Friedrich Wilhelm Rediess (10 October 1900 – 8 May 1945) was the SS and Police Leader during the German occupation of Norway in the Second World War. He was also the commander of all SS troops stationed in occupied Norway, assuming command on 22 June 1940 until his death in 1945.
|Friedrich Wilhelm Rediess|
Rediess to the far right.
10 October 1900|
Heinsberg, Rhine Province,
8 May 1945 (aged 44)|
|Years of service||1918; 1925–1945|
|Rank||SS-Obergruppenführer, General der Polizei und General der Waffen-SS|
Schutzstaffel (SS) 1930 – 1945 |
Sturmabteilung (SA) 1925 – 1930
|Commands held||SS and Police Leader, Norway|
World War I|
World War II
Rediess was born in Heinsberg, Prussia, German Empire, the son of a court employee. After school, Rediess became an electrician. In June 1918, he enlisted in the German army, serving as an infantryman until the end of the First World War in November 1918. He then worked as an electrician until losing his job in the German economic crisis of 1929.
In May 1925, Rediess joined the SA and in December 1925 was approved for membership in the Nazi Party. He led a Düsseldorf SA company in 1927 and was transferred to the SS with his unit in 1930. Promotion swiftly followed for Rediess, achieving the rank of Lieutenant General (SS-Obergruppenführer) in 1935. At one point, he served as the Division Commander of SS-Oberabschnitt Südost.
World War IIEdit
At the onset of World War II, Rediess was responsible for implementing German racial laws in Prussia, overseeing the deportation of Jews from East Prussia. Rediess was then given the task of eradicating 1,558 Jewish deportees deemed mentally ill. Rediess borrowed "gas vans" and personnel from other SS units, offering a bounty of ten Reichsmark for each Jew killed. It took nineteen days to accomplish these killings, whereupon Rediess reneged on the payment.
Following the German invasion of Norway, Rediess was transferred there to work with Reichskommissar Josef Terboven. In March 1941, citing reports of large numbers of Norwegian women impregnated by German soldiers, Rediess implemented the German Lebensborn program in Norway. This program encouraged the production of "racially pure" Aryan children, usually sired by SS troops. Ultimately, 8,000 children were born under the auspices of this program, making Norway second only to Germany in registered Aryan births during World War II.
Rediess committed suicide by a self-inflicted gunshot wound upon the collapse of the Third Reich in Norway on 8 May 1945. His remains were destroyed when Josef Terboven killed himself by detonating fifty kilograms of dynamite in a bunker on the Skaugum compound the same day.
- Bohn, Robert (2000). Reichskommissariat Norwegen: »Nationalsozialistische Neuordnung« und Kriegswirtschaft. Oldenbourg Verlag. p. 72. ISBN 9783486596083.
- Burleigh, Michael (1994). Death and Deliverance: 'Euthanasia' in Germany, c. 1900 to 1945. CUP Archive. p. 132. ISBN 9780521477697.
- Friedlander, Henry (1997). The Origins of Nazi Genocide: From Euthanasia to the Final Solution. Univ of North Carolina Press. pp. 139–140. ISBN 9780807846759.
- Ericsson, Kjersti; Simonsen, Eva, eds. (2005). Children of World War II: The Hidden Enemy Legacy. Bloomsbury Publishing. pp. 19–20. ISBN 9781845208806.
- Goeschel, Christian (2009). Suicide in Nazi Germany. OUP Oxford. p. 153. ISBN 0191567566.