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The Free State of Anhalt (German: Freistaat Anhalt) was formed after Joachim Ernst, Duke of Anhalt abdicated on 12 November 1918, ending the Duchy of Anhalt. It was a state of Germany during the time of the Weimar Republic. In May 1932 the Nazi Party came to power in Anhalt and, after the Nazis attained power at the federal level in 1933, Anhalt was abolished de facto by the federal Nazi government, becoming part of the Gau of Magdeburg-Anhalt.

Free State of Anhalt
Freistaat Anhalt
State of Germany

Flag Coat of arms
Flag Coat of arms
"Song of Anhalt"
Location of Anhalt
Free State of Anhalt (red) within Germany.
Capital Dessau
51°50′N 12°15′E / 51.833°N 12.250°E / 51.833; 12.250Coordinates: 51°50′N 12°15′E / 51.833°N 12.250°E / 51.833; 12.250
Government Republic
 •  1933–1935 Wilhelm Loeper
 •  1935–1937 Fritz Sauckel
 •  1937–1945 Rudolf Jordan
 •  1918–1919 Wolfgang Heine (first)
 •  1940–1945 Rudolf Jordan (last)
Historical era Interwar / World War II
 •  Established 12 November 1918
 •  Disestablished 23 July 1945
 •  1925 2,314 km2 (893 sq mi)
 •  1925 351,045 
Density 151.7 /km2  (392.9 /sq mi)

At the end of World War II, when Germany was divided into zones of occupation, Anhalt was merged with the bulk of the Prussian Province of Saxony to form the Soviet-administered German state of Saxony-Anhalt. This state was then dissolved in 1952 but reformed in 1990 after the reunification of Germany.

See alsoEdit


More detailed map of Anhalt.

External linksEdit