Battle of Ménfő

The Battle of Ménfő was an important battle in the early history of the Kingdom of Hungary. Fought in 1044 at Ménfő, near Győr, between an army of mostly Germans and Hungarians (Magyars), it was a victory for the Germans and thus for Westernising influences in Hungary.

Battle of Ménfő
Chronicon Pictum P050 A ménfői csata.JPG
Battle of Ménfő. In the corner of the picture is a depiction of the killing of Samuel Aba (Chronicon Pictum)
Date5 June 1044[1]
Location
Result German victory
Peter Orseolo becomes King of Hungary
Belligerents
Kingdom of Germany
Hungarian supporters of Peter Orseolo
Hungarian supporters of Samuel Aba
Commanders and leaders
Henry III
Peter Orseolo
Samuel Aba 
Strength
Unknown Unknown
Casualties and losses
Light Heavy

Peter Orseolo, who had been deposed by Samuel Aba in 1041, returned with the assistance of Emperor Henry III, and invaded Hungary in June 1044. His force was small and the Hungarian army of Samuel Aba was large. However, there was disaffection in the Hungarian ranks and the army quickly fell apart in the face of the German cavalry. Samuel fled the field, but was captured and killed. Peter was reinstalled as king at Székesfehérvár and did homage for his kingdom to Henry. The leading magnates and the less important nobles all came to Henry to make oaths of fidelity and vassalage. Hungary was made a vassal of the Holy Roman Empire, though it was not to remain so for long.

SourcesEdit

  1. ^ Pál Engel (23 February 2001). Realm of St Stephen, The: A History of Medieval Hungary, 895-1526. I.B.Tauris. pp. 47–. ISBN 978-0-85773-173-9.

Coordinates: 47°41′3″N 17°38′4″E / 47.68417°N 17.63444°E / 47.68417; 17.63444