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Anna Judith Gertrud Helene Kerr OBE (surname pronounced /ˈkɑːr/ KAR German pronunciation: [kɛʁ];[2] 14 June 1923 – 22 May 2019)[3] was a German-born British writer and illustrator whose books sold more than 10 million copies around the world.[4] She created both enduring picture books such as the Mog series and The Tiger Who Came to Tea and acclaimed novels for older children such as the semi-autobiographical When Hitler Stole Pink Rabbit, which gave a child's-eye view of the Second World War. Born in the Weimar Republic, of Jewish background, she came to Britain with her family in 1933 during the rise of the Nazis.[5][6][7]

Judith Kerr

Kerr at the 2016 Berlin International Literature Festival
BornAnna Judith Gertrud Helene Kerr[1]
(1923-06-14)14 June 1923
Berlin, Germany
Died22 May 2019(2019-05-22) (aged 95)
London, England
GenreChildren's and young adult fiction
Notable worksThe Tiger Who Came to Tea, the Mog series, When Hitler Stole Pink Rabbit
SpouseNigel Kneale
(1954–2006, his death)
ChildrenMatthew Kneale
Tacy Kneale
ParentsAlfred Kerr
Julia Weismann
RelativesMichael Kerr (brother)

YouthEdit

Kerr was born in Berlin,[8] the daughter of Alfred Kerr (1867–1948), a theatre critic, and Julia Kerr [de] (born Julia Anna Franziska Weismann; 1898–1965),[9][10][11] a composer who was the daughter of a Prussian politician. Judith Kerr had a brother, Michael.[12] Her parents were both from German Jewish families.

Early in March 1933,[8] the family heard a rumor that, should the Nazis come to power in the upcoming election, they planned to confiscate their passports and arrest Alfred Kerr for having openly criticized the party.[13] The family fled Germany for Switzerland on the morning of the election and later learned that the Nazis had come to their home in Berlin the following morning to arrest them.[14] Alfred Kerr's books were burned by the Nazis shortly after he fled Germany. The family later travelled to France before finally settling in Britain in 1936, where Judith Kerr lived for the remainder of her life.[15][16] She subsequently became a naturalised British subject.[17]

Life in LondonEdit

During the Second World War, Judith Kerr worked for the Red Cross, helping wounded soldiers, before being awarded a scholarship to study at the Central School of Arts and Crafts and becoming an artist. She met her future husband, screenwriter Nigel "Tom" Kneale, in the BBC canteen. He wrote the cult TV science-fiction serial The Quatermass Experiment for which Kerr helped make and operate the special effects. Kneale later prompted her to apply for a job as a BBC television scriptwriter.[16]

Kerr and Kneale were married in 1954; they remained married until his death in 2006. They had two children, Tacy (born 1958) and Matthew (born 1960). Their son Matthew Kneale is also a writer, winning the Book of the Year prize at the Whitbread Book Awards in 2000 for the novel English Passengers.[15][18] Their daughter Tacy Kneale is an actress, animatronics artist and painter.[19] As an animatronics designer, she initially worked for Jim Henson's Creature Shop before working independently in special effects. The films she worked on include Lost in Space, Dog Soldiers, and the first four Harry Potter films.[20] As an artist, she primarily paints insects.[19]

Kerr lived in the same house in Barnes, London, from 1962 until her death on the 22nd May 2019.[21][15]

BooksEdit

Kerr is best known for her children's books. Although she dreamed of being a famous writer as a child, she only started writing and drawing books when her own children were learning to read.[15] She wrote self-illustrated picture titles, such as the 17-book Mog series and The Tiger Who Came to Tea.[15] The character of Mog was based on a real-life tabby who would sit on Kerr's lap as she worked.[4]

As well as young children's books, Kerr wrote children's novels such as the semi-autobiographical Out of the Hitler Time trilogy (When Hitler Stole Pink Rabbit, Bombs on Aunt Dainty (originally published as The Other Way Round) and A Small Person Far Away), which tell the story, from a child's perspective, of the rise of the Nazis in 1930s Germany and life as a refugee, life in Britain during World War II and life during the post war years and the Cold War respectively.[22] Again it was her children who occasioned this writing: when her son was eight he saw The Sound of Music and remarked, "now we know what it was like when Mummy was a little girl". Kerr wanted him to know what it was really like and so wrote When Hitler Stole Pink Rabbit.[23] The story was based on her regret over choosing to take a stuffed dog toy with her when her family fled Germany rather than a beloved pink rabbit toy.[4] The young adult novel won the Deutscher Jugendliteraturpreis in 1974.[24]

Kerr said that since the death of her husband writing had become more important than ever.[15] She continued to write and illustrate children's books: Twinkles, Arthur and Puss was published in 2008,[25] and One Night in the Zoo in 2009.[26]

Kerr was appointed Officer of the Order of the British Empire (OBE) in the 2012 Birthday Honours for services to children's literature and Holocaust education.[27][28]

LegacyEdit

In 2013, Britain's first bilingual state school in English and German, the Judith Kerr Primary School [de] in Herne Hill, south London, was named after her.[29][30]

In May 2019, a week before her death, she was nominated as illustrator of the year at the British Book Awards. An archive of her illustrations is held at the Seven Stories centre in Newcastle upon Tyne.[3]

DeathEdit

Kerr died at her home on 22 May 2019, aged 95, following a short illness.[31][3]

Selected bibliographyEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ As Far As I Remember (paperback ed.). Hart Publishing. 2002. p. 23. ISBN 1-84113-565-8.
  2. ^ As Far As I Remember (paperback ed.). Hart Publishing. 2002. p. 5. ISBN 1-84113-565-8.
  3. ^ a b c Armitstead, Claire (23 May 2019). "Judith Kerr, beloved author of The Tiger Who Came to Tea, dies aged 95". The Guardian. Retrieved 23 May 2019. Judith Kerr ... died at home yesterday at the age of 95 after a short illness, her publisher said on Thursday.
  4. ^ a b c "Obituary: Judith Kerr died on May 23rd," The Economist, June 6, 2019.
  5. ^ Philpot, Robert. "After fleeing Nazi Germany, Judith Kerr became Britain's favorite storyteller". www.timesofisrael.com.
  6. ^ Welle (www.dw.com), Deutsche. "Artists After the Escape: Judith Kerr, children's book author at 95 | DW | 13.06.2018". DW.COM.
  7. ^ "Judith Kerr OBE | Traces Project". www.tracesproject.org.
  8. ^ a b Elisabeth von Thadden (13 June 2013). "Das Mädchen aus London". Ihr Jugendroman "Als Hitler das rosa Kaninchen stahl" steht allein in Deutschland in 1,3 Millionen Haushalten. Ein Besuch bei der Malerin, Kinderbuchautorin und jüdischen Emigrantin Judith Kerr, zu ihrem 90. Geburtstag. Die Zeit (online). Retrieved 23 May 2019.
  9. ^ "Alfred Kerr – Centenary of his birth" (PDF). AJR ... "Unfortunately, Julia Kerr, who had done so much for her late husband, passed away suddenly in October 1965.". Association of Jewish refugees in Great Britain. December 1967. p. 5. Retrieved 8 March 2016.
  10. ^ "JULIA KERR. Kerr, Julia – Composer, Germany *1898-1965+". The source includes a photo-portrait of Julia Kerr. Granger – Historical Picture Archive. Retrieved 8 March 2015.
  11. ^ [1]
  12. ^ "Judith Kerr on fleeing Hitler, working at 94 and 'The Tiger Who Came To Tea'". Financial Times. 13 October 2017. Retrieved 23 May 2019.
  13. ^ Brown, Helen (3 November 2007). "Judith Kerr:'Cats are very interesting people'". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 24 September 2008.
  14. ^ https://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/p00936sl
  15. ^ a b c d e f Guest, Katy (6 September 2009). "Judith Kerr: If Carlsberg made grannies..." The Independent. Retrieved 6 September 2009.
  16. ^ a b "Obituary: Judith Kerr". BBC News. 23 May 2019.
  17. ^ "My father and other animals". New Statesman. Retrieved 23 May 2019.
  18. ^ "Matthew Kneale Biography". www.matthewkneale.net. Retrieved 24 May 2019.
  19. ^ a b "Tacy Kneale". www.tacykneale.com. Retrieved 24 May 2019.
  20. ^ "Tacy Kneale". www.imdb.com. Retrieved 24 May 2019.
  21. ^ Pires, Candice (4 March 2017). "On the prowl: inside the home of the author of The Tiger Who Came To Tea". The Guardian. Retrieved 25 September 2019.
  22. ^ Armitstead, Claire (29 November 2008). "Tiger! Tiger! burning bright – interview with Judith Kerr, author of The Tiger Who Came to Tea". The Guardian. Retrieved 6 September 2009.
  23. ^ O'Brien, Catherine (11 August 2004). "Love etc". The Times. Retrieved 6 September 2009.
  24. ^ "Private Passions : Judith Kerr". BBC Media Centre. Retrieved 20 July 2019.
  25. ^ "Twinkles, Arthur and Puss by Judith Kerr – Paperback | HarperCollins". HarperCollins UK.
  26. ^ "One Night in the Zoo by Judith Kerr – Paperback | HarperCollins". HarperCollins UK.
  27. ^ "No. 60173". The London Gazette (Supplement). 16 June 2012. p. 23.
  28. ^ "Kenneth Branagh knighted in Queen's Birthday Honours". BBC News. 16 June 2012. Retrieved 15 June 2012.
  29. ^ Garner, Richard (16 October 2013). "Auf Wiedersehn, pupils: UK's first Anglo/German state primary school opens". The Independent. Retrieved 8 February 2015.
  30. ^ "Our Patron Judith Kerr". Judith Kerr Primary School. Retrieved 9 February 2015.
  31. ^ "Tiger Who Came To Tea author Judith Kerr dies". BBC News. 23 May 2019. Retrieved 23 May 2019.
  32. ^ "HarperCollins to celebrate 50 years of 'Tiger Who Came to Tea' - The Bookseller". www.thebookseller.com. Retrieved 23 May 2019.
  33. ^ "The glory of the Tiger Who Came to Tea". abebooks. Retrieved 23 May 2019.
  34. ^ "MOg: in the words of Judith Kerr". The Daily Telegraph. 13 November 2015. Retrieved 23 May 2019.
  35. ^ Armitstead, Claire (27 July 2015). "When Hitler Stole Pink Rabbit by Judith Kerr – an adult story in a children's book". The Guardian. Retrieved 23 May 2019.
  36. ^ Daniel Hahn (2015). The Oxford Companion to Children's Literature. Oxford University Press. p. 622. ISBN 9780199695140. Archived from the original on 20 September 2016. Retrieved 1 September 2016.
  37. ^ "A Small Person Far Away - Judith Kerr - E-book". HarperCollins Publishers: World-Leading Book Publisher.

External linksEdit