List of Ukrainian rulers

This is a list that encompasses and includes all reigning leaders/rulers in the history of Ukraine.

List of Ukrainian Rulers
Personal seal of Yaroslav the Wise

This page includes the titles of the Grand Prince of Kyiv, Grand Prince of Chernigov, Grand Prince of Pereyaslavl, Grand Prince of Galicia–Volhynia, Hetman of Ukraine and President of Ukraine. The following list begins with the leaders who ruled over the territory of Ukraine during Antiquity and is followed by the princes who ruled the principalities that constituted Kyivan Rus and continues with the presidents of Ukraine.

The territory has been known by a plethora of names, it has been known historically as: Kyivan Rus, Rus', the Kingdom of Galicia-Volhynia, the Zaporozhian Host and the Hetmanate. The sovereigns of these fluctuating political entities have accordingly been described in a variety of ways: knyaz, knyahinya, korol, hetman and president. Two of the earliest noble titles: knyaz and velyky knyaz translate into English as "Prince" and "Grand Prince" respectively, whilst korol translates into 'king'.

Kyivan Rus' (c. 375/800 – 1240/1362)Edit

Legendary and historical rulers of KyivEdit

Portrait Name Born-Died Ruled From Ruled Until


Bozh (Bož, Boz, Booz, Box), a king of Antes, the east Slavic people 4th century ? 376
Alyp-bi (Baltazár), the son of Balambér a.k.a. Bülümer, a khan of the Western Huns who was buried on Kuyantau mountain (current Kyiv) 4th century 378 390


Kyi, a legendary founder of Kyiv, a Slavic prince of Kuyavia, most likely eastern Polans 5th–6th centuries 482 ?


Oleg (Helge or Helgi), probably of Danish or Swedish origin, an apocryphal Kyiv voivode, under the overlordship of the Khazar Khaganate 8th century ? ?


Bravlin, probably of Swedish origin,[1] a Varangian voivode in the Rus' Khaganate 8th–9th centuries c. 790 c. 810


Askold and Dir (Høskuldr and Dýri),[2] probably of Swedish origin, Varangian konungs, not Rurikids, were rulers (khagans) of Kyiv, not Kyivan Rus' ? – 882 c. 842[3] 882

Rurik DynastyEdit

The Rurikids were descendants of Rurik (Ukrainian: Рюрик) (Hrørekr), a Varangian pagan konung or chieftain, who according to the Primary Chronicle was invited to rule Novgorod in 862 and who came to become the ruler of the Northern Slavic tribes of the (Krivchians and Slovene) as well as the Finnish tribes (Meria, Chud and Ves). Later his son or grandson, Prince Ihor, became the Prince of separate Kyivan territories to the south beginning the rule of the Riurykide dynasty of Kyivan Rus. The existence of Rurik is a point of contention for historians, P. Kovaletsky and Omeljan Pritsak believe that Rurik was the same person as Hroereckr (Rorik), the 9th century Norse king of Jutland and Frisia and that pervasive myths and legends about him formed the basis for the primary chroniclers. Alternatively, Alexsei Shakmatov accepts the Primary Chronicle's account as factual and Rurik is a historic being.[4]

Table of rulersEdit

(Note: Here the numbering of the princes is the same for all principalities, as all were titled Princes of Rus', despite of the different parts of land and its particular numbering of the rulers. The princes are numbered by the year of their (first) succession.)

Name Portrait Born Reign Part Marriage (s) Death Notes
Rurik I
Old Norse: Rørik
  Unknown 862–879 Kievan Rus'
(in Novgorod)
at least one son
879 Ruled as Prince of Novgorod. Founder of the family.
Oleg the Seer
(Олег Віщий)
Old Norse: Helgi[5]
  Unknown 879–912 Kievan Rus' Unknown 912 Varangian kniaz of Holmgård (Novgorod) and Kønugård (Kiev). His relationship with the family is unknown. He was probably a regent, in name of Igor, son of Rurik. Oleg extended his rule over the Derevlianians, Siverianians, Radmichians and Polianians. Began campaigns against the Khazars. Proclaimed himself Prince.
Igor I the Old
Igor Rurikovich
(Ігор Старий[6])
Old Norse: Ingvar Röreksson
Son of Rurik
912–945 Kyivan Rus' 901 or 902
at least one son
aged 66–67
Saint Olga of Kiev
(Saint Olga)
(Свята Ольга)
Old Norse: Helga
945–962 Kyivan Rus' 11 July 969
aged 78–79
Regent on behalf of her minor son, she was baptized by Emperor Constantine VII but failed to bring Christianity to Kiev.
Sviatoslav I the Brave
Sviatoslav Igorevich
(Святосла́в Хоро́брий)
Old Norse: Sveinald Ingvarsson[7]
possibly Kiev
Son of Igor I the Old and Saint Olga of Kiev
962–972 Kyivan Rus' Predslava
two sons

at least one son
March 972
aged 29–30
The first true ruler of Rus' who destroyed the Khazar Khaganate and united all of the Rus' principalities under the Kiev throne.
Yaropolk I
Yaropolk Sviatoslavich
(Яропо́лк Святосла́вич)
Old Norse: Iaropolk Sveinaldsson
Son of Sviatoslav I the Brave and Predslava
972–980 Kievan Rus' A Greek nun
at least one son
Fort of Roden, near Kaniv
aged 29–30
Supposedly was baptised into Catholicism, and then was murdered by two Varangians.
Vladimir I the Great
Vladimir Basil Sviatoslavich
(Володимир Великий/Володимѣръ Свѧтославичь)
Old Norse: Valdamarr Sveinaldsson
Son of Sviatoslav I the Brave and Malusha/Malfrida
980–1015 Kievan Rus' Olava/Allogia
at least one son

A Greek nun
(widow of his brother)
at least one son

Rogneda of Polotsk
(possibly in bigamy)
eight children

Adela (of Bulgaria?)
at least two children (maximum four)

Malfrida (of Bohemia?)
Before 1000
two children

Anna Porphyrogenita of Byzantium
three children

Regelindis (?) of Saxony (granddaughter of Otto I, Holy Roman Emperor)
After 1011
one or two daughters

two children
15 July 1015
Berestove, Kiev
aged 57–58
His early rule is characterized by a staunch pagan reaction but in 988 he was baptized into Orthodoxy and successfully converted Kievan Rus' to Christianity.
Sviatopolk I the Accursed
Sviatopolk Yaropolkovich
(Святополк Окаянний)
Old Norse: Sveinpolk Iaropolksson
Son of Sviatoslav I the Brave and Predslava
1015–1019 Kievan Rus' Unknown name
(daughter of Bolesław I of Poland)
no children
aged 38–39
Yaroslav I the Wise
Yaroslav George Vladimirovich
(Яросла́в Му́дрий)
Old Norse: Jarizleifr Valdamarrsson[10]
Son of Vladimir I the Great and Rogneda of Polotsk
1019–1054 Kievan Rus' Ingigerda of Sweden
eight or nine children
20 February 1054
aged 75–76
Prince of Rostov, Prince of Novgorod, and Grand Prince of Kiev; during his reign Kievan Rus' reached the pinnacle of its power.
Iziaslav I
Iziaslav Demetrius Yaroslavich
(Ізяслав Ярославич)
Old Norse: Izjasleifr(?) Jarizleifsson
Son of Yaroslav I the Wise and Ingigerda of Sweden


Kievan Rus' Gertrude of Poland
three children
3 October 1078
aged 53–54
Reigned three times, threatened by the power of his relatives Vseslav of Polotsk (1068–69) and Sviatoslav II of Kiev (1073–76). First King of Rus', Pope Gregory VII sent him a crown from Rome in 1075.
Vseslav I the Seer
Vseslav Basil Bryacheslavich
(Всеслав Брячиславич)
Son of Bryachislav of Polotsk
1068–1069 Kievan Rus' Unknown
six sons
24 April 1101
aged 61–62
A brief ruler during Iziaslav's official reign. Also Prince of Polotsk.
Sviatoslav II
Sviatoslav Nicholas Yaroslavich
(Святослав Ярославич)
Old Norse: Sveinald Jarizleifsson
Son of Yaroslav I the Wise and Ingigerda of Sweden
1073–1076 Kievan Rus' Cecilia of Dithmarschen[11]
Between 1043 and 1047
five children

Oda of Stade (Nordmark)
one son
27 December 1076
aged 48–49
A brief ruler during his brother Iziaslav's official reign.
Vsevolod I
Vsevolod Andrew Yaroslavich
(Всеволод Ярославич)
Old Norse: Vissivald Jarizleifsson
Son of Yaroslav I the Wise and Ingigerda of Sweden
1078–1093 Kievan Rus' Anastasia of Byzantium
two children

Anna of the Kipchaks
four children
13 April 1093
aged 62–63
Usurped the throne from his nephew, Yaropolk Iziaslavich.
Saint Yaropolk (III) Izyaslavich
Yaropolk Peter Iziaslavich
(Ярополк Ізяславич)
Old Norse: Iaropolk Izjasleifsson (?)
Son of Iziaslav I and Gertrude of Poland
1078–1087 Kievan Rus' Kunigunde of Meissen
four children
22 November 1087
aged 62–63
As hereditary King of Rus (title assumed until his death), was a legitimate contestant for the throne, usurped by his uncle.
Sviatopolk II
Sviatopolk Michael Iziaslavich
(Всеволод Ярославич)
Old Norse: Sveinpolk Izjasleifsson (?)
  8 November 1050
Son of Iziaslav I and Gertrude of Poland
1093–1113 Kievan Rus' Unknown name
(daughter of Spytihněv II of Bohemia)[12]
three children

Olenna of the Kipchaks
four children
26 April 1113
aged 62
Recovered the throne of his father from his uncle. However, his descendants lost their rights to the Kievan throne. After the division of the territory made in the Council of Liubech of 1097, Kievan Rus' gradually lost its importance, and from 1132 changed name to Kiev.
After the Council of Liubech in 1097 Kievan Rus' entered a feudal period and was divided into principalities ruled by the Rurikid family princes who were in a constant power struggle with each other. Major principalities were: Galicia-Volhynia, Kiev, Chernihiv, and Pereyaslavl. In the period of 1240–1362, the three latter ones were forced to accept the Golden Horde overlordship. See List of early East Slavic states
David I Sviatoslavich   1050 1097–1123 Chernigov Teodosia
five children
1123 Son of Sviatoslav II.
David I Igorevich   1055 1097–1099 Volhynia Unknown
three children
25 May 1112 Grandson of Yaroslav I.
Vladimir II Monomakh
Vladimir Basil Vsevolodovich
(Володимир Мономах)
Old Norse: Valdamarr Vissivaldsson
Son of Vsevolod I and Anastasia of Byzantium
1097–1113 Pereyaslavl Gytha of Wessex
five or six children

Euphemia of Byzantium
six or seven children

Unknown name
(daughter of Aepa Ocenevich, Khan in Cumania)
After 1107
no known children
19 May 1125
aged 71–72
Ruled against his relative Sviatopolk II until his own accession to the throne in 1113. He is considered to be the last ruler of the united Kievan Rus'.
1113–1125 Kievan Rus'
Mstislav Sviatopolkovich ? 1099 Volhynia Unknown 1099 Son of Sviatopolk II.
Yaroslav Sviatopolkovich c. 1070 1099–1118 Volhynia Unknown
(daughter of Ladislaus I of Hungary)

Judith-Maria of Poland

(daughter of Mstislav I of Kiev)

three/four children in total
May 1124 Son of Sviatopolk II.
Sviatoslav III Vladimirovich ? 1113–1114 Pereyaslavl Unmarried 6 March 1114 Son of Vladimir II Monomakh.
Roman Vladimirovich ? 1118–1119 Volhynia Unknown 6 January 1119 Son of Vladimir II Monomakh.
Constantine   1070 1123–1127 Chernigov Unknown
three children
1129 Son of Sviatoslav II.
Mstislav I the Great
Mstislav Theodore Vladimirovich
(Мстислав Великий)
Old Norse: Haraldr Valdamarrsson
  1 June 1076
Son of Vladimir II Monomakh and Gytha of Wessex
1125–1132 Kievan Rus' Christina of Sweden
ten children

Liubava Dmitrievna of Novgorod
two children
14 April 1132
aged 55
After his reign Kievan Rus' fell into recession starting a rapid decline.
Yaropolk II 1082 1114–1132 Pereyaslavl Helena of Ossetia
one child
18 February 1139 Brother of Mstislav I.
1132–1139 Kyiv
Vsevolod II   1103 1132 Pereyaslavl Anna
before 1125
four children
11 February 1138 Son of Mstislav the Great.
Yuri I the Long-Armed   1099 1132

Pereyaslavl Two wives
fifteen children
15 May 1157 Son of Vladimir II Monomakh.
Iziaslav II   1096[13] 1132–1133 Pereyaslavl Agnes of Germany
before 1151
five children

Rusudan of Georgia[13]
no children
13 November 1154[13] Son of Mstislav the Great. 1st time.
Viacheslav I   1083 1133–1134 Pereyaslavl Unknown
before 1139
one child
2 February 1154 1st time in both principalities. Deposed.
1139 Kyiv
Andrew I the Good 11 August 1102 1119–1135 Volhynia Unknown
(daughter of Tugor-khan of Polotsk)
two children
22 January 1141 Son of Vladimir II Monomakh.
1135–1141 Pereyaslavl
Iziaslav II   1096[13] 1135–1141 Volhynia Agnes of Germany
before 1151
five children

Rusudan of Georgia[13]
no children
13 November 1154[13] Son of Mstislav the Great. 1st time.
Sviatoslav IV   1123 1141–1146 Volhynia Maria of Polotsk
eight children
25 July 1194 Son of Vsevolod II.
Vsevolod II   1104 1127–1139 Chernigov Maria of Rus'
one child
1 August 1146 Grandson of Sviatoslav II, married Maria, sister of Mstislav the Great, Yaropolk II and Viacheslav I.
1139–1146 Kiev
Vladimir II Davidovich ? 1139–1151 Chernigov Unknown
one child
12 May 1151 Son of his predecessor.
Vladimir Volodarovich 1104 1141–1153 Halych Sophia of Hungary
four children
1153 Reunited the principalities of Zvenigorod, Peremyshl, and Terebovlia under his rule, to form the Principality of Halych.
Saint Igor II   1096 1146 Kyiv Unmarried 19 September 1147 Brother of Vsevolod II. Deposed.
Iziaslav II   1096[13] 1141–1146 Pereyaslavl Agnes of Germany
before 1151
five children

Rusudan of Georgia[13]
no children
13 November 1154[13] Son of Mstislav the Great
1146–1149 Kiev and Volhynia
1149–1151 Volhynia
1151–1154 Kyiv
Mstislav II the Brave   1125 1146–1149

Pereyaslavl Agnes of Poland
three children
19 August 1170 Son of Iziaslav II.
Yuri I the Long-Armed   1099 1149–1151

Kyiv Two wives
fifteen children
15 May 1157 Son of Vladimir II Monomakh.
Rostislav ? 1149–1151 Pereyaslavl Unknown
before 1151
three children
1151 Son of Yuri I.
Sviatopolk II After 1096 1151–1154 Volhynia Euphemia of Olomouc[14]
1143 or 1144
no children
20 February 1154 Son of Mstislav the Great.
Rostislav I 1110 1154

Kyiv Unknown
eight children
14 March 1167 Brother of Iziaslav II.
Iziaslav III   1115 1151–1154 Chernigov Unknown
one child
6 March 1161 Grandson of Sviatoslav II. In 1161 jointly with Rostislav I.
1154–1155 Kyiv
1155–1157 Chernigov

Yaroslav Vladimirovich the Eight-Minded 1130 1153–1187 Halych Olga Yurievna of Vladimir-Suzdal
four children

one child
1 October 1187
Vladimir III Mstislavich   1132 1154–1157 Volhynia Unknown name
(daughter of Grand Prince Beloš Vukanović of Serbia)
four children
1173 Son of Mstislav the Great.
Sviatoslav III Olgovich   1106/1107 1154–1155

Chernigiv Unknown
six children
1164 Grandson of Sviatoslav II.
Mstislav II the Brave   1125 1157–1170 Volhynia Agnes of Poland
three children
19 August 1170 Son of Iziaslav II.

Gleb   1125 1154–1169 Pereyaslavl Unknown
three children
20 January 1171 Son of Yuri I.

Vladimir III   1157 1169–1187 18 April 1187 Pereyaslavl Unknown
no children
Son of his predecessor.
Sviatoslav Mstislavich ? 1170–1173 Volhynia Unknown 1173/93 Son of Mstislav the Brave.
Roman II the Great   1152 1173–1188 Volhynia Predslava of Kiev
1170 or 1180
two children

Anna Angelina of Byzantium
two children
19 June 1205 Son-in-law of Rurik II.
Vsevolod Mstislavich ? 1188 Volhynia Unknown 1196 Son of Mstislav the Brave.
Vladimir III Mstislavich   1132 1171 Kiev Unknown name
(daughter of Grand Prince Beloš Vukanović of Serbia)
four children
1173 Son of Mstislav the Great.
Michael I   1151 1171 Kiev Theodosia
before 1176
two children
20 June 1176 Son of Yuri I.
Roman I   before 1149 1171–1173

Kiev Maria of Novgorod
9 January 1149
three children
14 June 1180 Son of Rostislav I.
Vsevolod III the Big Nest   1151 1173 Kiev Maria Shvarnovna
fourteen children

Liubava Vasilkovna of Vitebsk
no children
15 April 1212 Son of Yuri I.
Rurik II   before 1157 1173





Kiev Unknown

Anna of Turov[15]
before 1176
six children
1215 Son of Rostislav I.
Sviatoslav IV   1123 1164–1173 Chernigov Maria of Polotsk
eight children
25 July 1194 Son of Vsevolod II.
1173–1174 Kiev and Chernigov
1174–1177 Chernigov
1177–1180 Kiev and Chernigov
1182–1194 Kiev
Yaroslav II   1132 1174–1175

Kiev Richeza of Bohemia
four children
1180 Son of Iziaslav II.
Yaroslav II Vsevolodovich 1139 1180–1198 Chernigov Irene[16][17][18]
before 1171
three children
1198 Son of Vsevolod II.
Yaroslav II the Red ? 1187–1199 Pereyaslavl Unmarried 1199 Grandson of Yuri I.
Oleg Yaroslavich Nastasich ? 1187 Halych Unknown 1187/8
Vladimir Yaroslavich ? 1187–1188
Halych Boleslava
one child
Igor II the Brave   3 April 1151 1198–1201 Chernigov Euphrosyne Yaroslavna of Halych[19]
before 1170
five children
1201 Son of Sviastoslav (IV) Olgovich.
Yaroslav III   8 February 1191 1199–1206 Pereyaslavl Unknown
no children

Rostislava of Novgorod
(annulled 1216)
no children

Theodosia of Ryazan
twelve children
30 September 1246 Son of Vsevolod III of Kiev.
Vsevolod IV the Red ? 1201–1206 Chernigov Maria of Poland
14 October or 24 December 1178[20] or 14 November 1179
one child
August 1212 Sons of Sviatoslav V, co-ruled in Chernigov.
1206–1207 Kiev and Chernigov
1207–1210 Chernigov
1210–1212 Kiev and Chernigov
Oleg II Sviatoslavich ? 1202–1204 Chernigov Unknown
two children
Igor III 1152 1202–1203
Kiev Unknown
five children
1220 Son of Yaroslav II.
Roman II the Great
(Роман Мстиславич)
Son of Mstislav II of Kiev and Agnes of Poland
1188–1189 Volhynia and Halych Predslava of Kiev
1170 or 1180
two children

Anna-Euphrosyne Angelina
two children
19 June 1205
aged 52–53
Son-in-law of Rurik II. His reign marked the rise of Galicia-Volhynia as a Kievan Rus' successor state.
1189–1198 Volhynia
1198–1204 Volhynia and Halych, then Galicia-Volhynia
1204–1205 Kiev and Galicia-Volhynia
Rostislav II   13 April 1172 Kiev Verchoslava of Kiev
15 June 1187
one child
3 March 1218 Son of Rurik II and son-in-law of Vsevolod III. Ruled with Roman, his brother-in-law.
Saint Michael II   1185 1206 Pereyaslavl Helena of Galicia-Volhynia
1210 or 1211[21]
seven children
20 September 1246 Son of Vsevolod the Red.
Vladimir IV   September-
December 1187
1206–1213 Pereyaslavl unknown
before 1239
four children
3 March 1239 Son of Rurik II.
Rurik II   before 1157 1212–1215[22] Chernigov Unknown

Anna of Turov[15]
before 1176
six children
1215 Son of Rostislav I.
Vladimir V Vsevolodovich 26 October 1192 1213–1215[23] Pereyaslavl unknown
before 1239
four children
6 January 1227 Son of Vsevolod the Big Nest. After his death the Principality was integrated on the Principality of Yaroslavl and then on the Principality of Vladimir.
Pereyaslavl was annexed by Yaroslavl, and then by Vladimir-Suzdal. See List of Russian rulers for later princes.
Mstislav III the Old   1156 1214–1223 Kiev Unknown
seven children
2 June 1223 Son of Roman II.
Gleb I c.1168 1215–1217 Chernigov Anastasia of Kiev
three children
1215 or 1220[17] Son-in-law of Rurik II.
Mstislav I c.1168 1217–1223 Chernigov Yasynya-Marfa Shvarnovna
four children
31 May 1223 Brother-in-law of Vsevolod the Big Nest.
Vladimir IV   September-
December 1187
1223–1233 Kiev unknown
before 1239
four children
3 March 1239 Son of Rurik II.
Saint Michael II   1185 1223–1234 Chernigov Helena of Galicia-Volhynia
1210 or 1211[21]
seven children
20 September 1246 Son of Vsevolod the Red. 1st time.
Iziaslav IV 1186 1233–1236 Kiev Agafia
no children
1255 Son of Mstislav III.
Mstislav II before 1215/1220 1234–1239 Chernigov Unknown
before 1239
two children
after 18 October 1239
Yaroslav III   8 February 1191 1236–1238

Kiev Unknown
no children

Rostislava of Novgorod
(annulled 1216)
no children

Theodosia of Ryazan
twelve children
30 September 1246 Son of Vsevolod III of Kiev.
Saint Michael II   1185 1238–1239
Kiev Helena of Galicia-Volhynia
1210 or 1211[21]
seven children
20 September 1246 Son of Vsevolod the Red. While in negotiations with the Golden Horde, his son Rostislav Mikhailovich took briefly Kiev throne in 1239, before being expelled by Daniel of Galicia, who put Voivode Dmytro to protect Kiev's throne until Michael's return in 1240. However the city was destroyed in that year. Regained Chernihiv throne in 1243, co-ruling with Andrew Mstislavich.
1243–1246 Kiev and Chernigov
Andrew I Mstislavich[24] ? 1245–1246 Chernigov Unknown 1246 Son of Mstislav II. Co-ruling with Michael II.
Rostislav Mikhailovich after 1210 1239–1243 Chernigov Anna of Hungary
five children
1262 Son of Michael the Saint.
1239 Kiev
Andrew II Vsevolodovich ? 1246–1263 Chernigov Unknown 1263 Brother of Michael II.
Saint Alexander Nevsky   13 May 1221 1246–1263 Kiev Praskovia-Alexandra of Polotsk
five children

before 1263
no children
14 November 1263 Son of his predecessor.
Yaroslav IV   1230 1263–1272 Kiev Natalia
before 1252
two children

Saint Xenia of Tarusa
four children
16 September 1272 Brother of his predecessor.
Leo I   1228 1272–1301 Kiev Constance of Hungary
one child
1301 Son of Daniel I. Also King of Galicia-Volhynia. After his death in 1301, Kiev fell in the hands of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. Util at least 1362, were installed Lithuanian governors in Kiev.[25]

Kings and Princes of Galicia-Volhynia (1199–1349)Edit

Galicia-Volhynia was a Ruthenian[26][27][28][29][30][31] state in Galicia and Volhynia. Depending on the title of the ruler it was called either principality or kingdom. The first king, Coloman of Galicia-Lodomeria, was crowned in 1215, although the first nominal king of Galicia was Andrew II of Hungary, the son of Béla III of Hungary, who reigned from 1188 to 1190.[32][33][34]

Portrait Name Born-Died Ruled From Ruled Until
  Roman II the Great, Prince of Novgorod (1168–1170), Prince of Volhynia (1170–1188, 1189–1205), Prince of Halych (1188, 1199–1205), and Grand Prince of Kiev (1204–1205) fl.1160–1205 1199 1205
  Coloman of Galicia-Lodomeria, Hungarian prince Kálmán, Prince of Halych (1214–15), became the first anointed and crowned and King of Galicia-Volhynia (rex Galiciae et Lodomeriae) in 1215 1208–1241 1214 1219
Daniel I of Galicia, held many titles since early childhood culminating with the crowning by a papal legate, archbishop Opizo, in Dorohychyn in 1253, King of Rus', Grand Prince of Kiev 1201–1264 1205 1264
Lev I, King of Rus', Prince of Belz (1245–1264), Prince of Peremyshl and Halych (1264–1269) who moved the capital of Galicia from Kholm to Lviv in 1272, Grand Prince of Kiev (1271–1301) 1228–1301 1293 1301
  Yuri I, King of Rus', Prince of Belz (1264–1301) fl.1252–1308 1301 1308
  Andrew II and Lev II, Kings of Rus', princes, joint rule, the last members of the Rurikid dynasty to rule Ukraine ?–1323 1308 1323
  Yuri II-Boleslaw, natus dux et dominus Russiae, a member of the Piast dynasty (the first historical ruling dynasty of Poland) 1308–1340 1325 1340
  Liubartas, prince, a member of the Gediminid dynasty, the last Ruthenian-Lithuanian ruler of Galicia-Volhynia, Prince of Volhynia (1323–1384) c. 1300–1384 1340 1349

In 1349, Liubartas lost all territories, except for eastern Volhynia, to Casimir III of Poland. In 1366, a Polish-Lithuanian treaty was signed: eastern Volhynia with Lutsk retained under Liubartas' rule (the Grand Duchy of Lithuania), while Galicia, western Volhynia, and western Podolia were annexed by the Crown of the Kingdom of Poland.

In the Grand Duchy of Lithuania (1362–1569) and Kingdom of Poland (1569–1667/1793)Edit

Princes of Kiev

In the early 1320s, a Lithuanian army led by Gediminas defeated a Slavic army led by Stanislav of Kiev at the Battle on the Irpen' River, and conquered the city. The Tatars, who also claimed Kiev, retaliated in 1324–1325, so while Kiev was ruled by a Lithuanian prince, it had to pay a tribute to the Golden Horde. Finally, as a result of the Battle of Blue Waters in 1362, Kiev and surrounding areas were incorporated into the Grand Duchy of Lithuania by Algirdas, Grand Duke of Lithuania.

Kostiantyn Vasyl Ostrozky

Voivodes of Kiev

When the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth was formed by the Union of Lublin in 1569, Kiev and surrounding areas, Podolia, Volhynia, and Podlaskie, as the Kiev Voivodeship, Bratslav Voivodeship, Volhynian Voivodeship, and Podlaskie Voivodeship, were transferred from Lithuania to Poland.

Hetmans of Ukrainian Cossacks (1506–1775)Edit

A Hetman was a military and civil leader, democratically elected by the Cossacks.

Hetmans and commanders of Ukrainian CossacksEdit

Several Cossack regiments were operating in Ukraine at this time that were largely independent of each other, so some of the Hetmans' tenures overlap.

1486–1492    Yurii Pats   governor of Kyiv; organizer Cossack units.
1488–1495    Bohdan Hlynskyi   Cossack leader, destroyer Ochakov.
1492–1505    Dmytro Putyatych  Cossack leader.
1510–1524    Senko Polozovych   governor of Kyiv; Cossack leader.
1514–1535    Ostap Dashkevych  Cossack leader.
1516–1528    Przecław Lanckoroński   Cossack leader.
1550–1557    Dmytro Vyshnevetsky   founder of the fortress at Minor Khortytsia.
1568    Semen Birulia   Cossack leader.
1568    Karpo Maslo   Cossack leader.
1568    Andrush   Moldavian boyar Cossack leader.
1568    Lisun   Cossack leader.
1568    Yatsko Bilous   Cossack leader.
1568    Andrii Liakh   Cossack leader.
1577–1578    Ivan Pidkova   Cossack leader.
1578    Lukian Chornynskyi   Cossack leader, hetman.
1581    Samiilo Zborovskyi   Cossack leader, hetman.
1584    Bohdan Mykoshynskyi   Cossack leader, hetman.
1585    Mykhailo Ruzhynskyi   Cossack leader, hetman.
1585    Kyryk Ruzhynskyi   Cossack leader, hetman.
1585    Zakhar Kulaha   Cossack leader, hetman.
1586    Lukian Chornynskyi   Cossack leader, hetman.
1586    Bohdan Makoshynskyi   Cossack leader, hetman.
1588    Potrebatskyy   Cossack leader, hetman.
1589    Zachary Kulaga   Cossack leader, hetman.
1594    Bohdan Mykoshynskyi   Cossack leader, hetman.
1594–1596    Hryhoriy Loboda   Cossack leader.
1594–1596    Severyn Nalyvaiko   Cossack leader.
1596    Matvii Shaula   Cossack leader, hetman.
1596    Kryshtof Krempskyi   Cossack leader, hetman.
1596    Kryshtof Nechkovskyi   Cossack leader, hetman.
1596–1597    Hnat Vasylevych   Cossack leader, hetman.
1597    Tykhin Baibuza   Cossack leader, hetman.
1598    Florian Hedroits   Cossack leader.
1598    Mitlovskyi   Cossack leader.
1602–1603    Ivan Kutskovych   Cossack leader, hetman.
1603    Ivan Kosyi   Cossack leader, hetman.
1606    Hryhorii Izapovych   Cossack leader, hetman.
1606    Samiilo Zborovskyi   Cossack leader, hetman.
1606    Bohdan Olevchenko   Cossack leader, hetman.
1617    Dmytro Barabash   Cossack leader, hetman.
1618    Mykhailo Skyba   Cossack leader.
1619–1621     Yatsko Nerodych   Cossack leader, hetman.
1620    Petro Odynets   Cossack leader.
1624    Hryhoriy Chorny   Cossack leader, hetman.
1625    Fedir Pyrskyi   Cossack leader, hetman.
1628    Hryhoriy Chorny   Cossack leader, hetman.
1629–1630    Hryhoriy Chorny   Cossack leader, hetman.
1630    Taras Fedorovych   Cossack leader, hetman.
1632    Andrii Didenko   Cossack leader, hetman.
1633    Dorofii Doroshenko   Cossack leader, acting hetman.
1633    Dorosh Kutskovych   Cossack leader, acting hetman.
1633    Hyria Kanevets   Cossack leader.
1633–1635    Ivan Sulyma   Cossack leader, hetman.
1636–1637    Vasyl Tomylenko   Cossack leader, hetman.
1637    Pavlo Pavliuk   Cossack leader, hetman.
1638    Yakiv Ostrianyn   Cossack leader, hetman.
1638    Dmytro Hunia   Cossack leader, hetman.
1639–1642    Karpo Pivtora-Kozhukha   Cossack leader, hetman.
1642–1646    Maksym Hulak   Cossack leader, hetman.

Hetmans of the Cossack stateEdit

Following the Khmelnytsky uprising a new Cossack republic, the Hetmanate, was formed.

No. Hetman Elected (event) Took office Left office
1     Bohdan Khmelnytsky
Зиновій-Богдан Хмельницький
1648 (Sich) 26 January 1648 6 August 1657 died
2     Yurii Khmelnytsky
Юрій Хмельницький
death of his father 6 August 1657 27 August 1657 reconsidered by the Council of Officers
3     Ivan Vyhovsky
Іван Виговський
1657 (Korsun) 27 August 1657
(confirmed: 21 October 1657)
11 September 1659 surrendered title
4     Yurii Khmelnytsky
Юрій Хмельницький
1659 (Hermanivka) 11 September 1659
(confirmed: 11 September 1659)
October 1662 surrendered title

Hetmans during the RuinEdit

The Ruin (1660–1687) was a time in Ukrainian history when the country fell into disarray and chaos. Afterwards, the Cossack state emerged as a vassal of the Russian Empire. During this period a number of hetmans stayed in power for short periods of time and often controlled only parts of the country. Moreover, the Treaty of Andrusovo (1667) split the Cossack Hetmanate along the Dnieper River into Left-bank Ukraine, which enjoyed a degree of autonomy within the Tsardom of Russia; and Right-bank Ukraine which remained part of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, and at times (1672–1699) part of the Ottoman Empire.

Right-bank Ukraine Left-bank Ukraine
Polish protectorate Russian protectorate
1660—1663   Yurii Khmelnytsky 1660—1663   Yakym Somko
1663—1665   Pavlo Teteria 1663—1668   Ivan Briukhovetsky
1665—1668   Petro Doroshenko
1668—1669   Petro Doroshenko
Right-bank Ukraine Left-bank Ukraine
Osman protectorate Polish protectorate Russian protectorate Swedish protectorate
1669—1676   Petro Doroshenko 1669—1674   Mykhailo Khanenko 1669—1672   Demian Mnohohrishny
1678—1681   Yurii Khmelnytsky 1675—1679   Ostap Gogol 1672—1687   Ivan Samoilovych
1681—1684   Gheorghe Duca 1683—1684   Stefan Kunicki
1685   Yurii Khmelnytsky 1684—1689   Andrii Mohyła
1687—1708   Ivan Mazepa
1708—1722   Ivan Skoropadsky 1708—1709   Ivan Mazepa
1708—1718   Pylyp Orlyk
1718—1742   Pylyp Orlyk 1722—1724   Pavlo Polubotok
1727—1734   Danylo Apostol
1750—1764   Kirill Razumovsky

In the Russian Empire (1667/1793–1917), in the Habsburg monarchy, Austrian Empire and Austria-Hungary (1526/1772–1918)Edit

After the dissolution of the Cossack Hetmanate, a new Malorossiyan collegium was established in 1764, and the Zaporozhian Host was disbanded in 1775. As a result of the second and third Partitions of Poland in 1793 and 1795, eastern and central parts of the territory of present-day Ukraine were incorporated directly into the Russian Empire. The western part became part of the Habsburg monarchy earlier, in the following order: Carpathian Ruthenia (1526/1699), Galicia (1772), and Bukovina (1775).

Ukrainian People's Republic (1917–1921)Edit

The Ukrainian People's Republic (UNR, 1917–1921) was formed after the Russian Revolution of 1917, and lasted until the Peace of Riga between Poland and Soviet Russia in March 1921. The leadership title varied and, despite a rather widespread misconception, none of them had the official title of president.

Chairmen of the Central CouncilEdit

The Central Council (Tsentral’na rada) was the representative body governing the UNR.

  Constitutional Democratic Party   Ukrainian Socialist-Revolutionary Party

No. Portrait Name In Office From In Office Until Party
Acting   Volodymyr Naumenko
17 (4) March 1917 28 (15) March 1917 Constitutional Democratic Party
1   Mykhailo Hrushevskyi
28 (15) March 1917[35] 29 April 1918 Ukrainian Socialist-Revolutionary Party

Hetman of the Ukrainian StateEdit

A very short lived Hetmanate was established by Pavlo Skoropadskyi in 1918.

No. Hetman Took office Left office
1     Pavlo Skoropadskyi
29 April 1918 14 December 1918 Removed from power in an uprising led by the social democrat Symon Petliura

Chairmen of the DirectoryEdit

The Directorate of Ukraine was a provisional council of the UNR formed after Skoropadskyi's Hetmanate fell apart. On 22 January 1919, the Act of Unification of the Ukrainian People's Republic and the West Ukrainian People's Republic was passed. The text of the universal was made by the members of the Directory.

  Ukrainian Social Democratic Labour Party

No. Portrait Name In Office From In Office Until Party
1   Volodymyr Vynnychenko
14 December 1918 11 February 1919 Ukrainian Social Democratic Labour Party
2   Symon Petliura
11 February 1919 10 November 1920 Ukrainian Social Democratic Labour Party

West Ukrainian People's Republic (1918–1919)Edit

The government of the West Ukrainian People's Republic (WUNR) was proclaimed on 19 October 1918. WUNR was united with the Ukrainian People's Republic on 22 January 1919, although it was mostly a symbolic act while the western Ukrainians retained their own Ukrainian Galician Army and government structure. After the Polish-Ukrainian War (1918–1919), Poland took over most of territory of the West Ukrainian People's Republic by July 1919. Since November 1919, the government of the WUNR was in exile.

President of the Ukrainian National RepublicEdit

  Ukrainian People's Labor Party

No. Portrait Name In Office From In Office Until Party
1   Yevhen Petrushevych
19 October 1918 15 March 1923 Ukrainian People's Labor Party

President of Carpatho-UkraineEdit

  Christian People's Party

No. Portrait Name In Office From In Office Until Party
1   Avgustyn Voloshyn
15 March 1939 16 March 1939 Christian People's Party

Ukrainian State (1941)Edit

Prime Minister of the Ukrainian StateEdit

  Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists

No. Portrait Name In Office From In Office Until Party
1   Yaroslav Stetsko
30 June 1941 9 July 1941 Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists

Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (1918/1919–1991)Edit

Ukraine was incorporated into the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics on 30 December 1922.

Secretaries of the Central Committee of the Communist Party (Bolsheviks) of Ukraine

Mykola Skrypnyk

First Secretary of the Central Committee

Executive Secretary of the Central Committee

First Secretaries of the Communist Party

General Secretaries of the Central Committee

First Secretaries of the Central Committee

Nikita Khrushchev

Ukraine (1991–present)Edit

On 5 July 1991, the Verkhovna Rada of the Ukrainian SSR passed a law establishing the post of the President of the Ukrainian SSR. The title was changed to the President of Ukraine upon the proclamation of independence (24 August 1991). The first election of the President of Ukraine was held on 1 December 1991.


  Independent / Non-partisan   Our Ukraine   Party of Regions   Batkivshchyna   Petro Poroshenko Bloc / UDAR   Servant of the People

No. Portrait Presidents Term of office Presidential mandate Affiliation
1   Leonid Kravchuk
(1934 – 2022)
Леонід Кравчук
5 December 1991
Acting: 24 August 1992
19 July 1994 1991 — 61.59%
Independent / Non-partisan
2   Leonid Kuchma
(born 1938)
Леонід Кучма
19 July 1994 30 November 1999 1994 — 52.3%
Independent / Non-partisan
30 November 1999 23 January 2005 1999 — 57.7%
3   Viktor Yushchenko
(born 1954)
Віктор Ющенко
23 January 2005 25 February 2010 2004 — 51.99%
Non-partisan (2004–2005)
Our Ukraine (2005–nowadays)
4   Viktor Yanukovych
(born 1950)
Віктор Янукович
25 February 2010 22 February 2014[a] 2010 — 48.95%
(Supported by Party of Regions)
  Oleksandr Turchynov
(born 1964)
Олександр Турчинов
23 February 2014 7 June 2014 ex officio
(as Chairman of Parliament, Article 112)
5   Petro Poroshenko
(born 1965)
Петро Порошенко
7 June 2014 20 May 2019 2014 — 54.70%
(Supported by Petro Poroshenko Bloc & UDAR)
6   Volodymyr Zelenskyy
(born 1978 )
Володимир Зеленський
20 May 2019 2019 — 73.22%
Servant of the People

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Yanukovych fled the country in the night of 21–22 February, although claiming his legitimacy sometime after that.[36] Officially deprived of the title on 18 June 2015.[37]


  1. ^ " – Resources and Information".
  2. ^ "Nordiska furstar lade grunden till Ryssland".
  3. ^ Suszko, Henryk (2003). Latopis hustyński. Opracowanie, przekład i komentarze. Slavica Wratislaviensia CXXIV. Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Wrocławskiego. ISBN 83-229-2412-7; Tolochko, Oleksiy (2010). The Hustyn' Chronicle. (Harvard Library of Early Ukrainian Literature: Texts). ISBN 978-1-932650-03-7
  4. ^ "Riuryk of Novgorod". Retrieved 27 June 2020.
  5. ^ "Sveerne".
  6. ^ Олександр Палій (2015). Історія України: Посібник. Yuri Marchenko. p. 105. ISBN 978-617-684-099-2.
  7. ^ Leszek Moczulski, Narodziny Międzymorza, p.475, Bellona SA, Warszawa 2007 ISBN 978-83-11-10826-4
  8. ^ Vladimir Plougin: Russian Intelligence Services: The Early Years, 9th–11th Centuries, Algora Publ., 2000
  9. ^ History of Ukraine-Rus': From prehistory to the eleventh century, Canadian Institute of Ukrainian Studies Press, 1997
  10. ^ Also known as Jarisleif I. See Google books
  11. ^,%20Rurik.htm#SviatoslavIaroslavichdied1076B
  12. ^ According to A. Nazarenko. It was thought not long ago that the first wife of Sviatopolk was Barbara Komnene, a supposed daughter of Alexios I Komnenos. However, the lack of tradition of such a name in the Byzantine Empire led to doubt. Today she may be considered fictional.
  13. ^ a b c d e f g h i Monomakh branch (Mstyslavychi) at Izbornik
  15. ^ a b МЭСБЕ/Анна (имя жен и дочерей русских князей и государей)  (in Russian). 1909 – via Wikisource.
  16. ^ Charles Cawley (14 March 2009). "Russia, Rurikids – Grand Princes of Kiev, Princes of Chernigov, descendants of Sviatoslav II, Grand Prince of Kiev (fourth son of Iaroslav I)". Medieval Lands. Foundation of Medieval Genealogy. Retrieved 10 April 2009.
  17. ^ a b Dimnik, Martin. The Dynasty of Chernigov – 1146–1246.
  18. ^ The chroniclers neglect to reveal the identity of Yaroslav's wife, but the Lyubetskiy sinodik calls her Irene; Dimnik, Martin op. cit. 121.
  19. ^ Basing their observations on the evidence of the Lay of Igor's Campaign, a number of historians have suggested that her name was Evfrosinia and that she may have been Igor's second wife; on the other hand, the chronicles neither give Yaroslavna's name nor suggest that she was Igor's second wife; Dimnik, Martin op. cit. 121.
  20. ^ Cawley, Charles (14 March 2009), Russia, Rurikids – Rostislav Mikhailovich died 1263, Medieval Lands database, Foundation for Medieval Genealogy, retrieved 23 December 2016,[self-published source][better source needed]
  21. ^ a b c Thurston, Herbert (ed.). Butler's Lives of the Saints – September.
  22. ^ Some authors give Rurik II a two-year-reign (1210–1212), and attribute to Vsevolod the Red a second reign (1212–1215), which, in this case, would mean that Vsevolod died in 1215, and not in 1212.
  23. ^ До половецкого плена; Соловьёв С. М. История России с дневнейших времён
  24. ^ "История монголов Карпини. Электронная библиотека исторического факультета МГУ".
  25. ^ "Розділ 4.1. Леонтій Войтович. Князівські династії Східної Європи".
  26. ^ Kann, Robert A. (2010). A history of the Habsburg Empire, 1526–1918. University of California Press. ISBN 978-0-520-04206-3. OCLC 951424408. The Habsburg policy in Galicia and Bukovyna to support the Uniate church and her educational institutions and to a lesser degree the Greek Orthodox Church for the benefit of the Ruthenian Ukrainian population cannot be classified simply as divide et impera" "the first and second generation of Ruthenian literary men under Habsburg rule served this ultimate goal of Ruthenian-Ukrainian nationalism
  27. ^ Subtelny, Orest (2012). Ukraine a history. Univ. of Toronto Press. ISBN 978-1-4426-0991-4. OCLC 948518600. the populace belong to the great Ruthenian [Ukrainian] nation, whose 15 million members, of whom 2.5 million live in Galicia, all speak the same language" (1848) "the Supreme Ruthenian Council, the first modern Ukrainian political organization" "they attempted to neutralize the Supreme Ruthenian Council by forming a rival Ukrainian organization that was pro-Polish.
  28. ^ "A history of Ukraine: the land and its peoples". Choice Reviews Online. 48 (10): 48–5848-48-5848. 1 June 2011. doi:10.5860/choice.48-5848. ISSN 0009-4978. The Ruthenian club established the first permanent Ukrainian theatre anywhere and with cadres from Galicia and Dnieper Ukraine
  29. ^ Wilson, Andrew, 1961- author. (15 October 2015). The Ukrainians : unexpected nation. ISBN 978-0-300-21965-4. OCLC 922581401. the Ukrainians were known as 'Rusyns' or, in the English version Ruthenians {{cite book}}: |last= has generic name (help)CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  30. ^ Новосівський, Іван М. (1970). Bukovinian Ukrainians; a historical background and their self-determination in 1918. Association of Bukovinian Ukrainians. OCLC 151305. Rumanized Ruthenian (Ukrainian) faith and customs
  31. ^ "Ruthenians". Retrieved 27 June 2020.
  32. ^ Engel, Pál (2001). The Realm of St Stephen: A History of Medieval Hungary, 895–1526. I.B. Tauris Publishers. ISBN 1-86064-061-3.
  33. ^ Font, Márta (1991). "II. András orosz politikája és hadjáratai [Andrew II's policy and campaigns in Rus']". Századok (in Hungarian). 125 (1–2): 107–144k. ISSN 0039-8098.
  34. ^ Hollý, Karol (2007). "Princess Salomea and Hungarian–Polish Relations in the Period 1214–1241" (PDF). Historický Časopis. 55 (Supplement): 5–32. ISSN 0018-2575.
  35. ^ March 28 – The meeting of the Ukrainian Central Council, first chaired by Mykhailo Hrushevsky
  36. ^ Ukraine Leader Was Defeated Even Before He Was Ousted, The New York Times (3 January 2015)
  37. ^ Resolution of Verkhovna Rada #757-VII. About self removal of President of Ukraine from execution of his constitutional powers and assignment of early elections of President of Ukraine (Про самоусунення Президента України від виконання конституційних повноважень та призначення позачергових виборів Президента України). Verkhovna Rada website. 22 February 2014
  38. ^ "Янукович припинив членство у Партії регіонів".