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This is a reverse-chronological list of oil spills that have occurred throughout the world and spill(s) that are currently ongoing. Quantities are measured in tonnes of crude oil with one tonne roughly equal to 308 US gallons, 256 Imperial gallons, 7.33 barrels, or 1165 litres. This calculation uses a median value of 0.858 for the specific gravity of light crude oil; actual values can range from 0.816 to 0.893, so the amounts shown below are inexact. They are also estimates, because the actual volume of an oil spill is difficult to measure exactly.

Contents

UnderwayEdit

N Spill / vessel Location Dates Estimated flow rate (tonnes/day) Full cargo (tonnes) Spilled (min tonnes) Spilled (max tonnes) Link Notes
1 Ennore oil spill   India,

Chennai, Ennore Port

28 January 2017

to present (91 days)

n/a 473 20 60 [1][2] The ship BW Maple (UK flag), an LPG tanker, collided with the petroleum tanker Dawn Kanchipuram (Indian flag)  
2 OT Southern Star 7   Bangladesh, Sundarbans, Khulna Division 9 December 2014 to present (1018 days) n/a 350 300 300 [3][4][5][6] Leak caused by collision of the oil tanker with a cargo vessel.
3 Napocor
Power Barge 103
  Philippines, Estancia, Iloilo 8 November 2013 to present (1414 days) n/a 1200 170 520 [7][8][9][10] Leaks caused by Typhoon Haiyan.
4 Taylor Energy wells
Platform 23051
  United States, Gulf of Mexico 16 September 2004 to present (4754 days) 0.03–0.05 n/a unknown unknown [11][12][13][14] Leaks resulting from Hurricane Ivan have been largely contained, but not entirely. Ocean Saratoga is periodically onsite servicing and attempting to seal the leaks.

Note: The "flow rate" column applies to leaking wells, pipelines, etc., and is often used to estimate the total amount of oil spilled. The "full cargo" column applies to vessels, vehicles, etc., and represents the maximum amount of oil that could be spilled. The "spilled" columns indicate the total amount of oil that has been released to the environment so far, and should be based on official estimates found in referenced sources whenever possible. When official estimates vary, use the "min tonnes" and "max tonnes" columns to show the range of estimates (minimum and maximum) in metric tonnes (i.e. 1 tonne = 1,000 kg).

CompleteEdit

Spill / Vessel Location Dates Min Tonnes Max Tonnes Link(s)
Agia Zoni II   Greece, Saronic Gulf, Salamis 10 September 2017 unknown 2,500 [15]
Con Edison East River Oil Spill   United States, New York 7 May 2017 97 101 [16]
Energy Transfer Partners Dakota Access Pipeline Leak   United States, North Dakota 4 April 2017 0.27 0.27 [17]
Belle Fourche pipeline leak   United States, North Dakota, Billings County, Ash Coulee Creek 5 December 2016 571 571 [18]
Fox Creek pipeline leak   Canada, Alberta, Fox Creek 6 October 2016 240 240 [19]
BP Clair production platform, North Sea   United Kingdom, Shetland, Clair platform 2 October 2016 105 105 [20]
2016 Colonial Pipeline Leak   United States, Shelby County, Alabama 12 September 2016 unknown 1,092 [21]
North Battleford pipeline spill   Canada, Saskatchewan, North Battleford 21 July 2016 170 210 [22]
ConocoPhillips Canada pipeline spill   Canada, Alberta, Grande Cache 9 June 2016 unknown 323 [23]
2016 Union Pacific oil train fire   United States, Oregon, Mosier 3 June 2016 152 152 [24]
Denbury Resources Bowman County Oil SPill   United States, North Dakota Bowman County 18 May 2016 44 44 [25]
Shell Gulf of Mexico oil spill, Brutus offshore platform   United States, Gulf of Mexico, near Louisiana 12 May 2016 unknown 316 [26]
Refugio oil spill   United States, California, near Refugio State Beach 19 May 2015 unknown 330 [27]
MV Marathassa   Canada, British Columbia, English Bay (Vancouver) 13 April 2015 2.3 2.3 [28]
Illinois train derailment   United States, Illinois, near Galena 5 March 2015 unknown unknown [29]
2015 Yellowstone River oil spill   United States, Montana, near Glendive 17 January 2015 41 160 [30][31]
Black Sea oil spill   Russia, Tuapse, near Black Sea 24 December 2014 unknown unknown [32]
Trans-Israel Pipeline   Israel, Eilat, Trans-Israel pipeline 6 December 2014 1,948 4,300 [33]
Mid-Valley Pipeline   United States, Louisiana, Mooringsport 13 October 2014 546 546 [34]
Lake Michigan oil spill   United States, Indiana, Whiting refinery 24 March 2014 2 5 [35][36][37]
MV Miss Susan/MV Summer Wind   United States, Texas, Houston Ship Channel 22 March 2014 546 546 [38][39]
North Dakota pipeline spill   United States, North Dakota, Hiland 21 March 2014 110 110 [40]
North Dakota train collision   United States, North Dakota, Casselton 30 December 2013 1,300 1,300 [41]
Bullenbaai   Curaçao, Bullenbaai, Isla refinery 1 November 2013 unknown unknown [42]
North Dakota pipeline spill   United States, North Dakota, Tioga 25 September 2013 – 29 September 2013 2,810 2,810 [43][44]
Rayong oil spill   Thailand, Rayong/Ko Samet, Gulf of Thailand 27 July 2013 43 163 [45][46]
Lac-Mégantic derailment   Canada, Québec, Lac-Mégantic 6 July 2013 4,830 4,830 [47]
Cushing storage terminal   United States, Oklahoma, Cushing 18 May 2013 340 340 [48][49]
Mayflower   United States, Arkansas, Mayflower 30 March 2013 680 950 [50]
Magnolia refinery   United States, Arkansas, Magnolia 9 March 2013 680 760 [51][52]
Bullenbaai   Curaçao, Bullenbaai 7 November 2012 unknown unknown [42][53]
Arthur Kill storage tank spill (Hurricane Sandy)   United States, New Jersey, Sewaren 29 October 2012 1,090 1,130 [54][55]
Curaçao   Curaçao, Isla refinery and Jan Kok nature preserve 17 August 2012 unknown unknown [56][57]
Sundre, Alberta   Canada, Sundre 8 June 2012 410 410 [58]
Guarapiche River   Venezuela, Maturín, Monagas 4 February 2012 680 41,000 [59][60]
Nigeria   Nigeria, Bonga Field 21 December 2011 5,500 5,500 [61]
TK Bremen   France, Brittany, Erdeven 16 December 2011 220 220 [62]
Campos Basin   Brazil, Campos Basin, Frade Field 7 November 2011 – 15 November 2011 89 400 [63]

[64]

Rena oil spill   New Zealand, Tauranga, Bay of Plenty 5 October 2011 – August 2012 350 350 [65]

[66]

North Sea oil   United Kingdom, North Sea, Gannet Alpha platform 10 August 2011 – 13 August 2011 216 216 [67]
Yellowstone River   United States, Billings, Montana, Yellowstone River 1 July 2011 105 140 [68]
Bohai Bay oil spill   China, Bohai Bay 4 June 2011 – 19 June 2011 204 204 [69][70]
Little Buffalo oil spill   Canada, Alberta 29 April 2011 3,800 3,800 [71][72]
Mumbai-Uran pipeline spill   India, Mumbai, Arabian Sea 21 January 2011 40 55 [73][74]
Fiume Santo power station   Italy, Sardinia, Porto Torres 11 January 2011 15 15 [75]
Mumbai oil spill / MV MSC Chitra and MV Khalijia 3   India, Mumbai, Arabian Sea 7 August 2010 – 9 August 2010 400 800 [76][77][78]
Barataria Bay oil spill   United States, Barataria Bay, Gulf of Mexico 27 July 2010 – 1 August 2010 23 45 [79][80][81][82]
Kalamazoo River oil spill   United States, Kalamazoo River, Calhoun County, Michigan 26 July 2010 2,800 3,250 [83][84]
Xingang Port oil spill   China, Yellow Sea 16 July 2010 – 21 July 2010 1,500 90,000 [85]

[86]

Jebel al-Zayt oil spill   Egypt, Red Sea 16 June 2010 – 23 June 2010 unknown unknown [87]
Red Butte Creek oil spill   United States, Salt Lake City, Utah 11 June 2010 – 12 June 2010 65 107 [88][89]
Trans-Alaska Pipeline   United States, Anchorage, Alaska 25 May 2010 400 1,200 [90]
MT Bunga Kelana 3   Singapore, Singapore Strait 25 May 2010 2,000 2,500 [91][92][93]
ExxonMobil   Nigeria, Niger Delta 1 May 2010 3,246 95,500 [94][95][96]
Deepwater Horizon   United States, Gulf of Mexico 20 April 2010 – 15 July 2010 492,000 627,000 [97]
Great Barrier Reef / MV Shen Neng 1   Australia Great Keppel Island 3 April 2010 3 4 [98][99][100]
Lambro and Po rivers   Italy, Lombardy, Monza 23 February 2010 15 15 [101]
Port Arthur oil spill   United States, Port Arthur, Texas 23 January 2010 1,500 1,500 [102]
Yellow River oil spill   China, Chishui River (Shaanxi) 5 January 2010 130 130 [103]
Montara oil spill   Australia, Timor Sea 21 August 2009 4,000 30,000 [104][105]
Full City   Norway, Rognsfjorden near Såstein south of Langesund 31 July 2009 200 200 [106]
Lüderitz oil spill   Namibia, Southern coast 8 April 2009 unknown unknown [107]
Queensland   Australia, Queensland 10 March 2009 230 260 [108]
West Cork oil spill   Ireland, Southern coast February 2009 300 300 [109]
2008 New Orleans oil spill   United States, New Orleans, Louisiana 28 July 2008 8,800 8,800 [110]
Shell bodo   Nigeria 1 August 2008 1,000 unknown [111]
Statfjord oil spill   Norway, Norwegian Sea 12 December 2007 4,000 4,000 [112]
Korea oil spill   South Korea, Yellow Sea 7 December 2007 10,800 10,800 [113][114]
Kerch Strait oil spill   Ukraine
  Russia, Strait of Kerch
11 November 2007 1,000 1,000 [115]
COSCO Busan oil spill   United States, San Francisco, California 7 November 2007 188 188 [116]
Kab 101   Mexico, Bay of Campeche 23 October 2007 – 17 December 2007 1,869 1,869 [117]
Burnaby   Canada, Burnaby, British Columbia 24 July 2007 201 201 [118]
Guimaras oil spill   Philippines, Guimaras Strait 11 August 2006 172 1,540 [119]
Jiyeh power station oil spill   Lebanon 14 July 2006 – 15 July 2006 20,000 30,000 [119]
Citgo refinery   United States, Lake Charles, Louisiana 19 June 2006 6,500 6,500 [120]
Prudhoe Bay oil spill   United States, Alaska North Slope, Alaska 2 March 2006 653 689 [121]
Bass Enterprises Oil Spill (Hurricane Katrina)   United States, Cox Bay, Louisiana 30 August 2005 12,000 12,000 [122]
Shell (Hurricane Katrina)   United States, Pilottown, Louisiana 30 August 2005 3,400 3,400 [122]
Chevron (Hurricane Katrina)   United States, Empire, Louisiana 30 August 2005 3,200 3,200 [122]
Murphy Oil USA refinery spill (Hurricane Katrina)   United States, Meraux and Chalmette, Louisiana 30 August 2005 2,660 3,410 [122]

[123]

Bass Enterprises (Hurricane Katrina)   United States, Pointe à la Hache, Louisiana 30 August 2005 1,500 1,500 [122]
Chevron (Hurricane Katrina)   United States, Port Fourchon, Louisiana 30 August 2005 170 170 [122]
Venice Energy Services Company (Hurricane Katrina)   United States, Venice, Louisiana 30 August 2005 81 81 [122]
Shell Pipeline Oil (Hurricane Katrina)   United States, Nairn, Louisiana 30 August 2005 44 44 [122]
Sundown Energy (Hurricane Katrina)   United States, West Potash, Louisiana 30 August 2005 42 42 [122]
MV Selendang Ayu   United States, Unalaska Island, Alaska 8 December 2004 1,560 1,560 [124]
Athos 1   United States, Delaware River, Paulsboro, New Jersey 26 November 2004 860 860 [125]
MP-80 Delta 20" pipeline (Hurricane Ivan)   United States, Louisiana 16 September 2004 – 19 September 2004 963 963 [126]
MP-69 Nakika 18" & MP-151 Nakika 18" pipeline (Hurricane Ivan)   United States, Louisiana 16 September 2004 – 6 October 2004 618 618 [126]
Chevron-Texaco tank collapse (Hurricane Ivan)   United States, Louisiana 16 September 2004 – 17 September 2004 423 423 [126]
Tasman Spirit   Pakistan, Karachi 28 July 2003 28,000 30,000 [127][128]
Bouchard No. 120   United States, Buzzards Bay, Bourne, Massachusetts 27 April 2003 320 320 [129]
Prestige   Spain, Galicia 13 November 2002 63,000 63,000 [130][131][132]
Limburg (bombing)   Yemen, Gulf of Aden 6 October 2002 12,200 12,200 [133][134]
Manguinhos refinery   Brazil, Guanabara Bay, Rio de Janeiro 23 November 2001 34 97 [135]
Trans-Alaska Pipeline gunshot spill   United States, Alaska 4 October 2001 932 932 [136]
Shell Ogbodo   Nigeria 25 June 2001 9,500 unknown [137]
2001 Shell Ogoniland oil spill   Nigeria May 2001 unknown unknown [138]
Petrobras 36   Brazil, Roncador Oil Field, Campos Basin 15 March 2001 274 274 [139]
Amorgos oil spill   Taiwan, Southern coast 14 January 2001 1,150 1,150 [140]
Jessica   Ecuador, Galapagos Islands January 2001 568 568 [141]

[142]

Pine River   Canada, Chetwynd, British Columbia 1 August 2000 850 850 [143]
Project Deep Spill   Norway, Helland Hansen ridge June 2000 100 100 [144]
Treasure   South Africa, Cape Town June 2000 1,400 1,400 [141]
Petrobras pipeline   Brazil, Guanabara Bay, Rio de Janeiro January 2000 1,100 1,100 [135][141]
Erika   France, Bay of Biscay 12 December 1999 15,000 25,000 [124][141]
Port Stanvac oil spill   Port Stanvac, South Australia 28 June 1999 230 230 [145]
MV New Carissa   United States, Coos Bay, Oregon 4 February 1999 – 9 March 1999 230 230 [146]
Mobil Nigeria oil spill   Nigeria 12 January 1998 5,500 5,500 [124]
Nakhodka   Japan, Sea of Japan December 1997 6,240 6,240 [147]
Julie N.   United States, Portland, Maine 27 September 1996 586 586 [148]
Sea Empress   United Kingdom, Pembrokeshire 15 February 1996 40,000 72,000 [124][130]
North Cape   United States, Rhode Island 19 January 1996 2,500 2,500 [149]
MV Iron Baron (1985)   Hebe Reef, Tasmania 10–30 July 1995 300 325 [150]
Apollo Sea   South Africa, Cape Town June 1994 2,400 2,400
Seki   United Arab Emirates 31 March 1994 15,900 15,900 [124]
Morris J. Berman   Puerto Rico 7 January 1994 2,600 2,600 [151]
MV Braer   United Kingdom, Shetland 5 January 1993 85,000 85,000 [130]
Aegean Sea   Spain, A Coruña 3 December 1992 74,000 74,000 [130]
Port Bonython oil spill   Australia, Spencer Gulf, South Australia 30 August 1992 296 296 [152]
Katina P   Mozambique, Maputo 26 April 1992 72,000 72,000 [130]
Fergana Valley   Uzbekistan 2 March 1992 285,000 285,000 [124]
Kirki   Australia, Indian Ocean, off the coast of Western Australia 21 July 1991 17,280 17,280 [153]
ABT Summer   Angola, 700 nmi (1,300 km; 810 mi) offshore 28 May 1991 260,000 260,000 [130]
MT Haven   Italy, Mediterranean Sea near Genoa 11 April 1991 144,000 144,000 [130]
Gulf War oil spill   Iraq, Persian Gulf 23 January 1991 270,000 820,000 [154]

[155]

Mega Borg oil spill   United States, Gulf of Mexico, 57 mi (92 km) SE of Galveston, Texas 8 June 1990 16,499 16,501 [156]
American Trader   United States, Bolsa Chica State Beach, California 7 February 1990 979 981 [124]

[157]

Arthur Kill pipeline   United States, New Jersey, Sewaren 1 January 1990 1,840 1,840 [158]

[159]

Khark 5   Spain, 350 nmi (650 km; 400 mi) off Las Palmas de Gran Canaria 19 December 1989 70,000 80,000 [124][130]
Presidente Rivera   United States, Delaware River, Marcus Hook, Pennsylvania 24 June 1989 993 993 [160]
World Prodigy   United States, Aquidneck Island, Rhode Island 23 June 1989 974 3,246 [161][162]
Exxon Valdez   United States, Prince William Sound, Alaska 24 March 1989 37,000 104,000 [130][163]
Odyssey   Canada, 700 nmi (1,300 km; 810 mi) off Nova Scotia 10 November 1988 132,000 132,000 [130]
Ashland oil spill   United States, Floreffe, Pennsylvania 2 January 1988 10,000 10,000 [164][165]
Tanker Barge Apex Houston   United States, California Coast from Marin County to Big Sur, San Francisco, California 28 January 1986 84 84 [166]
Nova   Iran, Gulf of Iran, Kharg Island 6 December 1985 70,000 70,000 [130]
Grand Eagle   United States, Delaware River, Marcus Hook, Pennsylvania 28 September 1985 1,400 1,400 [167]
Puerto Rican   United States, Golden Gate, San Francisco, California 31 October 1984 3,411 4,775 [168]
Alvenus   United States, Calcasieu Channel, Louisiana 30 July 1984 9,160 9,160 [169]
SS Mobil Oil   United States, Columbia River, Longview, Washington 19 March 1984 550 650 [170][171]
Castillo de Bellver   South Africa, Saldanha Bay 6 August 1983 252,000 252,000 [130]
Nowruz Field Platform   Iran, Persian Gulf 4 February 1983 260,000 260,000 [172]
Production Well D-103   Libya, Tripoli 1 August 1980 140,000 140,000 [173]
Tanio oil spill   France, Brittany 7 March 1980 13,500 13,500 [174]
Irenes Serenade   Greece, Pylos 23 February 1980 100,000 100,000 [130]
MT Independenţa   Turkey, Bosphorus 15 November 1979 95,000 95,000 [130]
Burmah Agate   United States, Galveston Bay, Texas 1 November 1979 8,440 8,440 [175]
Aphrodite   Port Stanvac, South Australia 20 July 1979
Atlantic Empress / Aegean Captain   Trinidad and Tobago 19 July 1979 287,000 287,000 [130][176][177]
Ixtoc I oil spill   Mexico, Bay of Campeche, Gulf of Mexico 3 June 1979 – 23 March 1980 454,000 480,000 [178][179]
Betelgeuse   Ireland, Bantry Bay 8 January 1979 64,000 64,000 [180]
Amoco Cadiz   France, Brittany 16 March 1978 223,000 227,000 [124][124][130][181][182]
Trans-Alaska Pipeline sabotage by explosives   United States, Alaska 15 February 1978 2,162 2,162 [183]
Venpet / Venoil collision   South Africa, Cape St. Francis 16 December 1977 26,600 30,500
Ekofisk oil field   Norway, North Sea 22 April 1977 27,600 27,600 [184][185]
MV Hawaiian Patriot   United States, 300 nmi (560 km; 350 mi) off Honolulu, Hawaii 26 February 1977 95,000 95,000 [124][130]
Borag   Taiwan, Northern coast 7 February 1977 34,000 34,000 [186]
Argo Merchant   United States, Nantucket Island, Massachusetts 15 December 1976 25,000 28,000 [187][188]
NEPCO 140   United States, Saint Lawrence River 23 June 1976 1,000 1,000 [189][190]
Urquiola   Spain, A Coruña 12 May 1976 100,000 100,000 [130]
Niger Delta   Nigeria, Niger Delta 1976 – 1996 258,000 328,000 [191]
Corinthos   United States, Delaware River, Marcus Hook, Pennsylvania 31 January 1975 36,000 36,000
Jakob Maersk   Portugal, Oporto 29 January 1975 88,000 88,000 [130]
Afran Zodiac   Ireland, Bantry Bay 10 January 1975 451 451 [192][193]
VLCC Metula   Chile, Strait of Magellan 9 August 1974 50,000 51,000 [194]
Jawachta   Sweden, Smygehuk 20 December 1973 3,000 16,000 [195]
Sea Star   Iran, Gulf of Oman 19 December 1972 115,000 115,000 [124][130]
Oswego-Guardian / Texanita collision   South Africa, Stilbaai 21 August 1972 10,000 10,000 [196]
Navy tanker Towle   United States, New York City, New York, Gravesend Bay 14 July 1971 123 123 [197][198]
Texaco Oklahoma   United States 27 March 1971 25,700 31,500 [195][199]
Wafra   South Africa, Cape Agulhas 21 February 1971 27,000 27,000 [200]
Arizona Standard / Oregon Standard collision   United States, San Francisco Bay 17 January 1971 2,700 2,700 [201][202][203]
Othello   Sweden, Trälhavet Bay 20 March 1970 50,000 60,000 [124][141]
Platform Charlie   United States, Louisiana 10 February 1970 [204]
SS Arrow   Canada, Chedabucto Bay, Nova Scotia 4 February 1970 10,330 10,330 [205]
Santa Barbara   United States, Santa Barbara, California 28 January 1969 6,000 14,000 [206]
Genevieve   United States, Corpus Christi, Texas 25 April 1968 unknown unknown [207]
Ocean Eagle   United States, Puerto Rico 1968 12,000 12,000 [195]
R.C. Stoner   United States, Pacific Ocean, Wake Island 1967 20,000 20,000 [195]
Torrey Canyon   United Kingdom, Cornwall and Isles of Scilly 18 March 1967 80,000 119,000 [124][130]
Mississippi River oil spill (1962–1963)   United States, Savage and Mankato, Minnesota 8 December 1962 – 23 January 1963 11,000 15,000
African Queen   United States, Ocean City, Maryland 30 December 1958 21,000 21,000 [208][209]
Avila Beach pipeline   United States, Avila Beach, California 1950's – 1996 1,300 1,300 [210]
Guadalupe Oil Field   United States, Guadalupe, California 1950's – 1994 29,000 29,000 [210]
SS Jacob Luckenbach   United States, Gulf of the Farallons National Marine Sanctuary, San Francisco, California July 14, 1953 – present 1,484 [211]
Greenpoint, Brooklyn   United States, Newtown Creek, Greenpoint, Brooklyn, New York 1940s – 1950s 55,200 97,400 [212]
Seria Field Brunei 12 June 1945 – September 1945 [213][214][215]
SS Frank H. Buck / SS President Coolidge collision   United States, San Francisco Bay, California 6 March 1937 8,870 8,870 [201][216]
Lakeview Gusher   United States, Kern County, California 14 March 1910 – 10 September 1911 1,230,000 1,230,000 [217]
Thomas W. Lawson   United Kingdom, Isles of Scilly 14 December 1907 7,400 7,400 [218]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

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