Erich von dem Bach-Zelewski – An SS-Obergruppenführerund General der Polizei, he was the commander of the "Bandenkämpfverbände" SS units responsible for the mass murder of 35,000 civilians in Riga and more than 200,000 in Belarus and eastern Poland.
Herbert Backe – State Secretary (1933-1944) in the Reich Ministry of Food and Agriculture and later Reich Minister (1944-1945), he was also an SS-Obergruppenführer. An architect of the infamous Hunger Plan.
Franz Breithaupt, An SS-Obergruppenführer und General der Waffen-SS, he was Chief of the SS Court Main Office from 1942 to 1945, with exclusive jurisdiction for conducting investigations and trials of SS personnel.
Friedrich Buchardt – Member of the Einsatzgruppendeath squads, who started off grading people on their Germanness and then progressed to outright genocide. Attributed to having been responsible for sending tens of thousands to their deaths, avoided justice by working for the Allied powers as an "Intelligence Source" on the Soviets.
Josef Bühler – State secretary for the Nazi-controlled General Government in Kraków during World War II.
Karl Dönitz – Großadmiral, Führer der Unterseeboote (Commander of Submarines) 1936–1943, Commander-in-Chief of the Navy (Kriegsmarine) 1943–1945, last head of state of Nazi Germany following Hitler's suicide.
Adolf Eichmann – SS-Obersturmbannführer. Official in charge of RSHAReferat IV B4, Juden (RSHA Sub-Department IV-B4, Jews); responsible for facilitation and transportation of Jews to ghettos and extermination camps. Fled to Argentina; captured there by Mossad operatives in 1960, tried in Israel and executed on 1 June 1962.
Hermann Fegelein – An SS-Gruppenführer und Generalleutnant der Waffen-SS, he was married to Eva Braun’s sister, Gretl. The SS Liaison Officer to Hitler’s headquarters, he was shot for desertion in April 1945.
Karl Fiehler – Reichsleiter for Municipal Politics and Lord Mayor of Munich from 1933 to 1945. He was also an SS-Obergruppenführer.
Hans Frank – A lawyer, he was Hitler's legal advisor, Reichsleiter for Legal Issues, President of the Academy for German Law (1933-1942) Reich Minister without portfolio and Governor-General of occupied Poland. Involved in perpetration of the Holocaust, he was convicted of war crimes and hanged by the Nuremberg Tribunal.
Kurt Gerstein – SS officer; member of the Waffen-SS Institute for Hygiene; witnessed mass murders in Nazi extermination camps; gave information to Swedish diplomat Göran von Otter and Roman Catholic Church officials to inform the international public about the Holocaust; in 1945 wrote the Gerstein Report about the Holocaust; afterward allegedly committed suicide while in French custody.
Herbert Otto Gille – SS-Obergruppenfuhrer; Waffen-SS General. Awarded the Knight's Cross with Oakleaves, Swords and Diamonds and the German Cross in Gold, became the most highly decorated Waffen SS member during World War II.
Paul Hausser – SS-Oberstgruppenführer; Generaloberst der Waffen-SS. First commander of the military SS-Verfügungstruppe (SS-VT) that grew into the Waffen-SS, in which he was a prominent field commander.
Franz Hayler – State Secretary and Deputy to the Reich Economics Minister during the latter part of World War II.
Martin Heidegger – Eminent philosopher; NSDAP member who supported Hitler after he became Chancellor in 1933.
Erhard Heiden – Founding member of the Schutzstaffel (SS); its third Reichsführer from 1927 to 1929.
August Heißmeyer – An SS-Obergruppenführer, he led the SS Main Office (1935-1939) and was the Higher SS and Police Leader for Berlin and Brandenburg (1939-1945).
Wolf-Heinrich Graf von Helldorff – An SA-Obergruppenführer and General der Polizei, he was Police President of Potsdam (1933-1935) and Berlin (1935-1944) where he led anti-Jewish riots. Involved in the 20 July Plot, he was executed in 1944.
Rudolf Hess (not to be confused with Rudolf Höß) – Reichsleiter, SS-Obergruppenführer and Deputy Führer to Hitler until his flight to Scotland on the eve of the German invasion of the Soviet Union in June 1941.
Walther Hewel – An early Party member and a participant in the Beer Hall Putsch. He was a protégé of Foreign Minister Joachim von Ribbentrop, a "Special Ambassador" and the Foreign Office liaison to Hitler. He was a personal friend of Hitler and an SS-Brigadeführer.
Werner Heyde – Psychiatrist; one of the main organizers of the T-4 Euthanasia Program.
Hans Hinkel – Journalist; Commissioner at the Reich Ministry for the People's Enlightenment and Propaganda.
August Hirt – Chairman at the Reich University in Strasbourg; instigated a plan to build a study-collection of specialized human anatomical specimens from over 100 murdered Jews. Allied discovery of corpses, paperwork and statements of laboratory assistants led to war crimes trial preparation, which he avoided through suicide.
Adolf Hitler – Politician; leader of the National Socialist German Workers' Party (German: Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei, abbreviated NSDAP), commonly known as the Nazi Party. Absolute dictator of Germany from 1934 to 1945, with titles of Chancellor from 1933 to 1945 and head of state (Führer und Reichskanzler) from 1934 to 1945.
Albert Hoffmann – The Gauleiter of Gau Westphalia-South from 1943 to 1945, at the same time he was Deputy to Goebbels in his capacity as Reich Inspector for Civil Air Warfare Measures and an SS-Gruppenführer.
Hermann Höfle – Deputy to Odilo Globocnik in the Aktion Reinhard program. Played a key role in the "Harvest Festival" massacre of Jewish inmates of various labor camps in the Lublin district of Nazi-occupied Poland in early November 1943.
Franz Josef Huber – former Munich political police department inspector with Heinrich Müller; in 1938 appointed chief of the Security Police (SiPo) and Gestapo for Vienna and the "Lower Danube", and "Upper Danube" regions of Austria.
Friedrich Jeckeln – An SS-Obergruppenführer and General der Polizei und Waffen-SS, he was the Higher SS and Police Leader in Ukraine and, later, in Ostland. He was in charge of one of the largest collection of Einsatzgruppen and personally responsible for ordering the deaths of over 100,000 Jews, Slavs and Roma.
Alfred Jodl – Generaloberst; Chief of the Operations Staff of the Armed Forces High Command (Oberkommando der Wehrmacht, or OKW) during World War II, acting as deputy to Field Marshal Wilhelm Keitel. Convicted of war crimes and hanged by the Nuremberg Tribunal.
Ernst Kaltenbrunner – SS-Obergruppenführer; General der Polizei und Waffen-SS. Chief of the RSHA (Reich Security Main Office), a main office of the SS, from January 1943 to Germany's surrender in May 1945. Convicted of war crimes and hanged by the Nuremberg Tribunal.
Hans Kammler – SS-Obergruppenführer und General der Waffen-SS, he was the SS Construction Projects and V-2 program director.
Emil Maurice – Personal friend of Hitler, first head of the SA and one of the founding members of the SS. But referred to in 1960 paperback Eichmann: the Man and His Crimes as Hitler's chauffeur, speculating whether Hitler knew he was a French Jew.
Erhard Milch – A Generalfeldmarschall of the Luftwaffe, he was State Secretary of the Reich Aviation Ministry from its inception in 1933, Inspector-General of the Luftwaffe from 1939 and its Chief of Procurement, Armaments & Supply from 1941.
Walter Model – Generalfeldmarschall and one of Hitler's favorite commanders, he held Army Group commands on the Eastern Front and briefly as Commander-in-Chief in the West. He committed suicide in the Ruhr pocket in April 1945.
Ludwig Müller – Appointed “Reich Bishop” he was the leader of the German Christians and sought to unify all 28 Protestant regional churches into a unified “Reich Church” under authoritarian and anti-Semitic Nazi principles.
Arthur Nebe – SS-Gruppenführer und Generalleutnant der Polizei; Berlin Police Commissioner in the 1920s; early member of both Sturmabteilung (SA) and Schutzstaffel (SS); Interpol President from June 1942 to 1943; appointed head of Kriminalpolizei (Criminal Police) or Kripo under Heydrich. Executed in 1945 for alleged involvement in the 20 July Plot.
Franz von Papen – A prominent conservative politician and intriguer in the Weimar Republic, he engineered Hitler's appointment as Chancellor with himself as Vice Chancellor. Outmaneuvered by Hitler, he was ousted in 1934 but continued to serve the Third Reich as Ambassador to Austria (1934-1938) and Turkey (1939-1944). He was acquitted of war crimes by the Nuremberg Tribunal.
Artur Phleps – SS-Obergruppenführer; saw action with 5. SS-Panzergrenadier-Division Wiking; later commanded 7. SS-Freiwilligen-Gebirgs-Division Prinz Eugen and the V SS Mountain Corps; killed in September 1944.
Walter Reder – SS-Sturmbannführer convicted of war crimes in Italy.
Wilhelm Rediess – Commanding General of SS forces in occupied Norway from 1940 to 1945.
Walter von Reichenau – Generalfeldmarschall and committed Nazi; he joined the Party in 1932 in violation of regulations and was one of the few ardent National Socialists among the Army's senior officers.
Fritz Reinhardt – Head of the Nazi Party training School for Orators. An economics and tax specialist, he became State Secretary in the Reich Ministry of Finance 1933 to 1945 and was an SA-Obergruppenführer.
Hjalmar Schacht – An economist, banker and politician, who served as the Currency Commissioner and President of the Reichsbank under the Weimar Republic. A fierce critic of post-World War I reparation obligations, he became a supporter of Hitler and served as President of the Reichsbank and Reich Minister of Economics. He played a key role in restoring the German economy but since he opposed the policy of German re-armament, Schacht was first sidelined and then forced out beginning in December 1937. Schacht became a fringe member of the German Resistance and was imprisoned after the 20 July plot in 1944. He was tried at Nuremberg and acquitted.
Paul Schäfer – Hitler Youth member and Wehrmacht corporal, subsequently convicted for multiple charges of child sex abuse in Chile.
Walther Schellenberg – SS-Brigadeführer who rose through the SS as Heydrich's deputy. In March 1942, he became Chief of Department VI, SD-foreign branch, which, by then, was a department of the RSHA. Later, following the abolition of the Abwehr in 1944, he became head of all foreign intelligence.
Wilhelm Freiherr von Schorlemer – SA-Obergruppenführer. Member of the constituency of the National Socialist Reichstag. Leader of SA Group "Danube". (1938-1945).
Ferdinand Schörner – A Generalfeldmarschall, he was a committed Nazi loyalist known for brutality and harsh discipline. A holder of the Golden Party Badge, he was appointed the last Commander-in-Chief of the German Army in Hitler’s will.
Julius Schreck – Co-founder of the SA, first commander of the SS. Later Hitler's personal chauffeur.
Arthur Seyss-Inquart – Austrian Nazi; upon being appointed Chancellor in 1938 he invited in German troops resulting in Austria's annexation. Later Deputy to Hans Frank in the General Government of occupied Poland (1939–40), and Reichskommissar of the Netherlands (1940–44). He was also an SS-Obergruppenführer. Convicted of war crimes and hanged by the Nuremberg Tribunal.
Ludwig Siebert – Minister President and Minister of Finance in Bavaria until his death in 1942, he was also an SA-Obergruppenführer.
Franz Six – Chief of Amt VII, Written Records of the Reichssicherheitshauptamt (RSHA) which dealt with ideological tasks. These included the creation of anti-semitic, anti-masonic propaganda, the sounding of public opinion and monitoring of Nazi indoctrination by the public.
Otto Skorzeny – An SS-Obersturmbannführer, he headed many commando operations including the rescue from captivity of Italian dictator Benito Mussolini.
Walter Stennes – the Berlin commandant of the Sturmabteilung (SA), who in the summer of 1930 and again in the spring of 1931 led a revolt against the NSDAP in Berlin as these SA members saw their organization as a revolutionary group, the vanguard of a socialist order that would overthrow the hated Republic. Both revolts were put down and Stennes was expelled from the Nazi Party. He left Germany in 1933 and worked as a military adviser to Chiang Kai-shek.
Julius Streicher – founder and publisher of anti-semitic Nazi newspaper Der Stürmer (1923–1945), Gauleiter of Franconia (1929–40). Convicted of war crimes and hanged by the Nuremberg Tribunal.
Karl Strölin – Lord Mayor of Stuttgart (1933–1945) and Chairman of the Deutsches Ausland-Institut (DAI).
Jürgen Stroop – SS-Gruppenführer und Generalleutnant der Waffen-SS und Polizei. Stroop's most prominent role was the suppression of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising, an action which cost the lives of over 50,000 people.
Fritz Todt – civil engineer, Director of the Head Office for Engineering, Inspector General for German Roadways, General Commissioner for the Regulation of the Construction Industry, Inspector General for Water and Energy and founder and head of Organisation Todt. Reich Minister of Armaments and Munitions from 1940, he died in a plane crash in February 1942. He was also a LuftwaffeGeneralmajor, an SA-Obergruppenführer and (posthumously) the first recipient of the German Order.
Fritz Wächtler – Gauleiter of the eastern Bavarian administrative region of Gau Bayreuth. He was an Obergruppenführer in both the SA and the SS.
Otto Wächter – Austrian lawyer and high-ranking member of the SS. He was appointed to government positions in Poland and Italy. In 1940 68,000 Jews were expelled from Krakow, Poland and in 1941 the Kraków Ghetto was created for the remaining 15,000 Jews by his decrees.
Otto Wagener – Soldier and economist. Was successively Stabschef of the SA, head of the Party Economic Policy Section, and briefly, Reich Commissar for the Economy. Subsequently he resumed his army career, reaching the rank of Generalmajor.
Adolf Wagner – A participant in the Beer Hall Putsch, he was Gauleiter of Gau Munich-Upper Bavaria as well as Deputy Minister President and Interior Minister of Bavaria. He was an SA-Obergruppenführer.
Gerhard Wagner – Reich Health Leader (Reichsärzteführer) from 1934 to 1939.
Robert Heinrich Wagner – A participant in the Beer Hall Putsch, he wasGauleiter of Gau Baden from 1925 and Reichsstatthalter of Baden, he was also Chief of Civil Administration for occupied Alsace from 1940 to 1944 and an SA-Obergruppenführer.
Ernst von Weizsäcker – A career diplomat, he was State Secretary in the Foreign Office from 1938 to 1943 and Ambassador to the Holy See from 1943 to 1945. An SS-Brigadeführer, he was convicted of war crimes in the Ministries Trial.
Wilhelm Weiß – Editor-in-Chief of the Nazi Party's official newspaper, the Völkischer Beobachter, from 1938 to 1945, President of the Reich Press Association and an SA-Obergruppenführer.
Horst Wessel – Sturmführer in the Berlin SA and author of the Horst-Wessel-Lied ("Die Fahne Hoch"), the Party anthem. Elevated to martyr status by Nazi propaganda after his 1930 murder– by Communists or by a rival pimp, according to their opponents.
Max Winkler – Reich Commissioner for the German Film Industry.
Christian Wirth – SS-Obersturmführer. He was a senior German police and SS officer during the program to exterminate the Jewish people of occupied Poland during World War II, known as "Operation Reinhard". Wirth was a top aide of Odilo Globocnik, the overall director of "Operation Reinhard" (Aktion Reinhard or Einsatz Reinhard).
Hermann Wirth – Dutch-German historian and scholar of ancient religions and symbols. He co-founded the SS-organization Ahnenerbe, but was later pushed out by Heinrich Himmler.
Eduard Wirths – Chief camp physician at Auschwitz concentration camp from 1942 to 1945.
Karl Wolff – SS-Obergruppenführer und General der Waffen-SS. He became Chief of Personal Staff to the Reichsführer-SS (Heinrich Himmler) and SS Liaison Officer to Hitler until his replacement in 1943. From 1943 to 1945, Wolff was the Supreme SS and Police Leader of the 'Italien' area. By 1945 Wolff was acting military commander of Italy, and in that capacity negotiated the surrender of all the forces in the Southwest Front.
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