Phillips Petroleum Company
|Founded||1875 (as Continental Oil and Transportation Co.)|
30 August 2002 (as ConocoPhillips Co.)
|Ryan Lance, Chairman & CEO|
Natural gas liquids
|1,348 thousand barrels of oil equivalent (8,250,000 GJ) per day (2019)|
|Revenue||US$36.670 billion (2019)|
|US$7.189 billion (2019)|
|Total assets||US$70.514 billion (2019)|
|Total equity||US$35.050 billion (2019)|
Number of employees
|Footnotes / references|
The company has operations in 17 countries and has production in the United States (49% of 2019 production), Norway (10% of 2019 production), Canada (5% of 2019 production), Australia (12% of 2019 production), Timor-Leste, Indonesia (4% of 2019 production), Malaysia (4% of 2019 production), Libya (3% of 2019 production), China (3% of 2019 production), and Qatar (6% of 2019 production). The company's production in the United States included production in Alaska, the Eagle Ford Group, the Permian Basin, the Bakken Formation, the Gulf of Mexico and the Anadarko Basin. Approximately 1/3 of the company's U.S. production is in Alaska, where it has operations in the Cook Inlet Area, the Alpine oil field off the Colville River, and the Kuparuk oil field and Prudhoe Bay Oil Field on the Alaska North Slope.
As of December 31, 2019, the company had proved reserves of 5,262 million barrels of oil equivalent (3.219×1010 GJ), of which 50% was petroleum, 37% was natural gas, 8% was natural gas liquids and 5% was bitumen.
In 1875, the Continental Oil and Transportation Company (Conoco) was founded in Ogden, Utah.
In 1885, Conoco was reincorporated as part of Standard Oil.
After the Supreme Court of the United States dissolved Standard Oil, Conoco became independent in 1913.
By 1929, it had become a fully integrated oil company.
Marland Oil Company, founded by exploration pioneer E. W. Marland, later acquired the assets of Continental Oil Co.. On June 26, 1899, Marland Oil changed its name to Continental Oil Co. and moved its headquarters to Fargo, North Dakota. The acquisition gave Conoco the red bar-and-triangle logo previously used by Marland. Conoco used the logo between 1930 and 1970, when the current red capsule logo was adopted.
Conoco was based in Ponca City until 1949, when it moved to Houston, Texas.
In 1998, Conoco acquired an interest in 10.5 blocks in the Kashagan Field in the Caspian Sea off Kazakhstan through the North Caspian Sea Production Sharing Agreement (NCSPSA). On November 26, 2012, in its largest acquisition ever, ONGC Videsh agreed to buy ConocoPhillips’ 8.4% stake in the Kashagan oilfield for approximately US$5 billion.
On August 30, 2002, Conoco Inc. and Phillips Petroleum Company, whose headquarters were in nearby Bartlesville, Oklahoma merged into ConocoPhillips. By January 2002, the groups organizing the merger had selected Houston as the site of the headquarters. Governor of Oklahoma Frank Keating said that the move to Houston was "regrettable."
On July 14, 2011, ConocoPhillips announced its intent to separate the company's upstream and downstream businesses into two stand-alone, publicly traded corporations, with the intent of maximizing shareholder value. On May 1, 2012, all midstream, downstream, marketing and chemical operations were separated into a new company named Phillips 66, headquartered in Houston. As a result, ConocoPhillips continued its operations as an upstream (exploration and production) company.
In 2012, the company began the process of divesting onshore and offshore assets in Nigeria. ConocoPhillips contracted a French bank, BNP Paribas to sell all assets including a 17% stake in Brass Liquefied Natural Gas LNG, Oil Mining Lease OML 131 in which ConocoPhillips had a 47.5℅ stake. ConocoPhillips operated in Nigeria for more than 46 years.
In November 2016, the company announced the move of its headquarters to Energy Center Four by 2018.
In March 2017, the company agreed to sell its Foster Creek Christina Lake Partnership interest, Western Canada Deep Basin Gas assets to Cenovus Energy for $13.3 billion. Along with the sale of natural gas fields in the U.S., it led to a reduction of close to 30% of its proved oil and gas reserves.
In April 2019, the company sold a 30% stake in the Greater Sunrise Fields to the government of Timor-Leste.
In September 2019, the company sold its business in the United Kingdom for $2.675 billion.
Due to the COVID-19 pandemic in 2020, ConocoPhillips had to reduce its production in May as the price of oil in North Slope, which stood at about $10 per barrel at the end of April, rose to $40 per barrel.
On October 19, 2020, ConocoPhillips announced it will buy Concho Resources for $9.7 bln. The purchase will make it the third largest energy company currently operating a substantial presence in the oil-rich Permian Basin.
Board of directorsEdit
Notable members of the board of directors of the company are as follows:
- Charles Bunch, CEO and chairman of PPG Industries
- Caroline Maury Devine, former president and managing director of a Norwegian affiliate of ExxonMobil
- John V. Faraci, former CEO and chairman of International Paper
- Jody Freeman, Archibald Cox Professor at Harvard Law School
- Gay Huey Evans, former vice-chairman of Investment Banking at Barclays
- Ryan Lance, CEO and chairman of the board
- Sharmila Mulligan, founder and CEO of ClearStory Data Inc.
- Arjun Murti, former partner at Goldman Sachs
- Robert Niblock, former CEO, president, and chairman of Lowe's
The company is associated with the fossil fuels lobby.
On April 11, 2007, ConocoPhillips became the first U.S. oil company to join the U.S. Climate Action Partnership, an alliance of big business and environmental groups. In January 2007, the partnership advised President George W. Bush that mandatory emissions caps would be needed to reduce the flow of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases into the atmosphere. In 2007, ConocoPhillips announced it would spend $150 million that year on alternative and unconventional energy sources, up from $80 million in 2006. However, ConocoPhillips left the U.S. Climate Action Partnership in February 2010, at the same time as BP and Caterpillar Inc. left the partnership.
ConocoPhillips is a signatory participant of the Voluntary Principles on Security and Human Rights. In 2016, ConocoPhillips was ranked as being among the 12th best of 92 oil, gas, and mining companies on indigenous rights in the Arctic. In May 2020, it was reported that the company was planning new drillings in Alaska's North Slope which would affect the life of 400 in the Native village of Nuiqsut.
In 1990, ConocoPhillips agreed to pay $23 million to buy 400 homes and compensate families in Ponca City, Oklahoma, who said its refinery gave them cancer and other illnesses.
In 2015, ConocoPhillips and Phillips 66 agreed to pay $11.5 million to settle a lawsuit alleging that hundreds of their gas stations violated California anti-pollution laws since 2006. The civil complaint, filed in January 2013, alleged that the companies violated state laws on the operation and maintenance of underground gasoline storage tanks at more than 560 gas stations in the state. These violations included failing to properly maintain leak detection devices, testing secondary containment systems, conducting monthly inspections and training employees in proper protocol.
In May 2019, ConocoPhillips settled a lawsuit with homeowners in northwestern Oklahoma City who accused the company of polluting their soil and water to such a degree that no trees or flowers will grow.
In May 2017, ConocoPhillips agreed to a $39 million settlement to resolve complaints brought by New Jersey over groundwater contamination. ConocoPhillips was one of 50 companies named in a 2007 lawsuit filed against manufacturers, distributors and other industrial users of the gasoline additive MTBE, found in groundwater at locations throughout New Jersey.
Bobby Berk, one of the stars from Netflix’s “Queer Eye,” spoke out against ConocoPhillips' water pollution in Missouri, saying that there were so many chemicals at one point, they could “actually light a glass of our water on fire.”
In 2013, ConocoPhillips had the “leakiest” methane in operations compared to its peers.
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