Cologne (region)

Cologne is one of the five governmental districts of the German Federal State of North Rhine-Westphalia. It is located in the south-west of that state and covers the hills of the Eifel as well as the Bergisches Land.

Regierungsbezirk Köln
Map of North Rhine-Westphalia highlighting Cologne
Map of North Rhine-Westphalia highlighting Cologne
StateNorth Rhine-Westphalia
Region seatCologne
 • Total7,364.71 km2 (2,843.53 sq mi)
 (31 December 2021)[1]
 • Total4,472,956
 • Density610/km2 (1,600/sq mi)

It was created in 1815, when Prussia reorganised its internal administration. In 1972 the Regierungsbezirk Aachen was incorporated.

Kreisfreie Städte
(district-free towns)
  1. Aachen
  2. Düren
  3. Euskirchen
  4. Heinsberg
  5. Oberbergischer Kreis
  6. Rhein-Erft-Kreis
  7. Rhein-Sieg-Kreis
  8. Rheinisch-Bergischer Kreis
  1. Aachen
  2. Bonn
  3. Cologne
  4. Leverkusen


The Gross domestic product (GDP) of the region was 190.8 billion € in 2018, accounting for 5.7% of German economic output. GDP per capita adjusted for purchasing power was 39,300 € or 130% of the EU27 average in the same year. The GDP per employee was 110% of the EU average.[2]

External linksEdit


  1. ^ "Bevölkerung der Gemeinden Nordrhein-Westfalens am 31. Dezember 2021" (in German). Landesbetrieb Information und Technik NRW. Retrieved 20 June 2022.
  2. ^ "Regional GDP per capita ranged from 30% to 263% of the EU average in 2018". Eurostat.

Coordinates: 50°50′N 6°55′E / 50.83°N 6.92°E / 50.83; 6.92