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ABB (ASEA Brown Boveri) (SIXABBN, NYSEABB, Nasdaq StockholmABB) is a Swiss-Swedish multinational corporation headquartered in Zurich, Switzerland, operating mainly in robotics, power, heavy electrical equipment and automation technology areas. It is ranked 341st in the Fortune Global 500 list of 2018 and has been a global Fortune 500 company for 24 years.[4]

ABB Ltd
Publicly traded limited company
Traded asSIXABBN
NYSEABB
Nasdaq StockholmABB
IndustryElectrical equipment
Founded1988 through merger of ASEA (1883) of Sweden and Brown, Boveri & Cie (1891) of Switzerland
HeadquartersZurich, Switzerland
Area served
Worldwide
Key people
Peter Voser (interim CEO), Peter Voser (Chairman)
ProductsPower, Automation
RevenueIncrease US$28.590 billion (2018)[1]
Increase US$3.005 billion (2018)[1]
Decrease US$2.173 billion (2018)[1]
Total assetsDecrease US$44.441 billion (2018)[2]
Total equityDecrease US$14.534 billion (2018)[2]
Number of employees
147,000[3]
Websitewww.abb.com

ABB is traded on the SIX Swiss Exchange in Zürich, Nasdaq Stockholm and the New York Stock Exchange in the United States.[5]

Contents

HistoryEdit

Predecessor companies

Allmänna Svenska Elektriska Aktiebolaget (General Swedish Electrical Limited Company, ASEA) was founded in 1883 by Ludvig Fredholm[6] in Västerås as manufacturer of electrical light and generators. Brown, Boveri & Cie (BBC) was formed in 1891 in Baden, Switzerland, by Charles Eugene Lancelot Brown and Walter Boveri[7] as a Swiss group of electrical engineering companies producing AC and DC motors, generators, steam turbines and transformers.

 
ABB around the world.[vague]

Formation and early years

On August 10, 1987, ASEA A.B. and BBC A.G. announced they would merge to form ABB Asea Brown Boveri Ltd. The new corporation was to be based in Zurich, Switzerland, with each parent company holding 50 percent. At the time, both companies were considered leaders in a field then known as the "electrotechnical industry." The merger between these two medium-sized companies created a global industrial group with revenue of $18 billion and 160,000 employees. The rationale behind the "merger of equals" was to create a company that could compete internationally by offering products, services and solutions capable of driving scalable, sustainable, industrial and economic development for an increasingly global economy.

When ABB began operations on January, 5, 1988, its core operations included power generation, transmission and distribution; electric transportation; and industrial automation and robotics.

In its first year, ABB made some 15 acquisitions, including the environmental control group Fläkt AB of Sweden, the contracting group Sadelmi/Cogepi of Italy, and the railway manufacturer Scandia-Randers A/S of Denmark.

In 1989, ABB purchased an additional 40 companies, including Westinghouse Electric's transmission and distribution assets, and announced an agreement to purchase the Stamford, Connecticut-based Combustion Engineering (C-E). These two major acquisitions broadened ABB's worldwide power transmission and distribution operations and provided it with substantial market share in the business of designing and building power generation facilities in the United States.

The following year, ABB brought the robotics business of Cincinnati Milacron in the US. The acquisition expanded ABB's presence in automated spot-welding and positioned the company to better serve the American automotive industry. ABB's 1991 introduction of the IRB 6000 robot demonstrated its increased capacity in this field. The first modular robot, the IRB 6000 can be reconfigured to perform a variety of specific tasks. At the time of its launch, the IRB 6000 was the fastest and most accurate spot-welding robot on the market.

In the early 1990s, ABB started expanding in Central and Eastern Europe. By the end of 1991, the company employed 10,000 people in the region. The following year, that number doubled. A similar pattern played out in Asia, where economic reforms in China and the lifting of some Western sanctions helped open the region to a new wave of outside investment and industrial growth. By 1994, ABB had 30,000 employees and 100 plants, engineering, service and marketing centers across Asia - numbers that would continue to grow. Through the 1990s, ABB continued its strategy of targeted expansion in Eastern Europe, the Asia-Pacific region and the Americas.

In 1995, ABB agreed to merge its rail engineering unit with that of Daimler-Benz AG of Germany. The goal was the create the world's largest maker of locomotives and railway cars. The new company, ABB Daimler-Benz Transportation (Adtranz), had an initial global market share of nearly 12 percent.

A few months after the July 1997 Asian financial crisis, ABB announced plans to accelerate its expansion in Asia. The company also acted to improve the productivity and profitability of its Western operations, taking an $850 million restructuring charge as it shifted more resources to emerging markets and scaled back some facilities in higher-cost countries.

In 1998, ABB acquired Sweden-based Alfa Laval's automation unit, which at the time was one of Europe's top suppliers of process control systems and automation equipment. [8]

As a final step in the integration of the companies formerly known as ASEA and BBC, in 1999 the directors unanimously approved a plan to create a unified, single class of shares in the group.

That same year, ABB completed its purchase of Elsag Bailey Process Automation NV, a Netherlands-based maker of industrial control systems, for $2.1 billion [9]. The acquisition increased ABB's presence in the high-tech industrial robotics and factory control system sectors, which reducing its reliance on traditional heavy engineering sectors such as power generation and transmission.

Shift in business focus

In 1999, the company sold its stake in the Adtranz train-building business to DaimlerChrysler. Instead of building complete locomotives, ABB's transportation activities shifted increasingly toward traction motors and electric components. [10]

That same year, ABB and France-based Alstom announced the merger of their power generation businesses in a 50-50 joint company, ABB Alstom Power. Separately, ABB agreed to sell its nuclear power business to BNFL of Britain.[11]

In 2000, ABB divested its interests in ABB Alstom Power and sold its boiler and fossil-fuel operations to Alstom.[12] Thereafter, ABB’s power business was focused on renewable energy and transmission and distribution.

In 2002, ABB announced its first-ever annual loss, a $691 million net loss for 2001. [13]The loss was caused by ABB's decision to nearly double its provisions for settlement costs in asbestos-related litigation against Combustion Engineering in the US from $470 million to $940 million. The claims were linked to asbestos products sold by Combustion Engineering prior to its acquisition by ABB.

At the same time, ABB's board announced it would seek the return of money "paid in excess of obligations to Goran Lindahl and to Percy Barnevik," two former chief executive officers of the group. Barnevik received some $89 million in pension benefits when he left ABB in 2001; Lindahl, who succeeded Barnevik as CEO, had received $50 million in pension benefits.[14]

In 2006, ABB put an end to its financial uncertainties by finalizing a $1.43 billion plan to settle asbestos liabilities against its US subsidiaries, Combustion Engineering and ABB Lummus Global, Inc. [15] In August 2007, ABB Lummus Global, ABB's downstream oil and gas business, was sold to CB&I. [16] In 2004, ABB had sold its upstream oil and gas business, ABB Vetco Gray. ABB's plan going forward was to support the oil and gas industry with its core automation and power technology businesses.

In 2008, ABB agreed to acquire Kuhlman Electric Corporation, a US-based maker of transformers for the industrial and electric utility sectors. In December 2008, ABB acquired Ber-Mac Electrical and Instrumentation to expand its presence in Western Canada's oil and gas industries.

On January 10, 2011, ABB invested $10 million in ECOtality, a San Francisco-based developed of charging stations and power storage technologies, to enter North America's electric vehicle charging market.[17] On July 1, ABB announced the acquisition of Epyon B.V. of the Netherlands, an early leader in the European EV-charging infrastructure and maintenance markets.[18]

In 2011, ABB acquired Baldor Electric for $4.2 billion in an all-crash transaction. The move aligned with ABB's strategy to increase its market share in the North American industrial motors business. [19]

On January 30, 2012, ABB acquired Thomas & Betts, a North American leader in low voltage products for industrial, construction and utility applications, in a $3.9 billion cash transaction. [20] On June 15, 2012, it completed the acquisition of commercial and industrial wireless technology specialists Tropos.

In July 2013, ABB acquired Power-One in a $1 billion all-cash transaction, to become the leading global manufacturer of solar inverters.[21] Also in 2013, Fastned selected ABB to supply more than 200 Terra fast-charging stations along highways in the Netherlands. Ulrich Spiesshofer was named ABB's CEO, succeeding Joe Hogan.[22]

On July 6, 2017, ABB announced it had completed its acquisition of Bernecker + Rainer Industrie-Elektronik (B&R), the largest independent provider of product and software-based, open-architecture solutions for machine and factory automation.[23]

In 2018, to promote its standing as the provider with largest installed base of EV fast-charging stations worldwide, ABB became the title partner of the ABB FIA Formula E Championship, the world's first fully electric international FIA motorsport series. [24]

On June 30, 2018, ABB completed its acquisition of GE Industrial Solutions, General Electric's global electrification business. [25]

On December 17, 2018, ABB announced it had agreed to sell 80.1% of its Power Grids business to Hitachi Ltd. The transaction, which places a value of $11 billion on the business, is expected to close in the first half of 2020.[26]

Major product launches and innovations

In 1990, ABB launched Azipod, a family of electric propulsion systems that extends below the hulls of large ships, providing both thrust and steering functions. Developed in corporation with the Finnish shipbuilder Masa-Yards, Azipod has demonstrated the viability of hybrid-electric power in seagoing vessels, while also increasing maneuverability, fuel efficiency and space efficiency.

In 1998, ABB launched the FlexPicker, a robot using a three-armed delta design uniquely suited to the picking and packing industry.

In 2000, ABB brought to market the world's first commercial, high-voltage, shore-to-ship electric power, at the Swedish port of Gothenburg. Powering berthed ships electricity from the shore enables vessels to shut down their engines while in port, significantly reducing noise, vibrations and carbon emissions.

In 2004, ABB launched its Extended Automation System 800xA, an industrial system for the process industries. Today, the company is the global market leader in distributed control systems.

In 2014, ABB unveiled YuMi, a collaborative industrial robot. The innovative, dual-arm assembly robot permits people and machines to work side by side, unlocking new potential for automation in a range of industries.

In 2017, ABB launched its broad-based digital solutions offering, ABB Ability, tapping into the functionality of the Internet of Things for industry.

In 2018, ABB unveiled the Terra High Power charger for electric vehicles, capable of delivering enough to charge in eight minutes to enable an electric car to travel 200 kilometers.

Organizational structureEdit

ABB describes itself as a “pioneering technology leader with a comprehensive offering for digital industries”, which refers to its ABB Ability digital solutions portfolio. With a heritage dating back to the 19@th century, the company today consists of a corporate headquarters, based in Switzerland, and four businesses, specializing in electrification, industrial automation, industrial motion, and robotics & discrete automation. A fifth business, specializing in Power Grids, is currently being prepared for divestment to Hitachi, foreseen in the first half of 2020. ABB operates in more than 100 countries with about 147,000 employees.

ElectrificationEdit

ABB's Electrification business offers a portfolio of products, digital solutions and services from substation to socket. Customers include a wide range of industry and utility operations, plus commercial and residential buildings. The business has strong exposure to a range of rapidly growing segments, including renewables, e-mobility, data centers and smart buildings.

Its offerings include electric vehicle infrastructure, solar inverters, modular substations, distribution automation; products to protect people, installations and electronic equipment from electrical overload such as enclosures, cable systems and low-voltage circuit breakers; measuring and sensing devices, control products, switches and wiring accessories.

The business also offers KNX systems that integrate and automate a building's electrical installations, ventilation systems, and security and data communication networks. Electrification incorporates an Electrification Solutions unit manufacturing low voltage switchgear and motor control centers.

The acquisition of GE Industrial Solutions, which closed in June 2018, further strengthened ABB's #2 global position in electrification.[25]

MotionEdit

ABB’s Motion business provides a range of electrical motors, generators, drives and services, as well as integrated digital powertrain solutions. Motion is the #1 player in the market globally. [27]

Robotics and Discrete AutomationEdit

 
An ABB industrial robot.

ABB’s Robotics & Discrete Automation business combines machine and factory automation solutions, mainly from B&R, which ABB acquired in 2017, with a comprehensive robotics solutions and applications suite. ABB has installed over 300,000 robots globally. The Robotics & Discrete Automation business has been positioned to capture the opportunities associated with the “factory of the future” by providing solutions for flexible manufacturing and smart machinery. The business is #2 globally, with a #1 position in robotics in the high-growth Chinese market, where ABB is expanding its innovation and production capacity by investing in a new robotics factory in Shanghai. [28]

Industrial AutomationEdit

The Industrial Automation business provides a range of solutions for process and hybrid industries, including its industry-specific integrated automation, electrification and digital solutions, control technologies, software and advanced services, as well as measurement & analytics, marine and turbocharging offerings.

The business leverages ABB’s leading technologies, including its #1 DCS (distributed control systems), broad digital portfolio, deep industry expertise, largest installed base and vast global footprint to make it #2 in its market globally.[29]

Power GridsEdit

The Power Grids business offers components for the transmission and distribution of electricity, and incorporates ABB's manufacturing network for transformers, switchgear, circuit breakers, and associated high voltage equipment such as digital protective relays. It also offers maintenance services.

A key part of Power Grids' offering turnkey systems and service for power transmission and distribution grids and for power plants; this includes electrical substations and substation automation systems flexible AC transmission systems (FACTS), high-voltage direct current (HVDC) systems, and network management systems. The division is subdivided into the four business units High Voltage Products, Transformers, Grid Automation and Grid Integration.

OtherEdit

In May 2013, ABB Sécheron SA joined with several groups in Geneva TOSA (Trolleybus Optimisation Système Alimentation, or in English, Trolleybus Power System Optimization) in a one-year demonstration of a trolleybus route using a novel charging system. Rather than overhead wires, charging is accomplished by fixed overhead devices located at stops along the route and at the terminus.[30][31][32] Jean-Luc Favre, head of Rail ISI, discussed the promising role of improved electric transport technology in ABB.[33]

ABB Power Grids division saleEdit

In December 2018, ABB and Hitachi Ltd. announced that Hitachi would take over ABB’s power grid business for about $11 billion. The transaction would be the Japanese conglomerate’s biggest-ever deal as it shifts focus from nuclear plants to the higher-growth market for electricity networks. [34]

ManagementEdit

ABB Chairman Peter Voser was appointed interim CEO on April 17, 2019, succeeding Ulrich Spiesshofer, who stepped down after five-and-a-half years[35]. Voser was elected Chairman of the Board of Directors in April 2015[36] and succeeded Hubertus von Grünberg, who had been Chairman since May 2007. Jürgen Dormann was chairman from 2002 to 2007, and Percy Barnevik from 1999 to 2002.

Primary investorsEdit

The largest single stake in the firm is held by the Swedish investment company Investor AB, controlled by the Wallenberg family, which holds 10.71%.[37]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c "Facts and figures". new.abb.com. Retrieved 28 February 2019.
  2. ^ a b "ABB Annual Report 2018". ABB.com. ABB. Retrieved 28 March 2019.
  3. ^ "ABB FY 2018 results". ABB.com. ABB. Retrieved 28 February 2019.
  4. ^ "Fortune 500 - ABB". Fortune.com. Retrieved 8 August 2018.
  5. ^ "Share - Listing information". new.abb.com.
  6. ^ "Ludvig Fredholm".
  7. ^ "Walter Boveri".
  8. ^ https://new.abb.com/news/detail/13470/abb-acquires-alfa-laval-automation/
  9. ^ "Elsag Bailey was acquired by ABB Group". 1999, Elsag Bailey Process Automation N.V. was acquired by ABB Group. www.bloomberg.com.
  10. ^ https://new.abb.com/news/detail/13501/daimlerchrysler-buys-abbs-share-in-adtranz/
  11. ^ "Press release: ABB to sell nuclear business to BNFL". ABB. 29 December 1999. Retrieved 13 September 2009.
  12. ^ https://new.abb.com/news/detail/13516/alstom-acquires-abbs-share-in-abb-alstom-power/
  13. ^ https://new.abb.com/news/detail/13631/abb-posts-us-691-million-loss-for-2001-after-substantial-charges-cuts-net-debt-in-q4-by-us-22-billion-on-record-cash-flow/
  14. ^ Edith M. Lederer (1 March 2002). "UN: Swedish Businessman Loses Job". CorpWatch. Retrieved 12 December 2010.
  15. ^ Uncredited (1 September 2006). "ABB asbestos claims resolved". Reuters.
  16. ^ Uncredited (1 September 2006). "ABB asbestos claims resolved". Reuters.
  17. ^ https://new.abb.com/news/detail/13311/abb-enters-us-market-for-electric-vehicle-infrastructure-with-ecotality-stake/
  18. ^ https://new.abb.com/news/detail/13216/abb-acquires-epyon-to-expand-offering-in-ev-charging-infrastructure/
  19. ^ https://new.abb.com/news/detail/12859/abb-completes-acquisition-of-baldor-electric-company/
  20. ^ "Thomas & Betts Corporation Reports Fourth Quarter 2011 Net Earnings" (PDF). www.tnb.com. 30 January 2012. Retrieved 1 February 2012.
  21. ^ https://new.abb.com/news/detail/13395/abb-completes-acquisition-of-power-one/
  22. ^ https://new.abb.com/news/detail/13201/ulrich-spiesshofer-takes-over-as-abbs-new-chief-executive-officer/
  23. ^ https://new.abb.com/news/detail/1797/abb-completes-acquisition-of-br
  24. ^ https://new.abb.com/news/detail/3182/abb-and-formula-e-partner-to-write-the-future-of-e-mobility
  25. ^ a b "ABB completes acquisition of GE Industrial Solutions". Retrieved 30 July 2018.
  26. ^ https://new.abb.com/news/detail/12473/abb-shaping-a-leader-focused-in-digital-industries
  27. ^ "ABB Strategy 2019 Update". Abb.com. Text "https://new.abb.com/news/detail/16790/strategy-update-shaping-a-leader-focused-in-digital-industries " ignored (help); Missing or empty |url= (help); |access-date= requires |url= (help)
  28. ^ "ABB Strategy 2019 Update". Abb.com. Text "https://new.abb.com/news/detail/16790/strategy-update-shaping-a-leader-focused-in-digital-industries " ignored (help); Missing or empty |url= (help); |access-date= requires |url= (help)
  29. ^ "ABB Strategy 2019 Update". Abb.com. Text "https://new.abb.com/news/detail/16790/strategy-update-shaping-a-leader-focused-in-digital-industries " ignored (help); Missing or empty |url= (help); |access-date= requires |url= (help)
  30. ^ Mike Millikin, ed. (31 May 2013). "ABB develops and demonstrates "flash charging" system for electric buses". Green Car Congress. Retrieved 1 June 2012.
  31. ^ Zachary Shahan (31 May 2013). "ABB Unveils Ultrafast, 15-Second "Flash Charging" Electric Bus". CleanTechnica. Retrieved 1 June 2013.
  32. ^ "New Charging Technology from ABB - Analyst Blog". Zachs Investment Research. 31 May 2013. Archived from the original on 9 February 2015. Retrieved 1 June 2013.
  33. ^ "Geneva Unveils Electric Bus without Overhead Wires (see video of call)". The Local, Switzerland's News in English. 21 April 2013. Retrieved 1 June 2013.
  34. ^ "ABB: Shaping a leader focused in digital industries". Abb.com. Text "https://new.abb.com/news/detail/12473/abb-shaping-a-leader-focused-in-digital-industries " ignored (help); Missing or empty |url= (help); |access-date= requires |url= (help)
  35. ^ "ABB Interim CEO appointment". Abb.com. Text "https://new.abb.com/news/detail/19429/abb-names-peter-voser-as-interim-ceo-ulrich-spiesshofer-steps-down " ignored (help); Missing or empty |url= (help); |access-date= requires |url= (help)
  36. ^ "ABB Board of Directors". Abb.com. Retrieved 25 October 2015.
  37. ^ "ABB: Major shareholders".

Further readingEdit

  • ABB (2005): The Dormann Letters, Jürgen Dormann/ABB Group, Zurich
  • Bélanger, Jacques et al. (2001): Being local worldwide: ABB and the challenge of global management, Cornell University Press, New York. ISBN 0-8014-3650-8
  • Kevin Barham, Claudia Heimer (1998): ABB: the dancing giant – creating the globally connected corporation. Financial Times, London. ISBN 0-273-62861-5

External linksEdit