Crossmaglen (from Irish: Crois Mhic Lionnáin, meaning "Mac Lionnáin's cross") is a village and townland in County Armagh, Northern Ireland. It had a population of 1,592 in the 2011 Census and is the largest village in South Armagh. The village centre is the site of a large Police Service of Northern Ireland base and formerly of an observation tower (known locally as the "look-out post").
Road leading into the village
|Population||1,592 (2011 Census)|
|Irish grid reference|
|• Belfast||52 mi (84 km)|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|EU Parliament||Northern Ireland|
The square's name commemorates Cardinal Tomás Ó Fiaich, a local man who became Primate of All Ireland (head of the Catholic Church in Ireland), and who died in 1990. However the Cardinal originated from Crossmaglen's close neighbours, Cullyhanna. Crossmaglen also gives its name to a GAA team.
- Anamar Primary School
- Clonalig Primary School
- St Brigid's Primary School
- St Patrick's Primary School
- Gael Scoil Phadraig Naofa
- St Joseph's High School, Crossmaglen
Crossmaglen forms the Newry & Armagh constituency for elections to the Westminster Parliament. The Member of Parliament is Mickey Brady of Sinn Féin. He won the seat at the 2015 United Kingdom general election.
On 13 January 1921, during the Irish War of Independence, the Irish Republican Army (IRA) shot dead an Ulster Special Constabulary (USC) constable in Crossmaglen. He was the first member of the USC to be killed whilst on duty.
The British Army had a major presence in the area during "the Troubles". Crossmaglen and the wider South Armagh/South Down area was a republican stronghold and republican paramilitaries were very active. This earned it the nickname "Bandit Country". Labour Party MP Clare Short said in 1983 "It is ridiculous that British troops are here in Crossmaglen. The claim is that they're in Ireland keeping the peace between the two communities. But there is only one community in South Armagh, so what the heck are they doing here?" During the Troubles, at least 58 police officers and 124 soldiers were killed by the Provisional Irish Republican Army in South Armagh, many in Crossmaglen itself.
Crossmaglen in recent years has become known for its Gaelic football team, Crossmaglen Rangers, who won the All-Ireland Senior Club Football Championship in 1997, 1999, 2000, 2007, 2011 and again in 2012. The manager and several players of Rangers went on to win the All-Ireland Senior Football Championship with their county team in 2002 and reached the final again in 2003, only to lose to neighbours Tyrone. One of Crossmaglen's most notable players is Oisín McConville, who is also Ulster's top scoring player. The county team were also in the All-Ireland Senior Football Championship final in 1953; local players Gene Morgan and Frank Kernan were on the team but they were defeated by Kerry. Armagh also made it to the 1977 All-Ireland Senior Football Championship Final, but were beaten by Dublin.
There was an ongoing dispute for years between Crossmaglen Rangers, the Morgan family of Crossmaglen, and the British Army over the positioning of the army base which was placed on the Rangers pitch and on the back garden of the Morgan family home on Cardinal Ó Fiaich Square. This was remedied, beginning in April 1999.
Crossmaglen Rangers hold the national record of 39 county titles, including 13 in a row. They also hold the record of nine Ulster club titles.
- Charles Armstrong - Forced disappearance victim
- Francie Bellew - Gaelic footballer
- Gerard Evans - Forced disappearance victim
- Sir Thomas Jackson, 1st Baronet - The third Chief Manager of The Hongkong and Shanghai Banking Corporation (HSBC)
- Cardinal Tomás Ó Fiaich - Primate of All Ireland (head of the Roman Catholic Church in Ireland)
- Aaron Kernan - Gaelic footballer
- Joe Kernan - Gaelic footballer and Manager
- Séamus Mór Mac Mhurchaidh - Poet and Rapparee
- Jim McAllister - Politician, Sinn Féin
- Oisín McConville - Gaelic footballer
- John McEntee - Gaelic footballer
- Edward George Richardson - Member of Parliament for South Armagh, Nationalist Party and Independent Nationalist
Crossmaglen is classified as a village by the NI Statistics and Research Agency (NISRA) (i.e. with population between 1,000 and 2,250 people). On Census day (29 April 2001) there were 1,459 people living in Crossmaglen. Of these:
- 27.0% were aged under 16 and 14.8% were aged 60 and over
- 48.6% of the population were male and 51.4% were female
- 97.0% were from a Catholic background and 0.8% were from a Protestant background
- 6.5% of people aged 16–74 were unemployed.
For more details see: NI Neighbourhood Information Service
- "Placenames NI". Placenames NI. 2010-01-20. Retrieved 2012-06-08.
- "Placenames Database of Ireland". Logainm.ie. 2010-12-13. Retrieved 2012-06-08.
- "42 Newry bus".
- "transportation Crossmaglen Northern Ireland".
- "January 1921". Dcu.ie. Archived from the original on 2012-06-09. Retrieved 2012-06-08.
- "Army stands down in Northern Ireland but scars deep". Stuff.co.nz. Reuters. 1 August 2007. Retrieved 26 September 2011.
- On the brink: rural post offices battle death by a thousand cuts Archived 2015-07-13 at the Wayback Machine
- Harnden, Toby (1999). Bandit Country. Hodder & Stoughton. p. 56. ISBN 034071736X.