Battle of Baesweiler

The Battle of Baesweiler (22 August 1371) was a conflict between the duke of Luxembourg-Brabant against the Duke of Jülich.

Battle of Baesweiler
Date22 August 1371
Result Victory for Jülich and Guelders
Arms of Flanders.svg Duchy of Jülich
Geldern wapen.svg Duchy of Guelders
Arms of the Counts of Luxembourg.svg Duchy of Luxembourg
Coat of arms of the Duchy of Brabant.svg Duchy of Brabant
Arms of Namur.svg County of Namur
Arms of the Duke of Limburg.svg County of Ligny
Commanders and leaders
Arms of Flanders.svg William II of Jülich
Geldern wapen.svg Edward of Guelders 
Arms of the Counts of Luxembourg.svg Wenceslaus of Luxembourg
Arms of Namur.svg William of Namur
Arms of the Duke of Limburg.svg Guy of Luxembourg-Ligny 
1600 men-at-arms, unknown but small number of militia infantry[1] 2500 men-at-arms, unknown but small number of militia infantry[2]
Casualties and losses
Unknown. Duke of Guelders killed Unknown. Duke of Brabant and Duke of Luxembourg captured, Count of Ligny killed


Attacks on Brabant's commercial interests in the territory of the Duke of Jülich had almost caused war in 1367 and 1369. After mercenaries robbed a number of Brabantine merchants on the territory of William II, Duke of Jülich in 1371, William refused to pay reparation to Wenceslaus I of Luxembourg, husband of the Duchess of Brabant, let alone punish the mercenaries, instead protecting them and even hiring some.[3]

Wenceslas prepared his forces and tried to attack the Duke of Jülich. William however sought help from his brother in law, Edward, Duke of Guelders.

The battleEdit

On 20 August, Wenceslas led his army from the border town of Maastricht towards the enemy capital of Jülich. The army advanced slowly, burning and looting as it went and by the evening of 21 August was encamped near the town of Baesweiler north of Aachen. On 22 August, Wenceslas' army was confronted by the smaller force of the Duke of Jülich.[4] Two different versions of what happened next are recorded. In one, the army of Jülich attacked in the morning while the Brabant forces were at mass. In the other, the army of Brabant had the best of the fighting until the late appearance of the troops of the Duke of Guelders, perhaps from ambush.[5] The battle ended with the capture of the Duke of Brabant, the Duke of Luxembourg and William, Margrave of Namur, and the death of the Duke of Guelders. Guy I of Luxembourg, Count of Ligny, a distant relative of the Wenceslas, was also killed.


  1. ^ Boffa, Sergio (2004). Warfare in Medieval Brabant. Woodbridge, Suffolk: Boydell & Brewer. p. 22. ISBN 1843830612.
  2. ^ Boffa (2004), p.22
  3. ^ Boffa (2004), p.20
  4. ^ Boffa (2004), p.22
  5. ^ Boffa (2004), pp.65-6

See alsoEdit