Reich Ministry for the Occupied Eastern Territories

The Reich Ministry for the Occupied Eastern Territories (German: Reichsministerium für die besetzten Ostgebiete (RMfdbO) or Ostministerium, pronounced [ˈɔstminɪsˌteːʁiʊm] (listen)) was created by Adolf Hitler on 17 July 1941 and headed by the Nazi theoretical expert, the Baltic German Alfred Rosenberg. Alfred Meyer served as Rosenberg's deputy. The German government formed the ministry to control the vast areas captured and projected for capture by the Wehrmacht in Eastern Europe and Russia. The ministry also played a part in supporting anti-Soviet groups in Central Asia.

Reich Ministry for the Occupied Eastern Territories
Reichsministerium für die besetzten Ostgebiete
Reichsadler Deutsches Reich (1935–1945).svg
Agency overview
Formed17 July 1941; 81 years ago (1941-07-17)
Dissolved1945; 78 years ago (1945)
JurisdictionGovernment of Nazi Germany
HeadquartersRauchstraße 17/18, Berlin[1]
Unter den Linden 63, Berlin[2]
Ministers responsible

In February 1942, under Rosenberg's plans, the Ministry tried to promulgate a program of land reform in the occupied territories in the Soviet Union that included promises of decollectivization through the abolition of kolkhozes and the re-distribution of land to peasants for individual farming.

Germany established two Reichskommissariats, for Ostland and Ukraine, and planned for two more, for Muscovy and for the Caucasus. The Wehrmacht never established firm possession of the areas designated for the last two Reichskommissariats and so German civilian control never developed there.

In practice, the appointment of Erich Koch to administer the Reichskommissariat Ukraine substantially undermined Rosenberg's authority. Hitler ordered Koch to take a hard and brutal approach, which helped to push potential Ukrainian allies back to the Allied camp. Rosenberg wished to portray the Germans as liberators of Ukraine from Soviet domination. Furthermore, Rosenberg's ministry was denied authority over army and other security formations within the occupied territories. The other Reich Commissar, Hinrich Lohse (Ostland), was widely disregarded. The SS filled the resulting power vacuum by acting as it wished.[3]

Rank insigniaEdit

Collar insignia RMBO Rank Translation
Reichsminister Reich minister
Vertreter des Reichsministers Representative of the Reichsminister
Reichskommissar Reich commissioner
Hauptabteilungsleiter im Ministerium Head of department in the ministry
Generalkommissar, Landesverwaltung Präsident Commissioner-general, Regional administration president
Ministerialdirigent Ministerial director
Vertreter des Generalkommissars Representative of the commissioner general
Ministerialrat, Landesdirektor, Bezirksdirektor, Gebietshauptkommissar Councilor, Country director, District director, Area chief commissioner
Dirigent, Landesdirigent, Bezirksdirigent, Gebietskommissar Conductor, Country conductor, District conductor, Area commissioner
Oberregierungsrat, Landesoberrat, Bezirksoberrat, Gebietsoberrat Senior government councilor, Senior country councilor, Senior district councilor, Senior area councilor
Regierungsrat, Landesrat, Bezirksrat, Gebietsrat Government councilor, Country councilor, District councilor, Area councilor
Regierungsassessor, Landesassessor, Bezirksassessor Government Assessor, State Assessor, District Assessor
Inspektorenanwärter und a.p. Inspektor Inspector candidate and a.p. inspector
Regierungsobersekretar, Landesobersekretar, Bezirksobersekretar, Gebietsobersekretar Senior Government Secretary, State Secretary, District Secretary, Area Secretary
Regierungssekretar, Landessekretar, Bezirkssekretar, Gebietssekretar Government Secretary, State Secretary, District Secretary, Area Secretary
Verwaltungassisstent, Landesassistent, Bezirksassistent, Gebietsassistent Administrative Assistant, State Assistant, District Assistant, Territory Assistant
Assistentenanwärter Assistant candidate
Betriebsassistent, Landesbetriebsassistent, Bezirksbetriebsassistent, Gebietsbetriebsassistent Operations assistant, state operations assistant, district operations assistant, area operations assistant
Betriebsassistent a. Pr. Probationary Operations Assistant


  1. ^ (until June 1942)
  2. ^ (until May 1945)
  3. ^ Evans, Richard J (2008). The Third Reich at War. London: Penguin Books. p. 188. ISBN 978-0-14-101548-4.

See alsoEdit