List of presidents of Ukraine

The modern Ukrainian presidency was formed when the Verkhovna Rada of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic passed a law on 5 July 1991 establishing the office of the "President of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic."[1] Upon the proclamation of Ukrainian independence from the Soviet Union on 24 August 1991, the title was changed to the "President of Ukraine." The first election of the President of Ukraine, which was held on 1 December 1991, was won by Leonid Kravchuk.

All the presidents except for Volodymyr Zelenskyy have been people's deputies of the Verkhovna Rada prior to their election. Kravchuk was the first president to resign from the office, following a power struggle with Prime Minister Leonid Kuchma. After the 2014 Ukrainian revolution, Viktor Yanukovych abandoned his office and fled the country. He was subsequently impeached, and replaced by Oleksandr Turchynov as the Chairman of the Verkhovna Rada, who serves as acting president when the office is vacant. Early presidential elections were held on 25 May 2014 and won by Petro Poroshenko; Poroshenko was inaugurated as the fifth president on 7 June 2014. On 18 June 2015, Yanukovych was officially deprived of the title of President of Ukraine.[2] After defeating Poroshenko, the comedian Volodymyr Zelenskyy was inaugurated as the sixth and current president of Ukraine on 20 May 2019.

ListEdit

Party legend

  Independent   Our Ukraine   Party of Regions   Fatherland   Petro Poroshenko Bloc   Servant of the People

# Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Cabinets Elections Prior office Political alliance
Leonid Kravchuk[3]
Леонід Кравчук
(1934–2022)

 
24 August
1991[a]
5 December
1991
Fokin (1990–92) Chairman of the Verkhovna Rada Independent
1 5 December
1991
19 July
1994
1991
02 3292 years, 329 days

(Declared independence of Ukraine in 1991. Lost re-election campaign)

Kuchma (1992–93)
2   Leonid Kuchma[4]
Леонід Кучма
(1938–)

 
19 July
1994[5]
23 January
2005
Masol II (1994–95) 1994
2nd Prime Minister of Ukraine Independent[6]
Marchuk (1995–96)
Lazarenko (1996–97)
Pustovoitenko (1997–99)
10 years, 188 days

(Took office following Kravchuk's resignation. Won re-election in 1994 and 1999. Opted out of third term in office.[7])

Yushchenko (1999–2001) 1999
Kinakh (2001–02)
Yanukovych I (2002–04)
3 Viktor Yushchenko[8]
Віктор Ющенко
(1954–)

 
23 January
2005
25 February
2010
Tymoshenko I (2005) 2004 7th Prime Minister of Ukraine Our Ukraine[9]
5 years, 66 days

(Took office following the Orange Revolution. Presided over the Great Recession in Ukraine. Lost re-election campaign[10])

Yekhanurov (2005–06)
Yanukovych II (2006–07)
Tymoshenko II (2007–10)
4 Viktor Yanukovych[11]
Віктор Янукович
(1950–)

 
25 February
2010
22 February
2014
Azarov I (2010–12) 2010 12th Prime Minister of Ukraine Party of Regions[12]
3 years, 362 days

(Elected in 2010. Removed from office following the 2014 Ukrainian revolution[13])

Azarov II (2012–14)
Oleksandr Turchynov[14]
Олександр Турчинов
(1964–)

 
23 February
2014
7 June
2014
Yatsenyuk I (2014)[15] Chairman of the
Verkhovna Rada
Fatherland[16]
0 years, 115 days

(Temporarily assumed office following the 2014 Ukrainian revolution)

5 Petro Poroshenko[17]
Петро Порошенко
(1965–)

 
7 June
2014
20 May
2019
Yatsenyuk II (2014–2016) 2014 Minister of Trade and Economic Development Petro Poroshenko Bloc
4 years, 347 days

(Elected in 2014. Presided over first stage of the Russo-Ukrainian War. Lost re-election campaign)

Groysman (2016–2019)
6 Volodymyr Zelenskyy
Володимир Зеленський
(1978–)

 
20 May
2019
Incumbent 2019
(no prior elected office)
Servant of the People
3 years, 45 days
(Incumbent)
Honcharuk (2019–2020)
Shmyhal (2020–present)

Living former presidentsEdit

There are fourformer Ukrainian presidents are still living as of 4 July 2022.

Notes:

TimelineEdit

StatisticsEdit

# President Date of birth Origin Age at ascension
(first term)
Time in office
(total)
Age at retirement
(last term)
Date of death Longevity
1 Kravchuk, LeonidLeonid Kravchuk 1934011010 January 1934(January 10, 1934) Rivne Oblast (born in Wołyń Voivodeship) 57 22657 years, 226 days 02 3292 years, 329 days 60 19060 years, 190 days 10 May 2022 32,31788 years, 175 days
2 Kuchma, LeonidLeonid Kuchma 1938080999 August 1938(August 9, 1938) Chernihiv Oblast 55 34455 years, 344 days 10 18810 years, 188 days 66 16766 years, 167 days Living 30,64583 years, 329 days (Living)
3 Yushchenko, ViktorViktor Yushchenko 1954022323 23 February 1954(February 23, 1954) Sumy Oblast 50 33550 years, 335 days 5 0335 years, 33 days 56 00256 years, 2 days Living 24,96868 years, 131 days (Living)
4 Yanukovych, ViktorViktor Yanukovych 195007099 July 1950(July 9, 1950) Donetsk Oblast 59 23159 years, 231 days 3 3623 years, 362 days 63 22863 years, 228 days Living 26,29371 years, 360 days (Living)
5 Poroshenko, PetroPetro Poroshenko 196509262626 September 1965(September 26, 1965) Odessa Oblast 48 25448 years, 254 days 4 3474 years, 347 days 53 23653 years, 236 days Living 20,73556 years, 281 days (Living)
6 Zelenskyy, VolodymyrVolodymyr Zelenskyy 1978012525 January 1978(January 25, 1978) Dnipropetrovsk Oblast 41 11541 years, 115 days 00 316 18713 years, 45 days (Ongoing) Incumbent Living 16,23144 years, 160 days (Living)

Social poll rankings of Ukrainian presidentsEdit

No. President Political party
Slovoidilo2017[19]
NPDU 2018[20]
SOCIS2019[21]
[22]
Ratingt2020
Razumkov2021[23]
Rating 2021[24]
Centreua2021[25]
Aggr.
1 Leonid Kravchuk Independent 01 02 02 03 02 02 02 02
2 Leonid Kuchma Independent 03 01 03 01 04 03 04 03
3 Viktor Yushchenko Our Ukraine 04 04 04 06 05 04 05 05
4 Viktor Yanukovych Party of Regions 05 03 05 05 06 06 06 06
5 Petro Poroshenko Petro Poroshenko Bloc 02 05 01 04 03 05 03 04
6 Volodymyr Zelenskyy Servant of the People 02 01 01 01 01


See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

Notes

a.^ Although Leonid Kravchuk's official inauguration ceremony was conducted on 22 August 1992, he carried out most of the presidential responsibilities temporarily ceded to him as Chairman of the Verkhovna Rada from 24 August 1991[26] until 5 December 1991 when he became President of Ukraine in his own right. He had served as Chairman of the Supreme Soviet of the Ukrainian SSR since 23 July 1990.

b.^ As President of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic.

c.^ "In the event of the pre-term termination of authority of the President of Ukraine in accordance with Articles 108, 109, 110 and 111 of this Constitution, the execution of duties of the President of Ukraine, for the period pending the elections and the assumption of office of the new President of Ukraine, shall be vested in the Chairperson of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine." —Constitution of Ukraine, Article 112.

Footnotes
  1. ^ Laws of Ukraine. Vekhovna Rada of Ukraine decree No. 1295-XII: On the President of the Ukrainian SSR (Про Президента Української РСР). Adopted on 5 July 1991. (Ukrainian)
  2. ^ Published law deprives Yanukovych of presidential rank, UNIAN (17 June 2015)
  3. ^ "Leonid Kravchuk". Official web-site of President of Ukraine. Retrieved 7 June 2014.
  4. ^ "Leonid Kuchma". Official web-site of President of Ukraine. Retrieved 29 March 2015.
  5. ^ Laws of Ukraine. Vekhovna Rada of Ukraine decree No. 106/94-ВР: On the date of oath of the President of Ukraine (Про дату принесення присяги Президентом України). Adopted on 14 July 1994. (Ukrainian)
  6. ^ "Kuchma Leonid Danylovych". Election of President 99 (in Ukrainian). Central Election Commission of Ukraine. Retrieved 29 March 2015.
  7. ^ Laws of Ukraine. Constitutional Court of Ukraine decision No. 22-рп/2003: Decision of the Constitutional Court of Ukraine regarding the case of the constitutional petition of 53 and 47 People's Deputies of Ukraine concerning the official interpretation of the provisions of Article 103 of the Constitution of Ukraine (right on the timing of tenure of the President of Ukraine (Рішення Конституційного Суду України у справі за конституційними поданнями 53 і 47 народних депутатів України про офіційне тлумачення положення частини третьої статті 103 Конституції України (справа щодо строків перебування на посту Президента України)). Adopted on 25 December 2003. (Ukrainian)
  8. ^ "Victor Yushchenko". Official web-site of President of Ukraine. Retrieved 29 March 2015.
  9. ^ "History of "Our Ukraine"". Informational server "Our Ukraine" (in Ukrainian). Our Ukraine. Retrieved 29 March 2015.
  10. ^ "Yushchenko loses re-election bid". The Washington Times. 28 January 2010. Retrieved 29 March 2015.
  11. ^ "The History of Presidency". Official web-site of President of Ukraine. Archived from the original on 2 March 2008. Retrieved 29 March 2015.
  12. ^ "Yanukovych Viktor Fedorovych". Elections of the President of Ukraine (in Ukrainian). Central Election Commission of Ukraine. Retrieved 29 March 2015.
  13. ^ Laws of Ukraine. Vekhovna Rada of Ukraine decree No. 757-VII: On withdrawal of the President of Ukraine from the implementation of constitutional powers and calling early presidential elections in Ukraine (Про самоусунення Президента України від виконання конституційних повноважень та призначення позачергових виборів Президента України). Adopted on 22 February 2014. (Ukrainian)
  14. ^ "Ukraine: Speaker Oleksandr Turchynov named interim president". BBC News. 23 February 2014. Retrieved 29 March 2015.
  15. ^ "Government of Ukraine". Web-portal of Ukrainian Government. Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine. Retrieved 29 March 2015.
  16. ^ "Oleksandr Turchynov" (in Ukrainian). Batkivshchyna. Retrieved 29 March 2015.
  17. ^ "Petro Poroshenko". Official web-site of President of Ukraine. Archived from the original on 9 February 2014. Retrieved 29 March 2015.
  18. ^ Ukrainian Parliament Deprives Yanukovych Of Presidential Title, Radio Free Europe (4 February 2015)
  19. ^ "Президентські рейтинги: кому з п'яти глав держави українці довіряли найбільше". Слово і Діло (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 26 June 2022.
  20. ^ "Сага об украинских реформах". ZN.ua. Retrieved 25 October 2019.
  21. ^ "Хто був найкращим президентом на думку українців". Всеукраїнська газета Наголос (in Ukrainian). 22 July 2019. Retrieved 10 August 2020.
  22. ^ "Українці визначилися з "найкращим президентом" в історії країни - Рейтинг". LIGA (in Russian). 18 May 2020. Retrieved 10 August 2020.
  23. ^ "Як змінювався рівень довіри та підтримки Зеленського та його попередників (оновлено)". Слово і Діло (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 11 May 2022.
  24. ^ "Оцінка президентів: найбільше довіряють Зеленському, найкращим вважають Кучму". Українська правда (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 11 May 2022.
  25. ^ "Історія президентів України в семи актах - Центр спільних дій". Сentreua (in Ukrainian). 1 December 2021. Retrieved 13 May 2022.
  26. ^ Laws of Ukraine. Vekhovna Rada of Ukraine decree No. 1430-XII: On granting additional powers to the Chairman of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine (Про надання додаткових повноважень Голові Верховної Ради України). Adopted on 24 August 1991. (Ukrainian)

External linksEdit