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Valmet Oyj is a Finnish company and a developer and supplier of technologies, automation systems and services for the pulp, paper and energy industries. Valmet’s history as an industrial operator stretches back over 200 years. Formerly owned by the State of Finland, Valmet was reborn in December 2013 with the demerger of the pulp, paper and power businesses from Metso Corporation. Valmet is organized around four business lines: Services, Pulp and Energy, Paper, and Automation. Valmet's services include maintenance outsourcing, mill and power plant improvements and spare parts. The company provides technology for pulp, tissue, board and paper mills and bioenergy plants. In the area of automation, Valmet's products range from single measurements to mill wide turnkey automation projects. Valmet's operations are divided into five geographical areas: North America, South America, EMEA, China, and Asia-Pacific. Valmet has operations in approximately 30 countries and it employs 12,000 people. Its headquarters are located in Espoo, and it is listed on the Nasdaq Helsinki. In 2017, Valmet's net sales totaled EUR 3.2 billion.
|Traded as||Nasdaq Helsinki: VALMT|
|Industry||Services, Pulp and Energy, Paper and Automation|
|Bo Risberg (Chairman), Pasi Laine (President and CEO)|
|Revenue||€3.159 billion (2017)|
|€178 million (2017)|
|€291 million (2017)|
|Total assets||€2.974 billion (end 2017)|
|Total equity||€928 million (end 2017)|
Number of employees
|12,268 (end 2017)|
- 1 Organization and products
- 2 Partners
- 3 History
- 4 Research and development
- 5 HR Policy
- 6 Historical products
- 7 See also
- 8 References
Organization and productsEdit
Valmet operates in some 30 countries and employs 12,000 people. Valmet's primary production sites are the Rautpohja factory in Jyväskylä, Finland, and the units in Sweden's Karlstad and Sundsvall and China's Xi'an and Shanghai. Rautpohja is the center of paper and board machine engineering operations, the manufacture of key components such as headboxes and the most important rolls, and the assembly of machine deliveries to Europe.
Valmet's Services business line carries out mill improvements and upgrades and offers paper machine roll and clothing services, filter fabrics, spare parts and life cycle services. Services' customers mostly operate in the fields of pulp, paper, and energy production. More than 2,000 of the world's 3,800 pulp and paper mills are Valmet's customers. The business line aims to improve the reliability, cost efficiency, capacity and quality of its customers' operations by offering solutions[buzzword] to reduce emissions, enhance the safety of operations, and use energy, water and raw materials more efficiently. Valmet has a global network of 70 service centers. The most important market areas of the Services business line are EMEA and North America.
Valmet is either the biggest or second biggest in the services market while its market share is about 14% of the whole market which is estimated to be about 8 billion euros.
Valmet’s biggest competitors globally in the Services market are Andritz and Voith, both of them with a broad offering while other competitors like Sandusky, Albany, Joh. Clouth, Leripa, Aikawa and AstenJohnson, have focused on specific product segments. Other competitors have limited offering compared to Valmet. These include Kadant, SchäferRolls, MWN, Bellmer, Hannecard and Papcel that operate either regionally or globally and Jinni, Wuxi Refine Tech, Richter, Beijing Up-Tech, TTT and AGW, which have strong local position in their own niche.
Valmet's Automation business line provides automation solutions[buzzword] that range from single measurements to mill wide turnkey automation projects. Its main products include analyzers and measuring devices, automation systems, vision systems, quality control systems and performance and service solutions.[buzzword] The main customer groups are the pulp and paper industry, other process industries, energy companies, the marine industry and the oil and gas industries. More than 1,000 power plants use Valmet's process automation solutions.[buzzword] The unit aims to improve its customers' profitability by enhancing their production operations and improving their energy, material and cost efficiency.
The estimated size of pulp and paper automation market in 2015 was about one billion euros while Valmet's share of it was about 20%. It was market leader in the analyzers and measurements market while within quality management systems Valmet was either number one or two in the market and in the distributed control system market it was second biggest. Also the market value of energy and process business was about one billion euros of which Valmet's share was 10%. It was number two in high-end marine business and number four in the power generation business together with its partners.
Valmet’s biggest competitors in the distributed control system market are ABB, Honeywell, Emerson, Siemens and Yokogawa, both in the pulp and paper automation and energy and process. In the pulp and paper automation area the main competitors in the quality management system market are ABB, Honewell, Voith, Paperchine, Procemex, Cognex and Isra Vision while ABB and BTG compete with Valmet in the analyzers and measurements market.
Pulp and EnergyEdit
Valmet's Pulp and Energy business line provides technologies and solutions[buzzword] for pulp and energy production as well as biomass conversion. The business line's products can be divided into three main categories.
Pulp mill projects range from the delivery of individual machines and equipment to the supply of complete production lines. Pulp is used to produce different types of paper, including board, tissue and printing paper. It is also used in viscose and hygiene products. Valmet's pulp business customers include mechanical and chemical pulp producers as well as companies in the panelboard industry. In recent years, new customers have been acquired particularly in South America and Asia. Many different machines are required for the various phases of the pulp production process. Valmet supplies technology for all these phases.
Valmet supports its customers' energy solutions[buzzword] by supplying and upgrading boiler plants for the combustion of biomass, fluidized bed boilers that use biomass, coal, recycled materials and sorted waste as fuel, and oil- and gas-fired boilers. Valmet also provides complete heat and power generation systems and power plants, as well as environmental protection systems to control the quality of air. The business line's customers include municipalities, utilities, and companies in the energy, process, pulp and paper industries. The main market areas are the Nordic countries and EMEA.
Valmet's position in the energy production market is among top 3. Between 2011 and 2015 its share of biomass boiler orders was about 20% excluding China. The size of the market was about 2 billion euros.
Biomass conversion technologiesEdit
Valmet anticipates the increased importance of biomass as a raw material in many industries. Biomass can be used to produce renewable energy and recyclable products such as paper, pulp, board and tissue paper. To prepare for this, Valmet has developed new technologies to enhance the utilization of biomass. Such technologies include the lignin recovery technology LignoBoost, pyrolysis technology to produce renewable bio-oil, and indirect biomass gasification that converts biomass into biomethane, which can be used as a replacement for natural gas.
The customers of Valmet's Paper business line operate in the board, tissue and paper industries. Valmet supplies its customers with machines and equipment and carries out machine rebuilds. The customers of the Paper business line manufacture board, tissue and paper, and process them into packaging, tissues, disposable towels, toilet paper, and writing and printing paper. Customers for new board and paper machines are mostly located in China and Asia-Pacific, while rebuilds are often delivered to Europe and North America.
Valmet is market leader in tissue (market share 35%, estimated market size 0.7 billion euros), board (market share 40%, market size 1 billion) and paper (market share 40%, market size 0.3 billion).
Valmet makes three types of purchases. It procures motors and bearings directly from commercial manufacturers. Parts designed by Valmet are also manufactured at partner mills. Project procurement includes supplies sent directly to the installation sites. Valmet makes purchases from sources that are as local as possible. For example, the Rautpohja factory area is also the home of the Rautpohjan Konepaja engineering workshop, which manufactures steel structures for Valmet and other operators. Purchases are mostly made by the procurement organization, which consists of a global team of 100 employees. Valmet’s total spend in direct purchases is between EUR 1-2 billion annually which is sourced from thousands of suppliers in over 50 countries.
Roots in the 18th centuryEdit
The company's history goes back to the 1750s when a small shipyard was established in the Sveaborg fortress (now called Suomenlinna) on the islands outside Helsinki, at the time a part of the province Nyland in Sweden. In the early 20th century it ended up under the ownership of the Finnish state and became part of Valmet. Tamfelt was established in 1797 and became one of the leading suppliers of technical textiles. These operations are now part of Valmet's Services business line.
Several of the companies forming part of the new Valmet Corporation that was born in the 2010's date back to the 19th century. The Karlstad Mekaniska Werkstad (KMW) in Sweden began in 1865. Beloit Corporation began in 1858 as a foundry in the city of Beloit, Wisconsin, US. Sunds Bruk, the predecessor of Sunds Defibrator Industries Ab, was established in Sweden in 1868.
Creation of Valmet after World War IIEdit
Valmet's roots were born in 1944 when state-owned military supply factories, previously controlled by the Finnish Ministry of Defence, were moved under the Ministry of Trade and Industry. This was done because the Moscow Armistice strongly limited the number of Finnish military personnel, and it was feared that the Soviet Union might want to include the workforce of the arms industry in these calculations. The Parliament of Finland acted rapidly to make the decision.
In 1946, several metal workshops owned by the Finnish state were merged to form the Valtion Metallitehtaat (English: State Metalworks), abbreviated as ValMet. The new company came to include various metalworks that manufactured war reparation products for the Soviet Union in different parts of Finland. In the year of its establishment, the company had some 6,200 employees.
At the beginning of 1951, the Valtion Metallitehtaat group was renamed Valmet Oy. The various factories, which had previously manufactured warships, aircraft and artillery pieces, spent years finding their new purposes. The conversion of an artillery works into a paper machine manufacturer was a success, but import restrictions created serious obstacles in its route to Western markets. The company's shipyard operations were often –and unfavorably – compared to those of Wärtsilä. The airplane industry was maintained to strengthen national security, but it was not profitable. The branch did, however, make a solid contribution to Valmet's product development and designed, among other things, the straddle carrier used in harbors and manufactured as part of Finland’s war reparations. For decades, the entire conglomerate searched for new fields, such as the manufacture of cars or instrumentation. Modern quality control of production operations entered the Finnish manufacturing industry via Valmet's operations, for example in its car factories. National politics strongly influenced the management and decision-making in the company.
Valmet began manufacturing paper machines at the former Rautpohja artillery works in Jyväskylä, Finland in the early 1950s and delivered its first paper machine in 1953. Valmet became a paper machine supplier of international importance in the mid-1960s, when it delivered several machines to the world's leading paper industry countries.
In 1961, Valmet had 8,841 employees.
1980s: privatization of the state corporationEdit
Valmet had shipyards in Turku and Helsinki (first in the Katajanokka district, later in Vuosaari). In 1986, Valmet sold its shipbuilding operations to Wärtsilä Oy, which merged them with its own shipyards to form Wärtsilä Marine. The company was declared bankrupt in 1989. The operations continued under the names of Masa Yards Oy, Kvaerner Masa-Yards Oy, Aker Yards Oy, Aker Finnyards Oy, STX Finland Oy and currently as Meyer Turku Oy.
In connection with the shipyard transaction, Valmet bought from Wärtsilä a paper finishing machinery unit located in Järvenpää, Finland. Together with Valmet's own paper machine manufacturing units, the Järvenpää unit formed Valmet Paperikoneet Oy, which then purchased Tampella's board machine manufacturing operations in 1992.
Valmet sold its tractor, forest machine and transportation vehicle manufacturing operations to Sisu Auto in 1994. In 1997, Sisu Auto was sold to Partek, and the tractors became known as Valtra Valmet, and later Valtra. In 2002, Kone Corporation bought Partek, and in 2004 it sold Sisu to Suomen Autoteollisuus Oy, formed by a group of Finnish private investors and the company management.
In 1988, Valmet had 17,405 employees.
Valmet and Rauma merge as MetsoEdit
In July 1999, Valmet Corporation and Rauma Corporation ("Rauma") merged to form a new company. Initially called Valmet-Rauma Corporation, the name was changed to Metso Corporation in August 1999. At the time of the merger Valmet was a paper and board machine supplier, while Rauma focused on fiber technology, rock crushing and flow control solutions.[buzzword] The merger produced an equipment supplier serving the global process industry. Shares in Metso were listed on the Helsinki Stock Exchange, which replaced the listings of its predecessor companies.
In 2000 Metso acquired Beloit Corporation's tissue and paper-making technology as well as its service operations in the United States and France. In December 2006, Metso completed the acquisition of the Pulping and Power businesses from Norwegian Aker Kvaerner ASA. The acquisition aimed to further improve the company's ability to serve the pulp and paper industries as a turnkey delivery partner, and to respond to the business opportunities created by power generation and biomass technologies. At the end of 2009, Metso acquired Tamfelt Corporation, one of the world’s leading suppliers of technical textiles.
On October 1, 2013, an extraordinary general meeting of Metso made the decision to split Metso into two companies: Valmet and Metso. After the demerger on December 31, 2013, the pulp, paper and power businesses of Metso formed the new Valmet Corporation, while the mining and construction and automation businesses remained with Metso.
Jukka Viinanen was chosen as the chairman of Valmet's board of directors. Viinanen had served as a member of Metso's board from 2008 to 2013, and as the chairman since 2009.
In April 2015, Valmet introduced a new business – automation systems – alongside its existing pulp, paper machine and boiler businesses. Valmet completed a EUR 340 million transaction with Metso to purchase its process automation system and service unit (PAS). Approximately 80 percent of the unit's customers already did business with Valmet. With the transaction, Valmet hoped to be able to offer even more comprehensive product and service packages. The acquisition will allow Valmet to steadily increase the business volumes, improving profitability. At the time of the transaction, the PAS unit employed 1,600 people. Its net sales totaled EUR 300 million in 2013.
In July 2015, Valmet announced the acquisition of Massimiliano Corsini's tissue paper rewinding business. The net sales of the 33-employee unit in Pescia, Italy, has remained steady at EUR 10 million in recent years.
In March 2015, Bo Risberg from Sweden replaced Jukka Viinanen as the chairman of Valmet's board of directors. Previously, Risberg had held a high position at ABB and the position of managing director at the construction supply company Hilti. He also holds positions of trust at Piab Holding, Grundfos Holding and Trelleborg, among others. The Members of the board are vice chairman Mikael von Frenckell, Lone Fønss Schrøder, Friederike Helfer, Pekka Lundmark, Erkki Pehu-Lehtonen and Rogerio Ziviani. Pekka Lundmark later resigned from the board after being nominated CEO of Fortum Corporation.
Research and developmentEdit
Valmet has a long history as an innovator in the pulp, paper and energy generation fields. At the moment, Valmet's research and development efforts focus on cost-effective, modular and standardized solutions to secure the efficient use of energy, water and raw materials and to reduce customers' total costs. Biomass conversion technologies form another area of focus. The research and development work mostly takes place within the company's Finnish and Swedish operations. A large part of the work is, however, carried out in close cooperation with customers, research institutes and universities. In 2017 Valmet had a portfolio of intellectual property that included around 1,400 innovations.
Starting from 2015, Valmet's Rautpohja unit in Jyväskylä, Finland, adopted a non-smoking policy. The policy aims to support the personnel's health, decrease costs and further improve the company's image as a workplace. In addition to Valmet employees, the non-smoking policy also applies to customers and all the people working in the area or visiting it. Approximately 1,250 people work at the Rautpohja factory, with 250 additional workers employed by 50 subcontractors. Rautpohja has about fifty visitors a day. Valmet supports its employees who wish to quit smoking by compensating them for some of the costs of medication and nicotine replacement products used in the treatment of nicotine addiction.
To celebrate Finland's 100th birthday and Valmet's 220-year-old history Valmet's CEO Pasi Laine decided to do something to promote the employment of young people in Finland in 2017. Therefore Valmet offered a training place for about a hundred young people during spring and autumn 2017. In addition to this Valmet offered summer jobs for about 500 young people in Finland.
Laine also wanted to support women's progress in the company so in spring 2017 Valmet launched a mentoring program with fourteen women in Valmet's senior positions mentored fourteen college students in Finland. The purpose of the program was to encourage students to apply for positions in technology industry. In 2017, one fifth of Valmet employees were women.
During its long history Valmet has made e.g. trains, aeroplanes, clocks and weapons. See List of Valmet products.
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