List of conflicts in the Near East

The area known as the "Near East" is usually referred to as Middle East in modern contexts. For periods predating Classical Antiquity, the common term is Ancient Near East. The Near East is generally associated with Anatolia, the Levant, Mesopotamia, Persia, Egypt, the Arabian Peninsula, and the Caucasus.

A geographical map showing territories commonly considered part of the Near East.

Ancient Near East conflictsEdit

Bronze AgeEdit

Early Iron AgeEdit

Note: This section is covering Iron Age I and II, Iron Age III is related as Classic Period

Classic antiquity conflictsEdit

Greco-Persian dominationEdit

Roman, Parthian and Sassanid dominationEdit

Medieval conflictsEdit

Ottoman period conflicts 1453–1918Edit

Ottoman expansionEdit

Ottoman era period conflicts 1453–1516

Ottoman Empire period conflictsEdit

Ottoman Tanzimat periodEdit

Post-Ottoman era conflictsEdit

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Ergil, Doğu, PKK: The Kurdistan Workers' Party, in Marianne Heiberg, Brendan O'Leary, John Tirman, eds., Terror, insurgency, and the state: ending protracted conflicts, University of Pennsylvania Press, 2007, p.356
  2. ^ Chaliand, Gérard , The Kurdish tragedy, Palgrave Macmillan, 1994, p.25
  3. ^ Vanly, Ismet Chériff, The Kurds in the Soviet Union, in Philip G. Kreyenbroek, Stefan Sperl, eds., The Kurds: a contemporary overview, Routledge, 2000, p.196