Husky Energy

Husky Energy Inc. is a Canadian integrated energy company, headquartered in Calgary, Alberta. Its common shares are publicly traded on the Toronto Stock Exchange under the symbol HSE. The company operates in Western and Atlantic Canada, the United States and the Asia Pacific region, with upstream and downstream business segments. Husky Energy is controlled by Hong Kong billionaire Li Ka-Shing, who owns a majority share of approximately 70% according to Bloomberg[4] and Financial Post[5] data.

Husky Energy Inc.
Public company
Traded asTSXHSE
ISINCA4480551031 Edit this on Wikidata
IndustryOil and gas
Founded1938 as Husky Refining Company
HeadquartersCalgary, Alberta, Canada
Key people
Rob Peabody, President & CEO
ProductsOil, natural gas, asphalt, associated products[1]
Revenue$22.4 billion, net of royalties (2015)[2]
OwnerCK Hutchison Holdings (40.2%)
Number of employees
Husky Oil headquarters in Calgary

Husky’s thermal production in its Integrated Corridor includes a number of projects in the Lloydminster area of Saskatchewan and Alberta, along with the Tucker Thermal Project near Cold Lake, Alberta and the Sunrise Energy Project northeast of Fort McMurray, Alberta. This production is integrated with the company’s downstream business and supported by its resource plays in Western Canada. Sunrise began production in early 2015 and achieved 60,000 bbls/day in 2018.[6]  Tucker achieved 30,000 bbls/day in 2018.

Its offshore business includes the Asia Pacific and Atlantic regions. In Asia Pacific, Husky's Liwan Gas Project in the South China Sea achieved first production in 2014.[7][8] The liquids-rich BD field offshore of Indonesia came online in 2017, and the company is advancing additional shallow water fields.

Husky also has a portfolio of oil sands leases, encompassing some 2,500 square kilometres in the Fort McMurray region of northern Alberta. Its Sunrise Energy Project achieved first production in early 2015.[9]

In the Atlantic region, off Canada's East Coast, the company holds interests in 20 exploration licenses and producing properties at Terra Nova and White Rose. In the United States, the company owns a refinery in Lima, Ohio, a refinery in Superior, Wisconsin and holds a 50 percent ownership interest with BP in the BP-Husky Toledo Refinery in Oregon, Ohio.[10] The company employs approximately 5,100 people (as of 2018),[11] has approximately $35.2 billion in assets[2] and produced an average of 299,000 barrels of oil equivalent per day in 2018.[12]

Assets and holdingsEdit

Husky Gas Station, Downtown Edmonton, Alberta.
Husky gas station in Markham, Ontario

At 2015 year-end, Husky Energy had total proved reserves before royalties of 1.3 billion boe and probable reserves of 1.6 billion boe. In 2015 its reserves replacement ratio was 166 percent (136 percent including economic factors), reflecting new additions from heavy oil thermal projects, the Sunrise Energy Project, the Liwan Gas Project and the Company's natural gas fields offshore Indonesia.[12] It owns approximately 490 retail stations in Canada.[11]

Husky is the operator of the White Rose field and a partner in the Terra Nova project in the Jeanne d'Arc Basin offshore Newfoundland. Exploration work is underway at the Bay du Nord discovery area in the Flemish Pass, with partner Statoil.

The Company also owns a 40 percent interest in the Wenchang project offshore China, located near the mouth of the Pearl River. The remaining 60 percent of the project is owned by the Chinese National Offshore Oil Corporation (CNOOC). Husky is advancing the liquids-rich BD field offshore Indonesia, along with three additional shallow water fields.

In terms of refined products facilities, Husky owns and operates the Lloydminster Heavy Oil Upgrader in Lloydminster, Saskatchewan, the Asphalt Refinery in Lloydminster, Alberta, the Lima Refinery in Lima, Ohio, and the Superior Refinery in Superior, Wisconsin, and is a 50 percent owner with BP of a refinery in Toledo, Ohio. Husky also operates the Husky Lloydminster Ethanol Plant and the Minnedosa Ethanol Plant.

A substantial portion of Husky's property and operations base has come from its acquisition of Renaissance Energy. In 2003, it also purchased the Canadian unit of the American-based Marathon Oil Corporation.

Corporate historyEdit

Now a publicly traded Canadian company with global interests, Husky Energy was founded in 1938 in Cody, Wyoming (USA) as the Husky Refining Company, with the acquisition by Glenn Nielsen of assets of the 4-year-old Park Refining Company from founder Valentine Monroe Kirk. The first refinery was in Cody, with a second constructed later in Riverton, Wyoming.

In 1946, the Company relocated to Canada, with the Riverton refinery moved to Lloydminster, Alberta to take advantage of the expanding asphalt and heavy oil opportunities in the area. A wholly owned subsidiary, Husky Oil and Refining Ltd., was created and headquartered in Calgary, Alberta, Canada. The Cody refinery continued operations well into the 1970s, producing primarily asphalt. In the late 1980s and early 1990s, there were periodic rumours[according to whom?] floating around Cody that the refinery would be reopened by a variety[example needed] of different companies. One of the more persistent rumours[by whom?] was the impending purchase and reactivation of the refinery by Flying J.[citation needed] This never happened, however, and the entire refinery was finally razed in the late 1990s.

In 1978-1979, amid a bidding war between Petro-Canada and Occidental Petroleum, controlling ownership of Husky was acquired by Alberta Gas Trunk Lines (which in 1980 became NOVA Corporation).[13][14]:198

In 1986, Hong Kong-based Li Ka-shing acquired 43% of Husky, and in 1991 he purchased NOVA's remaining interests, expanding his stake to 95%.[15]

In 1998, Husky purchased Mohawk Oil, the largest independent chain of consumer filling stations in Western Canada.[16]


Husky Energy's operations are divided into two business segments: Upstream and Downstream.

The Upstream division focuses on oil and gas exploration and extraction. In addition to its existing producing assets and opportunities in Heavy Oil and Western Canada, the company has identified three pillars for growth: the Asia Pacific Region, the Oil Sands and the Atlantic Region.

Its Heavy Oil business include seven thermal developments in Saskatchewan, with three additional projects anticipated to be online by the end of 2016.

The Company's transition of its Western Canada portfolio includes a focus on resource plays.

In the Asia Pacific Region, Husky's Liwan Gas Project in the South China Sea began production in 2014.[7][8] Husky is advancing the liquids-rich BD field offshore Indonesia, along with three additional shallow water fields.[17]

Husky has a portfolio of oil sands leases, encompassing some 2,500 square kilometres in the Fort McMurray region of northern Alberta. Its Sunrise Energy Project achieved first production in early 2015 and supports online applicants.[9]

Husky is using Steam Assisted Gravity Drainage technology at Sunrise, where bitumen is heated with steam to reduce its viscosity. When the liquid becomes more fluid, it is pumped to the surface and back to the central facility.

The White Rose field (located offshore Newfoundland in the Jeanne d'Arc Basin) includes two production wells at South White Rose that came online in 2015. Exploration work is underway at the Bay du Nord discovery area in the Flemish Pass, with partner Statoil.

Husky has managed the terminal operations for Western Canada Select (WCS)—one of North America's largest heavy crude oil streams— since it came on stream in 2004.[17]


On April 26, 2018, Husky's Superior Wisconsin refinery experienced a series of explosions and fires, resulting in 11 injuries, one of which was critical. A mandatory evacuation was issued by the Mayor of Superior, Jim Paine after the fire spread and caused multiple additional explosions and Douglas County Wisconsin was declared a state of emergency. The black smoke resulting from the explosions and fire traveled as far south as Solon Springs, WI, 22 miles south of the refinery.[18]


Husky Lloydminster UpgraderEdit

The Lloydminster Upgrader, in Lloydminster, Alberta, converts heavy oil to a high-quality, low sulphur synthetic oil.

Husky Lloydminster RefineryEdit

Husky's asphalt refinery, in Lloydminster, Alberta, produces more than 30 different types and grades of road asphalt.

Minnedosa Ethanol PlantEdit

Husky's Ethanol Plant in Minnedosa, Manitoba has been producing ethanol to be blended into gasoline since 1981. In 2007 it was expanded and produces about 130 million litres of ethanol per year.[10]

Lloydminster Ethanol PlantEdit

The Husky Lloydminster Ethanol Plant came online in 2006 and produces 130 million litres of ethanol per year. In Canada ethanol is blended into gasoline. Feedstock for the plant is mainly non-food feed-grade wheat purchased locally. The plant can also produce Corn ethanol.

Lima RefineryEdit

Like a number of other Midwest refiners, Husky was revamping its Lima, Ohio refinery to process Western Canadian Select, (WCS) a heavier but less expensive crude oil. Since 2012 "Lima has run over 60,000 bpd of Canadian crude, but only about 3,000 bpd of that would be particularly heavy with an API gravity below 30."[19] In early January 2015 an explosion damaged the refinery's 26,000-bpd isocracker unit. Later that year Husky announced that, given the low price of oil, it would postpone its USD$300 million crude oil flexibility project.[19] The project will process up to 40,000 bpd of WCS.[19] Work is expected to begin on the first stage of the crude oil flexibility project during a planned maintenance turnaround in the first quarter of 2016, and a shutdown expected in late 2019.

BP-Husky Toledo RefineryEdit

Husky and BP arranged a joint venture (JV) in 2008 in order to develop and process Alberta bitumen through which Husky acquired a 50 percent share[20] in the 155,000-bpd BP-Husky Toledo Refinery in Oregon, Ohio and BP acquired a 50 percent share of the Husky-operated Sunrise field in Alberta.[10][21][20] This refinery has been upgraded with a coker and is processing bitumen from Sunrise.

Retail operationsEdit

In December 2009, Husky acquired 98 Sunoco and Petro-Canada stations in Ontario as part of Suncor Energy's acquisition of Petro-Canada.[22]

In 2015, Husky announced an agreement with Imperial Oil to combine its commercial cardlock network with Esso's network. As part of the agreement, all Husky cardlock locations were rebranded as Esso cardlocks in 2017, and selected retail locations—including Husky's travel centres—were also converted to Esso.[23][24]

In January 2019, Husky stated that it was exploring the sale of its retail network and Prince George refinery.[25]

Corporate governanceEdit

Current members of the board of directors of Husky Energy are: Victor Li, Canning Fok, Frank Sixt, Asim Ghosh, Rob Peabody, Stephen Bradley, Martin Glynn, Poh Chan Koh, Eva Kwok, Stanley Kwok, Frederick Ma, George Magnus, Neil McGee, Colin Russel, Wayne Shaw and William Shurniak.

Tommy Douglas served as a director of Husky Oil after his retirement from politics in 1979.

The current Chief Executive Officer and President of Husky is Rob Peabody. Peabody assumed the role in December 2016, taking over the position from Asim Ghosh, who had served as the CEO since 2010.[26]


  1. ^ "Husky 2010 Annual Report" (PDF). Retrieved July 22, 2011.
  2. ^ a b "Husky 2015 Financial Statements" (PDF).
  3. ^ "2015 Annual Information Form" (PDF).
  4. ^ Rebecca Penty (November 1, 2012). "Husky Profit Rises on Refining Margin as Production Falls". Bloomberg.
  5. ^ "Husky needs to avoid government's teeth". Financial Post. Archived from the original on October 3, 2013.
  6. ^ "Husky Energy Begins Oil Production at the Sunrise Energy Project". Husky Energy (Press release). Retrieved March 11, 2015.[verification needed]
  7. ^ a b "Husky Energy Brings Second Liwan Gas Field Onto Production". Husky Energy (Press release). Retrieved February 24, 2015.
  8. ^ a b "Husky Energy Brings Second Liwan Gas Field Onto Production". Husky Energy (Press release). December 15, 2014. Retrieved April 29, 2019.
  9. ^ a b "Husky Energy Begins Oil Production at the Sunrise Energy Project". Husky Energy (Press release). Retrieved March 11, 2015.
  10. ^ a b c "Husky Energy". Retrieved April 26, 2018.
  11. ^ a b "2018 Annual Information Form" (PDF). Husky Energy. March 1, 2019. Retrieved March 5, 2019.
  12. ^ a b "Husky Energy Reports 2018 Fourth Quarter and Annual Results; Updates 2019 Guidance". Husky Energy. Retrieved February 26, 2016.
  13. ^ McQueen, Roderick (July 10, 1978). "A quiet bidder sends the auction astray". Maclean's. Retrieved March 1, 2020.
  14. ^ Doem, G. Bruce; Toner, Glen (1985). The Politics of Energy: The Development and Implementation of the NEP. Routledge. ISBN 9780429560583. Retrieved March 1, 2020.
  15. ^ Zuckerman, Lawrence (October 24, 1991). "Li to Lift Stake in Husky Oil to 95%". International Herald Tribune. New York Times. Retrieved March 1, 2020.
  16. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on February 3, 2009. Retrieved July 17, 2012.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  17. ^ a b "Alchemia Announces Appointment of Santo J. Costa as Chairman" (Press release). Husky Energy. February 11, 2014. Retrieved April 26, 2018.
  18. ^ "Explosion rocks Wisconsin refinery; injuries reported". CBS News. April 26, 2018.
  19. ^ a b c Jarrett Renshaw (January 28, 2015), Husky Energy shelves fall shutdown of Lima, Ohio, refinery, New York: Reuters, retrieved July 21, 2015
  20. ^ a b Downstream Operations, nd, retrieved July 21, 2015
  21. ^ "BP-Husky Toledo Refinery, United States of America", Hydrocarbons Technology
  22. ^ "Husky buys 98 stations from Suncor". CBC News. Retrieved August 15, 2018.
  23. ^ Menzies, James (October 6, 2015). "Husky Energy, Imperial Oil to combine truck fuel networks". Truck News. Retrieved July 21, 2019.
  24. ^ "Conversion of Trans Canada Husky station to give city two highway ESSOs". Retrieved November 19, 2019.
  25. ^ "Husky Energy says it may sell 500 retail operations and Prince George refinery". Global News. January 9, 2019. Retrieved July 21, 2019.
  26. ^ "Husky Energy Announces CEO Asim Ghosh Transition Plan and Retirement" (Press release). October 26, 2016.

External linksEdit