1991 Ukrainian presidential election

Presidential elections were held in Ukraine on 1 December 1991,[1] the first direct presidential elections in the country's history. Leonid Kravchuk, the Chairman of the Verkhovna Rada and de facto acting president, ran as an independent candidate and was elected with 61.6% of the vote.[2]

1991 Ukrainian presidential election

1 December 1991 1994 →
Turnout84.2%
  Leonid Kravchuk (1) (cropped).jpg Чорновіл Вячеслав (cropped).jpg
Nominee Leonid Kravchuk Viacheslav Chornovil
Party Independent Rukh
Popular vote 19,643,481 7,420,727
Percentage 61.59% 23.27%

Ukraine presidential elections 1991.png
Results of the 1991 presidential election. Kravchuk won in all but three western provinces, which were won by Chornovil.

President before election

Leonid Kravchuk (acting)
Independent

Elected President

Leonid Kravchuk
Independent

An independence referendum held on the same day saw 92 percent of voters voting to secede from the Soviet Union.[2] All six presidential candidates supported independence and had campaigned for a "yes" vote in the referendum.

ResultsEdit

Candidate Party Votes %
Leonid Kravchuk Independent 19,643,481 61.6
Viacheslav Chornovil People's Movement of Ukraine 7,420,727 23.3
Levko Lukianenko Ukrainian Republican Party 1,432,556 4.5
Volodymyr Hrynyov Party of Democratic Revival of Ukraine 1,329,758 4.2
Ihor Yukhnovskyi Independent 554,719 1.7
Leopold Taburyansky People's Party of Ukraine 182,713 0.6
Against all
Invalid/blank votes 1,327,788 4.2
Total 31,891,742 100
Registered voters/turnout 37,885,555 84.2
Source: Nohlen & Stöver

By regionEdit

Region Winner Runner Up Third
Crimean ASSR Leonid Kravchuk (56.6) Volodymyr Hrynyov (9.4) Viacheslav Chornovil (8.0)
Vinnytsia Leonid Kravchuk (72.3) Viacheslav Chornovil (18.2) Levko Lukianenko (3.3)
Volyn Leonid Kravchuk (51.7) Viacheslav Chornovil (31.4) Levko Lukianenko (8.9)
Dnipropetrovsk Leonid Kravchuk (69.7) Viacheslav Chornovil (18.2) Volodymyr Hrynyov (3.2)
Donetsk Leonid Kravchuk (71.5) Volodymyr Hrynyov (11.0) Viacheslav Chornovil (9.6)
Zhytomyr Leonid Kravchuk (77.6) Viacheslav Chornovil (14.0) Levko Lukianenko (3.3)
Zakarpattia Leonid Kravchuk (58.0) Viacheslav Chornovil (27.6) Levko Lukianenko (5.0)
Zaporizhia Leonid Kravchuk (74.7) Viacheslav Chornovil (13.0) Volodymyr Hrynyov (3.9)
Ivano-Frankivsk Viacheslav Chornovil (67.1) Leonid Kravchuk (13.7) Levko Lukianenko (11.8)
Kyiv Leonid Kravchuk (66.0) Viacheslav Chornovil (21.2) Levko Lukianenko (5.6)
Kirovohrad Leonid Kravchuk (74.8) Viacheslav Chornovil (15.6) Levko Lukianenko (3.5)
Luhansk Leonid Kravchuk (76.2) Viacheslav Chornovil (9.9) Volodymyr Hrynyov (6.8)
Lviv Viacheslav Chornovil (75.9) Leonid Kravchuk (11.5) Levko Lukianenko (4.7)
Mykolaiv Leonid Kravchuk (72.3) Viacheslav Chornovil (15.1) Volodymyr Hrynyov (5.6)
Odessa Leonid Kravchuk (70.7) Viacheslav Chornovil (12.8) Volodymyr Hrynyov (8.4)
Poltava Leonid Kravchuk (75.1) Viacheslav Chornovil (13.6) Levko Lukianenko (4.2)
Rivne Leonid Kravchuk (53.1) Viacheslav Chornovil (25.7) Levko Lukianenko (13.4)
Sumy Leonid Kravchuk (72.4) Viacheslav Chornovil (14.7) Levko Lukianenko (3.8)
Ternopil Viacheslav Chornovil (57.5) Levko Lukianenko (19.6) Leonid Kravchuk (16.8)
Kharkiv Leonid Kravchuk (60.9) Viacheslav Chornovil (19.7) Volodymyr Hrynyov (10.9)
Kherson Leonid Kravchuk (70.2) Viacheslav Chornovil (18.1) Volodymyr Hrynyov (3.3)
Khmelnytskyi Leonid Kravchuk (75.5) Viacheslav Chornovil (15.4) Levko Lukianenko (3.3)
Cherkasy Leonid Kravchuk (67.1) Viacheslav Chornovil (25.0) Levko Lukianenko (2.0)
Chernivtsi Leonid Kravchuk (43.6) Viacheslav Chornovil (42.7) Levko Lukianenko (4.4)
Chernihiv Leonid Kravchuk (74.2) Viacheslav Chornovil (12.3) Levko Lukianenko (6.7)
Kyiv City Leonid Kravchuk (56.1) Viacheslav Chornovil (26.7) Levko Lukianenko (6.4)
Sevastopol Leonid Kravchuk (54.7) Viacheslav Chornovil (10.9) Volodymyr Hrynyov (8.4)
Total Leonid Kravchuk (61.6) Viacheslav Chornovil (23.3) Levko Lukianenko (4.5)
Source: Electoral Geography

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Dieter Nohlen & Philip Stöver (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p1976 ISBN 9783832956097
  2. ^ a b Independence - over 90% vote yes in referendum; Kravchuk elected president of Ukraine Archived 2017-10-19 at the Wayback Machine, The Ukrainian Weekly, 8 December 1991

External linksEdit