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List of United States senators from Maine

Current delegation

Maine was admitted to the Union on March 15, 1820. The state's U.S. senators belong to Class 1 and Class 2. Republican Susan Collins (first elected in 1996) and Independent Angus King (first elected in 2012) are Maine's current U.S. senators, making Maine one of nine states to have a split United States Senate delegation.

List of senatorsEdit

Class 1

Class 1 U.S. senators belong to the electoral cycle that has recently been contested in 2000, 2006, 2012, and 2018. The next election will be in 2024.

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Class 2

Class 2 U.S. senators belong to the electoral cycle that has recently been contested in 1996, 2002, 2008, and 2014. The next election will be in 2020.

# Senator Party Dates in office Electoral history T T Electoral history Dates in office Party Senator #
1  
John Holmes
Democratic-Republican June 13, 1820 –
March 3, 1827
Elected in 1820. 1 16th 1 Elected in 1820. June 14, 1820 –
March 3, 1829
Democratic-Republican  
John Chandler
1
Re-elected January 31, 1821. 2 17th
Crawford
Democratic-Republican
18th 2 Re-elected in 1823.

Retired.
Crawford
Democratic-Republican
Anti-
Jacksonian
19th Jacksonian
2  
Albion Parris
Jacksonian March 4, 1827 –
August 26, 1828
Elected in 1827.

Resigned to become a judge on the Maine Supreme Judicial Court.
3 20th
Vacant August 26, 1828 –
January 15, 1829
3  
John Holmes
Anti-
Jacksonian
January 15, 1829 –
March 3, 1833
Elected to finish Parris's term.

Retired.
21st 3 Elected in 1829.

Resigned.
March 4, 1829 –
January 1, 1835
Anti-
Jacksonian
 
Peleg Sprague
2
22nd
4  
Ether Shepley
Jacksonian March 4, 1833 –
March 3, 1836
Elected in 1833.

Resigned to become Justice of the Maine Supreme Judicial Court.
4 23rd
  January 1, 1835 –
January 20, 1835
Vacant
Elected to finish Sprague's term. January 20, 1835 –
March 3, 1841
Jacksonian  
John Ruggles
3
24th 4 Re-elected in 1835.

Lost re-election.
5  
Judah Dana
Jacksonian March 4, 1836 –
March 3, 1837
Appointed to continue Shepley's term.

Either lost election to finish the term or retired when elected successor qualified.
6  
Reuel Williams
Democratic March 4, 1837 –
February 15, 1843
Elected to finish Shepley's term. 25th Democratic
Re-elected in 1839.

Resigned.
5 26th
27th 5 Elected in 1840.

Lost re-election.
March 4, 1841 –
March 3, 1847
Whig  
George Evans
4
Vacant February 15, 1843 –
December 4, 1843
 
28th
7  
John Fairfield
Democratic December 4, 1843 –
December 24, 1847
Elected to finish Williams's term.
Re-elected in 1844 or 1845.

Died.
6 29th
30th 6 Elected in 1846.[1]

Retired.
March 4, 1847 –
March 3, 1853
Democratic  
James W. Bradbury
5
Vacant December 24, 1847 –
January 5, 1848
8  
Wyman B. S. Moor
Democratic January 5, 1848 –
June 7, 1848
Appointed to continue Fairfield's term.

Successor elected.
9  
Hannibal Hamlin
Democratic June 8, 1848 –
January 7, 1857
Elected to finish Fairfield's term.
31st
Re-elected in 1851.

Resigned to become Governor of Maine.
7 32nd
33rd 7 Legislature failed to elect March 4, 1853 –
February 10, 1854
Vacant
Elected to finish term. February 10, 1854 –
July 1, 1864
Whig  
William P. Fessenden
6
34th
Vacant January 7, 1857 –
January 16, 1857
10  
Amos Nourse
Republican January 16, 1857 –
March 3, 1857
Elected to finish Hamlin's term.
11  
Hannibal Hamlin
Republican March 4, 1857 –
January 17, 1861
Elected in 1857.

Resigned to become Vice President of the United States.
8 35th Republican
36th 8 Re-elected in 1859.

Resigned to become U.S. Secretary of the Treasury.
12  
Lot M. Morrill
Republican January 17, 1861 –
March 3, 1869
Elected to finish Hamlin's term
37th
Re-elected in 1863.

Lost re-election.
9 38th
  July 1, 1864 –
October 27, 1864
Vacant
Appointed to continue Fessenden's term.

Elected January 11, 1865 to finish Fessenden's term.[2]

Retired.
October 27, 1864 –
March 3, 1865
Republican  
Nathan A. Farwell
7
39th 9 Elected in 1864 or 1865.

Died.
March 4, 1865 –
September 8, 1869
Republican  
William P. Fessenden
8
40th
13  
Hannibal Hamlin
Republican March 4, 1869 –
March 3, 1881
Elected in 1869. 10 41st
  September 8, 1869 –
October 30, 1869
Vacant
Appointed to finish Fessenden's term.

Elected January 19, 1870 to finish Fessenden's term.[2]
October 30, 1869 –
July 7, 1876
Republican  
Lot M. Morrill
9
42nd 10 Re-election year unknown.

Resigned to become U.S. Secretary of the Treasury.
43rd
Re-elected in 1875.

Retired.
11 44th
  July 7, 1876 –
July 10, 1876
Vacant
Appointed to finish Morrill's term.

Elected January 17, 1877 to finish Morrill's term.[2]
July 10, 1876 –
March 5, 1881
Republican  
James G. Blaine
10
45th 11 Elected to full term in 1877.

Resigned to become U.S. Secretary of State.
46th
14  
Eugene Hale
Republican March 4, 1881 –
March 3, 1911
Elected in 1881. 12 47th
  March 5, 1881 –
March 18, 1881
Vacant
Elected to finish Blaine's term March 18, 1881 –
August 8, 1911
Republican  
William P. Frye
11
48th 12 Re-elected in 1883.
49th
Re-elected in 1887. 13 50th
51st 13 Re-elected in 1889.
52nd
Re-elected in 1893. 14 53rd
54th 14 Re-elected in 1895.
55th
Re-elected in 1899. 15 56th
57th 15 Re-elected in 1901.
58th
Re-elected in 1905.

Retired.
16 59th
60th 16 Re-elected in 1907.

Died.
61st
15  
Charles Fletcher Johnson
Democratic March 4, 1911 –
March 3, 1917
Elected January 17, 1911.

Lost re-election.
17 62nd
  August 8, 1911 –
September 23, 1911
Vacant
Appointed to continue Frye's term.

Elected April 2, 1912 to finish Frye's term.[2]

Lost re-election.
September 23, 1911 –
March 3, 1913
Democratic  
Obadiah Gardner
12
63rd 17 Elected January 15, 1913.

Died.
March 4, 1913 –
June 16, 1916
Republican  
Edwin C. Burleigh
13
64th
  June 16, 1916 –
September 12, 1916
Vacant
Elected to finish Burleigh's term. September 12, 1916 –
August 23, 1926
Republican  
Bert M. Fernald
14
16  
Frederick Hale
Republican March 4, 1917 –
January 3, 1941
Elected in 1916. 18 65th
66th 18 Re-elected in 1918.
67th
Re-elected in 1922. 19 68th
69th 19 Re-elected in 1924.

Died.
  August 23, 1926 –
November 30, 1926
Vacant
Elected to finish Fernald's term.

Retired.
November 30, 1926 –
March 3, 1931
Republican  
Arthur R. Gould
15
70th
Re-elected in 1928. 20 71st
72nd 20 Elected in 1930. March 4, 1931 –
January 3, 1949
Republican  
Wallace H. White, Jr.
16
73rd
Re-elected in 1934.

Retired.
21 74th
75th 21 Re-elected in 1936.
76th
17  
Ralph Brewster
Republican January 3, 1941 –
December 31, 1952
Elected in 1940. 22 77th
78th 22 Re-elected in 1942.

Retired.
79th
Re-elected in 1946.

Resigned, having already lost the renomination.
23 80th
81st 23 Elected in 1948. January 3, 1949 –
January 3, 1973
Republican  
Margaret Chase Smith
17
82nd
Vacant December 31, 1952 –
January 3, 1953
 
18  
Frederick G. Payne
Republican January 3, 1953 –
January 3, 1959
Elected in 1952.

Lost re-election.
24 83rd
84th 24 Re-elected in 1954.
85th
19  
Edmund Muskie
Democratic January 3, 1959 –
May 7, 1980
Elected in 1958. 25 86th
87th 25 Re-elected in 1960.
88th
Re-elected in 1964. 26 89th
90th 26 Re-elected in 1966.

Lost re-election.
91st
Re-elected in 1970. 27 92nd
93rd 27 Elected in 1972.

Lost re-election.
January 3, 1973 –
January 3, 1979
Democratic  
William Hathaway
18
94th
Re-elected in 1976.

Resigned to become U.S. Secretary of State.
28 95th
96th 28 Elected in 1978. January 3, 1979 –
January 3, 1997
Republican  
William Cohen
19
Vacant May 7, 1980 –
May 19, 1980
 
20  
George J. Mitchell
Democratic May 19, 1980 –
January 3, 1995
Appointed to finish Muskie's term
97th
Elected to full term in 1982.[3] 29 98th
99th 29 Re-elected in 1984.
100th
Re-elected in 1988.

Retired.
30 101st
102nd 30 Re-elected in 1990.

Retired.
103rd
21  
Olympia Snowe
Republican January 3, 1995 –
January 3, 2013
Elected in 1994. 31 104th
105th 31 Elected in 1996. January 3, 1997 –
Present
Republican  
Susan Collins
20
106th
Re-elected in 2000. 32 107th
108th 32 Re-elected in 2002.
109th
Re-elected in 2006.

Retired.
33 110th
111th 33 Re-elected in 2008.
112th
22  
Angus King
Independent January 3, 2013 –
Present
Elected in 2012. 34 113th
114th 34 Re-elected in 2014.
115th
Re-elected in 2018. 35 116th
117th 35 To be determined in the 2020 election.
118th
To be determined in the 2024 election. 36 119th
# Senator Party Years in office Electoral history T
e
r
m
  T
e
r
m
Electoral history Years in office Party Senator #
Class 1 Class 2

Superlatives (top 5)Edit

Longest serviceEdit

Senator First served Last served Length of service
William P. Frye March 18, 1881 August 8, 1911 30 years, 4 months and 21 days
(11,099 days)
Eugene Hale March 4, 1881 March 3, 1911 29 years, 11 months and 27 days
(10,955 days)
Margaret Chase Smith January 3, 1949 January 3, 1973 24 years
(8,766 days)
Frederick Hale March 4, 1917 January 3, 1941 23 years, 9 months and 30 days
(8,706 days)
Susan Collins January 3, 1997 Present 22 years, 10 months and 18 days
(8,357 days)

Shortest serviceEdit

Senator First served Last served Length of service
Amos Nourse January 16, 1857 March 3, 1857 1 month, 2 weeks and 1 day
(46 days)
Judah Dana December 7, 1836 March 3, 1837 2 months, 3 weeks and 3 days
(86 days)
Nathan A. Farwell October 27, 1864 March 3, 1865 4 months and 4 days
(127 days)
Wyman B.S. Moor January 5, 1848 June 7, 1848 5 months and 2 days
(154 days)
Albion K. Parris March 4, 1827 August 26, 1828 1 year, 5 months, 3 weeks and 1 day
(541 days)

Youngest at beginning of serviceEdit

Senator Date of birth First served Age
Peleg Sprague April 27, 1793 March 4, 1829 35 years, 10 months and 5 days
William Cohen August 27, 1940 January 3, 1979 38 years, 4 months and 7 days
Susan Collins December 7, 1952 January 3, 1997 44 years and 27 days
James W. Bradbury June 10, 1802 March 4, 1847 44 years, 8 months and 22 days
Eugene Hale June 9, 1836 March 4, 1881 44 years, 8 months and 23 days

Oldest at end of serviceEdit

Senator Date of birth Last served Age
William P. Frye September 2, 1830 August 8, 1911 80 years, 11 months and 6 days
Angus King March 31, 1944 Present 75 years, 7 months and 21 days
Margaret Chase Smith December 14, 1897 January 3, 1973 75 years and 20 days
Arthur R. Gould March 16, 1857 March 3, 1931 73 years, 11 months and 15 days
Edwin C. Burleigh November 27, 1843 June 16, 1916 72 years, 6 months and 20 days

Living former U.S. senators from MaineEdit

As of November 2019, there are three living former U.S. senators from Maine, two from Class 1 and one from Class 2. The most recent senator to die was William Hathaway (served 1973–1979) on June 24, 2013. The most recently serving senator to die was Edmund Muskie (served 1959–1980) on March 26, 1996.

Senator Term of office Class Date of birth (and age)
William Cohen 1979–1997 2 (1940-08-28) August 28, 1940 (age 79)
George J. Mitchell 1980–1995 1 (1933-08-20) August 20, 1933 (age 86)
Olympia Snowe 1995–2013 1 (1947-02-21) February 21, 1947 (age 72)

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Online biographies, Bradbury, J.W.
  2. ^ a b c d Byrd & Wolff, p. 118
  3. ^ Appointed Senators, senate.gov, section "Art and History".
  • Byrd, Robert C.; Wolff, Wendy (October 1, 1993). "The Senate, 1789-1989: Historical Statistics, 1789-1992" (volume 4 Bicentennial ed.). U.S. Government Printing Office.