Delfi (occasionally capitalized as DELFI) is a news website in Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania providing daily news, ranging from gardening to politics.[1] It ranks as one of the most popular websites among Baltic users.

Type of site
web portal
Available inEstonian, English, Lithuanian, Latvian, Polish, Russian
ParentEkspress Grupp
RegistrationRequired for unlimited access
Current statusActive
Lithuanian headquarters
Previous logo used from 2014 to 2020, and Latvia in 2021

Delfi operates in the respective Baltic countries under the domain names,, and Aside from versions in the Estonian, Latvian, and Lithuanian languages, the company offers Russian-language versions of its portal in all three countries. On 12 March 2012, Delfi started a Polish version under A year later an English version was added under

In March 2014, the website was closed.[2]

In February 2016, most of the English-language content was placed behind a paywall to restrict access to most articles without a paid subscription, as the articles in this version of Delfi are supported by the Lithuania Tribune, which raised questions on implementing the paywall there.[3] Other language editions followed later on.[when?]

Company development edit

Delfi was established in 1999 by the Estonian company MicroLink and sold in 2003, to the Norwegian company Findexa.[4] In 2007, Estonian media group Ekspress Grupp acquired 100% of Delfi stocks for €54m.[5] It operates under a single name in the three Baltic states of Lithuania, Estonia, and Latvia, and also in Ukraine. It has its own bureau in Moscow, Kaliningrad, Warsaw, and Stockholm. It also sources its news reports from the Baltic News Service and from wire services.[1]

Freedom of speech edit

Because visitors of Delfi can anonymously comment on all news articles, the site generates debates over freedom of speech in the Baltic States. Some members of the Estonian and Lithuanian parliaments have proposed laws making Delfi and other news portals responsible for the contents of anonymous comments.[6][7] In September 2006, attorneys for Artūras Zuokas, mayor of Vilnius, asked public prosecutors to seize Delfi servers and reveal the IP addresses of all anonymous commentators who have written comments about him in several Delfi publications.[8][9]

In June 2015, the European Court of Human Rights ruled in Delfi AS v. Estonia that holding responsible for its readers' comments did not violate the European Convention on Human Rights' protection of freedom of speech.[10][11]

Patron of the University of Latvia edit

Since 2018, Delfi has been a bronze patron of the University of Latvia Foundation. Support is granted to the university's students of Communication Science of the Faculty of Social Sciences, as well as other students of Communication and Journalism in all Latvian higher education institutions. In 2018, the first scholarships in the amount of 10,000 EUR were awarded. Delfi is an internet partner and supporter of the social scholarship Ceļamaize 2009.[12]

References edit

  1. ^ a b Laima Nevinskaite (13 November 2003). "Media of the Baltic States in the European Communication Networks". The European Public Sphere Conference, Europäische Akademie, Berlin Grunewald, 28–30 November 2003. Europäische Akademie Berlin.[permanent dead link]
  2. ^ "Эстонский медиа-концерн прекращает свою деятельность в Украине" [Estonian media ceases operations in Ukraine]. (in Russian). RIA Novosti Ukraina. 21 February 2014. Archived from the original on 29 August 2016. Retrieved 9 January 2015.
  3. ^ "The Lithuania Tribune's paywall: your questions answered". Delfi. 16 March 2016. Retrieved 23 January 2023.
  4. ^ "Findexa acquires the Baltic news portal Delfi". European Association of Directory and Database Publishers. 16 December 2003. Archived from the original on 28 September 2007.
  5. ^ "Ekspress Group buys Delfi portals for 54 million euros". The Baltic Times. 8 April 2007.
  6. ^ "Parliament fails to adopt controversial bill on censoring webcommentators" (PDF). Baltic Business News Newsletter. 18 May 2006. Archived from the original (PDF) on 29 September 2007.
  7. ^ "Seimo narių siūlomose pataisose - ir didesni suvaržymai žiniasklaidai" [Amendments proposed by members of the Seimas include more restrictions on the media] (in Lithuanian). Delfi News. 20 June 2006.
  8. ^ Vanagas, Justinas (4 September 2006). "A.Zuokas - prieš komentarus apie jį rašančius internautus" [Artūras Zuokas is against internet users who write comments about him] (in Lithuanian). Delfi. Archived from the original on 9 July 2011.
  9. ^ "Lithuania_Tribune and DELFI commence operation of joint venture". Archived from the original on 15 February 2013.
  10. ^ Newman, Liz Hay (17 June 2015). "EU Court Unexpectedly Rules Estonian Website Is Responsible for User Comments". Slate.
  11. ^ Moody, Glyn (16 June 2015). "Shock European court decision: Websites are liable for users' comments". Ars Technica. Archived from the original on 22 June 2015.
  12. ^ ""Delfi"". Archived from the original on 30 October 2020. Retrieved 12 May 2020.

Sources edit

External links edit