Open main menu

Wikipedia β

List of United States Senators from California

Current delegation
Feinstein
Harris
since January 3, 2017

California elects United States Senators to Class 1 and Class 3. The state has been represented by 44 people in the Senate. Its current Senators are Democrats Dianne Feinstein and Kamala Harris.

Contents

List of SenatorsEdit

Class 1

Class 1 U.S. Senators belong to the electoral cycle that were first elected for only one U.S. Congress in the first elections of 1850, and then the seat was contested again every three Congresses (six years) thereafter. The seat in recent years have been contested in 2000, 2006, and 2012. The next election will be in 2018.

C
o
n
g
r
e
s
s

Class 3

Class 3 U.S. Senators belong to the electoral cycle that were first elected for the first three United States Congresses in the first elections of 1850, and then the seat was contested again every three Congresses (six years) thereafter. The seat in recent years have been contested in 1998, 2004, and 2010, and 2016. The next election will be in 2022.

# Senator Party Years in office Electoral history T
e
r
m
T
e
r
m
Electoral history Years in office Party Senator #
1  
John C. Frémont
Democratic September 9, 1850 –
March 3, 1851
Elected in 1850. 1 31st Congress 1 Elected in 1850. September 9, 1850 –
March 2, 1855
Democratic  
William M. Gwin
1
Vacant March 4, 1851 –
January 29, 1852
Legislature failed to elect. 2 32nd Congress
2  
John B. Weller
Democratic January 30, 1852 –
March 3, 1857
Elected late in 1852.

Lost re-election.
33rd Congress
34th Congress 2 Legislature failed to elect. March 3, 1855 –
January 13, 1857
Vacant
Elected late in 1857.

[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
January 14, 1857 –
March 3, 1861
Democratic  
William M. Gwin
3  
David C. Broderick
Democratic March 4, 1857 –
September 16, 1859
Elected in 1856.

Died.
3 35th Congress
36th Congress
Vacant September 17, 1859 –
November 2, 1859
4  
Henry P. Haun
Democratic November 3, 1859 –
March 4, 1860
Appointed to continue Broderick's term.

Lost election to finish Broderick's term.
5  
Milton Latham
Democratic March 5, 1860 –
March 3, 1863
Elected to finish Broderick's term.

Lost re-election.
37th Congress 3 Elected in 1860.

Retired.
March 4, 1861 –
March 3, 1867
Democratic  
James A. McDougall
2
6  
John Conness
Republican[1] March 4, 1863 –
March 3, 1869
Elected in 1862 or 1863.

[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
4 38th Congress
39th Congress
40th Congress 4 Elected in 1866 or 1867.

[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
March 4, 1867 –
March 3, 1873
Republican  
Cornelius Cole
3
7  
Eugene Casserly
Democratic March 4, 1869 –
November 29, 1873
Elected in 1868.

Resigned.
5 41st Congress
42nd Congress
43rd Congress 5 Elected in 1872 or 1873.

Retired.
March 4, 1873 –
March 3, 1879
Republican  
Aaron A. Sargent
4
Vacant November 30, 1873 –
December 22, 1873
8  
John S. Hager
Democratic December 23, 1873 –
March 3, 1875
Elected to finish Casserly's term.

Retired.
9  
Newton Booth
Anti-Monopoly March 4, 1875 –
March 3, 1881
Elected in 1874.

Retired.
6 44th Congress
45th Congress
46th Congress 6 Elected in 1878.

Retired.
March 4, 1879 –
March 3, 1885
Democratic  
James T. Farley
5
10  
John Franklin Miller
Republican March 4, 1881 –
March 8, 1886
Elected in 1880.

Died.
7 47th Congress
48th Congress
49th Congress 7 Elected in 1885. March 4, 1885 –
June 21, 1893
Republican  
Leland Stanford
6
Vacant March 9, 1886 –
March 22, 1886
11  
George Hearst
Democratic March 23, 1886 –
August 3, 1886
Appointed to continue Miller's term.

Successor qualified.
12  
Abram P. Williams
Republican August 4, 1886 –
March 3, 1887
Elected to finish Miller's term.

Retired.
13  
George Hearst
Democratic March 4, 1887 –
February 28, 1891
Elected in 1887.

Died.
8 50th Congress
51st Congress
Vacant March 1, 1891 –
March 18, 1891
 
52nd Congress 8 Re-elected in 1891.

Died.
14  
Charles N. Felton
Republican March 19, 1891 –
March 3, 1893
Elected to finish Hearst's term.

Retired.
15  
Stephen M. White
Democratic March 4, 1893 –
March 3, 1899
Elected in 1893.

Retired.
9 53rd Congress
  June 22, 1893 –
July 25, 1893
Vacant
Appointed to continue Stanford's term.

Elected January 23, 1895 to finish Stanford's term.[2]
July 26, 1893 –
March 3, 1915
Republican  
George Clement Perkins
7
54th Congress
55th Congress 9 Re-elected January 13, 1897.[3]
Vacant March 4, 1899 –
February 6, 1900
  10 56th Congress
16  
Thomas R. Bard
Republican February 7, 1900 –
March 3, 1905
Elected late in 1900.

Lost re-election.
57th Congress
58th Congress 10 Re-elected January 13, 1903.[4]
17  
Frank P. Flint
Republican March 4, 1905 –
March 3, 1911
Elected January 11, 1905.[5]

Retired.
11 59th Congress
60th Congress
61st Congress 11 Re-elected January 12, 1909.[6]

Retired.
18  
John D. Works
Republican March 4, 1911 –
March 3, 1917
Elected in 1911.

Retired.
12 62nd Congress
63rd Congress
64th Congress 12 Elected in 1914.

Lost re-election.
March 4, 1915 –
March 3, 1921
Democratic  
James D. Phelan
8
19  
Hiram Johnson
Republican March 4, 1917 –
August 6, 1945
Elected in 1916.

Didn't take seat until March 16, 1917 as he wanted to remain Governor of California. However, he was still elected and qualified as Senator.
13 65th Congress
66th Congress
67th Congress 13 Elected in 1920. March 4, 1921 –
March 3, 1933
Republican  
Samuel M. Shortridge
9
Re-elected in 1922. 14 68th Congress
69th Congress
70th Congress 14 Re-elected in 1926.

Lost renomination.
Re-elected in 1928. 15 71st Congress
72nd Congress
73rd Congress 15 Elected in 1932.

Lost renomination, then resigned.
March 4, 1933 –
November 8, 1938
Democratic  
William Gibbs McAdoo
10
Re-elected in 1934. 16 74th Congress
75th Congress
Appointed to finish McAdoo's term.

Retired.
November 9, 1938 –
January 2, 1939
Democratic  
Thomas M. Storke
11
76th Congress 16 Elected in 1938. January 3, 1939 –
November 30, 1950
Democratic  
Sheridan Downey
12
Re-elected in 1940.

Died.
17 77th Congress
78th Congress
79th Congress 17 Re-elected in 1944.

Ran for re-election, but dropped out of renomination race due to ill health.

Resigned early due to ill health.
Vacant August 7, 1945 –
August 25, 1945
 
20  
William F. Knowland
Republican August 26, 1945 –
January 2, 1959
Appointed to continue Johnson's term.

Elected November 5, 1946 to finish Johnson's term.
Elected to full term in 1946. 18 80th Congress
81st Congress
Appointed to finish Downey's term,
having been elected to the next term.
December 1, 1950 –
January 1, 1953
Republican  
Richard Nixon
13
82nd Congress 18 Elected in 1950.

Resigned to become Vice President.
Appointed to continue Nixon's term.

Elected November 2, 1954 to finish Nixon's term.[2]
January 2, 1953 –
January 2, 1969
Republican  
Thomas Kuchel
14
Re-elected in 1952.

Retired to run for Governor of California.
19 83rd Congress
84th Congress
85th Congress 19 Re-elected in 1956.
21  
Clair Engle
Democratic January 3, 1959 –
July 30, 1964
Elected in 1958.

Died.
20 86th Congress
87th Congress
88th Congress 20 Re-elected in 1962.

Lost renomination.
Vacant July 31, 1964 –
August 3, 1964
 
22  
Pierre Salinger
Democratic August 4, 1964 –
December 31, 1964
Appointed to continue Engle's term.

Lost election to full term, then resigned early to give successor preferential seniority.
23  
George Murphy
Republican January 1, 1965 –
January 1, 1971
Appointed to finish Salinger's term, having been elected to the next term.
Elected in 1964.

Lost re-election, then resigned early to give successor preferential seniority.
21 89th Congress
90th Congress
91st Congress 21 Elected in 1968. January 3, 1969 –
January 2, 1993
Democratic  
Alan Cranston
15
24  
John V. Tunney
Democratic January 2, 1971 –
January 1, 1977
Appointed to finish Murphy's term, having been elected to the next term.
Elected in 1970.

Lost re-election, then resigned early to give successor preferential seniority.
22 92nd Congress
93rd Congress
94th Congress 22 Re-elected in 1974.
25  
S. I. Hayakawa
Republican January 2, 1977 –
January 2, 1983
Appointed to finish Tunney's term, having been elected to the next term.
Elected in 1976.

Retired.
23 95th Congress
96th Congress
97th Congress 23 Re-elected in 1980.
26  
Pete Wilson
Republican January 3, 1983 –
January 6, 1991
Elected in 1982. 24 98th Congress
99th Congress
100th Congress 24 Re-elected in 1986.

Retired.
Re-elected in 1988.

Resigned to become Governor of California.
25 101st Congress
102nd Congress
27  
John F. Seymour
Republican January 7, 1991 –
November 3, 1992
Appointed to continue Wilson's term.

Lost election to finish Wilson's term.
28  
Dianne Feinstein
Democratic November 4, 1992 –
Present
Elected to finish Wilson's term.
103rd Congress 25 Elected in 1992. January 3, 1993 –
January 3, 2017
Democratic  
Barbara Boxer
16
Elected to full term in 1994. 26 104th Congress
105th Congress
106th Congress 26 Re-elected in 1998.
Re-elected in 2000. 27 107th Congress
108th Congress
109th Congress 27 Re-elected in 2004.
Re-elected in 2006. 28 110th Congress
111th Congress
112th Congress 28 Re-elected in 2010.

Retired.[7]
Re-elected in 2012. 29 113th Congress
114th Congress
115th Congress 29 Elected in 2016. January 3, 2017 –
Present
Democratic  
Kamala Harris
17
To be determined in the 2018 election. 30 116th Congress
117th Congress
118th Congress 30 To be determined in the 2022 election.
# Senator Party Years in office Electoral history T
e
r
m
  T
e
r
m
Electoral history Years in office Party Senator #
Class 1 Class 3

Living former U.S. Senators from CaliforniaEdit

As of January 2017, there are four former U.S. Senators from the U.S. State of California who are currently living at this time, three from Class 1 and one from Class 3. The most recent senator to die was Pierre Salinger of Class 1 (1964) on October 16, 2004. The most recent Class 3 senator to die was Alan Cranston (1969-1993) on December 31, 2000. The most recently serving Class 1 senator to die was S. I. Hayakawa (1977-1983) on February 27, 1992.

Senator Term of office Class Date of birth (and age)
John V. Tunney January 2, 1971 – January 1, 1977 1 (1934-06-26) June 26, 1934 (age 83)
Pete Wilson January 3, 1983 – January 6, 1991 1 (1933-08-23) August 23, 1933 (age 84)
John F. Seymour January 7, 1991 – November 3, 1992 1 (1937-12-03) December 3, 1937 (age 79)
Barbara Boxer January 3, 1993 – January 3, 2017 3 (1940-11-11) November 11, 1940 (age 77)

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ John Conness was elected as a Democrat, but changed party to Republican after the election.[citation needed]
  2. ^ a b Byrd, p. 83.
  3. ^ "Perkins Re-elected in California". The New York Times. p. 12. 
  4. ^ "Perkins of California Re-elected". The New York Times. January 14, 1903. p. 12. 
  5. ^ The World Almanac and Encyclopedia 1906. 1905. p. 108. 
  6. ^ "Perkins of California Re-elected". The New York Times. January 13, 1903. p. 5. 
  7. ^ Joseph, Cameron (January 8, 2015). "Barbara Boxer to retire in 2016". The Hill. Retrieved January 17, 2016. 

See alsoEdit