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Province of Lower Silesia

The Province of Lower Silesia (German: Provinz Niederschlesien; Silesian German: Provinz Niederschläsing; Polish: Prowincja Dolny Śląsk; Silesian: Prowincyjŏ Dolny Ślůnsk) was a province of the Free State of Prussia from 1919 to 1945. Between 1938 and 1941 it was reunited with Upper Silesia as the Province of Silesia. The capital of Lower Silesia was Breslau (now Wrocław in Poland). The province was further divided into two administrative regions (Regierungsbezirke), Breslau and Liegnitz.[1]

Province of Lower Silesia
Provinz Niederschlesien
Province of Prussia
1919–1938
1941–1945
Flag of Lower Silesia
Flag
Coat of arms of Lower Silesia
Coat of arms
Weimar Republic - Prussia - Lower Silesia (1925).svg
Province of Lower Silesia (red)
within the Free State of Prussia.
CapitalBreslau (now Wrocław)
Area 
• 1925
26,616 km2 (10,276 sq mi)
Population 
• 1925
3132135
History 
• Established
1919
• Merged into Silesia Province
1938–1941
• Disestablished
1945
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Province of Silesia
Lubusz Voivodeship
Lower Silesia Voivodeship
Opole Voivodship
Saxony
Brandenburg

The province was not congruent with the historical region of Lower Silesia, which now lies mainly in Poland. It additionally comprised the Upper Lusatian districts of Görlitz, Rothenburg and Hoyerswerda in the west, that until 1815 had belonged to the Kingdom of Saxony, as well as the former County of Kladsko in the southeast.

The province was disestablished at the end of World War II and with the implementation of the Oder–Neisse line in 1945, the area east of the Neisse river fell to the Republic of Poland. The smaller western part was incorporated into the German states of Saxony and Brandenburg.

Administrative regions[2]Edit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit