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Romanian Americans

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Romanian Americans (Romanian: Români americani) are Americans who have Romanian ancestry. According to the 2017 American Community Survey, 478,278 Americans indicated Romanian as their first or second ancestry.[5] Other sources provide higher estimates for the numbers of Romanian Americans in the contemporary US; for example, the Romanian-American Network Inc. supplies a rough estimate of 1.1 million who are fully or partially of Romanian ethnicity.[6] There is also a significant number of persons of Romanian Jewish ancestry, estimated at about 225,000.[7]

Romanian Americans
Români americani
Flag of Romania.svg Flag of the United States.svg
Total population
478,278 (declared) American Community Survey (2017) [1]
Regions with significant populations
New York City Metropolitan Area[2][3][4]
Languages
American English and Romanian
Religion
Predominantly Romanian Orthodoxy
Catholicism, Romanian Greek Catholicism, Judaism and smaller Protestantism
Related ethnic groups
Romanian Canadians, European Americans

Contents

HistoryEdit

The first Romanian known to have been to what is now the United States was Samuel Damian (also spelled Domien), a priest.[8] Samuel Damian's name appears as far back as 1748, when he placed an advertisement in the South Carolina Gazette announcing the electrical demonstrations he planned to give and inviting the public to attend. Letters written in 1753 and 1755 by Benjamin Franklin attest to the fact that the two had met and had carried on discussions concerning electricity.[8] Damian remained in the States some years living in South Carolina, then travelled on to Jamaica and disappeared from historical record.[9][10]

There were several Romanians who became officers in the Union Army during the American Civil War, including Brevet Brigadier General George Pomutz, commander of the 15th Iowa Infantry Regiment, and Captain Nicolae Dunca, who fought in the Battle of Cross Keys. Another Romanian soldier, Eugen Teodoresco, fought in the Spanish–American War in 1898.[9]

The first major wave of Romanian immigrants to the United States took place between 1895 and 1920, in which 145,000 Romanians entered the country. They came from various regions in Moldavia, Transylvania and neighboring countries such as Ukraine and Serbia with significant Romanian population.[11] The majority of these immigrants particularly those from Transylvania and Banat that were under Austro-Hungarian rule left their native regions because of economic depression and forced assimilation, a policy practiced by Hungarian rulers.[12]

They settled mostly in the industrial centers in Pennsylvania and Delaware as well as in areas around the Great Lakes such as Cleveland, Chicago, and Detroit. The migrants from the Romanian Old Kingdom were mostly Jews, most of whom settled in New York. One of their prominent organizations was the United Rumanian Jews of America. 75,000 Romanian Jews emigrated in the period 1881–1914, mostly to the United States.[13]

During the interwar period, the number of ethnic Romanians who migrated to the US decreased as a consequence of the economic development in Romania, but the number of Jews who migrated to the US increased, mostly after the rise of the fascist Iron Guard.

After the Second World War, the number of Romanians who migrated to the United States increased again. This time, they settled mostly in California, Florida and New York and they came from throughout Romania. After the Romanian Revolution, increased numbers of Romanians came to the US, taking advantage of the new relaxation of Romania's emigration policies (during the communist rule, the borders were officially closed, although some people managed to migrate, including to the US). In the 1990s, New York and Los Angeles were favorite destinations for Romanian emigrants to the US.[14]

DistributionEdit

 
Romanian Cultural Festival at the Maryhill Museum of Art (2018)

Romanian Americans are distributed throughout the U.S., with concentrations found in the Midwest, such as in the states of Michigan, Ohio, and Illinois; the Northeast, in New York, Pennsylvania and Delaware, as well as California (Los Angeles and Sacramento). In the Southeast, communities are found in Georgia (Metro Atlanta), Florida (South Florida) and Alabama (Montgomery). There are also significant communities in the Southwest US, such as in Arizona. The largest Romanian American community is in the state of New York.

The states with the largest estimated Romanian American populations are:[15]

  1. New York (161,900)
  2. California (128,133)
  3. Florida (121,015)
  4. Michigan (119,624)
  5. Pennsylvania (114,529)
  6. Illinois (106,017)
  7. Delaware (84,958)
  8. Ohio (83,228)
  9. Georgia (47,689)

Romanian-born populationEdit

Romanian-born population in the US since 2010:[16]

Year Number
2010 151,767
2011  164,606
2012  165,819
2013  157,302
2014  157,315
2015  159,546
2016  161,629
2017  165,199

Romanian American cultureEdit

Romanian culture has merged with American culture, characterized by Romanian-born Americans adopting American culture or American-born people having strong Romanian heritage.

The Romanian culture can be seen in many different kinds, like Romanian music, newspapers, churches, cultural organizations and groups, such as the Romanian-American Congress or the Round Table Society NFP. Religion, predominantly within the Romanian Orthodox Church and the Romanian Greek Catholic Church, is an important trace of the Romanian presence in the United States, with churches in almost all bigger cities throughout the country. One of the best known foods of Romanian origin is Pastrama.

In certain areas of the US, Romanian communities were first established several generations ago (in the late 19th century and early 20th century) such as in the Great Lakes region;[17] while in others, such as California and Florida, Romanian communities are formed especially by Romanians who emigrated more recently, into the late 20th century and early 21st century. After the Romanian Revolution, large numbers of Romanians emigrated to New York and Los Angeles.[18]

GalleryEdit

Notable peopleEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ https://factfinder.census.gov/faces/tableservices/jsf/pages/productview.xhtml?src=bkmk
  2. ^ "Supplemental Table 2. Persons Obtaining Lawful Permanent Resident Status by Leading Core Based Statistical Areas (CBSAs) of Residence and Region and Country of Birth: Fiscal Year 2014". U.S. Department of Homeland Security. Retrieved October 15, 2016.
  3. ^ "Yearbook of Immigration Statistics: 2013 Supplemental Table 2". U.S. Department of Homeland Security. Retrieved October 15, 2016.
  4. ^ "Yearbook of Immigration Statistics: 2012 Supplemental Table 2". U.S. Department of Homeland Security. Archived from the original on December 22, 2014. Retrieved October 15, 2016.
  5. ^ https://factfinder.census.gov/faces/tableservices/jsf/pages/productview.xhtml?src=bkmk
  6. ^ "Romanian-American Community". Romanian-American Network Inc. Retrieved 2008-09-15.
  7. ^ Salute to the Romanian Jews in America and Canada, 1850-2010 By Vladimir F. Wertsman
  8. ^ a b Melvin H. Buxbaum (1988). Benjamin Franklin, 1907-1983: A Reference Guide. Boston: G. K. Hall & Co. pp. 446–715.
  9. ^ a b Wertsman, Vladimir (1975). The Romanians in America, 1748-1974. New York: Oceana Publications
  10. ^ "Romanian Americans history". everyculture.com. Retrieved 2013-04-14.
  11. ^ "target audience - Demographic Information". Romedia.us. Retrieved 2012-03-15.
  12. ^ Skutsch, Carl (2004). Encyclopedia of the World's Minorities. London: Routledge. p. 576.
  13. ^ Halevy, Mayer A. (1933), Contribuţiuni la istoria Evreilor in România, București.
  14. ^ http://immigrationtous.net/260-romanian-immigration.html
  15. ^ "Romanian-American Community". Embassy of Romania in Washington DC. Retrieved 2012-10-25.
  16. ^ https://factfinder.census.gov/faces/tableservices/jsf/pages/productview.xhtml?pid=ACS_15_1YR_B05006&prodType=table
  17. ^ McGinnis, p. 222.
  18. ^ http://immigrationtous.net/260-romanian-immigration.html

Further readingEdit

  • Wertsman, Vladimir (2002), Romanians in the United States and Canada, North Salt Lake, Utah, HeritageQuest, 2002
  • Sasu, Aurel (2003) Comunitățile românești din Statele Unite și Canada, Editura Limes, 2003

External linksEdit