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Pulau Bukom, also known as Pulau Bukum (Chinese: 毛广岛; Tamil: புளு புகோம்), is a small restricted-access island belonging to Singapore that is located about five kilometres to the south of Mainland Singapore, off the Straits of Singapore. The size of Pulau Bukom is about 1.45 km2 (0.56 sq mi).
|Area||1.45 km2 (0.56 sq mi)|
Pulau Bukom is also known as Pulau Bukom Besar, which has a small companion islet to its south called Pulau Bukom Kechil. This companion islet is currently connected to Pulau Ular and Pulau Busing by reclaimed land, making the three of them appear as one large island on satellite imagery.
The island's name is thought to come from the Malay name for a seashell called rangkek bukom, which is wide at one end and tapers to a narrow point, the shape of the island prior to land reclamation. Bukum is said to be the same as hukum, and there is a tradition that a raja used to try cases on the island, hence the name, probably through the intermediate form berhukum.
The island was home to the native Malay islanders before government efforts to relocate them back to mainland Singapore for redevelopment. Pulau Bukom appears in Franklin and Jackson's 1828 map as Po. Bukum. The island, originally a mangrove swamp, was also a source of fresh water for ships. In 1884, a trader named Gagino established a water company on the island to supply water to passing ships.
Access to the island is restricted. Security pass is issued only to personnel working on the island. A ferry (from the Pasir Panjang ferry terminal) serves the island. The ferry operator is Tian San Shipping. The security checks are very tight, and no unauthorized person is allowed to enter the island.
- Moey, N. (1991). The Shell endeavour: First 100 years in Singapore. Singapore: Shell Companies in Singapore, p. 28
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