List of locomotive builders

This is a list of locomotive builders by country, including current and defunct builders. Many of the companies changed names over time; this list attempts to give the most recognisable name, generally the one used for the longest time or during the company's best-known period.

Africa South Africa
Asia/Pacific Australia, China, India, Indonesia, Iran, Japan, South Korea, North Korea, New Zealand, Pakistan, Philippines Taiwan, Turkey
Europe Azerbaijan, Belgium, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Latvia, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Ukraine, United Kingdom
Americas Argentina, Brazil, Canada, Chile, United States
See also

ArgentinaEdit

Active companiesEdit

Defunct companiesEdit

AustraliaEdit

Australia imported its locomotives from the United Kingdom and United States until domestic production began, and even afterwards built many with U.S. and British mechanical equipment.

Active companiesEdit

Defunct companiesEdit

AzerbaijanEdit

BelgiumEdit

Active companiesEdit

Defunct companiesEdit

BrazilEdit

BulgariaEdit

CanadaEdit

Active companiesEdit

Defunct companiesEdit

ChileEdit

  • Casagrande Motori[8]

ChinaEdit

Active companiesEdit

Defunct companiesEdit

CroatiaEdit

Czech RepublicEdit

DenmarkEdit

FinlandEdit

FranceEdit

Commercial manufacturersEdit

Railway company workshopsEdit

GeorgiaEdit

GermanyEdit

Active companiesEdit

Defunct companiesEdit

GreeceEdit

HungaryEdit

IndiaEdit

IndonesiaEdit

IranEdit

ItalyEdit

Active companiesEdit

  • Alstom Ferroviaria S.p.A. – Savigliano
  • Bombardier Transportation Italy – Vado Ligure
  • Hitachi Rail Italy (formerly Ansaldo Breda)[26]
  • Firema Trasporti [27]
  • Ipe [28]
  • Valente [29]

Defunct companiesEdit

JapanEdit

LatviaEdit

MalaysiaEdit

NetherlandsEdit

Active companiesEdit

  • Bemo, Warmenhuizen

Defunct companiesEdit

New ZealandEdit

Defunct companiesEdit

North KoreaEdit

PakistanEdit

PhilippinesEdit

All of Philippine National Railways' present rolling stock are either imported or acquired second-hand from foreign manufacturers and rail operators, respectively. In its early history, the Manila Railway ordered locomotives from Scotland and coaches from England.[42] The Manila Railroad then imported from American suppliers and had a small domestic operation which produced coaches and railmotors.[43][44] After World War II, its rolling stock has been mostly acquired from the United States or Japan.

Defunct companiesEdit

  • Manila Railroad Company's Caloocan Works — The Manila Railroad once made its own railmotors at the Caloocan yards from 1924 to 1949. It also assembled two 630 class 2-8-2 locomotives with parts acquired from the War Assets Administration in 1948.[45]
  • Ramcar, Inc. — Also constructed and assembled railmotors alongside the MRR. Although it still survives as the Ramcar Group of Companies, its rolling stock business ended during World War II.[46]

PolandEdit

Active companiesEdit

Defunct companiesEdit

PortugalEdit

  • Sorefame - acquired by ABB, then ADtranz, now part of Bombardier

RomaniaEdit

RussiaEdit

Active CompaniesEdit

Defunct CompaniesEdit

SerbiaEdit

SlovakiaEdit

South AfricaEdit

South KoreaEdit

SpainEdit

Active companiesEdit

Defunct companiesEdit

SwedenEdit

SwitzerlandEdit

TaiwanEdit

Defunct companiesEdit

  • Tang Eng Iron Works[67] (Manufacturing of rolling stock has been ceased and transferred to Taiwan Rolling Stock Co.)

TurkeyEdit

UkraineEdit

United KingdomEdit

Historically, major railways in the United Kingdom built the vast majority of their locomotives. Commercial locomotive builders were called upon when requirements exceeded the railway works' capacity, but these orders were generally to the railways' own designs. British commercial builders concentrated on industrial users, small railway systems, and to a large extent the export market. British-built locomotives were exported around the world, especially to the British Empire. With the almost total disappearance of British industrial railways, the shrinking of the export market and much reduced demand from Britain's railways, few British locomotive builders survive.

Active companiesEdit

Defunct companiesEdit

See also:

United StatesEdit

Active companiesEdit

Defunct companiesEdit

In addition to these, many railroads operating steam locomotives built locomotives in their shops. Notable examples include the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad's Mount Clare Shops, Norfolk and Western's Roanoke Shops, Pennsylvania Railroad's Altoona Works and the Southern Pacific's Sacramento Shops. An estimate of total steam locomotive production in the United States is about 175,000 engines, including nearly 70,000 by Baldwin.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

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