Alfred Wolmark' (painted plaster and bronze versions), by Henri Gaudier-Brzeska (1891-1915)". www.liverpoolmuseums.org.uk. Retrieved 2015-11-19.
  17. ^ Brewerton, David (15 March 2011). "Raymond Burton obituary". the Guardian. Retrieved 2015-11-19.
  18. ^ a b "Huguenots among most successful of Britain's immigrants". The Independent. 19 June 2015. Retrieved 2015-11-19.
  19. ^ "From India, penniless Madhvani made a fortune in Uganda". www.newvision.co.ug. Archived from the original on 2015-07-10. Retrieved 2015-11-19.
  20. ^ "Top 10 refugee contributions". Telegraph.co.uk. Retrieved 2015-11-19.
  21. ^ Milton, Giles (2011-10-13). Paradise Lost. Hodder & Stoughton. ISBN 9781444731798.
  22. ^ "Tran, Sieng Van". UNHCR. Retrieved 2015-11-19.
  23. ^ "Holocaust survivor repays ultimate debt via rescue of Syrian Christians". The Times of Israel. Retrieved 2015-11-19.
  24. ^ Bardsley, Gillian (2006-01-01). Issigonis: The Official Biography. Icon. ISBN 9781840467789.
  25. ^ "Pickle king Lakhubhai Pathak's family in bitter fight over inheritance : International - India Today". indiatoday.intoday.in. Retrieved 2015-11-19.
  26. ^ a b c "Refugee Businesses Defy Scrounger Stereotype". The Huffington Post UK. 22 June 2015. Retrieved 2015-11-19.
  27. ^ "UNHCR - Prominent Refugees". www.unhcr.org. Retrieved 2015-11-18.
  28. ^ a b Inglis, Anne (22 May 2008). "Obituary: Siegmund Nissel". the Guardian. Retrieved 2015-11-20.
  29. ^ Driver, Christopher; Inglis, Anne (11 April 2005). "Obituary: Norbert Brainin". the Guardian. Retrieved 2015-11-20.
  30. ^ "Gloria Estefan on leaving Cuba". Entertainment Weekly's EW.com. Retrieved 2015-11-20.
  31. ^ Smith, Andrew (2002-03-09). "Elastica limits". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2015-11-20.
  32. ^ "Refugee in Canada | K'Naan – The Dusty Foot Troubadour". www.rcinet.ca. 2 October 2014. Retrieved 2015-11-19.
  33. ^ Otte, Marline (2006-07-03). Jewish Identities in German Popular Entertainment, 1890–1933. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9781107320888.
  34. ^ "Zanzibar Has a Freddie Mercury Problem | VICE | Canada". VICE. Retrieved 2015-11-20.
  35. ^ "V Festival 2010: Mika interview". Telegraph.co.uk. Retrieved 2015-11-20.
  36. ^ "MIA: 'I'm here for the people' | Pop interview". the Guardian. 12 June 2010. Retrieved 2015-11-20.
  37. ^ "Rita Ora Reveals Traumatic Refugee Past". EntertainmentWise. Archived from the original on 2015-10-30. Retrieved 2015-11-20.
  38. ^ ""Jag är både helgon och djävul" - DN.SE". DN.SE (in Swedish). 11 December 2011. Retrieved 2015-11-20.
  39. ^ Kimmelman, Michael (1987-08-17). "Peter Schidlof Is Dead at 65; The Amadeus Quartet Violist". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2015-11-20.
  40. ^ Feisst, Sabine (2011-02-02). Schoenbergs New World: The American Years. Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780199792634.
  41. ^ "How We Met: Alain Boublil and Claude-Michel Schonberg". The Independent. 6 December 1998. Retrieved 2015-11-20.
  42. ^ "Kiss rocker Gene Simmons back in Israel after 51 years". The Jerusalem Post | JPost.com. Retrieved 2015-11-20.
  43. ^ Vulliamy, Ed (8 September 2012). "Georg Solti: the making of a musical colossus". the Guardian. Retrieved 2015-11-20.
  44. ^ "Oscar Straus, Noted Composer, Dead; Fled Nazis in Vienna, Paris". Jewish Telegraphic Agency. Retrieved 2015-11-20.
  45. ^ "The Johann Strauss Society of Great Britain — Composers — Robert Stolz". www.johann-strauss.org.uk. Retrieved 2015-11-20.
  46. ^ Tauber, Diana Napier (1959). My Heart And I. London: Evans Brothers.
  47. ^ "An Interview With Immortal Technique: Orator Of The Opposition". BallerStatus.com. 2 February 2010. Retrieved 2015-11-20.
  48. ^ a b "UNHCR - Prominent Refugees". www.unhcr.org. Retrieved 2015-11-18.
  49. ^ "von Trapp, Maria Agusta and family". UNHCR. Retrieved 2015-11-20.
  50. ^ Albright, Madeleine. "Madeleine Albright: ISIS Wants Us to Think Refugees Are the Enemy". TIME.com. Retrieved 2015-11-18.
  51. ^ "Youth Time magazine - We Refugees: An Enlightening Essay By Hannah Arendt". www.youth-time.eu. 11 September 2015. Retrieved 2015-11-19.
  52. ^ d'Entreves, Maurizio Passerin (2014-01-01). Zalta, Edward N. (ed.). Hannah Arendt (Summer 2014 ed.).
  53. ^ "Refugee in Canada | Her Excellency the Right Honourable Adrienne Clarkson – Wisdom and Experience". www.rcinet.ca. 2 October 2014. Retrieved 2015-11-19.
  54. ^ "Refugee in Canada | The Right Honourable Michaelle Jean – Witness to Struggle and Triumph". www.rcinet.ca. 2 October 2014. Retrieved 2015-11-19.
  55. ^ "These Famous People Were Refugees". The Huffington Post. 2015-11-20. Retrieved 2016-05-14.
  56. ^ www.german-way.com http://www.german-way.com/notable-people/featured-bios/karl-marx/. Retrieved 2015-11-20. {{cite web}}: Missing or empty |title= (help)
  57. ^ Meagher, Kate (2020). "A Transformative Economist: Remembering Thandika Mkandawire" (PDF). CODESRIA Bulletin. 2: 1.
  58. ^ International, Radio Canada (22 October 2015). "Maryam Monsef, Afghan refugee to MP". Radio Canada International. Retrieved 2015-11-18.
  59. ^ Crain, Caleb (2018). "Is Capitalism a Threat to Democracy?". The New Yorker.
  60. ^ "May 2 - May 8". www.glenbow.org. Retrieved 2015-11-20.
  61. ^ Lakasing, Edin (2005-09-01). "Michael Balint — an outstanding medical life". The British Journal of General Practice. 55 (518): 724–725. ISSN 0960-1643. PMC 1464079. PMID 16176748.
  62. ^ a b www.german-way.com http://www.german-way.com/notable-people/featured-bios/sigmund-freud/. Retrieved 2015-11-21. {{cite web}}: Missing or empty |title= (help)
  63. ^ "Gellner Interview". www.lse.ac.uk. Retrieved 2015-11-29.
  64. ^ "Obituary: Stephan Körner". the Guardian. 30 August 2000. Retrieved 2015-11-29.
  65. ^ "Lévi-Strauss, Claude". UNHCR. Retrieved 2015-11-29.
  66. ^ "Karl Popper". Jewish Online Museum. Retrieved 2015-11-29.
  67. ^ Mic. "The Story of How Dr. Ruth Became Famous Will Make You Love Her Even More". Mic. Retrieved 2016-06-09.
  68. ^ "Dr. Ruth Westheimer on Her Past as an Army Sniper and Clubbing with JFK Jr". Observer. 2014-11-20. Retrieved 2016-06-09.
  69. ^ a b c d e Byzantine Rome and the Greek Popes. Andrew J. Ekonomou, 2007
  70. ^ Blatty, David (July 6, 2012). "The 14th Dalai Lama Celebrates His 77th Birthday". Biography.com. A&E Television Networks. Retrieved June 8, 2016.
  71. ^ "Refugee in Canada | Vincent Ngyuen – From Boatperson to Bishop". www.rcinet.ca. 25 September 2014. Retrieved 2015-11-19.
  72. ^ "Losing Everything Twice: President Uchtdorf's Refugee Experience". The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints Church News. May 5, 2016. Retrieved February 21, 2017.
  73. ^ Brandt, Richard L. (2011-06-28). The Google Guys: Inside the Brilliant Minds of Google Founders Larry Page and Sergey Brin. Penguin. ISBN 9781101535318.
  74. ^ Georgiadou, Maria (2013-12-01). Constantin Carathéodory: Mathematics and Politics in Turbulent Times. Springer Science & Business Media. ISBN 9783642185625.
  75. ^ "UNHCR - Prominent Refugees". www.unhcr.org. Retrieved 2015-11-18.
  76. ^ "Enrico Fermi". Atomic Heritage Foundation. Retrieved 2015-11-19.
  77. ^ Jewish Chronicle, April 20, 2007 p.3
  78. ^ "Charles Proteus Steinmetz, the Wizard of Schenectady | Past Imperfect". Archived from the original on 2011-09-30.
  79. ^ Grossman, Hallie (April 24, 2021). "Meet the NFL draft's most extraordinary prospect, Kwity Paye". ESPN.com. Retrieved April 29, 2021.
  80. ^ Klein, Rachel (11 Jan 2017). "Dadaab-born blogger: 'My nationality is refugee' | DW | 11.01.2017". DW.COM. Retrieved 2022-02-23.
  81. ^ Crown, Sarah (2007-06-02). "1984 is definitive book of the 20th century, says survey". the Guardian. Retrieved 2016-05-14.
  82. ^ "Anne Frank and her family were also denied entry as refugees to the U.S." Washington Post. Retrieved 2016-06-09.
  83. ^ Times, David Binder, Special To The New York (1990-10-26). "Top Albania Writer Seeks Asylum In France, a Blow to His President". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2015-11-19.
  84. ^ "Statue of Soviet Dissident Solzhenitsyn Vandalized With 'Judas' Sign | News". The Moscow Times. Retrieved 2015-11-19.
  85. ^ Kaufman, Michael T. (2008-08-04). "Solzhenitsyn, Literary Giant Who Defied Soviets, Dies at 89". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2015-11-19.