Dmitrov (Russian: Дми́тров, IPA: [ˈdmʲitrəf]) is a town and the administrative center of Dmitrovsky District in Moscow Oblast, Russia, located 65 kilometers (40 mi) to the north of Moscow on the Yakhroma River and the Moscow Canal. Population: 65,574 (2021 Census);[7] 61,305 (2010 Russian census);[3] 62,219 (2002 Census);[8] 65,237 (1989 Soviet census).[9]

Flag of Dmitrov
Coat of arms of Dmitrov
Location of Dmitrov
Dmitrov is located in Russia
Location of Dmitrov
Dmitrov is located in Moscow Oblast
Dmitrov (Moscow Oblast)
Coordinates: 56°21′N 37°32′E / 56.350°N 37.533°E / 56.350; 37.533
Federal subjectMoscow Oblast[1]
Administrative districtDmitrovsky District[1]
Town status since1374
160 m (520 ft)
 • Total61,305
 • Rank265th in 2010
 • Capital ofDmitrovsky District,[1] Town of Dmitrov[1]
 • Municipal districtDmitrovsky Municipal District[4]
 • Urban settlementDmitrov Urban Settlement[4]
 • Capital ofDmitrovsky Municipal District,[4] Dmitrov Urban Settlement[4]
Time zoneUTC+3 (MSK Edit this on Wikidata[5])
Postal code(s)[6]
141800–141803, 141815, 141816, 141899
Dialing code(s)+7 49622
OKTMO ID46715000001

History edit

Nikolskye gates in Dmitrov kremlin
The Cathedral of Sts. Boris and Gleb

Dmitrov is one of the oldest urban areas in Moscow Oblast. The town was originally founded by Yury Dolgoruky in 1154, where his son Vsevolod was born.[2] Its name is explained by the fact that Vsevolod's patron saint was St. Demetrius.

In the 13th century, the settlement marked a point where the borders of the Grand Duchy of Moscow, Tver, and Pereslavl-Zalessky converged. The settlement itself belonged to the princes of Galich-Mersky, located much to the north, until 1364, when it was incorporated into the Grand Duchy of Moscow. Both Dmitry Donskoy and his grandson Vasily II granted Dmitrov as an appanage to their younger sons, so Dmitrov[10] was the capital of a tiny principality. In 1374, it was given town rights.[citation needed]

The reign of Ivan III's son Yury Ivanovich (1503–1533) inaugurated the golden age of Dmitrov. It is during his reign that the black-domed Assumption Cathedral in the kremlin and a smaller monastery cathedral of Sts. Boris and Gleb were built. Thereafter, the town passed to Yury's brother, Andrey of Staritsa. In 1569, it was seized from Vladimir of Staritsa, added to the Oprichnina and consequently went into a decline. The town suffered further damage during the Time of Troubles, when it was ransacked by the Poles.

The Vvedenskaya Church dates from the 1760s

In 1812, Dmitrov was briefly occupied by the Grande Armée. The Anarchist prince Peter Kropotkin spent his last years there after the Russian Revolution. In the 1930s, the local kremlin was excavated by Soviet archaeologists. In November 1941, German troops occupied the town and crossed the Moscow-Volga Canal from there.

Administrative and municipal status edit

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Dmitrov serves as the administrative center of Dmitrovsky District.[1] As an administrative division, it is, together with eighty rural localities, incorporated within Dmitrovsky District as the Town of Dmitrov.[1] As a municipal division, the Town of Dmitrov is incorporated within Dmitrovsky Municipal District as Dmitrov Urban Settlement.[4]

Transportation edit

Dmitrov is a railway junction of the Moscow (Savyolovsky terminal)Savyolovo branch and the Dmitrov–Alexandrov branch. The railway provides an efficient service to Moscow. Dmitrov is also a cargo port on the Moscow Canal.

Bus routes connect Dmitrov with Moscow (Altufyevo), Sergiyev Posad, Dubna, Taldom, Lobnya, Laryovo, and other destinations.

Miscellaneous edit

Twin towns – sister cities edit

Dmitrov is twinned with:[12]

References edit

Notes edit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Resolution #123-PG
  2. ^ a b "'History'" (in Russian). City of Dmitrov. Retrieved February 23, 2018.
  3. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1 [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  4. ^ a b c d e Law #74/2005-OZ
  5. ^ "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). June 3, 2011. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
  6. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (in Russian)
  7. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service. Всероссийская перепись населения 2020 года. Том 1 [2020 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1] (XLS) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  8. ^ Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian).
  9. ^ Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. 1989 – via Demoscope Weekly.
  10. ^ "Dimitrov - History of the town, maps and other useful information". November 3, 2017.
  11. ^ "Газета "Дмитровский вестник"". Archived from the original on March 28, 2009. Retrieved 2008-07-12.
  12. ^ "Города побратимы". (in Russian). Dmitrov. Retrieved February 5, 2020.

Sources edit

  • Губернатор Московской области. Постановление №123-ПГ от 28 сентября 2010 г. «Об учётных данных административно-территориальных и территориальных единиц Московской области», в ред. Постановления №252-ПГ от 26 июня 2015 г. «О внесении изменения в учётные данные административно-территориальных и территориальных единиц Московской области». Опубликован: "Информационный вестник Правительства МО", №10, 30 октября 2010 г. (Governor of Moscow Oblast. Resolution #123-PG of September 28, 2010 On the Inventory Data of the Administrative-Territorial and Territorial Units of Moscow Oblast, as amended by the Resolution #252-PG of June 26, 2015 On Amending the Inventory Data of the Administrative-Territorial and Territorial Units of Moscow Oblast. ).
  • Московская областная Дума. Закон №74/2005-ОЗ от 28 февраля 2005 г. «О статусе и границах Дмитровского муниципального района и вновь образованных в его составе муниципальных образований», в ред. Закона №54/2013-ОЗ от 6 июня 2013 г. «О внесении изменения в Закон Московской области "О статусе и границах Дмитровского муниципального района и вновь образованных в его составе муниципальных образований"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Ежедневные Новости. Подмосковье", №44, 12 марта 2005 г. (Moscow Oblast Duma. Law #74/2005-OZ of February 28, 2005 On the Status and the Borders of Dmitrovsky Municipal District and the Newly Established Municipal Formations It Comprises, as amended by the Law #54/2013-OZ of November 11, 2011 On Amending the Law of Moscow Oblast "On the Status and the Borders of Dmitrovsky Municipal District and the Newly Established Municipal Formations It Comprises". Effective as of the day of the official publication.).

External links edit