List of conflicts in Europe

This is a list of conflicts in Europe ordered chronologically, including wars between European states, civil wars within European states, wars between a European state and a non-European state that took place within Europe, and global conflicts in which Europe was a theatre of war.

There are various definitions of Europe and in particular, there is a significant dispute about the eastern and southeastern boundaries, specifically about how to define the countries of the former Soviet Union. This list is based on a wide definition that includes much of the interface between Europe and Western Asia.


Pre-500 BCEdit

500–200 BCEdit

200 BC onwardsEdit

1st–10th century ADEdit

11th centuryEdit

Battle of Hastings (1066)

12th centuryEdit

13th centuryEdit

14th centuryEdit

15th centuryEdit

16th centuryEdit

17th centuryEdit

18th centuryEdit

19th centuryEdit

Scene from the Finnish War (1808), by Albert Edelfelt

20th centuryEdit

Explosion of the Hawthorn Ridge mine, 1 July 1916, marked the beginning of the Battle of the Somme.
Republican International Brigadiers at the Battle of Belchite, 1937
German Stuka dive bombers in the Eastern Front (World War II) 1941–45
A Soviet IS-2 tank in Leipzig during the 1953 East Germany Uprising
Icelandic patrol ship ICGV Odinn and British frigate HMS Scylla clash during the Second Cod War
A "Sniper at work" sign in Crossmaglen, a symbol of the IRA sniper campaign in South Armagh during the last stages of the Northern Ireland Troubles
UNPROFOR troops on their way up "Sniper Alley" in Sarajevo during the Bosnian War
A Russian helicopter downed by Chechen militants, during the First Chechen War
The Russian Army's Vostok Battalion in South Ossetia

21st centuryEdit

Damaged building during the Donbas War, in Lysychansk, Ukraine, 4 August 2014

Ongoing conflictsEdit

Ongoing conflicts in Europe
Conflict Includes Date started Duration Casualties
Abkhaz–Georgian conflict 1989 31 years 4,000 to 15,000 killed
Georgian–Ossetian conflict 1989 31 years 2,000+ killed
Nagorno-Karabakh conflict 2020 3 weeks and 6 days 10,000+ killed[3][4][5][6][7][8][9][10][11][12][13][14][15][16][17][18][19][20]
Dissident Irish Republican campaign 10/04/1998 22 years, 6 months and 2 weeks 145 killed, 766 wounded[citation needed]
Chechen–Russian conflict 1785 235 years 33,000 to 240,000 killed in Second Chechen War
Russo-Ukrainian War 2014-02-20 6 years, 8 months and 4 days 12,800 to 13,000 killed, 27,000 to 30,000 wounded, as of December, 2018

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab Levy, Jack S. (July 15, 2014). War in the Modern Great Power System: 1495--1975. University Press of Kentucky. ISBN 9780813163659 – via Google Books.
  2. ^ Urlanis, B.Ts. (1960). Wars and population. p. 55.
  3. ^ "Up to 2,300 enemy soldiers was killed". MINISTRY OF DEFENCE OF THE REPUBLIC OF AZERBAIJAN.
  4. ^ "Armenia says its fighter jet 'shot down by Turkey'". September 29, 2020 – via
  5. ^ Rose, John Irish, Michel (October 1, 2020). "France accuses Turkey of sending Syrian jihadists to Nagorno-Karabakh" – via
  6. ^ "2020 Nagorno-Karabakh conflict". October 13, 2020 – via Wikipedia.
  7. ^وصول-دفعة-جديدة-من-جثث-المرتزقة-إلى-سو/402674/
  8. ^ "The human cost of the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict".
  9. ^ Alsaafin, Elizabeth Melimopoulos,Linah. "Nagorno-Karabakh truce frays as both sides allege attacks: Live".
  10. ^ Siddiqui, Anealla Safdar,Usaid. "Armenia, Azerbaijan urged to honour ceasefire deal: Live updates".
  11. ^ Stronski, Paul; Stronski, Paul. "Behind the Flare-Up Along Armenia-Azerbaijan Border". Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.
  12. ^ "Armenia-Azerbaijan conflict drives thousands from their homes as death toll mounts".
  13. ^
  14. ^ "Azerbaijan claims seizing villages in fighting with Armenia". AP NEWS. October 3, 2020.
  15. ^ AFP, Mariam Harutyunyan and Emil Guliyev for (September 29, 2020). "Death Toll Rises in Armenia-Azerbaijan Fight Despite Calls for Pause". The Moscow Times.
  16. ^ "Armenia and Azerbaijan reject calls for ceasefire as deaths mount". France 24. September 30, 2020.
  17. ^ Safi, Michael (September 28, 2020). "Dozens killed as Armenian and Azerbaijani forces clash for second day" – via
  18. ^ "Nagorno-Karabakh Conflict". Global Conflict Tracker.
  19. ^ Kramer, Andrew E. (October 10, 2020). "Why Is Conflict Erupting Again Between Armenia and Azerbaijan?" – via
  20. ^ "Armenia-Azerbaijan deadliest war rages on: Syrian President accuses Turkey of being main instigator as death toll crosses 200". Zee News. October 6, 2020.