Sir Montague Maurice Burton (15 August 1885 – 21 September 1952) was the founder of Burton Menswear, one of Britain's largest chains of clothes shops.

Sir Montague Burton
Meshe David Osinsky

(1885-08-15)15 August 1885
Kurkliai, Kaunas province, Russian Empire (now Lithuania)
Died21 September 1952(1952-09-21) (aged 67)
Resting placeStonefall Jewish Cemetery, Harrogate
Occupation(s)Clothing manufacturer and retailer
Known forFounder of Burton Menswear
SpouseSophia Amelia Marks
Children3 sons and 1 daughter
Burton's factory, Hudson Road, Leeds LS9

Early life edit

Born Meshe David Osinsky and a Lithuanian Jew in Kurkliai, Kaunas province, he came alone to the UK in 1900 to escape the Russian pogroms.[1][2] He was well-educated, having studied in a yeshiva,[1] but arrived unable to speak English.[3]

Career edit

In 1901, he was staying in Cheetham Hill, Manchester. He started as a peddler, then set up as a general outfitter in Chesterfield in 1903 selling readymade suits bought from a wholesaler.[2][3] Following his marriage to Sophie Marks in 1909 the name of the company was changed from M. Burton to Burton & Burton. On the birth of twin boys in (1917) he gave his name as Montague Maurice Burton. However, he had not changed his name legally, which caused problems during the First World War.[2]

By 1913 Burton had five men's tailor shops with headquarters in Sheffield and manufacturing in Leeds. He had four hundred shops, and factories and mills, by 1929, when the company went public. His firm made a quarter of the British military uniforms during World War II and a third of demobilisation clothing.

Honours edit

Burton declined the offer to be Lord Mayor of Leeds in 1930 but was knighted in 1931 for "services to industrial relations" and was a Justice of the Peace from 1924.[1] He became a Fellow of the Royal Society of Antiquaries in 1940 and was awarded an honorary doctorate (DLitt) by the University of Leeds in 1944.[2]

Personal life edit

In 1909, he married Sophia Amelia Marks: they had one daughter, Barbara (1910), and three sons, Stanley (1914) and twins Raymond and Arnold (1917).[1]

Death and legacy edit

He died while speaking after a dinner in Leeds on 21 September 1952. The funeral was at the Harrogate Synagogue (some sources say Chapeltown) and he was interred at Gildersome. However, he and his wife were reinterred in 1964 at Stonefall Jewish cemetery, Harrogate, the first to be buried there.[2]

Burton endowed chairs in industrial relations in the University of Leeds and Cardiff in 1929 and Cambridge in 1930. He also endowed chairs of international relations in Jerusalem (1929), and at Oxford University (1930), the London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE) (1936) and The University of Edinburgh (1948).

He is commemorated in the Montague Burton Residences, which are student flats at the University of Leeds.

He wrote the foreword to the seminal work on the business successes of the Quakers: Quakers in commerce: A record of business achievement (1940) by Paul H Emden.

Publication edit

  • Burton, Montague (1943). The Middle Path – Talks on Collective Security, Arbitration and other aspects of International & Industrial Relations. Petty & Sons

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ a b c d Burton, Sir Montague Maurice. 23 September 2004. Retrieved 4 May 2015. {{cite book}}: |work= ignored (help)
  2. ^ a b c d e Moving Here Sir Montague Burton – an introduction
  3. ^ a b Silver, Bernard (2000). Three Jewish Giants of Leeds Jewish Historical Society of England (Leeds)

Further reading edit